synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of promise in English

English Online Dictionary. What means promise‎? What does promise mean?


Alternative forms

  • promyse (obsolete)


From Middle English promis, promisse, borrowed from Old French promesse, from Medieval Latin prōmissa, Latin prōmissum (a promise), feminine and neuter of promissus, past participle of prōmittō (I send or put forth, let go forward, say beforehand, promise), from pro (forth) + mittere (to send); see mission. Compare admit, commit, permit, etc. Displaced native Old English ġehātan (to promise) and ġehāt (a promise).


  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɒmɪs/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɑmɪs/
  • Rhymes: (Received Pronunciation) -ɒmɪs, (General American) -ɑmɪs
  • Hyphenation: prom‧ise


promise (countable and uncountable, plural promises)

  1. (countable) an oath or affirmation; a vow
  2. (countable) A transaction between two persons whereby the first person undertakes in the future to render some service or gift to the second person or devotes something valuable now and here to his use.
    • 1668 July 3rd, James Dalrymple, “Thomas Rue contra Andrew Houſtoun” in The Deciſions of the Lords of Council & Seſſion I (Edinburgh, 1683), pages 547–548
      He purſued Andrew Houſtoun upon his promiſe, to give him the like Sallary for the next year, and in abſence obtained him to be holden as confeſt and Decerned.
  3. (uncountable) Reason to expect improvement or success; potential.
    • My native country was full of youthful promise.
  4. (countable, computing, programming) A placeholder object representing the eventual result of an asynchronous operation.
    Synonyms: delay, deferred, (imprecise) future
  5. (countable, obsolete) bestowal or fulfillment of what is promised
    • He [] commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father.



promise (third-person singular simple present promises, present participle promising, simple past and past participle promised)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To commit to (some action or outcome), or to assure (a person) of such commitment; to make an oath or vow.
    • 1936 Aug., Ernest Hemingway, "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber", Cosmopolitan:
      "You think that I'll take anything."
      "I know you will, sweet." [...]
      "There wasn't going to be any of that. You promised there wouldn't be."
      "Well, there is now," she said sweetly.
  2. (intransitive) To give grounds for expectation, especially of something good.

Usage notes

  • This is a catenative verb that takes the to infinitive. See Appendix:English catenative verbs


  • halsen

Related terms


See also

  • election promise

Further reading

  • “promise”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
  • “promise”, in The Century Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
  • Promise on Wikipedia.Wikipedia


  • imposer, porimes, semipro




promise f sg

  1. feminine singular of the past participle of promettre

Further reading

  • “promise”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.


  • imposer




  1. third-person singular past historic of promettere


  • espormi, esprimo, impreso, semiprò, spermio



  • IPA(key): [proˈmise]



  1. feminine/neuter plural of promis



  1. third-person singular simple perfect indicative of promite

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.