val

val

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of val in English

English Online Dictionary. What means val‎? What does val mean?

English

Etymology

Shortening.

Noun

val (countable and uncountable, plural vals)

  1. (informal) Valium.

Anagrams

  • AVL, LAV, Vla., lav

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch vallen

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fal/

Verb

val (present val, present participle vallende, past participle geval)

  1. to fall

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈval/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈbal/
  • Rhymes: -al

Noun

val m (plural vals)

  1. voucher

Verb

val

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of valer
  2. second-person singular imperative form of valer

Czech

Etymology

From Middle High German wal, from Latin vallum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /val/
  • Rhymes: -al

Noun

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

Declension

Further reading

  • val in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • val in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Old Norse valr

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈvaːl/, [ˈʋæˀl]
  • Homophone: hval

Noun

val c (singular definite valen, not used in plural form)

  1. (poetic) battle field

References

  • “val” in Den Danske Ordbog
  • “Val,1” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog

Etymology 2

Borrowed from Middle Low German wal or Dutch wal (coast, shore), from Latin vallum. Doublet of vold.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈvalˀ/, [ˈʋalˀ]
  • Homophone: valg

Noun

val c (singular definite vallen, not used in plural form)

  1. (obsolete) steep coastline
    • 1779, Johannes Ewald, Romance (from the play Fiskerne), now royal anthem of Denmark / https://kalliope.org/da/text/ewlad1999022205:
      Fra Vallen hørtes Vraal, som brød | Den tykke Skye.
      From the coast a cry was heard that broke the thick cloud.

References

  • “Val,2” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog

Etymology 3

From Old Norse vǫllr, from Proto-Germanic *walþuz (forest), cognate with German Wald. Doublet of vold. Alternatively, the same word as the noun above.

Noun

val c (singular definite vallen, not used in plural form)

  1. (obsolete) plain
    • 1812, N.F.S. Grundtvig, Til Danerkongen Frederik hin Sjette (in: Poetiske Skrifter, vol. 3, p. 2):
      Paa faste Val og paa den grønne Strand, | At ofre villig baade Liv og Blod.
      On the firm plain and the green beach to sacrifice both life and blood.

References

  • “Val,3” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɑl/
  • Rhymes: -ɑl

Etymology 1

From the verb vallen (to fall).

Noun

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. fall (act of falling)
  2. downfall, demise
    Synonym: ondergang
  3. trap, snare
  4. (in compounds) case
  5. (in compounds) nightfall
Derived terms
  • avondval
  • bouwval
  • maatval
  • naamval
  • nachtval
  • regenval
  • rijmval
  • sneeuwval
  • toonval
  • verzenval
  • waterval
  • valavond
  • valkuil
  • valuur
  • valstrik

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. (obsolete) catfish
    Synonym: meerval
Derived terms
  • meerval

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

val

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vallen
  2. imperative of vallen

Anagrams

  • vla

Faroese

Etymology

from Proto-Germanic *walō

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛaːl

Noun

val n (genitive singular vals, plural val)

  1. choice
  2. (politics) election
  3. quality

Declension


French

Etymology

From Old French val, from Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /val/

Noun

val m (plural vaux)

  1. (literary) valley, vale

Derived terms

  • par monts et par vaux
  • vallée
  • vallon

See also

  • VAL

Further reading

  • “val” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun

val f (plural valis)

  1. valley

Synonyms

  • valdade

Galician

Etymology

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese vale, from Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbal/

Noun

val m (plural vales)

  1. valley
    • c1350, Kevin M. Parker (ed.), Historia Troyana. Santiago: Instituto Padre Sarmiento, page 122:
      Et ao ferir, braadarõ et deron tan grãdes vozes que os vales rretenyam.
      As they clashed, they shouted and cried so aloud that the valleys resounded.

Derived terms

References

  • “vale” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • “vale” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • “val” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • “val” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • “val” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vaːl/
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Noun

val n

  1. choice
  2. selection

Declension

Derived terms

  • náttúruval
  • kynbundið val

Italian

Noun

val f (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of valle

Livonian

Alternative forms

  • (Courland) va'l

Etymology

Related to Finnish valo.

