y

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of y in English

English Online Dictionary. What means y‎? What does y mean?

Translingual

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

  • (Latin script):  Aa  Bb  Cc  Dd  Ee  Ff  Gg  Hh  Ii  Jj  Kk  Ll  Mm  Nn  Oo  Pp  Qq  Rr  Sſs  Tt  Uu  Vv  Ww  Xx  Yy  Zz
  • (Variations of letter Y):  Ýý  Ỳỳ  Ŷŷ  ẙ  Ÿÿ  Ỹỹ  Ẏẏ  Ȳȳ  Ỷỷ  Ỵỵ  Ɏɏ  Ƴƴ  ʏ  Yy  Ꝡꝡ

Pronunciation

Symbol

y

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix yocto-.
  2. (IPA) close front rounded vowel
  3. Denoting an item that is twenty-fifth in a list.

Gallery

See also

Other representations of Y:


English

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ˈwaɪ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /i/, /ɪ/, /aɪ/, /ə/, /j/
  • Homophones: why, Wye, wye

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y, plural y's)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the English alphabet, called wye and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • The name of this letter is spelled wy or wye

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letter; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z
  • Historically, this letter was sometimes used to approximate þ, as in yt and ye (which see for more).

Noun

y

  1. Abbreviation of year.
    • 2003, Howard Tanner, Sonia Jones, Becoming a Successful Teacher of Mathematics
      Consider the following questions selected from the tests and estimate the proportion of Y8 pupils you would expect to answer correctly.
  2. (Britain, television) Abbreviation of youth., usually followed by an age appropriate for the content so marked.
    Y7
  3. (computing) Abbreviation of yes.

Adverb

y (not comparable)

  1. (slang, text messaging, Internet slang) Abbreviation of why.

Derived terms

  • Y2K

See also

  • U
  • V

Aragonese

Etymology

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Pronoun

y (y (or -y), plural ys/yos or -ys/-yos)

  1. Pronoun for the third-person singular indirect object.

Usage notes

  • Usually seen as -y

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /j/

Letter

y lower case (upper case Y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) hərf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ə ə, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, X x, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, Q q, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /i ɡre.ko/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Basque alphabet, called i greko and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ñ ñ, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ü ü), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Catalan

Conjunction

y

  1. Obsolete form of i (and).

Cornish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /iː/

Pronoun

y

  1. (Standard Cornish) they (third person plural pronoun)
  2. (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form) his

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • ij (in some words)

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛɪ/, /iˈɡrɛk/, /ˌɣrik.sə ˈɛɪ/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Usage notes

In certain dialects the letter is pronounced similar to IPA: /ji:/. In these dialects, they will actually write "y" such as in "jy" (IPA: /ji:/) instead of modern standard Dutch jij (IPA: /jɛɪ/).

See also

  • Previous letter: x
  • Next letter: z

Fala

Conjunction

y

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /iː/
  • Homophone: i

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) bókstavur; A a, Á á, B b, D d, Рð, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ó ó, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, Ú ú, V v, Y y, Ý ý, Æ æ, Ø ø

Finnish

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called yy and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) kirjain; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s (Š š), T t, U u, V v (W w), X x, Y y, Z z (Ž ž), Å å, Ä ä, Ö ö

French

Etymology 1

From i grec (Greek i), referring to the letter upsilon (Υ), originally borrowed from the Greek alphabet, as opposed to "Latin i" (I).

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /i.ɡʁɛk/

Letter

y

  1. a letter in the French alphabet, after x and before z

Etymology 2

10th century; from Old French i, from Latin hīc (here) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰi-ḱe (this, here)), with meaning influenced by Old French iv (there, thither), itself from Latin ibī. Derivation from the latter poses difficulty from a phonetic standpoint.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /i/
  • Homophones: hie, hies, hient, i

Pronoun

y (adverbial)

  1. there (at a place)
  2. there, thither (to there)
  3. Used as a pronoun to replace à followed by an indirect object.
    1. With verbs: see Appendix:French verbs followed by à for verbs which use this structure.
    2. (archaic) With adjectives. Only used with handful of adjectives (the most usual being y compris, which is a special case), mainly in legal language.
Related terms

Etymology 3

Eye dialect spelling of il. or Contraction of il. .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /i/

Pronoun

y ?

