ja

ja

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ja in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ja‎? What does ja mean?

Translingual

Symbol

ja

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Japanese.

English

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Afrikaans ja (yes), from Dutch ja (yes). More at yea.

Alternative forms

  • ya

Adverb

ja (not comparable)

  1. (chiefly South Africa, informal) Yes.
    • 1940, Penguin Parade (issue 7, page 25)
      Ja, he had been fooled and it was not pleasant for a man to go home and tell his wife that he been verneuked.
Derived terms
  • ja well no fine

Etymology 2

From the Revised Romanization of Korean (ja).

Alternative forms

  • cha

Noun

ja (plural jas or ja)

  1. (Korean units of measure) Synonym of Korean foot: a traditional unit of length equivalent to about 30.3 cm.

Anagrams

  • AJ

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch ja.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jaː/

Adverb

ja

  1. yes

Descendants

  • English: ja
  • Portuguese: , , ya

Alemannic German

Alternative forms

  • jaa, jòò,

Etymology

From Old High German ja, , from Proto-Germanic *ja. Cognate with German ja, Dutch ja, English yea, Swedish ja.

Adverb

ja

  1. (Uri) yes

References

  • Abegg, Emil, (1911) Die Mundart von Urseren (Beiträge zur Schweizerdeutschen Grammatik. IV.) [The Dialect of Urseren], Frauenfeld, Switzerland: Huber & Co., page 13.

Assan

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Yeniseian *axʷ (I). Compare Kott ai (I), Pumpokol ad (I), and Arin aj.

Pronoun

ja

  1. I (first-person singular subjective)

Synonyms

  • aj

Related terms

  • ajun

Atong (India)

Etymology

Cognate with Garo ja (moon, month).

Noun

ja

  1. month
  2. moon

References

  • van Breugel, Seino. 2015. Atong-English dictionary, second edition. Available online: https://www.academia.edu/487044/Atong_English_Dictionary.

Catalan

Etymology

Inherited from Latin iam.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (Central, Balearic) [ˈʒa]
  • IPA(key): (Valencian) [ˈd͡ʒa]
  • Rhymes: -a

Adverb

ja

  1. already, (in negative sentences) any more
  2. now, immediately, at once

Derived terms

  • ja que

Further reading

  • “ja” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Central Melanau

Alternative forms

  • je-

Numeral

ja

  1. one

Synonyms

  • satu

Cimbrian

Etymology

From Middle High German ja, from Old High German ja, , from Proto-West Germanic *jā, from Proto-Germanic *ja. Cognate with German ja, English yea.

Particle

ja

  1. (Sette Comuni) yes

References

  • “ja” in Martalar, Umberto Martello, Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Cypriot Arabic

Etymology

From Arabic جَاءَ (jāʔa).

Verb

ja I (present pijí)

  1. to come, to arrive at
  2. to derive from
  3. to turn out

References

  • Borg, Alexander (2004) A Comparative Glossary of Cypriot Maronite Arabic (Arabic–English) (Handbook of Oriental Studies; I.70), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 192

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse (yes).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ja/, [jɛ]
  • IPA(key): /jar/, [jæɐ̯]
  • Rhymes: -a

Interjection

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms

  • nej

Related terms

  • jo

Noun

ja n (singular definite jaet, plural indefinite jaer)

  1. yes

Inflection

Dimasa

Noun

  1. foot

Derived terms

  • jaga

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • (obsolete) jae

Etymology

From Middle Dutch ja, from Old Dutch *jā, from Proto-Germanic *ja.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jaː/

Adverb

ja

  1. yes
    Wil je met ons meegaan?Ja, graag!
    Would you like to come with us? — Yes, I'd love to!

Synonyms

  • jep

Antonyms

  • nee, neen

Derived terms

  • ja toch
  • jawel

Noun

ja m or n (plural ja's, diminutive jaatje n)

  1. yes
    Een ja kan je krijgen, een nee heb je al.
    A yes you can get, a no you already have.
    Het begon met een ja...
    It began with a yes...

