﻿ z - synonyms, antonyms, definitions - Online Dictionary
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# z

## z

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of z in English

English Online Dictionary. What means z‎? What does z mean?

## Translingual

### Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth and last letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

• (Latin script):  Aa  Bb  Cc  Dd  Ee  Ff  Gg  Hh  Ii  Jj  Kk  Ll  Mm  Nn  Oo  Pp  Qq  Rr  Sſs  Tt  Uu  Vv  Ww  Xx  Yy  Zz
• (Variations of letter Z):  Źź  Ẑẑ  Žž  Żż  Ẓẓ  Ẕẕ  Ƶƶ  Ȥȥ  Ⱬⱬ  ᵶ  ᶎ  ʐ  ʑ  ɀ  ᴢ  Ｚｚ  DZDzdz  Ǳǲǳ  DŽDždž  Ǆǅǆ
• Greek ζ, Hebrew ז.

#### Symbol

z

1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix zepto-.
2. (astronomy) Symbol for the redshift.
3. (mathematics) Used to denote a real variable when x and y are already in use.
${displaystyle f\left(x,y,z\right)=\sin x+\cos y+\tan z}$
4. (mathematics) Used to denote the third coordinate in three-dimensional Cartesian and cylindrical coordinate systems.
${displaystyle x^+y^+z^=1}$
5. (mathematics) Used to denote a complex variable.
${displaystyle \left\Vert z\right\Vert =z\cdot {bar }}$
6. (statistics) Used to denote a value of a standard normal random variable.
${displaystyle P[Z>z]=1-P[Z
7. (Should we delete(+) this redundant sense?) (analytic geometry, classical mechanics) Quantity along the third axis in a three-dimensional system, vertical when applicable.
8. (chemistry) Symbol for atomic number.
9. (IPA) voiced alveolar fricative

Prefix zepto-

### Gallery

Other representations of Z:

## English

### Pronunciation

Letter name

• (UK) IPA(key): /zɛd/
• (US) IPA(key): /ziː/
• Rhymes: -ɛd, -iː

Phoneme

• IPA(key): /z/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z, plural zs or z's)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the English alphabet, called zed or zee and written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) letter; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

## Alemannic German

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /t͡s/

### Etymology 1

#### Article

z n

1. Synonym of s: the

### Etymology 2

#### Preposition

z

1. unstressed form of of zue

### Etymology 3

#### Preposition

z

1. unstressed form of of zu

## Azerbaijani

### Pronunciation

• (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

### Letter

z lower case (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-second letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) hərf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ə ə, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, X x, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, Q q, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

## Basque

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /s̻eta/, [s̻e̞.t̪a]

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Basque alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ñ ñ, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ü ü), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

## Cimbrian

### Alternative forms

• 's (Sette Comuni)

### Article

z

1. (Luserna) the; definite article for two declensions:
1. nominative singular neuter
2. accusative singular neuter

### References

• Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Luserna / Lusérn: Le nostre parole / Ünsarne börtar / Unsere Wörter [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

## Czech

### Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs.

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/

### Preposition

z

1. from
2. out of

#### Usage notes

This preposition is followed by the genitive case.

#### Synonyms

• ze

• z in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
• z in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

## Dutch

### Pronunciation

• Rhymes: -ɛt
• (letter name): IPA(key): /zɛt/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• Previous letter: y

## Egyptian

### Pronunciation

• (modern Egyptological) IPA(key): /zɛ/, /zɑ/
• Conventional anglicization: ze, za

### Noun

m

1. A door bolt of wood or copper [since the Pyramid Texts]

### Noun

m

1. man (male person) [since the Old Kingdom]
2. someone, anyone

#### Usage notes

This word can be placed after a type of person and before a number to indicate that many prisoners of that type were taken.

• z-n-wsrt

#### Descendants

• Coptic: ⲥⲁ- (sa-)

### Noun

m

1. being, creature (used of a snake) [Pyramid Texts]

### Noun

m

1. A type of fish [22nd dynasty]

### References

• Erman, Adolf; Grapow, Hermann (1926–1961) Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN

## Esperanto

### Pronunciation

• (letter name): IPA(key): /zo/
• (phoneme): IPA(key): /z/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called zo and written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, Ĉ ĉ, D d, E e, F f, G g, Ĝ ĝ, H h, Ĥ ĥ, I i, J j, Ĵ ĵ, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, R r, S s, Ŝ ŝ, T t, U u, Ŭ ŭ, V v, Z z

## Estonian

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /ˈtsetː/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-first letter of the Estonian alphabet, called tsett and written in the Latin script.

#### Usage notes

• Used only in loanwords.

