wake

wake

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of wake in English

English Online Dictionary. What means wake‎? What does wake mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈweɪk/
  • Rhymes: -eɪk
  • Homophone: Wake

Etymology 1

A merger of two verbs of similar form and meaning:

  • Middle English waken, Old English wacan, from Proto-Germanic *wakaną.
  • Middle English wakien, Old English wacian, from Proto-Germanic *wakjaną.

Verb

wake (third-person singular simple present wakes, present participle waking, simple past woke or waked, past participle woken or waked)

  1. (intransitive) (often followed by up) To stop sleeping.
    I woke up at four o'clock this morning.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      How long I slept I cannot tell, for I had nothing to guide me to the time, but woke at length, and found myself still in darkness.
  2. (transitive) (often followed by up) To make somebody stop sleeping; to rouse from sleep.
    • Bible, Zech. iv. 1
      The angel [] came again and waked me.
    The neighbour's car alarm woke me from a strange dream.
  3. (transitive, figuratively) To put in motion or action; to arouse; to excite.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      lest fierce remembrance wake my sudden rage
    • (Can we date this quote?) J. R. Green
      Even Richard's crusade woke little interest in his island realm.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) To be excited or roused up; to be stirred up from a dormant, torpid, or inactive state; to be active.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      Gentle airs due at their hour / To fan the earth now waked.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Keble
      Then wake, my soul, to high desires.
  5. To lay out a body prior to burial in order to allow family and friends to pay their last respects.
  6. To watch, or sit up with, at night, as a dead body.
  7. To be or remain awake; not to sleep.
    • Bible, Eccles. xlii. 9
      The father waketh for the daughter.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      Though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Locke
      I cannot think any time, waking or sleeping, without being sensible of it.
  8. (obsolete) To be alert; to keep watch
    • Command unto the guards that they diligently wake.
  9. (obsolete) To sit up late for festive purposes; to hold a night revel.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      The king doth wake to-night, and takes his rouse, / Keeps wassail, and the swaggering upspring reels.
Derived terms
  • bewake
Related terms
  • wacken
Translations

Noun

wake (plural wakes)

  1. (obsolete, poetic) The act of waking, or state of being awake.
    • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
      Making such difference 'twixt wake and sleep.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      Singing her flatteries to my morning wake.
  2. The state of forbearing sleep, especially for solemn or festive purposes; a vigil.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Dryden
      The warlike wakes continued all the night, / And funeral games played at new returning light.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      The wood nymphs, decked with daises trim, / Their merry wakes and pastimes keep.

Derived terms

  • wakeful
  • wakeless
  • wakesome

Etymology 2

From Old English wacu, from Proto-Germanic *wakō.

Noun

wake (plural wakes)

  1. A period after a person's death before or after the body is buried, cremated, etc.; in some cultures accompanied by a party and/or collectively sorting through the deceased's personal effects.
  2. (historical, Church of England) An annual parish festival formerly held in commemoration of the dedication of a church. Originally, prayers were said on the evening preceding, and hymns were sung during the night, in the church; subsequently, these vigils were discontinued, and the day itself, often with succeeding days, was occupied in rural pastimes and exercises, attended by eating and drinking.
    • Ld. Berners
      Great solemnities were made in all churches, and great fairs and wakes throughout all England.
    • Drayton
      And every village smokes at wakes with lusty cheer.
Synonyms
  • death watch
Translations
See also
  • arval, arvel
  • shiva, shivah

Etymology 3

Probably Middle Low German, from Old Norse vǫk (a hole in the ice) ( > Danish våge, Icelandic vök).

Noun

wake (plural wakes)

  1. The path left behind a ship on the surface of the water.
  2. The turbulent air left behind a flying aircraft.
  3. (figuratively) The area behind something, typically a rapidly moving object.
    • De Quincey
      This effect followed immediately in the wake of his earliest exertions.
    • Thackeray
      Several humbler persons [] formed quite a procession in the dusty wake of his chariot wheels.
Translations
See also
  • in the wake of
  • wakes

Etymology 4

Noun

wake (plural wakes)

  1. A number of vultures assembled together.
See also
  • flock

Related terms

  • wait
  • watch

Anagrams

  • weak, weka

Dutch

Etymology

From Old Dutch *waka, from Proto-Germanic *wakō.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋaː.kə/

Noun

wake f (plural waken)

  1. A wake (a gathering to remember a dead person).

Verb

wake

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of waken

Japanese

Romanization

wake

  1. Rōmaji transcription of わけ

Middle English

Adjective

wake

  1. Alternative form of woke

Swahili

Noun

wake

  1. plural of mke

Adjective

wake

  1. M class inflected form of -ake.
  2. U class inflected form of -ake.
  3. Wa class inflected form of -ake.

Torres Strait Creole

Etymology

From Meriam wakey.

Noun

wake

  1. (eastern dialect) upper leg

Synonyms

  • dokap (western dialect)

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.