Synonyms

  • jawoord

Antonyms

  • nee

Interjection

ja

  1. yes!
    Synonym: yes
  2. (Suriname, informal) A casual greeting acknowledging the presence of a person; hey, hi, what's up
  3. (Suriname, informal) Used as a request for someone to repeat something not heard or understood clearly; say again, what's that

Descendants

  • Afrikaans: ja
    • English: ja
    • Portuguese: , , ya
  • Indonesian: ya
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: ja
  • Jersey Dutch:
  • Negerhollands: ja, ju
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: ja
  • Saramaccan: jahái, jaái

Esperanto

Etymology

Borrowed from German ja. Compare Polish jo, Yiddish יאָ (yo), English yea. Related to jes.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ja]
  • Audio:
  • Hyphenation: ja

Adverb

ja

  1. emphatic particle; indeed, certainly, surely, after all

Usage notes

The word ja emphasizes the entire sentence or a specific word or phrase, stressing the reality of it. It is most often placed before or after the sentence's main verb, or before an adverb modifying the main verb. Otherwise, it is usually placed in front of a word or phrase that it emphasizes.

It is also commonly used for emphatic negation, combined with ne or a correlative starting in neni-, usually with ja placed in front of it.

Derived terms

  • jes ja (yes indeed)

Related terms

  • do (therefore, indeed, so)
  • ekzakte (exactly)
  • fakte (in fact)
  • ĝuste (just, right, exactly)
  • reale (really, actually)
  • vere (truly)

Estonian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ja, from Proto-Germanic *jahw (and); compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh.

Conjunction

ja

  1. and

Synonyms

  • ning

Faroese

Etymology

From Old Norse , from Proto-Germanic *ja.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɛaː/

Adverb

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms

  • nei, neiggj

Related terms

  • , júgv

Noun

ja n (genitive singular jas, plural ja)

  1. yes

Declension

Finnish

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ja (compare Estonian ja, Ingrian ja, Livonian ja, Votic ja), borrowed from Proto-Germanic *jahw (and) (compare Gothic 𐌾𐌰𐌷 (jah), Old High German ja, joh).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈjɑ/, [ˈjɑ̝]
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification(key): ja

Conjunction

ja

  1. (coordinating) and
    Siellä oli poikia ja tyttöjä.There were boys and girls there.
    Menin kotiin ja aloin soittaa pianoa.I went home and started playing the piano.
    Iltapalaksi on leipää, juustoa, kinkkua, tomaattia ja maitoa.For supper we have bread, cheese, ham, tomato and milk.
    Mies juoksee ja juoksee.The man runs and runs.
    Ja sitten alkoi sataa.And then it started raining.
    Mene ja tiedä.Go figure. (literally, “Go and know.”)
    viisi ja puolifive and a half
    ensimmäisen ja viimeisen kerranfor the first and the last time

Usage notes

  • On the differences between ja and sekä:
    • ja can be used more widely than sekä. As an example, sekä may not be used to join two independent clauses.
      Vaahdota voi sekä sokeri ja sekoita joukkoon kuivat aineet.Cream the butter and sugar, and mix in the dry ingredients.
    • sekä has a nuance of the things being more separate than with ja. If both words are used, ja ties things closer together than sekä.
      mansikka- ja vadelmahillo sekä muut hedelmäsäilykkeetstrawberry and raspberry jam as well as other fruit preserves
    • In legal language, ja and sekä are distinguished more clearly. sekä is considered "stronger" than ja. For example, an attribute specified before a list will apply to every item with ja, but not with sekä.
      paineella tyhjennettävät ja täytettävät säiliötcontainers that can be filled and emptied under pressure = containers that are both filled and emptied under pressure
      paineella tyhjennettävät sekä täytettävät säiliötcontainers that can be filled and emptied under pressure = containers that are emptied under pressure, and which can be filled either under pressure or not

Synonyms

  • sekä (see the above usage notes)

Adverb

ja

  1. (dialectal) also, as well
    Synonyms: -kin, myös

Noun

ja

  1. AND (logic gate or connector)

Declension

Rarely inflected; if inflection is necessary, it is used as a first component in a compound, such as JA-portti ("AND gate").

