dam

dam

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of dam in English

English Online Dictionary. What means dam‎? What does dam mean?

dam

  1. (metrology) Symbol for decameter (decametre), an SI unit of length equal to 101 meters (metres).
  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /dæm/
  • Rhymes: -æm
  • Homophone: damn

From Middle English dam, from Old English *damm, from Proto-West Germanic *damm, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

dam (plural dams)

  1. A structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow or part of the flow, generally for purposes such as retaining or diverting some of the water or retarding the release of accumulated water to avoid abrupt flooding.
  2. The water reservoir resulting from placing such a structure.
  3. (dentistry) A device to prevent a tooth from getting wet during dental work, consisting of a rubber sheet held with a band.
  4. (South Africa, Australia) A reservoir.
  5. A firebrick wall, or a stone, which forms the front of the hearth of a blast furnace.

dam (third-person singular simple present dams, present participle damming, simple past and past participle dammed)

  1. (transitive) To block the flow of water.

Variant of dame. Doublet of domina and donna.

dam (plural dams)

  1. Female parent, mother, generally regarding breeding of animals.
  2. A kind of crowned piece in the game of draughts.
  • (male parent): sire

Said to be possibly coined from the English phrase "I don't give a dam(n)," referring to its small worth.

dam (plural dams) (historical)

  1. (India) An obsolete Indian copper coin, equal to a fortieth of a rupee.
  2. A former coin of Nepal, 128 of which were worth one mohar.

Clipping or Pronunciation spelling of damn.

  • dam'

dam

  1. (slang or pronunciation spelling) Damn.

dam (not comparable)

  1. (slang or pronunciation spelling) Damn.
  • dam on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • dam (disambiguation) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Dam in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)
  • DMA, Mad, MAD, Adm, MDA, Adm., adm., mad, AMD, ADM

From Dutch dam, from Middle Dutch dam, from Old Dutch dam, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

dam (plural damme)

  1. pond, basin
  2. dam
  • opgaardam
  • studam

From Proto-Vietic *ɗam, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *p(ɗ)am; cognate with Vietnamese năm.

  • IPA(key): [dam]

dam

  1. five
  • Michel Ferlus, 2014, Arem, a Vietic Language, Mon-Khmer Studies 43.1-15, page 5

From Old Anatolian Turkish طام (d̥am, dam), from Proto-Turkic *tām. as for meaning a trap, from Persian دام.

  • IPA(key): /dɑm/

dam (definite accusative damı, plural damlar)

  1. roof
  2. hovel, shack
  3. dugout
  4. cowshed, sheep cote (a structure where animals are held)
    donuz damıpigsty
  5. (figurative) lockup, jail, quod
    dama basdırmaqto lock up, to put in jail
  6. (archaic) grid, net
  7. (archaic) trap, snare
    Synonyms: tələ, cələ, duzaq
    dam qurmaqto set a trap

From English dam, from Middle English dam, damme, from Old English *dam, *damm, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

dam

  1. a dam; a structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow
  2. a reservoir

dam (accusative [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. stable
  2. roof
  3. taste
  • (stable): aran
  • (taste): lezet, nezet, tat, dad

From Old Norse dammr (dam).

dam c (singular definite dammen, plural indefinite damme)

  1. pond
  2. corf, livewell (for storage of live fish under water)
  • dambrug n

Borrowed from French jeu de dames (draughts).

dam c or n

  1. draughts, checkers

Borrowed from French dame (lady).

dam c (singular definite dammen, plural indefinite dammer)

  1. king (superior piece in draughts)
  • IPA(key): /dɑm/
  • Hyphenation: dam
  • Homophone: Dam
  • Rhymes: -ɑm

From Middle Dutch dam, from Old Dutch dam, from Proto-West Germanic *damm, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

dam m (plural dammen, diminutive dammetje n)

  1. dam

- general:

- toponyms:

  • Afrikaans: dam
  • Caribbean Hindustani: dám
  • Indonesian: dam (dam)
  • Papiamentu: dam
  • Saramaccan: dan
  • Sranan Tongo: dan, dam
    • Caribbean Javanese: dham

Borrowed from Middle French dame, from Spanish dama.

dam f (plural dammen)

  1. (checkers) king (double draught/checker)
  • dammen
  • Indonesian: dam (draught/checker(s))

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

dam

  1. inflection of dammen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Inherited from Latin damnum.

