ham

ham

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ham in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ham‎? What does ham mean?

From Middle English hamme, from Old English hamm (inner or hind part of the knee, ham), from Proto-Germanic *hamō, *hammō, *hanmō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

Cognate with Dutch ham (ham), dialectal German Hamme (hind part of the knee, ham), dialectal Swedish ham (the hind part of the knee), Icelandic höm (the ham or haunch of a horse), Old Irish cnáim (bone), Ancient Greek κνήμη (knḗmē, shinbone). Compare gammon.

  • enPR: hăm, IPA(key): /ˈhæm/
  • (Southern England, General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈhæːm/
  • Rhymes: -æm

ham (countable and uncountable, plural hams)

  1. (anatomy) The region back of the knee joint; the popliteal space; the hock.
  2. (countable) A thigh and buttock of an animal slaughtered for meat.
  3. (uncountable) Meat from the thigh of a hog cured for food.
  4. The back of the thigh.
  5. (Internet, informal, uncommon) Electronic mail that is wanted; mail that is not spam or junk mail.
    Synonym: ham e-mail
    Antonym: spam

From Old English hām.

ham (uncountable)

  1. Obsolete form of home.
  • Persists in many old place names, such as Buckingham.
  • Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “ham”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Uncertain, though it is generally agreed upon that it first appeared in print around the 1880s. At least four theories persist:

  • It came naturally from the word amateur. Deemed likely by Hendrickson (1997), but then the question would be why it took so long to pop up. He rejects the folk etymology of Cockney slang hamateur because it originated in American English.
  • From the play Hamlet, where the title character was often played poorly and/or in an exaggerated manner. Also deemed likely by Hendrickson, though he raises the issue that the term would have likely been around earlier if this were case.
  • From the minstrel's practice of using ham fat to remove heavy black makeup used during performances.
  • Shortened from hamfatter (inferior actor), said to derive from the 1863 minstrel show song The Ham-fat Man. William and Mary Morris (1988) argue that it's not known whether the song inspired the term or the term inspired the song, but that they believe the latter is the case.

ham (plural hams)

  1. (acting) An overacting or amateurish performer; an actor with an especially showy or exaggerated style.
    Synonyms: hambone, hamfatter, overactor, tear-cat
  2. (radio) An amateur radio operator.
    Synonym: radio amateur
  • ham-fisted
  • ham radio

ham (third-person singular simple present hams, present participle hamming, simple past and past participle hammed)

  1. (acting) To overact; to act with exaggerated emotions.
  • chew the scenery, ham it up, melodramatize, overact, tear a cat
  • go ham
  • HMA, MHA, Mah, mah

From Dutch ham, from Middle Dutch hamme, from Old Dutch [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *hammō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

  • IPA(key): /ɦam/
  • Hyphenation: ham

ham (plural hamme, diminutive hammetjie)

  1. ham (cured pork from the thigh of a swine)

Compare Hindi हम (ham, we).

ham

  1. I
  • Beknopt Nederland-Sarnami Woordenboek met Sarnami Hindoestani-Nederlanse Woordenlijst[2] (in Dutch), Paramaribo: Instituut voor Taalwetenschap, 2002

From Latin hamus.

  • IPA(key): (Central, Balearic, Valencia) [ˈam]

ham m (plural hams)

  1. fishhook
  • tallahams
  • “ham” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

From English ham, from Middle English hamme, from Old English hamm (inner or hind part of the knee, ham), from Proto-Germanic *hamō, *hammō, *hanmō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

ham

  1. ham; meat from the thigh of a hog cured for food

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *kami, from Proto-Austronesian *kami. Cognates include Indonesian kami and Tagalog kami.

  • IPA(key): /hæm/

ham

  1. we, us (exclusive)
  • ham is used either as a subject of an intransitive verb or as an object of a transitive verb, while in is used as a subject of a transitive verb.
    I lahi ha sangani ham.The man told us.
  • In transitive clauses with an indefinite object, ham can be used as a subject.
  • Donald M. Topping (1973) Chamorro Reference Grammar[3], Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

