synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of radical in English

English Online Dictionary. What means radical‎? What does radical mean?

Inherited from Middle English radical, from Latin rādīcālis (of or pertaining to the root, having roots, radical).

  • IPA(key): /ˈɹædɪkəl/
  • Homophone: radicle

radical (comparative more radical, superlative most radical)

  1. Favoring fundamental change, or change at the root cause of a matter.
  2. (botany, not comparable) Pertaining to a root (of a plant).
  3. Pertaining to the basic or intrinsic nature of something.
    Synonym: fundamental
    Antonyms: ignorable, trivial
  4. Thoroughgoing; far-reaching.
  5. (lexicography, not comparable) Of or pertaining to the root of a word.
  6. (phonology, phonetics, not comparable, of a sound) Produced using the root of the tongue.
    Coordinate terms: coronal, dorsal, labial, laryngeal
  7. (chemistry, not comparable) Involving free radicals.
  8. (mathematics) Relating to a radix or mathematical root.
  9. (slang, 1980s & 1990s) Excellent; awesome.
  • (linguistics, in reference to words): primitive
  • (antonym(s) of linguistics, in reference to words): derivative, derived

radical (plural radicals)

  1. (historical, 19th-century Britain, politics) A member of the most progressive wing of the Liberal Party; someone favouring social reform (but generally stopping short of socialism).
  2. (historical, early 20th-century France) A member of an influential, centrist political party favouring moderate social reform, a republican constitution, and secular politics.
  3. A person with radical opinions.
  4. (arithmetic) A root (of a number or quantity).
  5. (linguistics) In logographic writing systems such as the Chinese writing system, the portion of a character (if any) that provides an indication of its meaning, as opposed to phonetic.
  6. (linguistics) In Celtic languages, refers to the basic, underlying form of an initial consonant which can be further mutated under the Celtic initial consonant mutations.
  7. (linguistics) In Semitic languages, any one of the set of consonants (typically three) that make up a root.
  8. (chemistry) A group of atoms, joined by covalent bonds, that take part in reactions as a single unit.
  9. (organic chemistry) A free radical.
  10. (algebra, commutative algebra, ring theory, of an ideal) Given an ideal I in a commutative ring R, another ideal, denoted Rad(I) or I {displaystyle {sqrt }} , such that an element xR is in Rad(I) if, for some positive integer n, xnI; equivalently, the intersection of all prime ideals containing I.
  11. (algebra, ring theory, of a ring) Given a ring R, an ideal containing elements of R that share a property considered, in some sense, "not good".
  12. (algebra, ring theory, of a module) The intersection of maximal submodules of a given module.
  13. (number theory) The product of the distinct prime factors of a given positive integer.
  • nilradical
  • “radical”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
  • “radical”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
  • "radical" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 251.
  • Radical on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Radical of an ideal on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Radical of a ring on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Radical of a module on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Radical of an integer on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Radical of an ideal on Encyclopedia of Mathematics
  • Ideal Radical on Wolfram MathWorld
  • aldaric, cardial
  • IPA(key): (Central, Balearic) [rə.ðiˈkal]
  • IPA(key): (Valencia) [ra.ðiˈkal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: ra‧di‧cal

radical m or f (masculine and feminine plural radicals)

  1. radical
  • radicalment
  • radicalisme
  • radicalitzar

radical m or f by sense (plural radicals)

  1. radical
  • “radical” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “radical”, in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana, 2024
  • “radical” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “radical” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Learned borrowing from Late Latin rādīcālis.

  • IPA(key): /ʁa.di.kal/
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Homophones: radicale, radicales

radical (feminine radicale, masculine plural radicaux, feminine plural radicales)

  1. radical

radical m (plural radicaux)

  1. (linguistics, grammar) radical, root
  • “radical”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
  • IPA(key): /radiˈkal/ [ra.ð̞iˈkɑɫ]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: ra‧di‧cal

radical m (plural radicais)

  1. radical (in various senses)
  • radicalismo
  • radicalizar
  • radicalmente
  • “radical”, in Dicionario da Real Academia Galega (in Galician), A Coruña: Royal Galician Academy, since 2012

  • Rhymes: (Portugal) -al, (Brazil) -aw
  • Hyphenation: ra‧di‧cal

radical m (plural radicais)

  1. (linguistic morphology) root (primary lexical unit of a word)
    Synonym: raiz

radical m or f by sense (plural radicais)

  1. radical (person holding unorthodox views)
    Synonym: extremista

radical m or f (plural radicais)

  1. radical (favouring fundamental change)
  2. drastic; extreme
  3. (Brazil, slang) excellent; awesome; thrilling
  4. (sports) extreme (dangerous)
  • radicalismo
  • radicalizar
  • radicalmente
  • “radical” in Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa.
  • радикал (radical)post-1930s Cyrillic spelling

Borrowed from French radical or German Radikal.

  • IPA(key): /ra.diˈkal/
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Hyphenation: ra‧di‧cal

radical m or n (feminine singular radicală, masculine plural radicali, feminine and neuter plural radicale)

  1. radical
  • radicalist
  • radicaliza

Borrowed from Latin rādīcālis.

  • IPA(key): /radiˈkal/ [ra.ð̞iˈkal]
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: ra‧di‧cal

radical m or f (masculine and feminine plural radicales)

  1. radical, seismic

radical m (plural radicales)

  1. radical
  • “radical”, in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014

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