y

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of y in English

English Online Dictionary. What means y‎? What does y mean?

Translingual

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

  • (Latin script):  Aa  Bb  Cc  Dd  Ee  Ff  Gg  Hh  Ii  Jj  Kk  Ll  Mm  Nn  Oo  Pp  Qq  Rr  Sſs  Tt  Uu  Vv  Ww  Xx  Yy  Zz
  • (Variations of letter Y):  Ýý  Ỳỳ  Ŷŷ  ẙ  Ÿÿ  Ỹỹ  Ẏẏ  Ȳȳ  Ỷỷ  Ỵỵ  Ɏɏ  Ƴƴ  ʏ  Yy  Ꝡꝡ

Pronunciation

Symbol

y

  1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix yocto-.
  2. (IPA) close front rounded vowel
  3. Denoting an item that is twenty-fifth in a list.

Gallery

See also

Other representations of Y:


English

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ˈwaɪ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /i/, /ɪ/, /aɪ/, /ə/, /j/
  • Homophones: why, Wye, wye

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y, plural y's)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the English alphabet, called wye and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • The name of this letter is spelled wy or wye

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letter; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z
  • Historically, this letter was sometimes used to approximate þ, as in yt and ye (which see for more).

Abbreviation

y

  1. Abbreviation of year.
    • 2003, Howard Tanner, Sonia Jones, Becoming a Successful Teacher of Mathematics
      Consider the following questions selected from the tests and estimate the proportion of Y8 pupils you would expect to answer correctly.
  2. (Britain, television) Abbreviation of youth., usually followed by an age appropriate for the content so marked.
    Y7
  3. (computing) Abbreviation of yes.
  4. (slang, text messaging, Internet slang) Abbreviation of why.

Derived terms

  • Y2K

See also

  • U
  • V

Aragonese

Etymology

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Asturian

Etymology

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Pronoun

y (y (or -y), plural ys/yos or -ys/-yos)

  1. Pronoun for the third-person singular indirect object.

Usage notes

  • Usually seen as -y

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /j/

Letter

y lower case (upper case Y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) hərf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ə ə, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, X x, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, Q q, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

Cornish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /iː/

Pronoun

y

  1. (Standard Cornish) they (third person plural pronoun)
  2. (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form) his

Dutch

Alternative forms

  • ij (in some words)

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛɪ/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

Usage notes

In certain dialects the letter is pronounced similar to IPA: /ji:/. In these dialects, they will actually write "y" such as in "jy" (IPA: /ji:/) instead of modern standard Dutch jij (IPA: /jɛɪ/).

See also

  • Previous letter: x
  • Next letter: z

Fala

Conjunction

y

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /iː/
  • Homophone: i

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) bókstavur; A a, Á á, B b, D d, Рð, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ó ó, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, Ú ú, V v, Y y, Ý ý, Æ æ, Ø ø

Finnish

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called yy and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) kirjain; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s (Š š), T t, U u, V v (W w), X x, Y y, Z z (Ž ž), Å å, Ä ä, Ö ö

French

Etymology 1

From i grec (Greek i), referring to the letter upsilon (Υ), originally borrowed from the Greek alphabet, as opposed to "Latin i" (I).

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /i.ɡʁɛk/

Letter

y

  1. a letter in the French alphabet, after x and before z

Etymology 2

10th century; from Old French i, from Latin hīc (here) (ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰi-ḱe (this, here)), with meaning influenced by Old French iv (there, thither), itself from Latin ibī. Derivation from the latter poses difficulty from a phonetic standpoint.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /i/
  • Homophones: hie, hies, hient, i

Pronoun

y (adverbial)

  1. there (at a place)
  2. there, thither (to there)
  3. Used as a pronoun to replace à followed by an indirect object.
    1. With verbs: see Appendix:French verbs followed by à for verbs which use this structure.
    2. (archaic) With adjectives. Only used with handful of adjectives (the most usual being y compris, which is a special case), mainly in legal language.
Related terms

Etymology 3

Eye dialect spelling of il. or Contraction of il. .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /i/

Pronoun

y

  1. (Quebec, France, colloquial) He: alternative form of il
  2. (Quebec, France, colloquial) They: alternative form of ils
  3. (Quebec, colloquial) They: alternative form of elles

Further reading

  • “y” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Fula

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /j/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) karfeeje; ', A a, B b, Mb mb, Ɓ ɓ, C c, D d, Nd nd, Ɗ ɗ, E e, F f, G g, Ng ng, Ɠ ɠ, H h, I i, J j, Nj nj, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ŋ ŋ, Ñ ñ, Ɲ ɲ, O o, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, W w, Y y, Ƴ ƴ

German

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /yː/, /y/, /ʏ/, /i/, /ɪ/, /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈʏpsilɔn/

Letter

y n (genitive y, plural y)

  1. the letter y

Guaraní

Noun

y

  1. water

Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /j/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /je/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Italian

Noun

y m or f (invariable)

  1. See under Y

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Spanish y and Portuguese e .