• (Latin-script letters) täht; A a, B b (C c), D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p (Q q), R r, S s, Š š, Z z, Ž ž, T t, U u, V v (W w), Õ õ, Ä ä, Ö ö, Ü ü (X x, Y y)

## Finnish

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called tseta or tset and written in the Latin script.

#### Usage notes

• Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ts.

• (Latin-script letters) kirjain; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s (Š š), T t, U u, V v (W w), X x, Y y, Z z (Ž ž), Å å, Ä ä, Ö ö

## French

### Pronunciation

• (letter name) IPA(key): /zɛd/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

## Gothic

### Romanization

z

1. Romanization of 𐌶

## Hungarian

### Pronunciation

• (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈz]
• (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈzeː]

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The thirty-ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

#### Declension

• (Latin-script letters) betű; A a, Á á, B b, C c, Cs cs, D d, Dz dz, Dzs dzs, E e, É é, F f, G g, Gy gy, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, Ly ly, M m, N n, Ny ny, O o, Ó ó, Ö ö, Ő ő, P p, R r, S s, Sz sz, T t, Ty ty, U u, Ú ú, Ü ü, Ű ű, V v, Z z, Zs zs. Only in the extended alphabet: Q q W w X x Y y. Commonly used: ch. Also defined: à ë. In surnames (selection): ä aa cz ds eé eö ew oe oó th ts ÿ.

• z in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

## Ido

### Pronunciation

• (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /z/
• (letter name) IPA(key): /ze/

### Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

## Indonesian

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/ (usually unless before a voiced consonant)
• IPA(key): /s/ (sometimes before a voiced consonant e.g. Mazmur)

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) alfabet; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

#### Usage notes

• Used only in loanwords from Arabic, English, etc.

## Italian

### Noun

z m or f (invariable)

1. see under Z

## Latin

### Etymology

The minuscule form derives from the majuscule Z.

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-third letter of the Classical Latin alphabet, called zēta.

### References

• z in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
• z in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

## Latvian

### Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): [z]

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The thirty-second letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

• Letters of the Latvian alphabet:
burti: Aa, Āā, Bb, Cc, Čč, Dd, Ee, Ēē, Ff, Gg, Ģģ, Hh, Ii, Īī, Jj, Kk, Ķķ, Ll, Ļļ, Mm, Nn, Ņņ, Oo, Pp, Rr, Ss, Šš, Tt, Uu, Ūū, Vv, Zz, Žž

## Livonian

### Pronunciation

• (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

### Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) kēratēḑ; A a, Ā ā, Ä ä, Ǟ ǟ, B b, D d, Ḑ ḑ, E e, Ē ē, F f, G g, H h, I i, Ī ī, J j, K k, L l, Ļ ļ, M m, N n, Ņ ņ, O o, Ō ō, Ȯ ȯ, Ȱ ȱ, Õ õ, Ȭ ȭ, P p, R r, Ŗ ŗ, S s, Š š, T t, Ț ț, U u, Ū ū, V v, Z z, Ž ž

## Lower Sorbian

### Alternative forms

• ze (used before sibilants and certain consonant clusters)

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/, (before a voiceless consonant) /s/

### Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs

#### Preposition

z (with genitive)

1. from, out of

### Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom

#### Preposition

z (with instrumental)

1. with
(lit. ‘brother with sister’).

## Malay

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

## Maltese

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /t͡s/, /d͡z/
• Simple z is virtually always /t͡s/. Geminated zz is also predominantly voiceless, but intervocalically it may represent /dd͡z/, notably in the verbal suffix -izza.

### Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirtieth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) ittra; A a, B b, Ċ ċ, D d, E e, F f, Ġ ġ, G g, Għ għ, H h, Ħ ħ, I i, Ie ie, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Ż ż, Z z

## Norwegian

### Pronunciation

• (letter name): IPA(key): /set/, /sɛt/
• (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /ʃ/

### Letter

z

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

#### Usage notes

• Not used in Norwegian, only appears in loanwords from e.g. Slavic.
• Used interchangeably with s in Internet slang and informal writing.

## Polish

### Alternative forms

• ze (etymology 1, 2 & 3)
• s (obsolete) [19th c.] (etymology 1, 2 & 3)

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/, /s/
• (letter name) IPA(key): /zɛt/

### Letter

z (upper case Z, lower case)

1. The thirtieth letter of the Polish alphabet, called zet and written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) A a, Ą ą, B b, C c, Ć ć, D d, E e, Ę ę, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, Ł ł, M m, N n, Ń ń, O o, Ó ó, P p (Q q), R r, S s, Ś ś, T t, U u (V v), W w (X x), Y y, Z z, Ź ź, Ż ż

### Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *jьz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eǵʰs

z (+ genitive)

1. from
2. out of
4. at

### Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom

#### Preposition

z (+ instrumental)

