x

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of x in English

English Online Dictionary. What means x‎? What does x mean?

Translingual

Etymology 1

Letter

x (upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

  • (Latin script):  Aa  Bb  Cc  Dd  Ee  Ff  Gg  Hh  Ii  Jj  Kk  Ll  Mm  Nn  Oo  Pp  Qq  Rr  Sſs  Tt  Uu  Vv  Ww  Xx  Yy  Zz
  • (Variations of letter X):  Ẍẍ  Ẋẋ  ᶍ  Xx

Etymology 2

The variable name comes from usage in Spain, as up to the 16th century ⟨x⟩ had the sound value /ʃ/ in Spanish, so was used to transcribe Arabic ش(š) used for the purpose of a variable as an abbreviation of شَيْء(šayʾ, thing). Its sound value is since then /x/ which explains the decision made in the circle of the International Phonetic Association to assign this character to the voiceless velar fricative. Compare English hickey (an object whose name is not recalled; bruise-like mark made during petting by pressing the mouth to the skin) for the development of the sense of a communicated kiss.

Pronunciation

Symbol

x

  1. (IPA) The voiceless velar fricative.
  2. (mathematics) An unknown variable.
  3. (mathematics) The first coordinate in Cartesian coordinates, representing horizontal position.
  4. Used as a placeholder for a digit or value that may vary.
  5. A kiss at the end of a letter, or similar missive.
Further reading

Etymology 3

The multiplication sign is an arbitrary notation developed in the early 17th century.

Symbol

x

  1. Alternative spelling of ×
    • 2017, Karin Loose, Gesunde Lebensführung - Gewusst wie!?: Ernährung + Bewegung + Psyche, BookRix (→ISBN)"
      Nebenzahlreichen sekundären Pflanzenstoffen enthält Moringa: 2x so viel Proteine wie Soja [...]
Usage notes

Using x (in upper- or lower-case, italicized or not, and sometimes rotated 90 degrees) to indicate multiplication was common in 17th-century mathematical texts. Today, this usage is considered poor typography, but it is nevertheless common because computer keyboards lack a × key.

Further reading

Etymology 4

Originates in given multiples of the speeds specified in the original CD and DVD standards, then, by reason of the actual unit being without name but just implied by the multiplication sign, reinterpreted as or used as if a unit, considering also that data transfer speed is variable, so that now, bolstered by stylization of the sign in the marketing of manufacturers, either spelling, with the multiplication sign or with the ex borrowed from the iconic mathematical variable sign, seems correct.

Symbol

x

  1. (computing) A unit of transfer rate of CD drives, equal to 150 KiB per second.
  2. (computing) A unit of transfer rate of DVD drives, equal 1.32 MiB per second.

Further reading

  • “What is meant by the speed of a CD or DVD drive?”, in Indiana University: University Information Technology Services Knowledge Base[7], 2018-01-18
  • Optical disc drive#Rotational mechanism on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • CD and DVD writing speed on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Etymology 5

Symbol

x

  1. , the Roman numeral ten (10)
Alternative forms
  • X, x, Ⅹ, VV, vv

See also

  • Previous: ⅸ (nine, 9)
  • Next: ⅺ (eleven, 11)

Gallery

See also

Other representations of X:


English

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɛks/
Rhymes: -ɛks
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ks/, /ɡz/, /z/, /kʃ/, /ɡʒ/

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X, plural xs or x's)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the English alphabet, called ex and written in the Latin script.
  2. Forming gender-neutral or otherwise more inclusive versions of words, especially Spanish-derived words by replacing both the masculine -o and feminine -a.
    alumnx, Chicanx (Xicanx), Filipinx, Latinx, Mx, mxn, Tejanx, womxn

See also

  • -x (as in folx, punx)
  • (gender): @

Adjective

x

  1. Alternative letter-case form of X (intersex or non-binary, in passports and identification documents)

Conjunction

x

  1. (fandom slang) Used between the names of two characters to denote a ship, particularly in anime, manga, and video games.
    • For more quotations using this term, see Citations:x.
  2. (music) Used in place of and in artist collaborations.
    Taska Black x DROELOE, Steve Aoki x Lauren Jauregui, etc.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letter; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z
  • -x

Afar

Letter

x

  1. The eighth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, T t, S s, E e, C c, K k, X x, I i, D d, Q q, R r, F f, G g, O o, L l, M m, N n, U u, W w, H h, Y y

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /x/

Letter

x lower case (upper case X)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) hərf; A a, B b, C c, Ç ç, D d, E e, Ə ə, F f, G g, Ğ ğ, H h, X x, I ı, İ i, J j, K k, Q q, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ö ö, P p, R r, S s, Ş ş, T t, U u, Ü ü, V v, Y y, Z z

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /iʃa/, [i.ʃa]

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Basque alphabet, called ixa and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ñ ñ, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ü ü), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɪks
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ɪks/