ham

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese, slang, euphemistic) to die
    • 再過26周年,好話唔好聽,可能我都『ham』咗,呢幾年好多重要嘅人或者演唱會嘅朋友離開咗,我仲可以企喺台度同大家表演,係值得嘅。 [Cantonese, trad.]
      再过26周年,好话唔好听,可能我都『ham』咗,呢几年好多重要嘅人或者演唱会嘅朋友离开咗,我仲可以企喺台度同大家表演,系值得嘅。 [Cantonese, simp.]
      zoi3 gwo3 26 zau1 nin4, hou2 waa6 m4 hou2 teng1, ho2 nang4 ngo5 dou1hem1’ zo2, ni1 gei2 nin4 hou2 do1 zung6 jiu3 ge3 jan4 waak6 ze2 jin2 coeng3 wui6-2 ge3 pang4 jau5 lei4 hoi1 zo2, ngo5 zung6 ho2 ji5 kei5 hai2 toi4 dou6 tung4 daai6 gaa1 biu2 jin2, hai6 zik6 dak1 ge3. [Jyutping]
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

From Old Norse hamr, Proto-Germanic *hamaz, *hamô.

  • IPA(key): /ˈhɑmˀ/, [ˈhɑ̈mˀ]

ham c (singular definite hammen, plural indefinite hamme)

  1. slough, skin
  • dyreham
  • fjederham
  • fugleham
  • hamskifte, hamskifter
  • slangeham
  • snogeham
  • svaneham

Older hannem, from Old Norse hǫnum, the dative of hann (he). Compare Swedish honom.

  • IPA(key): /hɑm/, [hɑ̈m]

ham

  1. (personal) him: objective of han

From Middle Dutch hamme, from Old Dutch *hama, from Proto-Germanic *hammō, from Proto-Indo-European *kónh₂m (leg).

  • IPA(key): /ɦɑm/
  • Hyphenation: ham
  • Rhymes: -ɑm
  • Homophone: Ham

ham f (plural hammen, diminutive hammetje n)

  1. ham (cured pork from the thigh of a swine)
  • beenham
  • schouderham
  • hamvraag
  • Papiamentu: ham

From Hindi हम (ham, we, I).

ham

  1. I (1st person singular personal pronoun)

Related to Gerka ram (water).

ham

  1. water
  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201, →ISBN:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Ron *ham [GT]: Fyer & Bks. & DB & Sha ham, Klr. ˀaàm []
  • Václav Blažek, A Lexicostatistical comparison of Omotic languages, in In Hot Pursuit of Language in Prehistory: Essays in the four fields of anthropology, page 122

ham

  1. (reintegrationist norm) third-person plural present indicative of haver

A pronunciation spelling of haben.

  • IPA(key): /ham/

ham

  1. (colloquial) Contraction of haben
    Wir ham grad gefrühstückt.We've just had breakfast.

Usually used in the present or to form the perfect, though it may be seen in the infinitive as well. See also the note at haben.

  • hamse
  • haste
  • IPA(key): [haːmˠ], [hamˠ]

ham m

  1. h-prothesized form of am

ham

  1. Latin spelling of ჰამ (ham)

Inherited from Old English ham, hamm (enclosure), from Proto-West Germanic *hamm, from Proto-Germanic *hammaz.

  • hamme
  • IPA(key): /ham/

ham (plural hammes)

  1. An enclosed pasture.
  • “hamme, n.(2).”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2019-04-04.

ham (plural hames)

  1. Alternative form of hamme (back of the knee)

ham

  1. Alternative form of hem (them)

From Old English heom

ham

  1. (Early Middle English) Alternative form of him (him)
    • c1225, Þe Liflade ant te Passiun of Seinte Iuliene, ed. S. T. R. O. d'Ardenne, pp. 3-71.
      [Juliana] custe ham coss os peis [Roy: acos of pes] alle as ha stoden.
  • IPA(key): /hɑːm/

ham (plural hamen or hames)

  1. (Early Middle English, Northern) Alternative form of hom (home)

ham m (plural hams)

  1. village

Related to Mwaghavul am (water).

hàm

  1. water
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201, →ISBN:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Tal hàm [Jng./JI], Mnt. hàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 171], []

ham

  1. him third-person singular, masculine, objective
  2. it third-person singular, neuter, objective
  • höm (Sylt)

From Old Norse hann.

  • IPA(key): /hɑm/

ham

  1. him

From Old Norse hamr.

  • IPA(key): /hɑːm/

ham m (definite singular hammen, indefinite plural hammer, definite plural hammene)

  1. skin or slough (discarded skin of certain animals)
  • hamlet
  • hamskifte
  • “ham” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “ham_1” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “ham_2” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

From Old Norse hamr.

