z

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of z in English

English Online Dictionary. What means z‎? What does z mean?

Translingual

Pronunciation

Letter

z (upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

  • (Latin script):  Aa  Bb  Cc  Dd  Ee  Ff  Gg  Hh  Ii  Jj  Kk  Ll  Mm  Nn  Oo  Pp  Qq  Rr  Sſs  Tt  Uu  Vv  Ww  Xx  Yy  Zz
  • (Variations of letter Z):  Źź  Ẑẑ  Žž  Żż  Ẓẓ  Ẕẕ  Ƶƶ  Ȥȥ  Ⱬⱬ  ᵶ  ᶎ  ʐ  ʑ  ɀ  ᴢ  Zz  DZDzdz  DZDzdz  DŽDždž  DŽDždž
  • Greek ζ, Hebrew ז.

Symbol

z

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix zepto-.
  2. (astronomy) Symbol for the redshift.
  3. (mathematics) Used to denote a real variable when x and y are already in use.
    f ( x , y , z ) = sin x + cos y + tan z {displaystyle f\left(x,y,z\right)=\sin x+\cos y+\tan z}
  4. (mathematics) Used to denote the third coordinate in three-dimensional Cartesian and cylindrical coordinate systems.
    x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 1 {displaystyle x^+y^+z^=1}
  5. (mathematics) Used to denote a complex variable.
    z = z z ¯ {displaystyle \left\Vert z\right\Vert =z\cdot {bar }}
  6. (statistics) Used to denote a value of a standard normal random variable.
    P [ Z > z ] = 1 P [ Z < z ] = 1 Φ ( z ) {displaystyle P[Z>z]=1-P[Z<z]=1-\Phi (z)}
  7. (analytic geometry, classical mechanics) Quantity along the third axis in a three-dimensional system, vertical when applicable.
  8. (chemistry) Symbol for atomic number.
  9. (IPA) voiced alveolar fricative

Derived terms

Prefix zepto-

Gallery

See also

Other representations of Z:


English

Pronunciation

Letter name

  • (UK) IPA(key): /zɛd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ziː/

Phoneme

  • IPA(key): /z/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z, plural z's)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the English alphabet, called zed or zee and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letter; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

Letter

z lower case (upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) hərf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ə ə, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, X x, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, Q q, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

Cimbrian

Article

z

  1. the (neuter singular definite article)

References

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /z/

Preposition

z

  1. from
    Toto víno pochází z Francie. -- This wine comes from France.
  2. out of
    Pět z deseti doktorů doporučuje tuto zubní pastu.
    Five out of ten doctors recommend this toothpaste.

Usage notes

This preposition is followed by the genitive case.

Synonyms

  • ze

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛt
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /zɛt/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • Previous letter: y

Egyptian

Pronunciation

  • (modern Egyptological) IPA(key): /zɛ/, /zɑ/
    • Conventional anglicization: ze, za

Noun

 m

  1. A door bolt of wood or copper [since the Pyramid Texts]

Inflection

Alternative forms

Noun

 m

  1. man (male person) [since the Old Kingdom]
  2. someone, anyone

Usage notes

This word can be placed after a type of person and before a number to indicate that many prisoners of that type were taken.

Inflection

Alternative forms

Derived terms

  • z-n-wsrt

Descendants

  • Coptic: ⲥⲁ- (sa-)

Noun

 m

  1. being, creature (used of a snake) [Pyramid Texts]

Inflection

Noun

 m

  1. A type of fish [22nd dynasty]

Inflection

References

  • Erman, Adolf; Grapow, Hermann (1926–1961) Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /zo/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called zo and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, Ĉ ĉ, D d, E e, F f, G g, Ĝ ĝ, H h, Ĥ ĥ, I i, J j, Ĵ ĵ, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, R r, S s, Ŝ ŝ, T t, U u, Ŭ ŭ, V v, Z z

Finnish

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called tseta or tset and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ts.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) kirjain; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s (Š š), T t, U u, V v (W w), X x, Y y, Z z (Ž ž), Å å, Ä ä, Ö ö

Gothic

Romanization

z

  1. Romanization of 𐌶

Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /z/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ze/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Italian

Noun

z m, f (invariable)

  1. See under Z

Latin

Etymology

The minuscule form derives from the majuscule Z.

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Classical Latin alphabet, called zēta.