1. with

### Etymology 3

#### Particle

z

Synonyms: mniej więcej, około

### Usage notes

• As a rule of thumb, the preposition or particle should be changed to ze when the pronunciation of the two consecutive words becomes problematic. Some dictionaries claim that this rule applies to words starting with one of the following consonants: s, z, ś, ź, ż, rz, sz that are followed by another consonant. Examples include:

### References

• z in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
• z in Polish dictionaries at PWN

## Portuguese

### Pronunciation

• (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/
• (letter name) IPA(key): /ze/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á, À à, Â â, Ã ã), B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e (É é, Ê ê), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o (Ó ó, Ô ô, Õ õ), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

## Romani

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. (International Standard) The thirtieth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
2. (Pan-Vlax) The thirty-first letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, X x, I i, J j, K k, Kh kh, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Ph ph, R r, S s, T t, Th th, U u, V v, Z z International Standard: (À à, Ä ä, Ǎ ǎ), Ć ć, Ćh ćh, (È è, Ë ë, Ě ě), (Ì ì, Ï ï, Ǐ ǐ), (Ò ò, Ö ö, Ǒ ǒ), Rr rr, Ś ś, (Ù ù, Ü ü, Ǔ ǔ), Ź ź, Ʒ ʒ, Q q, Ç ç, ϴ θ. Pan-Vlax: Č č, Čh čh, Dž dž, (Dź dź), Ř ř, Š š, (Ś ś), Ž ž, (Ź ź).

## Romanian

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The thirty-first letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ze, zet, zed, or and written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) A a, Ă ă, Â â, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, Î î, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, Ș ș, T t, Ț ț, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

## Sani

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z̊³³/

### Noun

z (transliteration needed)

1. water

### References

• Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volumes 26-27 (2003, Department of Linguistics, University of California), page 74
• Huang Bufan (editor), Xu Shouchun, Chen Jiaying, Wan Huiyin, A Tibeto-Burman Lexicon (1992; Central Minorities University, Beijing) (has z̊³³)

## Serbo-Croatian

### Alternative forms

• (uppercase) Z

### Pronunciation

• (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

### Preposition

z (Cyrillic spelling з)

1. (Kajkavian, Chakavian, Croatia) (+ instrumental case) with
• 1501, Marko Marulić, Judita
požgat su pritili sela naša stane,
žene z dicom htili vest u svoje strane,
inim dati rane, svih smrtno sikući;
• 1622, Ivan Gundulić, Suze sina razmetnoga
od svjetlosti zrak otvori,
i ostaše razlučene,
z bielim danom noćne sjene:
• 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj
I srce mi greje
I z menom se smeje
I v žalosti plače takaj.
2. (Kajkavian) (+ genitive case) from, out of
• 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj vrt si senja
Oblaček po nebu
Si stiha putuje,
A z trave još samo
Šćurica se čuje.

• iz, s, sa, š

### Letter

z (Cyrillic spelling з)

1. The 29th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by v and followed by ž.

## Skolt Sami

### Pronunciation

• (phoneme) IPA(key): /z/

### Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) bukva; A a, Â â, B b, C c, Č č, Ʒ ʒ, Ǯ ǯ, D d, Đ đ, E e, F f, G g, Ǧ ǧ, Ǥ ǥ, H h, I i, J j, K k, Ǩ ǩ, L l, M m, N n, Ŋ ŋ, O o, Õ õ, P p, R r, S s, Š š, T t, U u, V v, Z z, Ž ž, Å å, Ä ä, ʹ

## Slovak

### Alternative forms

• zo (see usage notes)

### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/

### Preposition

z

1. from

#### Usage notes

• The zo form is used when the following word starts with the letter z, ž, s, š and certain consonant clusters.

• z in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

## Slovene

### Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

#### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /s/

#### Letter

z

1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script. Preceded by v and followed by ž.

### Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

#### Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /s/

#### Preposition

z

1. (with instrumental) with, by means of, using
2. (with instrumental) (together) with, in the company of
3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {}.
##### Alternative forms
• s (before a voiceless consonant)

• z”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

## Spanish

### Pronunciation

• (letter name):
• IPA(key): (Spain) /ˈθeta/, [ˈθe.t̪a]
• IPA(key): (Latin America) /ˈseta/, [ˈse.t̪a]
• (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /θ/

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

## Swedish

### Pronunciation

Letter name
• IPA(key): /ˈsɛːta/
Phoneme
• IPA(key): /s/
• Homophones: c (before front vowels), s

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called säta or zäta and written in the Latin script.

## Turkish

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) harf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

## Turkmen

### Pronunciation

• (phoneme) IPA(key): /ð/, /z/

### Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirtieth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) harp; A a, B b, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ä ä, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, Ž ž, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ň ň, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, W w, Y y, Ý ý, Z z

## Zulu

### Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

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A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z