  • IPA(key): /hɑːm/

ham m (definite singular hamen, indefinite plural hamar, definite plural hamane)

  1. skin or slough (discarded skin of certain animals)
  • hamlet
  • hamskifte
  • “ham” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

From Proto-West Germanic *haim, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz.

  • IPA(key): /xɑːm/, [hɑːm]

hām m

  1. home
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "The Assumption of St. John the Apostle"
  2. property, estate, farm
    • late 10th century, Ælfric, "Saint Maur, Abbot"
  3. village; community
  • In early Old English, the dative singular was always hām, not the expected form hāme.
  • hāmlēas

hām

  1. home, homeward
    hām gānto go home
    hām cumanto come home
    hām ċierranto turn home
    hām bringanto bring home
  • Middle English: hom, hoom, home, hoome, whom, om, am; hame (Northern); ham (Early Middle English)
    • English: home, -ham (partially)
    • Geordie English: hyem
    • Scots: hame
    • Yola: hime, hyme, haime

From Proto-Germanic *hammaz. Cognate with Old Frisian ham, Middle Low German hamme (Low Low German Hamm).

  • IPA(key): /xɑm/, [hɑm]

ham m

  1. Alternative form of hamm (enclosure)

From Proto-Germanic *hammō.

  • IPA(key): /xɑm/, [hɑm]

ham f

  1. Alternative form of hamm (inner knee)

From Proto-West Germanic *ham, from Proto-Germanic *hamaz (covering). Cognate with Old Norse hamr.

  • IPA(key): /xɑm/, [hɑm]

ham m

  1. covering
  2. garment, dress, gown; shirt
  • hama

Borrowed from Frankish *haim (home, village).

ham oblique singularm (oblique plural hans, nominative singular hans, nominative plural ham)

  1. village
  • Walloon: hamea, amia, hamia
  • Walloon: hamtea, hametê, hamtia, amtia
  • Old French: hamel
    • Middle French: hamel
      • French: hameau
    • Walloon: hamô
    • Middle English: hamel
    • Old French: hamelet, hamlet
      • Middle French: hamelet
      • Middle English: hamelet, hamlet
        • English: hamlet
        • Early Scots: hamillet, hamlet, hamelat, hamelet
  • hēm

From Proto-West Germanic *haim. Cognates include Old English hām and Old Saxon hēm.

  • IPA(key): /ˈhaːm/

hām m

  1. home
  • North Frisian: hamm
  • Saterland Frisian: Heem
  • West Frisian: hiem
  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 28

ham

  1. accusative/dative singular of hamr

ham

  1. work
  • hammwa
  • kuham
  • IPA(key): /ham/
  • Rhymes: -am

Borrowed from Hungarian hám.

ham n (plural hamuri)

  1. harness
  • înhăma

Onomatopoeic.

ham!

  1. woof, the sound a barking dog makes
  • hau

Related to Gerka ram (water).

ham

  1. (most dialects, including Mangar, Bokkos, Daffo-Butura, Shagawu) water
  • àyîn (Monguna)
  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201, →ISBN:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Ron *ham [GT]: Fyer & Bks. & DB & Sha ham, Klr. ˀaàm []
  • ȃm

A loan from Hungarian hám.

hȃm m (Cyrillic spelling ха̑м)

  1. harness

Related to Gerka ram (water).

ham

  1. water
  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist

Related to Mwaghavul am (water).

hàm

  1. water
  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201, →ISBN:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: WCh. *hama [Stl.]: AS *ham (Gmy. *hām) [GT 2004, 153] = *am [Stl. 1977] = *ham [Dlg.] = *ham [Stl. 1987]: [] Tal hàm [Jng./JI], Mnt. hàm "Wasser" [Jng. 1965, 171], []

Related to Gerka ram (water).

ham

  1. water
  • Roger Blench, Ron Comparative Wordlist

From Persian خام (xâm).

  • IPA(key): /hɑm/

ham

  1. raw
  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [haːm˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [haːm˧˧]
  • (Saigon) IPA(key): [haːm˧˧]

ham • (𫺧, 𫻎)

  1. greedy
  2. eager; keen
  • mải

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hammō. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

ham c (plural hammen, diminutive hamke)

  1. ham
  • “ham (II)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

ham

  1. Alternative form of him
  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828) William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 36

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