want

want

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of want in English

English Online Dictionary. What means want‎? What does want mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • waunt (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK, General New Zealand, General Australian) enPR: wŏnt, IPA(key): /wɒnt/
  • Rhymes: -ɒnt
  • (US) IPA(key): /wɑnt/ also sometimes enPR: wŭnt, wônt, IPA(key): /wʌnt/, /wɔnt/
  • (General New Zealand, non-standard) IPA(key): /wʌnt/
  • (some accents) enPR: wônt, IPA(key): /wɔːnt/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːnt
  • Homophone: wont

Etymology

From Middle English wanten (to lack), from Old Norse vanta (to lack), from Proto-Germanic *wanatōną (to be wanting, lack), from *wanô (lack, deficiency), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁weh₂- (empty). Cognate with Middle High German wan (not full, empty), Middle Dutch wan (empty, poor), Old English wana (want, lack, absence, deficiency), Latin vanus (empty). See wan, wan-.

Verb

want (third-person singular simple present wants, present participle wanting, simple past and past participle wanted)

  1. (transitive) To wish for or to desire (something). [from 18th c.]
    • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      I want to find a supermarket. — Oh, okay. The supermarket is at 1500 Irving Street. It is near the apartment. — Great!
  2. (intransitive, now dated) To be lacking or deficient; not to exist. [from 13th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      The disposition, the manners, and the thoughts are all before it; where any of those are wanting or imperfect, so much wants or is imperfect in the imitation of human life.
  3. (transitive) To lack, not to have (something). [from 13th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote?) James Merrick
      Not what we wish, but what we want, / Oh, let thy grace supply!
    • (Can we date this quote?) Addison
      I observed that your whip wanted a lash to it.
  4. (transitive, colloquially with verbal noun as object) To be in need of; to require (something). [from 15th c.]
    • 1866, Lewis Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Chapter 7:
      “Your hair wants cutting,” said the Hatter. He had been looking at Alice for some time with great curiosity, and this was his first speech.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room, Chapter 2:
      The mowing-machine always wanted oiling. Barnet turned it under Jacob's window, and it creaked—creaked, and rattled across the lawn and creaked again.
  5. (intransitive, dated) To be in a state of destitution; to be needy; to lack.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Ben Jonson
      You have a gift, sir (thank your education), / Will never let you want.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Alexander Pope
      For as in bodies, thus in souls, we find / What wants in blood and spirits, swelled with wind.

Usage notes

  • This is a catenative verb. See Appendix:English catenative verbs

Synonyms

  • (desire): set one's heart on, wish for, would like
  • (lack): be without
  • (require): need, be in need of

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

want (countable and uncountable, plural wants)

  1. (countable) A desire, wish, longing.
  2. (countable, often followed by of) Lack, absence.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, King Henry VI Part 2, act 4, sc. 8:
      [H]eavens and honour be witness, that no want of resolution in me, but only my followers' base and ignominious treasons, makes me betake me to my heels.
    • (Can we date this quote?) For Want of a Nail:
      For want of a nail the shoe was lost.
      For want of a shoe the horse was lost.
      For want of a horse the rider was lost.
      For want of a rider the battle was lost.
      For want of a battle the kingdom was lost.
      And all for the want of a horseshoe nail.
  3. (uncountable) Poverty.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Jonathan Swift
      Nothing is so hard for those who abound in riches, as to conceive how others can be in want.
  4. Something needed or desired; a thing of which the loss is felt.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Paley
      Habitual superfluities become actual wants.
  5. (Britain, mining) A depression in coal strata, hollowed out before the subsequent deposition took place.

Derived terms

  • want ad
  • wantful
  • wantless
  • wantsome
  • wanty

Translations

References

  • want at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • tawn

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch want, from Middle Dutch want, from Old Dutch wanda, from Proto-Germanic *hwandē.

Conjunction

want

  1. for, because

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋɑnt/
  • Homophone: wand

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch want, from Old Dutch wanda, from Proto-Germanic *hwandē.

Conjunction

want

  1. for, because
    Hij komt niet, want hij is ziek. — He is not coming, because he is sick. (Note: The order is SVO after want.)
Synonyms
  • omdat
  • dewijl
See also
  • aangezien
  • omdat

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch want, from Old Dutch *want, from Proto-Germanic *wantuz.

Noun

want f (plural wanten, diminutive wantje n)

  1. mitten

Etymology 3

From Middle Dutch want, gewant, from Old Dutch *giwant, from Proto-Germanic *gawandą, from the root of winden.

Noun

want n (plural wanten, diminutive wantje n)

  1. shroud, sideways support for a mast.

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

want

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of wannen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of wannen

Middle Dutch

Etymology 1

from Old Dutch wanda, from Proto-Germanic *hwandē.

Conjunction

want

  1. because, for
Descendants
  • Dutch: want

Etymology 2

From Old Dutch *want, from Proto-Germanic *wantuz.

Noun

want m

  1. glove, mitten
Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants
  • Dutch: want

Further reading

  • “want (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • “want (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • “want (V)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Old High German

Noun

want f

  1. wall

Descendants

  • German: Wand

Tocharian A

Etymology

From Proto-Tocharian *w'entë, from Post-PIE *h₂weh₁ntos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁nts, from *h₂weh₁- (to blow) (compare English wind, Latin ventus). Compare Tocharian B yente.

Noun

want

  1. wind

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.