Derived terms

References

Further reading

  • ja”, in Kielitoimiston sanakirja [Dictionary of Contemporary Finnish]‎[2] (in Finnish) (online dictionary, continuously updated), Kotimaisten kielten keskuksen verkkojulkaisuja 35, Helsinki: Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskus (Institute for the Languages of Finland), 2004–, retrieved 2023-07-02

Garo

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

ja

  1. month

Synonyms

  • mas

German

Etymology

From Middle High German ja, from Old High German ja, jā (yes), from Proto-Germanic *ja (yes), from Proto-Indo-European *yē (already). Cognate with Bavarian (yes), Dutch ja (yes), English yea (yes, yea), Spanish ya (already), and Latin iam (already). More at yes.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [jäː] (Standard, overall more common)
  • IPA(key): [ʝäː] (standard, overall less common)
  • IPA(key): [jɑː] (Austrian German)
  • IPA(key): [jɒ~jɔ] (Austrian German, common in casual speech as an influence of the Austro-Bavarian language)
  • Rhymes: -aː
  • Homophone: Jahr (according to a widespread pronunciation of this word)

Adverb

ja

  1. yes; yea, yeah, aye
    Synonym: jawohl
    Willst du das? Ja.Do you want that? Yes.
    Aber ja!Yes, of course!
  2. (intensifier) obviously; certainly; of course; really; just; as you know; as is generally known (indicates and emphasises that one is expressing a known fact)
    Synonyms: doch, bekanntlich
    Es kann ja nicht immer so bleiben.It obviously cannot always remain so.
    Der Peter war ja gestern krank.Peter was sick yesterday, as you know.

Usage notes

  • (yes): Ja is used to indicate agreement with a positive statement. To contradict a negative statement (where English would use “yes”), doch is used instead.
  • (obviously): Ja means roughly the same as English obviously or as you know, but given its shortness it is used much more frequently. In colloquial German, ja is used in most statements of facts already known to the one addressed.

Antonyms

  • nein

Derived terms

  • bejahen
  • Ja
  • jein

Interjection

ja

  1. yes
    Synonym: jawohl
    Antonym: nein

Further reading

  • “ja” in Duden online
  • “ja” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Gothic

Romanization

ja

  1. Romanization of 𐌾𐌰

Guerrero Amuzgo

Adjective

ja

  1. heavy

Pronoun

ja

  1. I

Gutnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jaː/, [jɑː]

Etymology 1

From Old Norse ek. Compare Swedish jag.

Alternative forms

  • jag (Fårö and Lau dialects)

Pronoun

ja

  1. I (first-person singular pronoun)
Inflection

Etymology 2

From Old Norse .

Adverb

ja

  1. yes
Usage notes

Uncertain or stalling answer; jo is used for yes-no questions

Related terms
  • (used for yes-no questions) jo, (Lau dialect)

Interjection

ja

  1. yes

References

  • "ja" in Gutamålgildes Årdliste
  • "ja in Gustavson, H. (red.). 1972-1986. Ordbok över Laumålet på Gotland. Uppsala: AB Lundequistska Bokhandeln.

Hausa

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /(d)ʒáː/
    • (Standard Kano Hausa) IPA(key): [d͡ʒáː]

Adjective

(feminine , plural jājā̀yē)

  1. red

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈjɒ], [ˈjɒː] (the long pronunciation is used in case of great surprise)
  • Rhymes: -jɒ

Interjection

ja

  1. (informal) yep (indicates agreement, approval, or understanding)
    Synonyms: aha, ühüm, jaja
  2. (informal) oh (indicates understanding something finally after a misunderstanding or confusion)

Further reading

  • (yep, oh): ja in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (indeed, actually, as a matter of fact): ja in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Ido

Etymology

Borrowed from French déjàItalian giàSpanish ya, from Latin iam, replacing Esperanto jam which is cognate. Decision no. 987, Progreso VI.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʒa/, /d͡ʒa/

Adverb

ja

  1. already

Derived terms

  • ne ja (not yet; not even)

Related terms

  • ya

References

  • Progreso III (in Ido), 1910–1911, page 557, 691
  • Progreso VI (in Ido), 1913–1914, page 164

Ingrian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Finnic *ja. Cognates include Finnish ja and Estonian ja.

