synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ab in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ab‎? What does ab mean?


  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Abkhaz.
  • IPA(key): /æb/
  • Rhymes: -æb

Abbreviation of abdominal muscles.

ab (plural abs)

  1. (informal) abdominal muscle. [Mid 20th century.]
    • 2010, Bill Geiger, "6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks", Reps! 17:106
      When possible, do your ab workout on a day when you're not training a major muscle group [] .

Most often used attributively. Substantive use is more common in the plural form abs.

Abbreviation of abscess.

ab (plural abs)

  1. (slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin.


ab (third-person singular simple present abs, present participle abbing, simple past and past participle abbed)

  1. (climbing, informal) To abseil.
  2. Abbreviation of abort.


  1. Abbreviation of abortion.


  1. Abbreviation of about.


  1. Abbreviation of about.

From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations.

ab (plural abs)

  1. (US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start.
  • “ab”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, →ISBN.
  • "ab" in Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, 2002.
  • “ab”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  • -ba-, B. A., B.A., BA, Ba, ba, ba'

Borrowed from Persian آب (âb).

  • IPA(key): /ɑb/


  1. water
  • Otto Ladstätter, Andreas Tietze, Die Abdal (Äynu) in Xinjiang (1994)

Borrowed from Classical Persian آب (āb).

  • IPA(key): [ɑb]

ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)

  1. (Classical Azerbaijani) water
    Synonym: su
  • ab-hava (climate)
  • abı (sky-blue)


  1. fish
  • A. Schapper (citing Steinhauer), Elevation in the spatial deictic systems of Alor-Pantar languages, in The Alor-Pantar languages: History and Typology, edited by Marian Klamer
  • ASJP, citing L. C. Robinson and G. Holton, Internal classification of the Alor-Pantar language family using computational methods applied to the lexicon (2012)
  • IPA(key): /ap/
  • (Before a voiced consonant or a vowel) IPA(key): /ab/
  • (Before a voiced consonant or a vowel in betacist dialects) IPA(key): /aβ/


  1. Obsolete form of amb.

Persian [Term?]


  1. water
    Synonyms: suv, su, bum-bum
  • “ab”, in Luğatçıq (in Russian)

From Latin ab (of, from).

  • IPA(key): /ab/, [ɑb̥]


  1. ex (out of, sold from)
  2. from (with the origin in time)

See abe (to ape, mimic).

  • IPA(key): /aːb/, [æːˀb̥]


  1. imperative of abe
  • “ab” in Den Danske Ordbog


  1. (Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesian) negative particle, do not

From Proto-Mongolic *ab-, compare Mongolian авах (avax).

  • IPA(key): /abqʰə/, [aβqʰə]


  1. to take
  • (Germany) IPA(key): /ap/, /ɑp/
  • (Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian) IPA(key): /ɑb̥/
  • Rhymes: -ap

From Middle High German abe, ab, from Old High German ab, from Proto-West Germanic *ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

ab (+ dative)

  1. beginning at that time or location; from
  • ab und zu
  • Norwegian Bokmål: ab

From adverbial use of the prefix ab- in verbs such as abschlagen, abgehen etc. Compare English off.

ab (indeclinable, predicative only)

  1. (colloquial, predicative only) off; not attached to anything anymore
  2. (nonstandard, attributive) off; not attached to anything anymore
  • The predicative use is common in colloquial German throughout the country.
  • The attributive forms are mostly used in Western and Northern Germany and are considerably less common than the predicative use. They used to be used mostly jocularly, but become gradually more frequent since they are much shorter than the appropriate full verb forms such as abgetrennt (disconnected, severed).
  • The inflected attributive forms retain the devoiced consonant. Hence, sometimes they are spelled with p, rather than b: appes Bein.

Indeclinable, predicative-only.

  • abseits

ab (first-person possessive abku, second-person possessive abmu, third-person possessive abnya)

  1. small pot
  2. (dated) father (aba)


  1. from

From Latin abbas (father), from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אַבָּא (’abbā, father).

  • IPA(key): /abˠ/

ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)

  1. (Christianity) abbot
    Coordinate terms: ban-ab, máthairab

Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b’.

  • IPA(key): /əbˠ/


  1. Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound).
    buachaill ab áirde ná mo dheartháira boy (who was) taller than my brother
  • Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977) “ab”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
  • de Bhaldraithe, Tomás (1959) “ab”, in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm
  • “ab”, in New English-Irish Dictionary, Foras na Gaeilge, 2013-2024
  • IPA(key): /aːɓ/


  1. hammock
  2. steam
  3. mist
  • Allen J. Christenson, Kʼiche-English dictionary, page 7


  1. fire
  • Johannes A. Z'Graggen, The Madang-Adelbert Range Sub-Phylum (1975) (as ʌb)
  • Bemal Organized Phonology Data (as ab)
  • ā (not used before a vowel or h)
  • abs (archaic, exclusively used before the pronoun te)
  • af (archaic)

From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with ᾰ̓πό (apó).

