yard

yard

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of yard in English

English Online Dictionary. What means yard‎? What does yard mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /jɑːd/
  • (General American) enPR: yärd, IPA(key): /jɑɹd/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)d

Etymology 1

From Middle English yerd, yard, ȝerd, ȝeard, from Old English ġeard (yard, garden, fence, enclosure, enclosed place, court, residence, dwelling, home, region, land; hedge), from Proto-Germanic *gardaz (enclosure, yard) (compare Dutch gaard, obsolete German Gart, Swedish and Norwegian Bokmål gård, Norwegian Nynorsk gard), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰórdʰos, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰerdʰ- (to enclose) (Lithuanian gardas (pen, enclosure), Russian го́род (górod, town), Albanian gardh (fence), Romanian gard, Avestan 𐬔𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬛𐬵𐬀(gərədha, dev's cave), Sanskrit गृह (gṛha)), Medieval Latin gardinus, Medieval Latin jardinus.

Noun

yard (plural yards)

  1. A small, usually uncultivated area adjoining or (now especially) within the precincts of a house or other building.
  2. An enclosed area designated for a specific purpose, e.g. on farms, railways etc.
  3. A place where moose or deer herd together in winter for pasture, protection, etc.
  4. (Jamaica) One’s house or home.
Derived terms

See also Yard

Translations

Verb

yard (third-person singular simple present yards, present participle yarding, simple past and past participle yarded)

  1. (transitive) To confine to a yard.
    • 1893, Elijah Kellogg, Good old times, or, Grandfather's struggles for a homestead
      As they reached the door, Bose, having yarded the cows, was stealing around the corner of the pig-sty, and making for the woods.

Etymology 2

From Middle English ȝerde, yerd, ȝerd, from Old English ġierd (branch; rod, staff; measuring stick; yardland), from Proto-Germanic *gazdijō, from *gazdaz. Cognate with Dutch gard (twig), German Gerte and probably related to Latin hasta (spear).

Noun

yard (plural yards)

  1. A unit of length equal to 3 feet in the US customary and British imperial systems of measurement, equal to precisely 0.9144 m since 1959 (US) or 1963 (UK).
  2. Units of similar composition or length in other systems.
  3. (nautical) Any spar carried aloft.
    1. (nautical) A long tapered timber hung on a mast to which is bent a sail, and may be further qualified as a square, lateen, or lug yard. The first is hung at right angles to the mast, the latter two hang obliquely.
  4. (obsolete) A branch, twig, or shoot.
  5. (obsolete) A staff, rod, or stick.
  6. (obsolete, medicine) A penis.
  7. (US, slang, uncommon) 100 dollars.
  8. (obsolete) The yardland, an obsolete English unit of land roughly understood as 30 acres.
    • a. 1634, W. Noye, The Complete Lawyer, 57:
      You must note, that two Fardells of Land make a Nooke of Land, and two Nookes make halfe a Yard of Land.
  9. (obsolete) The rod, a surveying unit of (once) 15 or (now) 16½ feet.
  10. (obsolete) The rood, area bound by a square rod, ¼ acre.
Synonyms
  • (arm length): See ell
  • ($100): See hundred
  • (surveying measure): See rod
  • (large unit of area): See virgate
  • (small unit of area): See rood
Hypernyms
  • (unit of area): See virgate
Hyponyms
  • (unit of area): See virgate
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 3

Clipping of milliard.

Noun

yard (plural yards)

  1. (finance) 109, A short scale billion; a long scale thousand millions or milliard.
    I need to hedge a yard of yen.

References

Anagrams

  • Dray, Dyar, Rady, adry, dray

Czech

Noun

yard m

  1. yard (unit of length)

Further reading

  • yard in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • yard in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /jaʁd/

Noun

yard m (plural yards)

  1. yard (unit of length)

Further reading

  • “yard” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Noun

yard f (plural yard)

  1. yard (unit of length)

Synonyms

  • iarda

Middle English

Noun

yard

  1. Alternative form of yerd

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.