race

race

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of race in English

English Online Dictionary. What means race‎? What does race mean?

  • enPR: rās, IPA(key): /ɹeɪs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪs

From Middle English race, partially from Old English rǣs (a race, swift or violent running, rush, onset), from Proto-West Germanic *rās; and partially from Old Norse rás (a running, race); both from Proto-Germanic *rēsō (a course), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁reh₁s- (to flow, rush). Cognate with Middle Low German râs (a strong current), Dutch ras (a strong whirling current), Danish ræs, Norwegian and Swedish ras, Norwegian rås.

race (countable and uncountable, plural races)

  1. A contest between people, animals, vehicles, etc. where the goal is to be the first to reach some objective.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  2. Swift progress; rapid motion; an instance of moving or driving at high speed.
    Synonyms: dash, running, rush
  3. (electronics, computing) A race condition; a bug or problem that occurs when two or more components attempt to use the same resource at the same time.
    Synonyms: race condition, race hazard
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  4. A sequence of events; a progressive movement toward a goal.
    Synonyms: course, procedure, process, train; see also Thesaurus:sequence
  5. A fast-moving current of water.
    Synonym: rip
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  6. A water channel, especially one built to lead water to or from a point where it is utilised, such as that which powers a millwheel.
    Hyponyms: headrace, mill race, wheel-race, tailrace
  7. A path that something or someone moves along.
    Synonyms: career, course, progress
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  8. A guide or channel that a component of a machine moves along:
    1. (sewing, weaving) A groove on a sewing machine or a loom along which the shuttle moves.
      Synonym: shuttle race
    2. (engineering) A ring with a groove in which rolling elements (such as balls) ride, forming part of a rolling-element bearing (for example, a ball bearing).
  9. (gambling) A keno gambling session.

race (third-person singular simple present races, present participle racing, simple past and past participle raced)

  1. (intransitive) To take part in a race (in the sense of a contest).
  2. (transitive) To compete against in a race (contest).
  3. (intransitive) To move or drive at high speed; to hurry or speed.
    Synonyms: rush, shift, zip, zoom
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  4. (intransitive, of a motor) To run rapidly when not engaged to a transmission.

1560s, via Middle French race from Italian razza (early 14th century), of uncertain origin.

race (countable and uncountable, plural races)

  1. A group of sentient beings, particularly people, distinguished by common ancestry, heritage or characteristics (see Wikipedia's article on historical definitions of race):
    Synonyms: breed, strain, kind, lineage, people, variety
    1. A large group of people distinguished from others on the basis of a common heritage.
      Synonyms: clan, ethnicity, ethnic group, ethnie, nationality, tribe
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
    2. A large group of people distinguished from others on the basis of common physical characteristics, such as skin color or hair type.
      Hyponyms: black, white, caucasian, mongoloid
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
    3. A large group of people distinguished from others on the basis of shared characteristics or qualities, for example social qualities.
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
    4. (fantasy, science fiction, mythology) A large group of nonhumans distinguished from others on the basis of a common heritage.
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  2. A group of organisms distinguished by common characteristics; often an informal infraspecific rank in taxonomy, below species:
    Synonyms: kind, strain, variety
    1. (biology) A population geographically separated from others of its species that develops significantly different characteristics; a mating group.
      Synonyms: ecospecies, ecotype, subspecies
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
    2. (botany) A strain of plant with characteristics causing it to differ from other plants of the same species.
      Hyponyms: cultigen, cultivar, indigen
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
    3. (animal husbandry) A breed or strain of domesticated animal.
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
    4. (mycology, bacteriology) A strain of microorganism, fungi, etc.
      Synonyms: pathotype, pathovar
      • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  3. (by extension) A category or kind of thing distinguished by common characteristics.
    Synonyms: class, type; see also Thesaurus:class
  4. (obsolete) Peculiar flavour, taste, or strength, as of wine; that quality, or assemblage of qualities, which indicates origin or kind, as in wine; hence, characteristic flavour.
    Synonym: typicity
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  5. (obsolete) Characteristic quality or disposition.
    Synonyms: attribute, idiosyncrasy, quirk, trait; see also Thesaurus:characteristic
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  6. (obsolete) The sexual activity of conceiving and bearing biological offspring.
    Synonyms: breeding, procreation, progenation, propagation, reproduction
  7. (archaic, uncountable) Ancestry.
    Synonyms: extraction, family, house, line, pedigree, stirp
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  8. (obsolete) A step in a lineage or succession; a generation.
    Synonyms: age group, cohort
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.
  9. (obsolete, uncountable) Progeny, offspring, descendants.
    Synonyms: get, issue, seed
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.

race (third-person singular simple present races, present participle racing, simple past and past participle raced)

  1. To assign a race to; to perceive as having a (usually specified) race.
  2. (obsolete) To pass down certain phenotypic traits to offspring.
    Synonyms: come true, breed true

Mid 16th century. From Middle French raïz, raiz, rais (root), from Latin radix (root), from Proto-Italic *wrādīks, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds.

race (plural races)

  1. A rhizome or root, especially of ginger.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:race.

race (third-person singular simple present races, present participle racing, simple past and past participle raced)

  1. Obsolete form of raze.
    Synonyms: demolish, destroy, tear up; see also Thesaurus:destroy
  • “race”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.
  • race in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • “race”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
  • Diez, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der romanischen Sprachen, "Razza."
  • acer, -care, Cera, Care, care, caer, e-car, CERA, Acre, acre, Crea

Borrowed from French race, from Italian razza.

  • IPA(key): [ˈʁɑːsə]

race c (singular definite racen, plural indefinite racer)

  1. race (subdivision of species)
  2. breed

Borrowed from English race.

  • ræs
  • IPA(key): [ˈɹɛjs], [ˈʁɛˀs]

race n (singular definite racet, plural indefinite race)

  1. a race (a contest where the goal is to be the first to reach some objective)
  2. a rush

Borrowed from English race.

  • ræse
  • IPA(key): [ˈʁɛːsə]

race (imperative race, infinitive at race, present tense racer, past tense racede, perfect tense er/har racet)

  1. to race (to compete in a race, a contest where the goal is to be the first to reach some objective)
  2. to rush
  • race on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da
  • IPA(key): /reːs/
  • Hyphenation: race
  • Rhymes: -eːs
  • Homophone: rees

Borrowed from English race.

race m (plural races, diminutive raceje n)

  1. A speed contest, a race.
    Synonym: wedloop

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

race

  1. inflection of racen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. (dated or formal) singular present subjunctive
    3. imperative

As Middle French rasse "entirety of ancestors and descendants of the same family or people", from ca. 1480, spelling Middle French race recorded in 1549, from Italian razza (13th century), of uncertain origin (more at razza).

  • IPA(key): /ʁas/
  • Rhymes: -as

race f (plural races)

  1. race (classification)
  2. kind
    Synonym: espèce
  3. (zoology) breed
  • German: Rasse
    • Czech: rasa
    • Polish: rasa
    • Serbo-Croatian: rasa
    • Slovene: rasa
  • Romanian: rasă
  • Etymology and history of “race”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
  • “race”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
  • acre, âcre, care, caré, créa, racé

16th century (spelling rasse from 1480), from Italian razza (early 14th century), of uncertain origin.

race f (plural races)

  1. race; breed
  • IPA(key): /ˈra.t͡sɛ/
  • Rhymes: -at͡sɛ
  • Syllabification: ra‧ce

race f

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of raca

From English race.

race n

  1. race (competition)
  • köra sitt eget race
  • race in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)
  • race in Svensk ordbok (SO)

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.