jar

jar

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of jar in English

English Online Dictionary. What means jar‎? What does jar mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: jär
    • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dʒɑː/, [d͡ʒɑː(ɹ)]
    • (General American) IPA(key): /d͡ʒɑɹ/, [d͡ʒɑɹ]
    • (General Australian) IPA(key): /dʒɐː/, [d͡ʒɐː(ɹ)]
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English jarre (jar), from Medieval Latin jarra, or from Middle French jarre (liquid measure) (from Old French jare; modern French jarre (earthenware jar)), or from Spanish jarra, jarro (jug, pitcher; mug, stein), all from Arabic جَرَّة (jarra, earthen receptacle).

The word is cognate with Italian giara (jar; crock), Occitan jarro, Portuguese jarra, jarro (jug; ewer, pitcher).

The verb is derived from the noun.

Noun

jar (plural jars)

  1. (originally) An earthenware container, either with two or no handles, for holding oil, water, wine, etc., or used for burial. [from late 16th c.]
  2. A small, approximately cylindrical container, normally made of clay or glass, for holding fruit, preserves, etc., or for ornamental purposes.
    Synonyms: cruse, pot
  3. A jar and its contents; as much as fills such a container; a jarful.
  4. (British, Ireland, colloquial) A pint glass
  5. (British, Ireland, colloquial, metonymically) A glass of beer or cider, served by the pint.
Hyponyms
Derived terms
Related terms
  • jorum (possibly related)
Translations

Verb

jar (third-person singular simple present jars, present participle jarring, simple past and past participle jarred)

  1. (transitive) To preserve (food) in a jar.
    Synonym: bottle
Translations

Etymology 2

From earlier jar, jur, jarre, jurre, of uncertain origin. Possibly from earlier *char, *chur, *charre, *churre (now spelt chirr, churr (to make a sound); compare also nightjar and its variant nightchurr), from Middle English *chirren, *cherren, *churren (to sound, cry, murmur, complain), from Old English ċeorian (to murmur, gripe, complain with just cause), from Proto-West Germanic *karēn (to complain). For the change of ch to j, compare also charm, jarm (chirping); achar, ajar (slightly turned or open), chaw, jaw, etc. The noun is derived from the verb.

Noun

jar (countable and uncountable, plural jars)

  1. (countable) A clashing or discordant set of sounds, particularly with a quivering or vibrating quality.
  2. (countable, also figuratively) A quivering or vibrating movement or sensation resulting from something being shaken or struck.
    Synonym: jolt
  3. (countable, by extension) A sense of alarm or dismay.
  4. (countable) The effect of something contradictory or discordant; a clash.
  5. (countable, now rare) A disagreement, a dispute, a quarrel; (uncountable) contention, discord; quarrelling.
Translations
Translations
Translations
Translations

Verb

jar (third-person singular simple present jars, present participle jarring, simple past and past participle jarred)

  1. (transitive) To knock, shake, or strike sharply, especially causing a quivering or vibrating movement.
  2. (transitive) To harm or injure by such action.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To shock or surprise.
  4. (transitive, figuratively) To act in disagreement or opposition, to clash, to be at odds with; to interfere; to dispute, to quarrel.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To (cause something to) give forth a rudely tremulous or quivering sound; to (cause something to) sound discordantly or harshly.
  6. (intransitive) To quiver or vibrate due to being shaken or struck.
  7. (intransitive, figuratively) Of the appearance, form, style, etc., of people and things: to look strangely different; to stand out awkwardly from its surroundings; to be incongruent.
Derived terms
  • jarring (adjective)
  • jarry
  • jarsome
Translations

Notes

References

Further reading

  • jar on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • JRA, Raj, ajr, raj

Blagar

Noun

jar

  1. water

References

  • Antoinette Schapper, The Papuan Languages of Timor, Alor and Pantar: Volume 1 (2014), p. 177

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈjar]

Noun

jar

  1. genitive plural of jaro

North Frisian

Pronoun

jar

  1. them
  2. their

Norwegian Bokmål

Noun

jar m (definite singular jaren, indefinite plural jarer, definite plural jarene)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 2005; superseded by jare

Norwegian Nynorsk

Noun

jar m (definite singular jaren, indefinite plural jarar, definite plural jarane)

  1. alternative form of jare

Old Dutch

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *jār.