  • (Classical Latin) IPA(key): /ab/, [äb]
  • (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ab/, [äb]

ab (+ ablative)

  1. (indicating ablation): from, away from, out of
  2. (indicating ablation): down from
  3. (indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of
  4. (indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with
  5. (indicating association): to, with
    • Heauton Timorumenos (“The Self-Tormentor”) by Publius Terentius Afer
      Homo sum, humani nihil ā me alienum puto.
      I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.
  6. (indicating location): at, on, in
  7. (time) after, since

Used in conjunction with passive verbs to mark the agent.

  • abhinc
  • French: à
  • Italian: a
  • Spanish: a
  • Portuguese: a
  • Norwegian Bokmål: a, ab (learned)
  • ab”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ab in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • “ab”, in ΛΟΓΕΙΟΝ [Logeion] (in English, French, Spanish, German, Dutch and Chinese), University of Chicago, 2011
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
  • Lingua Latina, Hans H. Ørberg, 2005.


  1. (archaic) or
  • vai


  1. (archaic) around
  • ap
  • IPA(key): /ɑb/


  1. (anatomy) shoulder
    • Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA
      pǟ um abūd vaisõ sizzõl viedtõd
      recoiled, flinched (lit. "head is drawn in shoulders")
  2. help

LĒL also features a partitive plural form with -īdi as in the example abīdi nustõ "to shrug."

  • aband, abann

From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū.

ab f (genitive aba)

  1. river
  • Irish: abha, abhainn
  • Manx: awin
  • Scottish Gaelic: abhainn
  • IPA(key): /ɑːb/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːb
  • Hyphenation: ab

From German ab (from), from Middle High German ab, from Old High German ab (of), from Proto-Germanic *ab (away, away from), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away).


  1. (economics) from; (i.e. delivered) for the seller's expense at a location and forwarded for the buyer's expense
    ab Frankfurtfrom Frankfurt
    ab varelagerfrom inventory
    ab fabrikkfrom factory
  2. (economics, obsolete) as of
  • abgeschmackt (gross, tasteless)
  • abgeschmackthet (grossness, tastelessness)

From Latin ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away).

  • (modern) IPA(key): /ˈɑːbə/
  • (older) IPA(key): /ɑˈbeː/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːbə, -eː
  • Hyphenation: a‧b


  1. Only used in ab ovo (ab ovo)

Abbreviation of avbetaling (installment), verbal noun form of avbetale (to pay off), a compound of av +‎ betale, first part av (of, from, by, off), from Old Norse af (of, from, off, by), from Proto-Germanic *ab (away from), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + second part betale (pay, purchase), from Middle Low German betalen (of, from, off, by), last part is the suffix -ing (-ing), from Old Norse -ingr m, -ingi m, -ing f, from Proto-Germanic *-ingō, *-ungō.


  1. (colloquial) Abbreviation of avbetaling (installment).
  • avbetale (pay in installments)
  • “ab_1” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “ab_2” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “ab_3” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “ab” in Store norske leksikon
  • amb
  • dab (Gascon)
  • damb (Gascon, Aranese)
  • ambé (Provençal)
  • embé (Provençal, Niçard)

From Latin ab.


  1. (Guardiol) with
  • Pei, Mario A. 1948. Ab and the survival of the Latin genitive in Old Italian. Italica 25. 104–106.

Reduced form of Latin apud.


  1. (10th century) with
  • avoec (used throughout Old French into the Middle and modern French periods)

From Proto-Germanic *ab.


  1. of
  • German: ab
    • Norwegian Bokmål: ab

Reduced form of Latin apud


  1. with
  • Occitan: amb
  • Catalan: amb
  • IPA(key): /ap/


  1. to give, hand over.

Compare German ab, Dutch af, English off.


  1. off
  2. from
  3. away


  1. father

Uncertain. Compare English hobble, Dutch hobbelen (to lurch), Danish happe (to stutter), Norwegian jabba (to stammer) and colloquial Swedish happla (to stutter).

  • IPA(key): /ab/

ab (plural abs)

  1. (Orkney) impediment, hindrance, objection.

ab (simple past abed)

  1. (Orkney) to hinder
  • “ab, n.” in the Dictionary of the Scots Language, Edinburgh: Scottish Language Dictionaries.

ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)

  1. Alternative form of aba


  1. Romanization of 𒀊 (ab)
  2. Romanization of 𒀖 (ab)
  • âb

From Ottoman Turkish آب (āb, water), from Persian آب (âb).

ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)

  1. (obsolete, poetic) water
  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–) “ab”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

Borrowed from German aber (but).


  1. but

From fab, soft mutation of mab (son).

  • IPA(key): /ab/


  1. A patronymic indicator; son of.

This form is found before vowels. Before a consonant, the form ap is used.

  • ach
  • ferch
  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “ab”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies


  1. a/an (singular indefinite article)

Precedes the noun.

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