Pronunciation

  • (Ala-Laukaa) IPA(key): /ˈjɑ/, [ˈjɑ]
  • (Soikkola) IPA(key): /ˈjɑ/, [ˈjɑ]
  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: ja

Conjunction

ja

  1. and
Synonyms
  • i, da

Adverb

ja

  1. also, too
Synonyms
  • kera, tože, i
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Ultimately from a Germanic language, from Proto-Germanic *ja (compare Swedish ja and German ja). Cognates include Finnish jaa and Estonian jah, jaa.

Pronunciation

  • (Ala-Laukaa) IPA(key): /ˈjɑ/, [ˈjɑ]
  • (Soikkola) IPA(key): /ˈjɑ/, [ˈjɑ]
  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: ja

Particle

ja

  1. yes
Synonyms
  • niin
Antonyms
  • ei

References

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 99
  • Olga I. Konkova, Nikita A. Dyachkov (2014) Inkeroin Keel: Пособие по Ижорскому Языку[3], →ISBN, page 79

Japanese

Romanization

ja

  1. The hiragana syllable じゃ (ja) or the katakana syllable ジャ (ja) in Hepburn romanization.
  2. The hiragana syllable ぢゃ (ja) or the katakana syllable ヂャ (ja) in Hepburn romanization.

Latvian

Pronunciation

Conjunction

ja

  1. if
  2. in case

Lithuanian

Pronoun

ja f

  1. third-person singular instrumental of ji

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *(j)a, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronoun

ja sg

  1. I

Declension

Lule Sami

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and).

Conjunction

ja

  1. and

Further reading

  • Koponen, Eino, Ruppel, Klaas, Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008), Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[4], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Maltese

Etymology

From Arabic يَا ().

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jaː/
  • Usually unstressed and then automatically shortened to /ja/.

Particle

ja

  1. vocative particle; oh!; you!
    Ja Mulejja!Oh my Lord!
    Ja iblah!You idiot!

Usage notes

  • While not obligatory even in standard Arabic, the vocative particle is predominantly omitted in Maltese. It does remain a common word, however, especially when equivalent to English “you”.

Mbati

Noun

ja

  1. drought, famine

References

  • LePage, Sarah Gloria (2020) "The phonology of Mbati"[5], University of North Dakota

North Frisian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ja/

Pronoun

ja

  1. (Sylt and Mooring) they

Synonyms

  • djo (Heligolandic)
  • jo (Amrum and Fering)
  • (Halligen, Hoorning and Wiedingharde)

Northern Sami

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and).

Pronunciation

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈja/

Conjunction

ja

  1. and

Further reading

  • Koponen, Eino, Ruppel, Klaas, Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008), Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[6], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Northern Sotho

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ́a.

Verb

ja

  1. to eat

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɑː/

Adverb

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms

  • nei

Related terms

  • jo
  • jaja
  • jada

Interjection

ja

  1. yes

Noun

ja n (definite singular jaet, indefinite plural ja or jaer, definite plural jaa or jaene)

  1. yes

References

  • “ja” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse .

Adverb

ja

  1. yes

Antonyms

  • nei

Related terms

  • jo

Interjection

ja

  1. yes

Noun

ja n (definite singular jaet, indefinite plural ja, definite plural jaa)

  1. yes

References

  • “ja” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Etymology

From Latin iam.

Pronunciation

  • (classical) IPA(key): /ˈdʒa/
  • (late) IPA(key): /ˈʒa/

Adverb

ja

  1. already
  2. as soon as possible
  3. quickly
  4. (with "ne") never

References

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l’ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (ja)

Old Polish

Alternative forms

  • jaz

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /jaː/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /jɒ/

Etymology 1

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ. First attested in the 13th century.

Pronoun

ja

  1. first-person pronoun; I
Declension
Descendants
  • Masurian:
  • Polish: ja
  • Silesian:

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Interjection

ja

  1. (reduplicated) The meaning of this term is uncertain. Possibilities include:
    1. the name of some idol

References

  • B. Sieradzka-Baziur, editor (2011–2015), “ja”, in Słownik pojęciowy języka staropolskiego [Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish] (in Polish), Kraków: IJP PAN, →ISBN
  • B. Sieradzka-Baziur, editor (2011–2015), “ja”, in Słownik pojęciowy języka staropolskiego [Conceptual Dictionary of Old Polish] (in Polish), Kraków: IJP PAN, →ISBN

Pennsylvania German

Alternative forms

  • ya

Etymology

Compare German ja, Dutch ja, Swedish ja.

