want

want

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of want in English

English Online Dictionary. What means want‎? What does want mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • waunt (obsolete)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: wŏnt, IPA(key): /wɒnt/
  • (US) enPR: wŏnt, wŭnt, wônt IPA(key): /wɑnt/, /wʌnt/, /wɔnt/
  • (General Australian) enPR: wŏnt, IPA(key): /wɔnt/
  • (General New Zealand) enPR: wŏnt, wŭnt, IPA(key): /wɔnt/, (nonstandard) /wɐnt/
  • Rhymes: -ɒnt, -ʌnt, -ɔːnt
  • Homophone: wont

Etymology

From Middle English wanten (to lack), from Old Norse vanta (to lack), from Proto-Germanic *wanatōną (to be wanting, lack), from *wanô (lack, deficiency), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁weh₂- (empty). Cognate with Middle High German wan (not full, empty), Middle Dutch wan (empty, poor), Old English wana (want, lack, absence, deficiency), Latin vanus (empty). See wan, wan-.

Verb

want (third-person singular simple present wants, present participle wanting, simple past and past participle wanted)

  1. (transitive) To wish for or desire (something); to feel a need or desire for; to crave or demand. [from 18th c.]
    • 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
      I want to find a supermarket. — Oh, okay. The supermarket is at 1500 Irving Street. It is near the apartment. — Great!
    1. (by extension) To make it easy or tempting to do something undesirable, or to make it hard or challenging to refrain from doing it.
      The game developers of Candy Crush want you to waste large, copious amounts of your money on in-game purchases to buy boosters and lives.
      Depression wants you to feel like the world is dark and that you are not worthy of happiness. The first step to making your life better from this day forward is to stop believing these lies.
  2. (transitive, in particular) To wish, desire, or demand to see, have the presence of or do business with.
    Ma’am, you are exactly the professional we want for this job.
    Danish police want him for embezzlement.
    • 2010, Fred Vargas, The Chalk Circle Man, Vintage Canada (→ISBN), page 75:
      But now it's different, if the police want him for murder.
  3. (intransitive) To desire (to experience desire); to wish.
    • 2019 May 5, "The Last of the Starks", Game of Thrones season 8 episode 4 (written by David Benioff and D. B. Weiss):
      TYRION: You don't want it?
      BRAN: I don't really want anymore.
  4. (colloquial, usually second person, often future tense) To be advised to do something (compare should, ought).
  5. (transitive, now colloquial) To lack and be in need of or require (something, such as a noun or verbal noun). [from 15th c.]
    • 1741, The Gentleman's and London Magazine: Or Monthly Chronologer, 1741-1794, page 559:
      The lady, it is said, will inherit a fortune of three hundred pounds a year, with two cool thousands left by an uncle, on her arriving at the age of twenty-one, of which she wants but a few months.
    • 1839, Chambers's Journal, page 123:
      Oh Jeanie, it will be hard, after every thing is ready for our happiness, if we should be sundered. It wants but a few days o' Martinmas, and then I maun enter on my new service on Loch Rannoch, where a bonny shieling is ready ...
    • 1847, The American Protestant, page 27:
      In this we have just read an address to children in England, Ireland, and Scotland, in behalf of children who want food to keep them from starvation.
    • 1866, Lewis Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Chapter 7:
      “Your hair wants cutting,” said the Hatter. He had been looking at Alice for some time with great curiosity, and this was his first speech.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room, Chapter 2:
      The mowing-machine always wanted oiling. Barnet turned it under Jacob's window, and it creaked—creaked, and rattled across the lawn and creaked again.
  6. (transitive, now rare) To have occasion for (something requisite or useful); to require or need.
    • 1742, Edward Young, Night Thoughts:
      Man wants but little, nor that little long.
    • 1776, Oliver Goldsmith, Hermit, in The Vicar of Wakefield:
      Man wants but little here below, nor wants that little long.
    • 1854', Henry David Thoreau, Walden Economy
      [...] for my greatest skill has been to want but little.
  7. (intransitive, dated) To be lacking or deficient or absent. [from 13th c.]
    • , Preface
      The disposition, the manners, and the thoughts are all before it; where any of those are wanting or imperfect, so much wants or is imperfect in the imitation of human life.
  8. (intransitive, dated) To be in a state of destitution; to be needy; to lack.
    • c. 1605-1606, Ben Jonson, Volpone (The Fox)
      You have a gift, sir (thank your education), / Will never let you want.
  9. (transitive, archaic) To lack and be without, to not have (something). [from 13th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by James Merrick and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Not what we wish, but what we want, / Oh, let thy grace supply!
  10. (transitive, obsolete, by extension) To lack and (be able to) do without.
    • 1797, The European Magazine, and London Review, page 226:
      For Law, Physick and Divinitie, need so the help of tongs and sciences, as thei can not want them, and yet thei require so a hole mans studie, as thei may parte with no tyme to other lerning, ...

