English Online Dictionary. What means strengthen? What does strengthen mean?
From rare Middle English strengthenen (14th c.), from earlier strengthen (12th c.), where -en is the infinitive ending. Probably the original form was reinterpreted as strength + -en around the time when the infinitive ending was being apocopated in late Middle English.
- IPA(key): /ˈstɹɛŋ(k)θən/, /ˈstɹɛnθən/, /ˈʃt͡ʃɹeɪŋ(k)θən/
- Rhymes: -ɛŋkθən
strengthen (third-person singular simple present strengthens, present participle strengthening, simple past and past participle strengthened)
- (transitive) To make strong or stronger; to add strength to; to increase the strength of; to fortify.
- (transitive) To empower; to give moral strength to; to encourage; to enhearten.
- (transitive) To augment; to improve; to intensify.
- (transitive) To reinforce, to add to, to support (someone or something)
- (transitive) To substantiate; to corroborate (a belief, argument, etc.)
- (intransitive) To grow strong or stronger.
- (to make strong or stronger): See also Thesaurus:strengthen
- (to augment): See also Thesaurus:augment
- “strengthen”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- strenkþen, strengþen, strengþe, strengþi, strengthe, strenght, strenthe, streynght, streynthyn, streyngthe
- (early) strengðden, strengþin, strencþen
From strengthe + -en (infinitival suffix).
- IPA(key): /ˈstrɛnkθən/, /ˈstrɛnɡðən/
- (dialectal) IPA(key): /ˈstrɛnθən/, /ˈstrɛi̯nθən/
- to strengthen, fortify (increase the strength of)
- to empower, to augment (increase the potency or severity of)
- to enhearten, to encourage (increase the morale of)
- to assist, to support (someone or something)
- to substantiate; to corroborate (a belief, argument, etc.)
- to approve or validate (a document).
- to endeavour; to rouse oneself.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Chaucer to this entry?)
- English: strength
- “strengthen, v.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.