  • IPA(key): (predominant) /dam/, (dated) /dɑ̃/, (archaic) /dan/
  • Homophones: dams (general), dame, dames (form 1), dans, dent, dents (form 2)

dam m (plural dams)

  1. (obsolete except in phrases) damage
  2. (religion) damnation
  • au grand dam de
  • damner
  • dommage
  • “dam”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
  • AMD

From Latin damnum.

dam m (plural dams)

  1. damage
  • daneç
  • danâ

dam

  1. (reintegrationist norm) third-person plural present indicative of dar

Borrowed from Bengali দাম (dam).

dam

  1. price
  • IPA(key): [ˈdam]
  • Hyphenation: dam

From Dutch dam (king (draught/checkers)), from Middle French dame, from Old French dame, from Latin domina.

dam (first-person possessive damku, second-person possessive dammu, third-person possessive damnya)

  1. (games) draught (American), checkers (British).
  2. checker, a pattern of alternating colours as on a chessboard.

From Dutch dam (dam), from Middle Dutch dam, from Old Dutch dam, from Proto-Germanic *dammaz.

dam (first-person possessive damku, second-person possessive dammu, third-person possessive damnya)

  1. dam, a structure placed across a flowing body of water to stop the flow or part of the flow, generally for purposes such as retaining or diverting some of the water or retarding the release of accumulated water to avoid abrupt flooding.
  • bendung, bendungan
  • empangan (Standard Malay)
  • tanggul

From Arabic دَم (dam, blood), from Proto-Semitic *dam-, from Proto-Afroasiatic *dam-.

dam (first-person possessive damku, second-person possessive dammu, third-person possessive damnya)

  1. (Islam) fine, a punishment for breaking the law.
  • “dam” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Agency for Language Development and Cultivation – Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia, 2016.

dam (emphatic damsa)

  1. Alternative form of dom (for/to me)

dam

  1. honey

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *l-(t/d)jam (full, flat).

  • IPA(key): /dam/

dam

  1. flat
  • Hkaw Luk (2017) A grammatical sketch of Lacid[2], Chiang Mai: Payap University (master thesis)
  • IPA(key): /däm/
  • Rhymes: -am

dam (Jawi spelling دم, plural dam-dam, informal 1st possessive damku, 2nd possessive dammu, 3rd possessive damnya)

  1. draughts; checkers (two-player board game).
  • “dam” in Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu | Malay Literary Reference Centre, Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 2017.
  • IPA(key): /daːm/

From Arabic دَامَ (dāma).

dam (imperfect jdum, verbal noun dewm or dewmien or dawmien)

  1. to last; to take (time, especially long time)
    Synonym: (imperfect only) jtul
    Alternative form: diem

From Arabic إِدَام (ʔidām).

dam m

  1. tallow

From Old English *damm, from Proto-West Germanic *damm.

  • damme, dame
  • IPA(key): /dam/

dam

  1. dam (structure to block water)
  2. body of water
  • English: dam
  • Scots: dam
  • “dam, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

dam

  1. Alternative form of dame

dam

  1. (when preceding labials) Alternative form of dan

From Old Irish dam.

  • IPA(key): /daβ̃/

dam m (genitive daim)

  1. ox
    • c. 1000, Anonymous, published in (1935) Rudolf Thurneysen, editor, Scéla Mucca Meic Dathó (in Middle Irish), Dublin: Staionery Office, § 1, l. 12, page 2:Dam ocus tinne in cach coiri.[There was] an ox and a side of bacon in each cauldron.
  • Irish: damh
  • Manx: dow
  • Scottish Gaelic: damh
  • Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “1 dam”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

From Proto-Oceanic *saman (outrigger), from Proto-Austronesian *saʀman (outrigger)

  • IPA(key): /ˈdam/

dam

  1. (nautical) outrigger
  2. (by metaphorical extension) wife

From Danish dam, from Old Norse dammr m, damm n. The meaning dam (structure) probably comes from Middle Low German [Term?].

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammer, definite plural dammene)

  1. a pond
  2. a dam (structure)
  • demning (structure)

From French jeu de dames.