Noun

jār n

  1. year

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: jâer
    • Dutch: jaar
      • Afrikaans: jaar
      • Berbice Creole Dutch: jari
      • Jersey Dutch: jâr
      • Negerhollands: jaer, jaar, yer
      • Aukan: yali
      • Sranan Tongo: yari
        • Caribbean Javanese: yari
        • Saramaccan: jáa
    • Limburgish: jaor
    • West Flemish: joar
    • Zealandic: jaer, jaor

Further reading

  • “jār”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old Frisian

Noun

jār n

  1. Alternative form of jēr (year)

Inflection

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *jār, from Proto-Germanic *jērą, from Proto-Indo-European *yeh₁-.

Noun

jār n

  1. year

Derived terms

  • hiuro, hiuri
    • Middle High German: hiure
      • Cimbrian: hôar
      • German: heuer

Descendants

  • Middle High German: jār
    • Alemannic German: Jòòr, Jààr
    • Bavarian: Jåhr, Joar, Joa
      Cimbrian: jaar, djar
      Mòcheno: jor
    • Central Franconian: Johr
      Hunsrik: Joher
      Luxembourgish: Joer
    • German: Jahr
    • Rhine Franconian:
      Pennsylvania German: Johr, Yaahr
    • Swabian: Joar, Johr
      Sathmar Swabian: Johr
    • Vilamovian: jür
    • Yiddish: יאָר (yor)

Old Saxon

Alternative forms

  • gēr

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *jār, from Proto-Germanic *jērą, from Proto-Indo-European *yeh₁-.

Noun

jār n

  1. year

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German: jâr, jaer
    • German Low German: Jåhr, Jahr, Johr
    • Plautdietsch: Joa

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jar/
  • Rhymes: -ar
  • Syllabification: jar

Etymology 1

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jarъ.

Noun

jar m inan

  1. (archaic) spring (season)
Declension
Related terms

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Ukrainian яр (jar), from a Turkic language.

Noun

jar m inan

  1. canyon, ravine
Declension
Related terms

Further reading

  • jar in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • jar in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic жаръ (žarŭ), from Proto-Slavic *žarъ.

Noun

jar n (plural jaruri)

  1. burning coals
  2. intense heat, fire, glow
    Synonyms: arșiță, dogoare, căldură mare

Declension

Derived terms

  • jariște

See also

  • cărbune
  • foc

Semai

Etymology

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɟarʔ (quick; to run).

Verb

jar

  1. to run

Derived terms

  • jerjar
  • je'nar

See also

  • deeq (to run away)

References

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jarъ (spring).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jâːr/

Noun

jȃr m (Cyrillic spelling ја̑р)

  1. (archaic, Croatia) spring
  2. swelter, intense heat (also figuratively)

Quotations

  • For quotations using this term, see Citations:jar.

Slovak

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jarь. Cognate with Serbo-Croatian јар/jar, dialectal Bulgarian and Russian яра (jara). Non-Slavic cognates include Gothic 𐌾𐌴𐍂 (jēr, year).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [jar]

Noun

jar f (genitive singular jari, nominative plural jari, genitive plural jarí, declension pattern of kosť)

  1. spring (season)
    Synonym: (literary) vesna

Declension

Derived terms

  • jarný

See also

  • (seasons) ročné obdobie; jar, leto, jeseň, zima (Category: sk:Seasons)

Further reading

  • “jar”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Somali

Verb

jar

  1. to cut

Sumerian

Romanization

jar

  1. Romanization of 𒃻 (g̃ar)

Tarifit

Preposition

jar (Tifinagh spelling ⵊⴰⵔ)

  1. between, among

Tz'utujil

Alternative forms

  • ja

Article

jar

  1. the

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.