  1. (Quebec, France, colloquial) He: alternative form of il
  2. (Quebec, France, colloquial) They: alternative form of ils
  3. (Quebec, colloquial) They: alternative form of elles

Further reading

  • “y” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Fula

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /j/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) karfeeje; ', A a, B b, Mb mb, Ɓ ɓ, C c, D d, Nd nd, Ɗ ɗ, E e, F f, G g, Ng ng, Ɠ ɠ, H h, I i, J j, Nj nj, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ŋ ŋ, Ñ ñ, Ɲ ɲ, O o, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, W w, Y y, Ƴ ƴ

German

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /yː/, /y/, /ʏ/, /i/, /ɪ/, /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈʏpsilɔn/

Letter

y n (genitive y, plural y)

  1. the letter y

Guaraní

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɨ/

Noun

y

  1. water

Derived terms

  • ysyry (river)

Haitian Creole

Etymology

Contraction of yo.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /j/

Pronoun

y

  1. Contraction of yo.

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ ˈi]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ ˈipsilon]

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The forty-second letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called ipszilon and written in the Latin script.

Declension

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) betű; A a, Á á, B b, C c, Cs cs, D d, Dz dz, Dzs dzs, E e, É é, F f, G g, Gy gy, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, Ly ly, M m, N n, Ny ny, O o, Ó ó, Ö ö, Ő ő, P p, Q q, R r, S s, Sz sz, T t, Ty ty, U u, Ú ú, Ü ü, Ű ű, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z, Zs zs

Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /je/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Italian

Noun

y m or f (invariable)

  1. See under Y

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Spanish y and Portuguese e .

Conjunction

y

  1. and

References

  • Gonçalves, Manuel (2015) Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, →ISBN

Kamayurá

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of

References

  • Languages of the Amazon (2012, →ISBN

Khumi Chin

Interjection

y

  1. no

Ladin

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Latgalian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɨ/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Latgalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ā ā, B b, C c, Č č, D d, E e, Ē ē, F f, G g, Ģ ģ, H h, I i, Y y, Ī ī, J j, K k, Ķ ķ, L l, Ļ ļ, M m, N n, Ņ ņ, O o, Ō ō, P p, R r, S s, Š š, T t, U u, Ū ū, V v, Z z, Ž ž

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /yː/
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /i/

Noun

ȳ f (indeclinable)

  1. A name of the letter Y.

Synonyms

  • (name of the letter Y): ī graeca
  • (name of the letter Y): ȳpsīlon

Coordinate terms

  • (Latin-script letter names) littera; ā, bē, cē, dē, ē, ef, gē, hā, ī, kā, el, em, en, ō, pē, kū, er, es, tē, ū, ix / īx / ex, ȳ / ī graeca / ȳpsīlon, zēta

References

  • y in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Basil Lanneau Gildersleeve, Latin Grammar (3rd ed., 1895), page 1
    The Latin names for the letters… For Y the sound was used, for Z the Greek name (zēta).

Lithuanian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /iː/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Lithuanian alphabet, called i ilgoji and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ą ą, B b, C c, Č č, D d, E e, Ę ę, Ė ė, F f, G g, H h, I i, Į į, Y y, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, R r, S s, Š š, T t, U u, Ų ų, Ū ū, V v, Z z, Ž ž

Malay

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Mandinka

Pronoun

y

  1. they, them (personal pronoun)

See also


Manx

Article

y

  1. Alternative form of yn

Mbyá Guaraní

Noun

y

  1. water

References

  • Léxico Guaraní, dialeto Mbyá : versão para fins acadêmicos (1998)

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English .

Pronoun

y

  1. Alternative form of I

Etymology 2

From Old English in.

Preposition

y

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Middle French

Adverb

y

  1. there (in a given place)

Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /yː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /yː/, /y/

Letter

y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Perhaps the most troublesome sound in Norwegian. Even some native speakers tend to merge it into /i(ː)/.

Old Tupi

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʔɨ/

Noun

y

  1. water
  2. river

References

  • LEMOS BARBOSA, A. Curso de Tupi antigo. Rio de Janeiro: Livraria São José, 1956.

Papiamentu

Alternative forms

  • i (alternative spelling)

Etymology

From Spanish y and Portuguese e and Kabuverdianu i.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á, À à,  â, àã), B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e (É é, Ê ê), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o (Ó ó, Ô ô, Õ õ), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Quechua

Adverb

y

  1. really, truly

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /j/, /i/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called igrec or i grec and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ă ă,  â, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, Πî, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, Ș ș, T t, Ț ț, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Spanish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ʝ/, /i/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɟ͡ʝe/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called ye or i griega and written in the Latin script.

Derived terms

  • y comercial

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á), B b, C c, D d, E e (É é), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ñ ñ, O o (Ó ó), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú, Ü ü), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Etymology 2

From Old Spanish é or e, from Latin et.

