synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of dark in English

English Online Dictionary. What means dark‎? What does dark mean?



  • (General American) enPR: därk, IPA(key): /dɑɹk/
  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: därk, IPA(key): /dɑːk/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)k
  • Homophones: doc, dock (non-rhotic with father-bother merger)

Etymology 1

From Middle English derk, from Old English deorc, from Proto-West Germanic *derk (dark), of uncertain origin, but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *dʰerg- (dim, dull), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (dull, dirty).


dark (comparative darker, superlative darkest)

  1. Having an absolute or (more often) relative lack of light.
    1. (of a source of light) Extinguished.
    2. Deprived of sight; blind.
  2. Transmitting, reflecting, or receiving inadequate light to render timely discernment or comprehension: caliginous, darkling, dim, gloomy, lightless, sombre.
  3. (of colour) Dull or deeper in hue; not bright or light.
  4. Ambiguously or unclearly expressed: enigmatic, esoteric, mysterious, obscure, undefined.
  5. Marked by or conducted with secrecy: hidden, secret; clandestine, surreptitious.
    (gambling, of race horses) Having racing capability not widely known.
  6. Without moral or spiritual light; sinister, malign.
    Synonym: demonic
  7. Conducive to hopelessness; depressing or bleak.
  8. (of a time period) Lacking progress in science or the arts.
  9. Extremely sad, depressing, or somber, typically due to, or marked by, a tragic or undesirable event.
  10. With emphasis placed on the unpleasant aspects of life; said of a work of fiction, a work of nonfiction presented in narrative form, or a portion of either.
  11. (broadcasting, of a television station) Off the air; not transmitting.
  • (relative lack of light): dim, gloomy, see also Thesaurus:dark
  • (sinister or secret): hidden, secret, sinister, see also Thesaurus:hidden
  • (without morals): malign, sinister, see also Thesaurus:evil
  • (of colour): deep, see also Thesaurus:dark colour
  • (conducive to hopelessness): hopeless, negative, pessimistic
  • (lacking progress): unenlightened
  • (relative lack of light): bright, light, lit
  • (of colour): bright, light, pale
Derived terms
Related terms
  • darken
  • darkling
  • darkness

Etymology 2

From Middle English derk, derke, dirke, dyrke, from the adjective (see above), or possibly from an unrecorded Old English *dierce, *diercu (dark, darkness).


dark (usually uncountable, plural darks)

  1. A complete or (more often) partial absence of light.
  2. (uncountable) Ignorance.
  3. (uncountable) Nightfall.
  4. A dark shade or dark passage in a painting, engraving, etc.
  • (absence of light): darkness
  • (ignorance): cluelessness, knowledgelessness, unawareness
  • (nightfall): crepusculum, evenfall, mirkning; see also Thesaurus:dusk
Derived terms

Etymology 3

From Middle English derken, from Old English deorcian, from Proto-West Germanic *derkōn.


dark (third-person singular simple present darks, present participle darking, simple past and past participle darked)

  1. (intransitive) To grow or become dark, darken.
  2. (intransitive) To remain in the dark, lurk, lie hidden or concealed.
  3. (transitive) To make dark, darken; to obscure.

See also

  • black
  • shadow


  • k-rad



Unadapted borrowing from English dark.


  • IPA(key): /ˈdark/
  • Rhymes: -ark
  • Hyphenation: dàrk


dark (invariable)

  1. dark (used especially to describe a form of punk music)


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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.