Noun

val

  1. light

Middle High German

Etymology

From Old High German val

Noun

val m

  1. fall
  2. (grammar) case
    • 14th century, Heinrich von Mügeln, Der meide krancz (Codex Palatinus germanicus (Cod. Pal. germ.) 14)
      Wÿ man dy namen brechen ſol
      Nach iren vellen hin czu cal
      [the following verses contain a declension of Petrus (genitive Petri, dative Petro, accusative Petrum, vocative Petre and ablative Petro)]
      How one shall inflect/decline (literally break) the nouns
      After their cases over to number

Descendants

  • German: Fall

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse vaðill (ford, shallow water).

Noun

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. inlet, shallow bay

Etymology 2

From Old Norse valr (the fallen).

Noun

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. (poetic) battlefield

References

  • “val” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse val.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋɑːl/

Noun

val n (definite singular valet, indefinite plural val, definite plural vala)

  1. choice
    Du har ikkje noko val.
    You don't have a choice.
  2. election
    Kven skal du røysta på til valet?
    Who are you going to vote for in the election?

Synonyms

  • (election) røysting

Derived terms

  • utval
  • valkamp

See also

  • valg (Bokmål)

References

  • “val” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Occitan

Alternative forms

  • vath (Gascon)
  • vau (Provençal)

Etymology

From Latin vallis.

Noun

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Old French

Alternative forms

  • vaul

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun

val m (oblique plural vaus or vax or vals, nominative singular vaus or vax or vals, nominative plural val)

  1. valley

Descendants

  • English: vale
  • French: val

Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *fall, from Proto-Germanic *fallaz.

Noun

val m

  1. fall

Descendants

  • Middle High German: val
    • German: Fall

Piedmontese

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /val/

Noun

val f (plural vaj)

  1. valley

Portuguese

Verb

val

  1. (Portugal) third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of valer

Noun

val m (plural vales)

  1. Apocopic form of vale: valley

Synonyms

  • vale

Romanian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *welH- (to turn, roll). Compare Serbo-Croatian val; close to Albanian valë.

Noun

val n (plural valuri)

  1. wave
Synonyms
  • undă
Derived terms
  • învălura
  • învălui
  • vălări

Related terms

  • năvăli
  • prăvăli
  • valmă

Etymology 2

From Latin vallum (wall, rampart), probably a later borrowing; cf. German Wall, Italian vallo, also English wall

Noun

val n (plural valuri)

  1. earth rampart which served in antiquity as a military stronghold
See also
  • văl

Romansch

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋâːl/

Noun

vȃl m (Cyrillic spelling ва̑л)

  1. (regional, Croatia) wave (a long body of water curling into an arched form)

Declension

Synonyms

  • tȁlās

Slovak

Etymology

From Middle High German wal, from Latin vallum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [val]

Noun

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

Declension

Further reading

  • val in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋáːl/

Noun

vȃl m inan

  1. wave, undulation

Inflection

Derived terms

  • valováti
  • valovéti
  • valovíti
  • valôven

Further reading

  • val”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbal/

Noun

val m (plural valles)

  1. Apocopic form of valle valley

Derived terms

  • Valparaíso

Verb

val

  1. Apocopic form of vale: is worth

Usage notes

In Old Spanish, after the consonants /d/, /n/, /l/, /ll/, /r/, and /z/, a final /-e/ was frequently elided, as in pid, vien, val, quier, faz, versus the modern forms of pide, viene, vale, quiere, and hace (in modern Spanish, a few apocopes following coronal consonants are still preserved: buen, gran, san, derived from bueno, grande, and santo).

Further reading

  • “val” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish hval, from Old Norse hvalr, from Proto-Germanic *hwalaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷálos (sheatfish).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɑːl/

Noun

val c

  1. whale
Declension

Etymology 2

From Old Norse val, related to välja, vilja (English will)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɑːl/

Noun

val n

  1. an election
  2. a choice
Declension

References

Anagrams

  • alv, lav

Venetian

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /val/
  • Hyphenation: vàl

Noun

val f (plural val)

  1. valley
Synonyms
  • vałe

Westrobothnian

Etymology

From Old Norse val, from Proto-Germanic *walō.

Noun

val

  1. Choice, election.

Related terms

  • väli
  • vili

Verb

val (preterite vart, supine vorte)

  1. Alternative spelling of wahl

Noun

val

  1. Alternative form of gval (etymology 1 & 2)

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