Alternative forms

  • e
  • i (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (preconsonantal) IPA(key): /i/
  • (prevocalic) IPA(key): /ʝ/
  • Rhymes: -i

Conjunction

y

  1. and
    • 1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
      Es, pues, de saber que este sobredicho hidalgo, los ratos que estaba ocioso —que eran los más del año—, se daba a leer libros de caballerías, con tanta afición y gusto, que olvidó casi de todo punto el ejercicio de la caza y aun la administración de su hacienda; y llegó a tanto su curiosidad y desatino en esto, que vendió muchas hanegas de tierra de sembradura para comprar libros de caballerías en que leer, y, así, llevó a su casa todos cuantos pudo haber dellos.
      You must know, then, that the above-named gentleman whenever he was at leisure (which was mostly all the year round) gave himself up to reading books of chivalry with such ardour and' avidity that he almost entirely neglected the pursuit of his field-sports, and even the management of his property; and to such a pitch did his eagerness and infatuation go that he sold many an acre of tillageland to buy books of chivalry to read, and brought home as many of them as he could get.
  2. (in names of number) and
  3. (in arithmetic) plus, and
  4. (informal) well
  5. (informal) what about, how about, where is/are the

Usage notes

  • Before words that begin with the /i/ sound, the form e is used instead.

Further reading

  • “y” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Turkish

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ye and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) harf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɯ/, /ɯː/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) harp; A a, B b, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ä ä, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, Ž ž, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ň ň, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, W w, Y y, Ý ý, Z z

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔi˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɪj˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɪj˧˧]

Etymology 1

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun

y

  1. (archaic, literary) he; him; she; her
    • 1958, Nguyễn Đổng Chi, "Thạch Sùng còn thiếu mẻ kho hay là Sự tích con mối" (Kho tàng truyện cố tích Việt Nam nr. 36), NXB Văn sử địa
      Hồi đó ở kinh đô có một người em hoàng hậu họ Vương. Y cũng là tay cự phú nổi tiếng tiền rừng biển bạc và xài phí vào bậc nhất.
      At the time, there was in the capital a brother of the queen of the Wáng family. He was also a famous for being immensely rich and was an extravagant spender of first degree.
  2. (formal, derogatory) he/him, that jerk/prick/thug/criminal

See also

  • thị

Etymology 2

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Adverb

y

  1. (informal) exactly; precisely (like)
Derived terms

Wayampi

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of ɨɨ (water)

References

  • Handbook of Amazonian Languages, volume 4 (1998), edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire, Geoffrey K. Pullum

Welsh

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

  • (with grave accent to indicate otherwise unpredictable short vowel /ə/):
  • (with acute accent to indicate unusually stressed short vowel): ý
  • (with circumflex to indicate otherwise unpredictable or unusually stressed long vowel): ŷ
  • (with diaeresis to indicate disyllabicity): ÿ

Pronunciation

  • (standard) IPA(key): /ə/
    • (informal) IPA(key): /əː/

Letter

y f (plural yau)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by w.
  2. The name of the Latin-script letter Y.

Derived terms

  • Digraph sequences: yw

Mutation

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) llythyren; A a (Á á, À à,  â, Ä ä), B b, C c, Ch ch, D d, Dd dd, E e (É é, È è, Ê ê, Ë ë), F f, Ff ff, G g, Ng ng, H h, I i (Í í, Ì ì, Πî, Ï ï), J j, L l, Ll ll, M m, N n, O o (Ó ó, Ò ò, Ô ô, Ö ö), P p, Ph ph, R r, Rh rh, S s, T t, Th th, U u (Ú ú, Ù ù, Û û, Ü ü), W w (Ẃ ẃ, Ẁ ẁ, Ŵ ŵ, Ẅ ẅ), Y y (Ý ý, Ỳ ỳ, Ŷ ŷ, Ÿ ÿ)
  • (Latin-script letter names) llythyren; a, bi, ec, èch, di, èdd, e, èf, èff, èg, eng, aetsh, i/i dot, je, ce, el, èll, em, en, o, pi, ffi, ciw, er, rhi, ès, ti, èth, u/u bedol, fi, w, ecs, y, sèd (Category: cy:Latin letter names)

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ə/

Alternative forms

  • 'r (used after vowels)
  • yr (used before vowels and h)

Article

y (definite) (triggers soft mutation of a feminine singular noun, except ll and rh remain unmutated)

  1. the

Etymology 3

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms

  • yr (used before vowels and h)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ə/

Particle

y

  1. (literary) that (preverbal particle used to mark a subordinate clause)
  2. (literary) which, whom (particle used with indirect relative clauses)
  3. (literary) preverbal particle used to mark an affirmative verb in a main clause
    • 1620, William Morgan, Y Bibl Cyssegr-lan, Genesis 1:1
      Yn y dechreuad y creodd Duw y nefoedd a’r ddaear.
      In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Usage notes
  • y is almost always omitted in colloquial speech.
  • y is used to mean 'that' (i.e. mark a subordinate clause) when the subordinate clause begins with an affirmative form of bod not in the present tense, or another affirmative verb in any tense apart from the preterite.
Related terms
  • bod
  • mai (with fronted element, marked for emphasis)
  • i
  • na (negative)



Zulu

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

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A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.