synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of sad in English

English Online Dictionary. What means sad‎? What does sad mean?


  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Sandawe.

From Middle English sad, from Old English sæd (sated, full), from Proto-Germanic *sadaz (sated, satisfied), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy). Cognate to West Frisian sêd, Dutch zat, German satt.

  • IPA(key): /sæd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

sad (comparative sadder or more sad, superlative saddest or most sad)

  1. (heading) Emotionally negative.
    1. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
    2. Appearing sorrowful.
    3. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
    4. Poor in quality, bad; shameful, deplorable; later, regrettable, poor.
    5. Of colours: dark, deep; later, sombre, dull.
  2. (obsolete) Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  3. (obsolete) Steadfast, valiant.
  4. (obsolete) Dignified, serious, grave.
  5. (obsolete) Naughty; troublesome; wicked.
  6. (slang) Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
  7. (dialect) Soggy (to refer to pastries).
  8. (obsolete) Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
  • (feeling mentally uncomfortable): discomforted, distressed, uncomfortable, unhappy
  • (low in spirits): depressed, down in the dumps, glum, melancholy
  • (moving, full of feeling): poignant, touching
  • (causing sorrow): lamentable
  • (poor in quality): pitiful, sorry
  • See also Thesaurus:sad
  • See also Thesaurus:lamentable
  • happy
  • cheerful
  • gleeful, upbeat
  • decent
  • sadden
  • “sad”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
  • “sad”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.

sad (third-person singular simple present sads, present participle sadding, simple past and past participle sadded)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To make melancholy; to sadden or grieve (someone).
    • 16??, John Webster, Appius and Virginia
      My father's wondrous pensive, and withal / With a suppress'd rage left his house displeas'd, / And so in post is hurried to the camp: / It sads me much; to expel which melancholy, / I have sent for company.

sad (plural sads)

  1. Alternative form of saad (Arabic letter)
  • ADS, Ads, das, ASD, DAS, ADs, ad.'s, ads., DSA, AdS, SDA, ads, DAs, DA's

Borrowed from Arabic صَاد (ṣād).

sad (definite accusative sadı, plural sadlar)

  1. the Arabic letter ص
  • “sad” in
  • Hyphenation: sad


  1. (focus) also; too
  2. (after a negative) either
  • IPA(key): [ˈsat]

Inherited from Old Czech sad, from Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

sad m inan

  1. orchard

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.


  1. genitive plural of sada
  • sad in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sad in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • sad in Internetová jazyková příručka


  1. past of sidde


  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌳
  • (Courland) sa'd

From Proto-Finnic *sato.


  1. precipitation (hail, rain, snow)

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ (plant, garden). Cognate with Upper Sorbian sad, Polish sad (orchard), Czech sad (orchard), Russian сад (sad, orchard, garden), Old Church Slavonic садъ (sadŭ, plant, garden).

  • IPA(key): [sat]

sad m inan

  1. fruit (food)

From Old English sæd, from Proto-West Germanic *sad, from Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂-.

  • saad, sadd, zed
  • sæd, sead, sed (Early Middle English)
  • IPA(key): /sad/, /saːd/

sad (plural and weak singular sadde, comparative saddere, superlative saddest)

  1. sated, weary (having had enough) [from 9th c.]
  2. firm, solid, hard: [from 14th c.]
    1. steady, enduring
    2. intense, powerful, severe
    3. secure (inspiring trust)
    4. dense, thick, tightly-packed
  3. considered, thoughtful, serious [from 14th c.]
  4. sad (inspiring or having sorrow) [from 14th c.]
  5. authentic, true, genuine [from 15th c.]
  6. (of colors) dark, deep [from 15th c.]
  • saden
  • sadnesse
  • sadly
  • English: sad
  • Scots: sad

sad (comparative saddere)

  1. firmly, solidly, steadily
  2. strongly, intensely
  3. seriously, consideredly
  4. sadly (in a sorrowful way)
  • English: sad (dialectal)
  • Scots: sad
  • “sā̆d, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.


  1. (Early Middle English) Alternative form of seed (seed)


  1. Alternative form of saden

From Proto-West Germanic *sad, from Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

sad (comparative sadoro, superlative sadost)

  1. full, sated, satiated
  2. weary

  • Middle Low German sat

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

  • IPA(key): /sat/
  • Rhymes: -at
  • Syllabification: sad

sad m inan (diminutive sadek, related adjective sadowy)

  1. (agriculture, horticulture) orchard (land for cultivation of fruit or nut trees)
  • sad in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic садъ (sadŭ).

sad n (plural saduri)

  1. (dated) orchard

From Old English sæd.

  • IPA(key): /sɑd/

sad (comparative sadder, superlative saddest)

  1. grave, serious
  2. strange, remarkable
  3. sad

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sьda, *sьgoda.

  • sȁda
  • IPA(key): /sâd/

sȁd (Cyrillic spelling са̏д)

  1. now
  2. currently
  3. presently

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sadъ. Compare Russian сад (sad).

  • IPA(key): /sâːd/

sȃd m (Cyrillic spelling са̑д)

  1. plant nursery, plantation, orchard (specialized facility rather than a home garden)
  2. a seeding or sapling from a plant nursery
  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

  • IPA(key): [sat]

sad m inan (genitive singular sadu, nominative plural sady, genitive plural sadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. garden, orchard, plantation
  • “sad”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak),, 2024
  • ſad (Bohorič alphabet)

From Proto-Slavic *sȃdъ (plant, garden), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *sādas.

  • IPA(key): /sáːt/
  • Rhymes: -aːt
  • Hyphenation: sad
  • Homophone: sat

sȃd m inan

  1. (archaic or literary) fruit
    Synonyms: sadež, plod
  2. (literary) result, outcome
    Synonyms: rezultat, izraz, odraz, pridobitev, otrok, output, posledica, produkt, plod
  3. (obsolete) child, young direct offspring
    Synonyms: otrok, dete, froc, malček, otroček, otročič, otročiček, otrokec, pamž, pestovanček, pestovanec, spestovanec
    Antonyms: starš, roditelj, rodnik, starši
    Zdrava, Marija, milosti polna, Gospod je s Teboj, blagoslovljena si med ženami in blagoslovljen je sad Tvojega telesa Jezus.Hail Mary, full of grace, the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou amongst women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
  4. (literary, rare) consequence
    Synonyms: posledica, nasledek, nastopek, posledek, plod

Unlike plod, sad is used more when the edibility is stressed, rather than the seeds it contains.

  • seme
  • klas
  • sad”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • sad”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Cognate with Persian صد (sad).


  1. hundred

From Arabic صَاد (ṣād).


  1. Letter of the Arabic alphabet: ص
  • sat

Compare Tajik сад (sad).


  1. hundred

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