Conjunction

y

  1. and

References

  • Gonçalves, Manuel (2015) Capeverdean Creole-English dictionary, →ISBN

Kamayurá

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of

References

  • Languages of the Amazon (2012, →ISBN

Ladin

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Latgalian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɨ/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fourteenth letter of the Latgalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ā ā, B b, C c, Č č, D d, E e, Ē ē, F f, G g, Ģ ģ, H h, I i, Y y, Ī ī, J j, K k, Ķ ķ, L l, Ļ ļ, M m, N n, Ņ ņ, O o, Ō ō, P p, R r, S s, Š š, T t, U u, Ū ū, V v, Z z, Ž ž

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /yː/

Noun

ȳ ? (indeclinable)

  1. A name of the letter Y.

Synonyms

  • (name of the letter Y): ī graeca
  • (name of the letter Y): ȳpsīlon

Coordinate terms

  • (Latin-script letter names) littera; ā, bē, cē, dē, ē, ef, gē, hā, ī, kā, el, em, en, ō, pē, kū, er, es, tē, ū, ix / īx / ex, ȳ / ī graeca / ȳpsīlon, zēta

References

  • y in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Basil Lanneau Gildersleeve, Latin Grammar (3rd ed., 1895), page 1
    The Latin names for the letters… For Y the sound was used, for Z the Greek name (zēta).

Lithuanian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /iː/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The fifteenth letter of the Lithuanian alphabet, called i ilgoji and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ą ą, B b, C c, Č č, D d, E e, Ę ę, Ė ė, F f, G g, H h, I i, Į į, Y y, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, R r, S s, Š š, T t, U u, Ų ų, Ū ū, V v, Z z, Ž ž

Malay

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Mandinka

Pronoun

y

  1. they, them (personal pronoun)

See also


Manx

Article

y

  1. Alternative form of yn

Mbyá Guaraní

Noun

y

  1. water

References

  • Léxico Guaraní, dialeto Mbyá : versão para fins acadêmicos (1998)

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English .

Pronoun

y

  1. Alternative form of I

Etymology 2

From Old English in.

Preposition

y

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Middle French

Adverb

y

  1. there (in a given place)

Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /yː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /yː/, /y/

Letter

y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Perhaps the most troublesome sound in Norwegian. Even some native speakers tend to merge it into /i(ː)/.

Old Tupi

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʔɨ/

Noun

y

  1. water
  2. river

References

  • LEMOS BARBOSA, A. Curso de Tupi antigo. Rio de Janeiro: Livraria São José, 1956.

Papiamentu

Alternative forms

  • i (alternative spelling)

Etymology

From Spanish y and Portuguese e and Kabuverdianu i.

Conjunction

y

  1. and

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á, À à,  â, àã), B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e (É é, Ê ê), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o (Ó ó, Ô ô, Õ õ), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Quechua

Adverb

y

  1. really, truly

Spanish

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ʝ/, /i/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɟ͡ʝe/

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Spanish alphabet, called ye or i griega and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á), B b, C c, D d, E e (É é), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ñ ñ, O o (Ó ó), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú, Ü ü), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Etymology 2

From Old Spanish é or e, from Latin et.

Alternative forms

  • e
  • i (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (preconsonantal) IPA(key): /i/
  • (prevocalic) IPA(key): /ʝ/
  • Rhymes: -i

Conjunction

y

  1. and
    • 1605, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Don Quijote de la Mancha1, Chapter I:
  2. (in names of number) and
  3. (in arithmetic) plus, and
  4. (informal) well

Usage notes

  • Before words that begin with the /i/ sound, the form e is used instead.

Further reading

  • “y” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Turkish

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ye and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) harf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

Turkmen

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ɯ/, /ɯː/

Letter

y (upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) harp; A a, B b, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ä ä, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, Ž ž, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ň ň, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, W w, Y y, Ý ý, Z z

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔi˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɪj˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɪj˧˧]

Etymology 1

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun

y

  1. (archaic, literary) he; him; she; her
    • 1958, Nguyễn Đổng Chi, "Thạch Sùng còn thiếu mẻ kho hay là Sự tích con mối" (Kho tàng truyện cố tích Việt Nam nr. 36), NXB Văn sử địa
      Hồi đó ở kinh đô có một người em hoàng hậu họ Vương. Y cũng là tay cự phú nổi tiếng tiền rừng biển bạc và xài phí vào bậc nhất.
      At the time, there was in the capital a brother of the queen of the Wáng family. He was also a famous for being immensely rich and was an extravagant spender of first degree.
  2. (formal, derogatory) he/him, that jerk/prick/thug/criminal

See also

  • thị

Etymology 2

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Adverb

y

  1. (informal) exactly; precisely (like)
Derived terms

Wayampi

Noun

y

  1. Alternative form of ɨɨ (water)

References

  • Handbook of Amazonian Languages, volume 4 (1998), edited by Desmond C. Derbyshire, Geoffrey K. Pullum

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ə/

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

  • 'r (used after vowels)
  • yr (used before vowels)

Article

y (definite) (triggers Soft Mutation of a feminine singular noun, except ll and rh remain unmutated)

  1. the

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

  • yr (used before vowels)

Particle

y

  1. (literary) that (preverbal particle used to mark a subordinate clause)
  2. (literary) which, whom (particle used with indirect relative clauses)
  3. (literary) preverbal particle used to mark an affirmative verb in a main clause
    • 1620, William Morgan, Y Bibl Cyssegr-lan, Genesis 1:1
Usage notes
  • y is almost always omitted in colloquial speech.
  • y is used to mean 'that' (i.e. mark a subordinate clause) when the subordinate clause begins with an affirmative form of bod not in the present tense, or another affirmative verb in any tense apart from the preterite.
Related terms
  • bod
  • mai
  • i

Zulu

Letter

y (lower case, upper case Y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

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