rail

rail

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of rail in English

English Online Dictionary. What means rail‎? What does rail mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɹeɪl/, [ɹeɪɫ]
  • Rhymes: -eɪl

Etymology 1

From Middle English rail, rayl, *reȝel, *reȝol (found in reȝolsticke (a ruler)), partly from Old English regol (a ruler, straight bar) and partly from Old French reille; both from Latin regula (rule, bar), from regere (to rule, to guide, to govern); see regular.

Noun

rail (plural rails)

  1. A horizontal bar extending between supports and used for support or as a barrier; a railing.
  2. The metal bar that makes the track for a railroad.
  3. A railroad; a railway, as a means of transportation.
    We travelled to the seaside by rail.
    a small Scottish village not accessible by rail
  4. A horizontal piece of wood that serves to separate sections of a door or window.
  5. (surfing) One of the lengthwise edges of a surfboard.
    • c. 2000, Nick Carroll, surfline.com [1]:
      Rails alone can only ever have a marginal effect on a board's general turning ability.
  6. (Internet) A vertical section on one side of a web page.
    We're experimenting with ads in the right-hand rail.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

rail (third-person singular simple present rails, present participle railing, simple past and past participle railed)

  1. (intransitive) To travel by railway.
    • Rudyard Kipling
      Mottram of the Indian Survey had ridden thirty and railed one hundred miles from his lonely post in the desert []
  2. (transitive) To enclose with rails or a railing.
    • Ayliffe
      It ought to be fenced in and railed.
  3. (transitive) To range in a line.
    • Francis Bacon
      They were brought to London all railed in ropes, like a team of horses in a cart.
Derived terms
  • unrail

Translations

Etymology 2

French râle, Old French rasle. Compare Medieval Latin rallus. Named from its harsh cry, Vulgar Latin *rasculum, from Latin rādere (to scrape).

Noun

rail (plural rails)

Wikispecies

  1. Any of several birds in the family Rallidae.
Usage notes

Not all birds in the family Rallidae are rails by their common name. The family also includes coots, moorhens, crakes, flufftails, waterhens and others.

Derived terms
  • banded rail
  • Okinawa rail
  • water rail
Related terms
  • ralline
Translations

See also

  • corncrake

Etymology 3

From Middle French railler.

Verb

rail (third-person singular simple present rails, present participle railing, simple past and past participle railed)

  1. To complain violently (against, about).
    • 1882, Mark Twain, The Stolen White Elephant, [2]
      Now that the detectives were in adversity, the newspapers turned upon them, and began to fling the most stinging sarcasms at them. This gave the minstrels an idea, and they dressed themselves as detectives and hunted the elephant on the stage in the most extravagant way. The caricaturists made pictures of detectives scanning the country with spy-glasses, while the elephant, at their backs, stole apples out of their pockets. And they made all sorts of ridiculous pictures of the detective badge—you have seen that badge printed in gold on the back of detective novels no doubt, it is a wide-staring eye, with the legend, “WE NEVER SLEEP.” When detectives called for a drink, the would-be facetious barkeeper resurrected an obsolete form of expression and said, “Will you have an eye-opener?” All the air was thick with sarcasms. But there was one man who moved calm, untouched, unaffected, through it all. It was that heart of oak, the chief inspector. His brave eye never drooped, his serene confidence never wavered. He always said: “Let them rail on; he laughs best who laughs last.”
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 27:
      Chief Joyi railed against the white man, whom he believed had deliberately sundered the Xhosa tribe, dividing brother from brother.
Translations

Etymology 4

From Middle English rail, reil, from Old English hræġl (garment, dress, robe). Cognate with Old Frisian hreil, reil, Old Saxon hregil, Old High German hregil (clothing, garment, dress).

Alternative forms

  • rayle

Noun

rail (plural rails)

  1. (obsolete) An item of clothing; a cloak or other garment; a dress.
  2. (obsolete) Specifically, a woman's headscarf or neckerchief.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fairholt to this entry?)
Derived terms
  • night-rail

Etymology 5

Probably from Anglo-Norman raier, Middle French raier.

Verb

rail (third-person singular simple present rails, present participle railing, simple past and past participle railed)

  1. (obsolete, of a liquid) To gush, flow.
    • , Bk.V, Ch.iv:
      his breste and his brayle was bloodé – and hit rayled all over the see.
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.2:
      So furiously each other did assayle, / As if their soules they would attonce haue rent / Out of their brests, that streames of bloud did rayle / Adowne, as if their springes of life were spent [].

Anagrams

  • Lair, aril, lair, lari, liar, lira, rial

Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English rail.

Pronunciation

  • (Belgium) IPA(key): /rel/
  • (Netherlands) IPA(key): /reːl/

Noun

rail f (plural rails, diminutive railsje n or railtje n)

  1. rail

Usage notes

The diminutive railsjes is only used if used for railway tracks.

References


French

Etymology

From English rail.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʁaj/
  • Homophone: raï

Noun

rail m (plural rails)

  1. rail

Further reading

  • “rail” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • lira

Spanish

Noun

rail m (plural railes)

  1. Alternative form of raíl

Further reading

  • “rail” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.