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: w
  • Next letter: y

Esperanto

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. (replacement) The letter that represents a diacritic in the x-system, written after the letter in its non-diacriticked form; it is called ikso.
    ambaŭambaux

Finnish

Pronunciation

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äks or eks and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ks.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) kirjain; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s (Š š), T t, U u, V v (W w), X x, Y y, Z z (Ž ž), Å å, Ä ä, Ö ö

French

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /iks/

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Gothic

Romanization

x

  1. Romanization of 𐍇

Hungarian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈks]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈiks]

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. A letter of the extended Hungarian alphabet, called iksz and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Derived terms

  • x-edik
  • x-edszer
  • x-lábú
  • x-szer

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) betű; A a, Á á, B b, C c, Cs cs, D d, Dz dz, Dzs dzs, E e, É é, F f, G g, Gy gy, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, Ly ly, M m, N n, Ny ny, O o, Ó ó, Ö ö, Ő ő, P p, R r, S s, Sz sz, T t, Ty ty, U u, Ú ú, Ü ü, Ű ű, V v, Z z, Zs zs. Only in the extended alphabet: Q q W w X x Y y. Commonly used: ch. Also defined: à ë. In surnames (selection): ä aa cz ds eé eö ew oe oó th ts ÿ.

Further reading

  • x in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /xs/

Letter

x (upper case X)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) bókstafur; A a, Á á, B b, D d, Рð, E e, É é, F f, G g, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ó ó, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, Ú ú, V v, X x, Y y, Ý ý, Þ þ, Æ æ, Ö ö

Ido

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /ks/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /kse/

Letter

x (upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Indonesian

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /s, ks/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɛks/

Letter

x (upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) alfabet; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Etymology 2

Noun

x

  1. (text messaging) Abbreviation of kali.

Etymology 3

Unknown.

Suffix

x

  1. (text messaging, slang) Abbreviation of -nya.

Synonyms

  • ny

Italian

Etymology 1

Noun

x m or f (invariable)

  1. x; the 24th letter of the Latin alphabet

Etymology 2

The multiplication sign × (which is visually similar to the letter x) is pronounced per in Italian.

Preposition

x

  1. (text messaging, slang) Abbreviation of per (for).
Usage notes
  • This convention is not only used for the preposition but also used within words such as, xké (perché), (però).

Latin

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Latin alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • More information at X.

Malay

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X) (eks)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Adverb

x

  1. (informal, text messaging, Internet slang) Abbreviation of tak (not).

Derived terms

  • xde (tidak ada, "does not have")
  • xpe (tidak apa, "what not")

Synonyms

  • tidak

Maltese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʃ/
  • IPA(key): /ʒ/ (by assimilation to a following voiced obstruent)
  • In a handful of English borrowings, x represents /ʒ/ also in other positions (compare televixin).

Letter

x (upper case X)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) ittra; A a, B b, Ċ ċ, D d, E e, F f, Ġ ġ, G g, Għ għ, H h, Ħ ħ, I i, Ie ie, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Ż ż, Z z

Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eks/, /ɛks/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ks/, /s/

Letter

x

  1. The 24th letter of the Norwegian alphabet.

Usage notes

  • Only appears in loanwords from e.g. Latin.

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Phoneme:

  • IPA(key): /ʃ/, /ks/, /s/, /z/, /ɡz/

Letter name:

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á, À à,  â, àã), B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e (É é, Ê ê), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o (Ó ó, Ô ô, Õ õ), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Romani

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /x/

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. (International Standard) The eleventh letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (Pan-Vlax) The twelfth letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, X x, I i, J j, K k, Kh kh, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Ph ph, R r, S s, T t, Th th, U u, V v, Z z International Standard: (À à, Ä ä, Ǎ ǎ), Ć ć, Ćh ćh, (È è, Ë ë, Ě ě), (Ì ì, Ï ï, Ǐ ǐ), (Ò ò, Ö ö, Ǒ ǒ), Rr rr, Ś ś, (Ù ù, Ü ü, Ǔ ǔ), Ź ź, Ʒ ʒ, Q q, Ç ç, ϴ θ. Pan-Vlax: Č č, Čh čh, Dž dž, (Dź dź), Ř ř, Š š, (Ś ś), Ž ž, (Ź ź).

References

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “X, x”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 13

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ks/, /ɡz/

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ics and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ă ă,  â, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, Πî, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, Ș ș, T t, Ț ț, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /ks/, /s/, /x/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈekis/, [ˈe.kis]
  • (gender-neutral ending) IPA(key): /e/, [e]

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. the 25th letter of the Spanish alphabet
  2. (uncommon) Forming gender-neutral versions of words by replacing both the masculine o and feminine a.
    chicanx, ellxs, latinx, lxs

See also

  • @

Preposition

x

  1. (text messaging, Internet slang) por

Zulu

Letter

x (lower case, upper case X)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.