Interjection

ja

  1. yes, yeah

Pite Sami

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *jahw (and).

Conjunction

ja

  1. and

Further reading

  • ja in Bidumsáme Báhkogirrje (Pite Sami word list)
  • Koponen, Eino, Ruppel, Klaas, Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002–2008), Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[7], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Pnar

Etymology

From Proto-Khasian *ʤaː. Cognate with Khasi ja.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒa/

Noun

ja

  1. cooked rice

Polish

Etymology

Inherited from Old Polish ja. Doublet of ego.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ja/
  • (Middle Polish) IPA(key): /ˈjɒ/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Syllabification: ja

Pronoun

ja

  1. first-person pronoun; I
    Ja chcę mieć przyjaciół.I want to have friends.

Usage notes

Mute forms ("mię", "mi") cannot be used in accented positions in the sentence. "Mię" is considered dated in standard Polish, but can still be heard commonly in some dialects or in colloquial speech.

Declension

Derived terms

See also

  • Appendix:Polish pronouns

Trivia

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), ja is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 16 times in scientific texts, 2 times in news, 84 times in essays, 892 times in fiction, and 2034 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 3028 times, making it the 15th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.

References

Further reading

  • ja in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • ja in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “ja”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • “JA”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 2019 September 4
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “ja”, in Słownik języka polskiego[8]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “ja”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[9]
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1902), “ja”, in Słownik języka polskiego[10] (in Polish), volume 2, Warsaw, page 119

Portuguese

Adverb

ja (not comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of

Russenorsk

Etymology

From Russian я (ja). May also be a Russianized form of Danish jeg or Swedish jag.

Pronoun

ja

  1. I (pronoun)

Synonyms

  • moja

References

  • Ingvild Broch, Ernst H. Jahr (1984) Russenorsk: Et pidginspråk i Norge [Russenorsk: A pidgin language in Norway], 2 edition, Oslo: Novus Forlag

Rwanda-Rundi

Alternative forms

  • -jya (Rwanda)

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-gɪ̀a.

Verb

-ja (infinitive kuja, perfective -gīye)

  1. (Kirundi) to go to

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ēź-, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jâː/

Pronoun

(Cyrillic spelling ја̑)

  1. I
    Ja sam učio.I have studied.
Declension

Etymology 2

Borrowed from German ja.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jâ/

Adverb

(Cyrillic spelling ја̏)

  1. (colloquial, regional) yes, yeah

Etymology 3

Interjection

ja

  1. Archaic form of jao.

Silesian

Etymology

Borrowed from German ja.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈja/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Syllabification: ja

Particle

ja

  1. yes
    Antonym: niy

Further reading

  • ja in silling.org

Slovak

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *(j)a, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ja]

Pronoun

ja

  1. I (first person singular)

Usage notes

  • Following prepositions, ma and mi are replaced by mňa and mne respectively.

Declension

Related terms

See also

  • ty
  • on, ona, ono
  • my
  • vy
  • oni, ony

References

  • “ja”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Anagrams

  • aj

Slovene

Etymology 1

Borrowed from German ja.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jàː/, /jáː/

Particle

  1. (informal) yes
    Synonym:
    Antonym:

Etymology 2

Pronoun

ja

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of jȁz
    Ja sem Slovenec.I am Slovenian.

Further reading

  • ja”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Sotho

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ́a.

Verb

ja

  1. to eat

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxa/ [ˈxa]
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Syllabification: ja

Interjection

ja

  1. representation of laughter, ha
    Also used repeatedly: jaja, jajaja

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “ja”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014

Swahili

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-jìja. Compare Zulu -za.

Pronunciation

Verb

-ja (infinitive kuja)

  1. to come
  2. going to (followed by an infinitive, future, or subjunctive verb)

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • Verbal derivations:
    • Applicative: -jia
  • Nominal derivations:
    • mja (comer, visitor; male servant)
    • ujaji (arrival)

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse , from Proto-Germanic *ja.