Usage notes

  • This is a catenative verb. See Appendix:English catenative verbs

Synonyms

  • (desire): set one's heart on, wish for, would like
  • (lack): be without
  • (require): need, be in need of

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Chinese Pidgin English: wantchee, 灣治

Translations

Noun

want (countable and uncountable, plural wants)

  1. (countable) A desire, wish, longing.
  2. (countable, often followed by of) Lack, absence.
    • For Want of a Nail:
      For want of a nail the shoe was lost.
      For want of a shoe the horse was lost.
      For want of a horse the rider was lost.
      For want of a rider the battle was lost.
      For want of a battle the kingdom was lost.
      And all for the want of a horseshoe nail.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, King Henry VI Part 2, act 4, sc. 8:
      [H]eavens and honour be witness, that no want of resolution in me, but only my followers' base and ignominious treasons, makes me betake me to my heels.
  3. (uncountable) Poverty.
    • 1713, Jonathan Swift, A Preface to Bishop Burnet's Introduction
      Nothing is so hard for those who abound in riches, as to conceive how others can be in want.
  4. Something needed or desired; a thing of which the loss is felt.
    • 1785, William Paley, Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy
      Habitual superfluities become actual wants.
  5. (Britain, mining) A depression in coal strata, hollowed out before the subsequent deposition took place.

Derived terms

  • want ad
  • wantful
  • wantless
  • wantsome
  • wanty

Translations

References

  • want at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • tawn

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch want, from Middle Dutch want, from Old Dutch wanda, from Proto-Germanic *hwandē.

Conjunction

want

  1. for, because

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋɑnt/
  • Hyphenation: want
  • Rhymes: -ɑnt
  • Homophone: wand

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch want, from Old Dutch wanda, from Proto-Germanic *hwandê.

Conjunction

want

  1. for, because
    Hij komt niet, want hij is ziek. — He is not coming, because he is sick. (Note: The order is SVO after want.)
Synonyms
  • omdat
  • dewijl
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: want
See also
  • aangezien
  • omdat

Etymology 2

From Middle Dutch want, from Old Dutch *want, from Proto-Germanic *wantuz.

Noun

want f (plural wanten, diminutive wantje n)

  1. mitten
Derived terms
  • ovenwant

Descendants

  • Papiamentu: wante
See also
  • handschoen

Etymology 3

From Middle Dutch want, gewant, from Old Dutch *giwant, from Proto-Germanic *gawandą, from the root of winden.

Noun

want n (plural wanten, diminutive wantje n)

  1. shroud, sideways support for a mast.
Derived terms
  • hoekwant
  • viswant

Etymology 4

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

want

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of wannen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of wannen

Middle Dutch

Etymology 1

from Old Dutch wanda, from Proto-Germanic *hwandē.

Conjunction

want

  1. because, for
Descendants
  • Dutch: want

Etymology 2

From Old Dutch *want, from Proto-Germanic *wantuz.

Noun

want m

  1. glove, mitten
Inflection

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants
  • Dutch: want

Further reading

  • “want (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929) , “want (I)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I
  • Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929) , “want (V)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page V

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *wanduz (stick, rod; barrier made of sticks, fence), whence also Old Norse vǫndr, Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 (wandus).

Noun

want f

  1. wall

Descendants

  • Middle High German: want
    • Central Franconian: Wand, Wank
    • Cimbrian: bant
    • German: Wand
    • Hunsrik: Wand
    • Luxembourgish: Wand
    • Pennsylvania German: Wand
    • Vilamovian: waond
    • Yiddish: וואַנט(vant)

Tocharian A

Etymology

From Proto-Tocharian *w'entë, from Post-PIE *h₂weh₁ntos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂wéh₁nts, from *h₂weh₁- (to blow) (compare English wind, Latin ventus). Compare Tocharian B yente.

Noun

want

  1. wind

West Frisian

Alternative forms

  • hwant

Etymology

From Old Frisian hwant, hwante, hwande, hwanda, from Proto-Germanic *hwandê.

Conjunction

want

  1. because

Synonyms

  • omdat

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.