References

  • z in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • z in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [z]

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-second letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • Letters of the Latvian alphabet:
    burti: Aa, Āā, Bb, Cc, Čč, Dd, Ee, Ēē, Ff, Gg, Ģģ, Hh, Ii, Īī, Jj, Kk, Ķķ, Ll, Ļļ, Mm, Nn, Ņņ, Oo, Pp, Rr, Ss, Šš, Tt, Uu, Ūū, Vv, Zz, Žž

Livonian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) kēratēḑ; A a, Ā ā, Ä ä, Ǟ ǟ, B b, D d, Ḑ ḑ, E e, Ē ē, F f, G g, H h, I i, Ī ī, J j, K k, L l, Ļ ļ, M m, N n, Ņ ņ, O o, Ō ō, Ȯ ȯ, Ȱ ȱ, Õ õ, Ȭ ȭ, P p, R r, Ŗ ŗ, S s, Š š, T t, Ț ț, U u, Ū ū, V v, Z z, Ž ž



Lower Sorbian

Alternative forms

  • ze (used before sibilants and certain consonant clusters)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /z/, (before a voiceless consonant) /s/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs

Preposition

z (with genitive)

  1. from, out of

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom

Preposition

z (with instrumental)

  1. with
    (lit. ‘brother with sister’).

Malay

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /set/, /sɛt/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /ʃ/

Letter

z

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Not used in Norwegian, only appears in loanwords from e.g. Slavic.
  • Used interchangeably with s in Internet slang and informal writing.

Polish

Alternative forms

  • ze

Pronunciation

  • (isolated) IPA(key): /s/, /z/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs

Preposition

z (+ genitive)

  1. from
  2. out of
  3. made of
  4. at

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom

Preposition

z (+ instrumental)

  1. with

Etymology 3

Particle

z

  1. (colloquial) about, around, approximately
    Synonyms: mniej więcej, około

Usage notes

  • As a rule of thumb, the preposition or particle should be changed to ze when the pronunciation of the two consecutive words becomes problematic. Some dictionaries claim that this rule applies to words starting with one of the following consonants: s, z, ś, ź, ż, rz, sz that are followed by another consonant. Examples include:

References

Further reading

  • z in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ze/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á, À à,  â, àã), B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e (É é, Ê ê), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o (Ó ó, Ô ô, Õ õ), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ze/, /zet/

Letter

z (lowercase, capital Z)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ze, zet, zed, or and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ă ă,  â, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, Πî, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, Ș ș, T t, Ț ț, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Sani

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /z̊³³/

Noun

z (transliteration needed)

  1. water

References

  • Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volumes 26-27 (2003, Department of Linguistics, University of California), page 74
  • Huang Bufan (editor), Xu Shouchun, Chen Jiaying, Wan Huiyin, A Tibeto-Burman Lexicon (1992; Central Minorities University, Beijing) (has z̊³³)

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase) Z

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

Preposition

z (Cyrillic spelling з)

  1. (Kajkavian, Chakavian, Croatia) (+ instrumental case) with
    • 1501, Marko Marulić, Judita
      požgat su pritili sela naša stane,
      žene z dicom htili vest u svoje strane,
      inim dati rane, svih smrtno sikući;
    • 1622, Ivan Gundulić, Suze sina razmetnoga
      od svjetlosti zrak otvori,
      i ostaše razlučene,
      z bielim danom noćne sjene:
    • 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj
      I srce mi greje
      I z menom se smeje
      I v žalosti plače takaj.
  1. (Kajkavian) (+ genitive case) from, out of
    • 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj vrt si senja
      Oblaček po nebu
      Si stiha putuje,
      A z trave još samo
      Šćurica se čuje.

Synonyms

  • iz, s, sa, š

Letter

z (Cyrillic spelling з)

  1. The 29th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by v and followed by ž.

Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

  1. The thirty-third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) bukva; A a,  â, B b, C c, Č č, Ʒ ʒ, Ǯ ǯ, D d, Đ đ, E e, F f, G g, Ǧ ǧ, Ǥ ǥ, H h, I i, J j, K k, Ǩ ǩ, L l, M m, N n, Ŋ ŋ, O o, Õ õ, P p, R r, S s, Š š, T t, U u, V v, Z z, Ž ž, Å å, Ä ä, ʹ

Slovak

Alternative forms

  • zo (see usage notes)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈz/

Preposition

z

  1. from

Usage notes

  • The zo form is used when the following word starts with the letter z, ž, s, š and certain consonant clusters.

Further reading

  • z in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/, word-finally /s/
  • (phoneme) Tonal orthography: z

Letter

z

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script. Preceded by v and followed by ž.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Alternative forms

  • (before a voiceless consonant) s

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /z/
  • Tonal orthography: z

Preposition

z

  1. (with instrumental) with, by means of, using
  2. (with instrumental) (together) with, in the company of
  3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {}.

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • (letter name):
    • (Castilian) IPA(key): /ˈθeta/, [ˈθet̪a]
  • (Latin America) IPA(key): /ˈseta/, [ˈset̪a]
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /θ/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

Swedish

Pronunciation

Letter name
  • IPA(key): /ˈsɛːta/
Phoneme
  • IPA(key): /s/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called säta or zäta and written in the Latin script.

Turkish

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) harf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ð/, /z/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) harp; A a, B b, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ä ä, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, Ž ž, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ň ň, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, W w, Y y, Ý ý, Z z

Zulu

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

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