Pronunciation

Interjection
  • IPA(key): /jɑː/, (Scania) /jaː/, /ja/
Noun
  • IPA(key): /jɑː/, (Scania) /jaː/

Adverb

ja (not comparable)

  1. yes
    Synonyms: japp, jo
    Antonym: nej
Related terms
  • aa
  • nja
  • tja
  • jadå
  • jaha
  • jaja

Noun

ja n

  1. a yes, an aye; a positive answer or vote
Declension

Etymology 2

See jag.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jɑː/

Pronoun

ja

  1. (colloquial, text messaging) Pronunciation spelling of jag.

References

  • ja in Svensk ordbok (SO)
  • ja in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)
  • ja in Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB)

Anagrams

  • aj

Tswana

Etymology

From Proto-Bantu *-dɪ́a.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dʒa/

Verb

go ja (past jelê)

  1. to eat

Re jele bogobe maabane - We ate bogobe yesterday.

Tz'utujil

Alternative forms

  • jar

Article

ja

  1. the

Upper Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *(j)a, from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ja/

Pronoun

ja

  1. I

Declension

Further reading

  • “ja” in Soblex

Votic

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ja.

Pronunciation

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈjɑ/, [ˈʝɑ]
  • Rhymes:
  • Hyphenation: ja

Conjunction

ja

  1. and
    Synonym: i

References

  • Hallap, V., Adler, E., Grünberg, S., Leppik, M. (2012) “ja”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

West Frisian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ja/, /jaː/

Interjection

ja

  1. yes

Derived terms

  • jawis

Further reading

  • “ja”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

West Makian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒa/

Verb

ja

  1. (intransitive) to cry

Conjugation

References

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[11], Pacific linguistics

Ye'kwana

Etymology

From Proto-Cariban *pa (grandchild).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [hʷa]

Noun

ja (obligatorily possessed; possessed jadü)

  1. grandchild
  2. sibling’s grandchild; grandnephew or grandniece

References

  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011) “ja”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana[12], Lyon
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988) “ha:dü”, in The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volumes I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University, page 289
  • Hall, Katherine (2007) “hādɨ”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[13], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021
  • Monterrey, Nalúa Rosa Silva (2012) Hombres de curiara y mujeres de conuco. Etnografía de los indigenas Ye’kwana de Venezuela, Ciudad Bolívar: Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana, pages 62–65, 71, 75:jaadü, jaa'dü, jua'de

Yoruba

Etymology 1

Cognate with Igala (to fight)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒà/

Verb

  1. (intransitive, reciprocal) to fight, to wrestle, to struggle
  2. (intransitive) to occur, to take place, to break out (as in a war or disease)
    Synonym:
    ogún War broke out
Usage notes
  • ja before a direct object
Derived terms

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. (intransitive, transitive) to snap, to break off, to break loose
Derived terms
  • ìjá

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. (intransitive) to occur, to take place, to begin suddenly (to break out)
    Synonym:
    gudugbẹ̀ẹ́ Calamity has broken out
Derived terms
  • ajáàmù
  • ìjá

Etymology 4

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. (intransitive) to ring out like a bell
    etí rẹ̀ ń His ears were ringing out
Derived terms
  • ìjá

Etymology 5

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. (heading, intransitive) to fall off (from some height)
Derived terms
  • ìjá
  • jábọ́ (to fall down)

Etymology 6

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. to shine brightly
    Synonyms: , bẹ, ha
    òṣùpá já tòò bí ọ̀sánThe moon shined brightly like the afternoon (sun)

Etymology 7

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. to become aware, to come to full realization
Derived terms
  • já sí

Etymology 8

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. (intransitive) to become punctured
    àpò rẹ̀ẹ́ His pocket has become punctured

Etymology 9

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. (intransitive) to become saturated or oversaturated with something; to become too much of something
    iyọ̀ ọ́ ọbẹ̀ yìíSalt has saturated this stew
Derived terms
  • ìjá

Etymology 10

Likely cognate with Igala (to harvest)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /d͡ʒá/

Verb

  1. (transitive) to pluck off (usually referring to fruit or leaves)
    Synonym: wọ́
Derived terms
  • ìjá
  • jáwé
  • jáwó
  • jérèé

Zialo

Noun

ja

  1. water

References

  • Kirill Vladimirovich Babaev, Zialo: the newly-discovered Mande language of Guinea (2010), page 213

Zou

Verb

ja

  1. hear

References

  • http://www.languageinindia.com/feb2013/zouphonologyfinal.pdf

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