had

had

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of had in English

English Online Dictionary. What means had‎? What does had mean?

English

Etymology

From Middle English hadde (preterite), yhad (past participle), from Old English hæfde (first and third person singular preterite), ġehæfd (past participle), from Proto-Germanic *habdaz, past and past participle stem of *habjaną (to have), equivalent to have +‎ -ed. Cognate with Dutch had, German hatte, Swedish hade, Icelandic hafði.

Pronunciation

  • (stressed) IPA(key): /hæd/
  • (had to): IPA(key): /hæt/
  • (unstressed) IPA(key): /həd/, /əd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Verb

had

  1. simple past and past participle of have
    This morning I had an egg for breakfast.
    A good time was had by all.
  2. (auxiliary, followed by a past participle) Used to form the past perfect tense, expressing an action that took place prior to a reference point that is itself in the past.
    I felt sure that I had seen him before.
  3. (auxiliary, now rare) As past subjunctive: would have.

Usage notes

Had, like that, is one of a small number of words to be correctly used twice in succession in English in a non-contrived way, e.g. “He had had several operations previously.”

Derived terms

  • had better
  • had best

Anagrams

  • ADH, AHD, DHA, HDA, dah

Afrikaans

Verb

had

  1. preterite of ; had

Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *had, from Proto-Celtic *satos, from *sh₁-tó-, past participle of Proto-Indo-European *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

Noun

had m (plural hadoù)

  1. (botany) seed

Central Cagayan Agta

Pronoun

had

  1. (interrogative) where

Czech

Etymology

Inherited from Old Czech had, from Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɦat]
  • Hyphenation: had
  • Rhymes: -at

Noun

had m anim (related adjective hadí)

  1. snake

Declension

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading

  • had in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • had in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • had in Internetová jazyková příručka

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse hatr, from Proto-Germanic *hataz, from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂d- (hate).

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ad

Noun

had n (singular definite hadet, not used in plural form)

  1. hate, hatred

Related terms

Verb

had

  1. imperative of hade

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɑt
  • IPA(key): /ɦɑt/

Verb

had

  1. singular past indicative of hebben

Hungarian

Etymology

From Old Hungarian hodu, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *kunta. Cognate with Finnish kunta.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈhɒd]
  • Rhymes: -ɒd

Noun

had (plural hadak)

  1. (military) army
  2. (military, in compound words or phrases) war

Declension

Derived terms

References

Further reading

  • had in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian

Etymology

Inherited from Malay had (limit, boundary), from Arabic حَدّ (ḥadd).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhat/
  • Rhymes: -hat
  • Hyphenation: had

Noun

had (plural had-had, first-person possessive hadku, second-person possessive hadmu, third-person possessive hadnya)

  1. (rare) limit
    Synonyms: batas, limit
  2. (rare) boundary
    Synonym: batas
  3. (rare) until
    Synonym: hingga
  4. (rare) as far as.
    Synonym: sejauh

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “had” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Language Development and Fostering Agency — Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic Indonesia, 2016.

Jersey Dutch

Alternative forms

  • hād
  • hāt

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hat/

Verb

had

  1. singular past indicative of hävve; had.

Malay

Etymology

From Classical Malay [script needed] (had), from Arabic حَدّ (ḥadd).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /had/

Noun

had (plural had-had, informal 1st possessive hadku, 2nd possessive hadmu, 3rd possessive hadnya)

  1. limit
    1. (mathematics) A value to which a sequence converges. Equivalently, the common value of the upper limit and the lower limit of a sequence: if the upper and lower limits are different, then the sequence has no limit (i.e., does not converge).
      Synonym: limit (Indonesian)
  2. boundary

Synonyms

  • batas

Derived terms

  • berhad

Descendants

  • Indonesian: had

Further reading

  • “had” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.

Matal

Verb

had

  1. to walk, go

References

Middle English

Noun

had

  1. Alternative form of hod

Old Czech

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): (13th CE) /ˈɣad/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ˈɦat/

Noun

had m animal

  1. snake

Declension

Descendants

  • Czech: had

Further reading

  • Jan Gebauer (1903–1916), “had”, in Slovník staročeský (in Czech), Prague: Česká grafická společnost "unie", Česká akademie císaře Františka Josefa pro vědy, slovesnost a umění

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *haidu, from Proto-Germanic *haiduz (state, condition, rank, person). Akin to Old Norse heiðr (dignity, honor), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌳𐌿𐍃 (haidus, manner).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xɑːd/, [hɑːd]

Noun

hād m

  1. person, individual
  2. a character
  3. individuality
  4. rank, status
    • 9th century, the Blickling Homilies, "The Third Sunday in Lent"
  5. a person of the Trinity
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "Of the Catholic Faith"
  6. honor, dignity
  7. office (esp religious)
  8. state, condition; nature, manner
  9. gender
    • c. 992, Ælfric, "On the Nativity of the Holy Virgins"
  10. (grammar) grammatical person
    • c. 995, Ælfric, Excerptiones de Arte Grammatica Anglice
  11. race; kindred, family; tribe, group
  12. choir

Declension

Related terms

  • -hād

Descendants

  • Middle English: hod, had, hade, hede, hode
    • English: hade, hede (obsolete)
    • Scots: hade (obsolete)

Slovak

Etymology

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɦat]

Noun

had m anim (genitive singular hada, nominative plural hady, genitive plural hadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. snake, serpent

Declension


Derived terms

  • hadí
  • hadica f

Further reading

  • “had”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Sumerian

Romanization

had

  1. Romanization of 𒉺 (ḫad)

Turkish

Etymology

From Ottoman Turkish حد (hadd), from Arabic حَدّ (ḥadd).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hadʲ/, [hɐdʲ]

Noun

had (definite accusative haddi, plural hadler or hudut)

  1. limit
  2. boundary

Declension

Related terms

  • hiddet
  • mahdut
  • tahdit

Upper Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *gadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈxad/

Noun

had m animal

  1. snake, serpent

Further reading

  • “had” in Soblex

Uzbek

Etymology

From Arabic حَدّ (ḥadd, limit). Compare Turkish had.

Noun

had (plural hadlar)

  1. limit

Welsh

Etymology

From Middle Welsh hat, from Proto-Brythonic *had, from Proto-Celtic *satos, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₁-tó-, past participle of *seh₁- (to sow). Cognate with English seed.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /haːd/
  • Rhymes: -aːd

Noun

had m pl or m sg (singulative hedyn, plural hadau)

  1. seed, seeds (collectively)
  2. semen, sperm

Derived terms

  • hadblanhigyn m (seedling)
  • hadog (seeded, adjective)

Related terms

  • hadu (to sow)

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “had”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yola

Verb

had

  1. simple past tense of ha (have)

References

  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867

Bookmark
share
WebDictionary.net is an Free English Dictionary containing information about the meaning, synonyms, antonyms, definitions, translations, etymology and more.

Related Words

Browse the English Dictionary

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

License

This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.