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammer, definite plural dammene)

  1. the game of checkers (US) or draughts (UK)
  • “dam” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

From Middle Norwegian dammr m, from Old Norse damm n. The meaning dam (structure) probably comes from Middle Low German [Term?].

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammar, definite plural dammane)

  1. a pond
  2. a dam (structure)
  • demning (structure)

From French jeu de dames.

dam m (definite singular dammen, indefinite plural dammar, definite plural dammane)

  1. the game of checkers (US) or draughts (UK)
  • “dam” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • ab (Gard)
  • amb (Languedoc)
  • ambé (Provençal)
  • dab (Gascony)
  • damb (Gascony)
  • emb (Limousin)
  • embé (Provençal)

dam

  1. (Gascony) (accompaniment) with
  • IPA(key): [daβ̃]

From Proto-Celtic *damos, from Proto-Indo-European *dm̥h₂-ó- (bull) (compare Albanian dem (bullock), Ancient Greek δάμαλος (dámalos, calf)), from *demh₂- (to tame) (compare Old Irish daimid (to allow, give in), Latin domō, English tame).

dam m (genitive daim)

  1. ox
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 10d6
  2. stag
  3. (by extension) hero, champion
  • damán m (calf)
  • Middle Irish: dam
    • Irish: damh
    • Manx: dow
    • Scottish Gaelic: damh

dam f

  1. hind, cow (old feminine form of previous)

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

dam

  1. inflection of daimid:
    1. first-person singular present subjunctive conjunct
    2. second-person singular imperative

·dam

  1. third-person singular present indicative conjunct of daimid

dam

  1. Alternative form of dom (to/for me)
  • Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “1 dam”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  • Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “2 dam”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  • IPA(key): /dam/
  • Rhymes: -am
  • Syllabification: dam

dam

  1. first-person singular future of dać

dam

  1. genitive plural of dama
  • 𐴊𐴝𐴔𐴢 (dam)Hanifi Rohingya script

From Magadhi Prakrit 𑀤𑀫𑁆𑀫 (damma), from Sanskrit দ্ৰম্ম (drámma), borrowed from Ancient Greek δραχμή (drakhmḗ). Cognate with Bengali দাম (dam).

dam (Hanifi spelling 𐴊𐴝𐴔𐴢)

  1. price
    Synonyms: dor, kimot

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دام (dam), from Old Turkic [script needed] (tam), from Proto-Turkic *tām.

dam n (plural damuri)

  1. cowshed

dam

  1. owl
  • López Antonio, Joaquín, Jones, Ted, Jones, Kris (2012) Vocabulario breve del Zapoteco de San Juan Guelavía[3] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Tlalpan, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., pages 14, 23, 40

dam

  1. Romanization of 𒁮 (dam)

From French dame.

  • IPA(key): /dɑːm/

dam c

  1. a lady, a woman
  2. (card games, chess, checkers) a queen
    ruter damqueen of diamonds
  • (in chess): drottning
  • dam in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)

From Ottoman Turkish طام (dam), from Old Turkic [script needed] (tam), from Proto-Turkic *tām. Cognate with Uyghur تام (tam, wall).

Compare Korean (dam, wall). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

  • IPA(key): /dɑm/
  • Rhymes: -dɑm

dam (definite accusative damı, plural damlar)

  1. roof
  2. cowshed, sheep cote (a structure where animals are held)
  3. (figurative, informal) lockup, jail

dam (plural damlar)

  1. moment, second
  • đam

From Proto-Vietic *k-taːm; ultimately from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kt₁aam (crab). ‹d› here is the result of lenition (Proto-Vietic *k-t- > Middle Vietnamese ‹d› /ð/ > Modern Vietnamese ‹d›). Compare đam, the form with unlenited initial consonant.

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [zaːm˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [jaːm˧˧]
  • (Saigon) IPA(key): [jaːm˧˧]

(classifier con) dam

  1. (North Central Vietnam) field crab; freshwater crab

dam

  1. owl
  • Long C., Rebecca, Cruz M., Sofronio (2000) Diccionario zapoteco de San Bartolomé Zoogocho, Oaxaca (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 38)‎[6] (in Spanish), second electronic edition, Coyoacán, D.F.: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 215

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