val

val

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of val in English

English Online Dictionary. What means val‎? What does val mean?

English

Etymology

Shortening.

Noun

val (countable and uncountable, plural vals)

  1. (informal) Valium.

Anagrams

  • AVL, Vla., lav

Catalan

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈval/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /ˈbal/
  • Rhymes: -al

Noun

val m (plural vals)

  1. voucher

Verb

val

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of valer
  2. second-person singular imperative form of valer

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /val/
  • Rhymes: -al

Noun

val m

  1. bulwark, rampart

Further reading

  • val in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • val in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɑl
  • IPA(key): /vɑl/

Etymology 1

From the verb vallen (to fall).

Noun

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. fall (act of falling)
  2. downfall, demise
    Synonym: ondergang
  3. trap, snare
  4. (in compounds) case
  5. (in compounds) nightfall
Derived terms
  • avondval
  • bouwval
  • maatval
  • naamval
  • nachtval
  • regenval
  • rijmval
  • sneeuwval
  • toonval
  • verzenval
  • waterval
  • valavond
  • valkuil
  • valuur
  • valstrik

Etymology 2

Noun

val m (plural vallen, diminutive valletje n)

  1. (obsolete) catfish
    Synonym: meerval
Derived terms
  • meerval

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

val

  1. first-person singular present indicative of vallen
  2. imperative of vallen

Anagrams

  • vla

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛaːl

Noun

val n (genitive singular vals, plural val)

  1. choice
  2. (politics) election
  3. quality

Declension


French

Etymology

From Old French val, from Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /val/

Noun

val m (plural vaux)

  1. (literary) valley, vale

Related terms

  • vallée
  • vallon

See also

  • VAL

Further reading

  • “val” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun

val f (plural valis)

  1. valley

Synonyms

  • valdade

Galician

Etymology

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese vale, from Latin vallis, vallem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈbal]

Noun

val m (plural vales)

  1. valley
    • c1350, Kevin M. Parker (ed.), Historia Troyana. Santiago: Instituto Padre Sarmiento, page 122:
      Et ao ferir, braadarõ et deron tan grãdes vozes que os vales rretenyam.
      As they clashed, they shouted and cried so aloud that the valleys resounded.

Derived terms

References

  • “vale” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • “vale” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • “val” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • “val” in Santamarina, Antón (dir.), Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja: Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega (v 4.0). Santiago: ILG.
  • “val” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vaːl/
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Noun

val n

  1. choice
  2. selection

Declension

Derived terms

  • náttúruval
  • kynbundið val

Italian

Noun

val f (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of valle

Livonian

Alternative forms

  • (Courland) va'l

Etymology

Related to Finnish valo.

Noun

val

  1. light

Middle High German

Etymology

Old High German val

Noun

val m

  1. fall
  2. (grammar) case
    • 14th century, Heinrich von Mügeln, Der meide krancz (Codex Palatinus germanicus (Cod. Pal. germ.) 14)
      Wÿ man dy namen brechen ſol
      Nach iren vellen hin czu cal
      [the following verses contain a declension of Petrus (genitive Petri, dative Petro, accusative Petrum, vocative Petre and ablative Petro)]
      How one shall inflect/decline (literally break) the nouns
      After their cases over to number

Descendants

  • German: Fall

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse vaðill (ford, shallow water).

Noun

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. inlet, shallow bay

Etymology 2

From Old Norse valr (the fallen).

Noun

val m (definite singular valen, indefinite plural valer, definite plural valene)

  1. (poetic) battlefield

References

  • “val” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse val.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋɑːl/

Noun

val n (definite singular valet, indefinite plural val, definite plural vala)

  1. a choice
    Du har ikkje noko val.
    You don't have a choice.
  2. election
    Kven skal du røysta på til valet?
    Who are you going to vote for in the election?

Synonyms

  • (election) røysting

Derived terms

  • utval
  • valkamp

See also

  • valg (Bokmål)

References

  • “val” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old French

Alternative forms

  • vaul

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun

val m (oblique plural vaus or vax or vals, nominative singular vaus or vax or vals, nominative plural val)

  1. valley

Descendants

  • English: vale (borrowed)
  • French: val

Old High German

Noun

val m

  1. fall

Descendants

  • Middle High German: val
    • German: Fall

Portuguese

Verb

val

  1. (Portugal) third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present indicative of valer

Noun

val m (plural vales)

  1. Apocopic form of vale: valley

Synonyms

  • vale

Romanian

Etymology 1

From a Common Slavic valŭ (Proto-Slavic *valъ), from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll). Compare Serbo-Croatian val; cf. also Albanian valë.

Noun

val n (plural valuri)

  1. wave
Synonyms
  • undă
Derived terms
  • învălura
  • învălui
  • vălări

Related terms

  • năvăli
  • prăvăli
  • valmă

Etymology 2

From Latin vallum (wall, rampart), probably a later borrowing; cf. German Wall, Italian vallo, also English wall

Noun

val n (plural valuri)

  1. earth rampart which served in antiquity as a military stronghold
See also
  • văl

Romansch

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun

val f (plural vals)

  1. valley

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʋâːl/

Noun

vȃl m (Cyrillic spelling ва̑л)

  1. (regional, Croatia) wave (a long body of water curling into an arched form)

Declension

Synonyms

  • tȁlās

Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *valъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wel(H)- (to turn, roll).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʋáːl/
  • Tonal orthography: vȃl

Noun

vál m inan (genitive vála, nominative plural valôvi or váli)

  1. wave, undulation

Declension

Derived terms

  • valováti
  • valovéti
  • valovíti
  • valôven

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbal/

Noun

val m (plural valles)

  1. Apocopic form of valle valley

Derived terms

  • Valparaíso

Verb

val

  1. Apocopic form of vale: is worth

Usage notes

In Old Spanish, after the consonants /d/, /n/, /l/, /ll/, /r/, and /z/, a final /-e/ was frequently elided, as in pid, vien, val, quier, faz, versus the modern forms of pide, viene, vale, quiere, and hace (in modern Spanish, a few apocopes following coronal consonants are still preserved: buen, gran, san, derived from bueno, grande, and santo).

Further reading

  • “val” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Swedish

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish hval, from Old Norse hvalr, from Proto-Germanic *hwalaz, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷálos (sheatfish).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɑːl/

Noun

val c

  1. whale
Declension

Etymology 2

From Old Norse val.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vɑːl/

Noun

val n

  1. an election
  2. a choice
Declension

References


Venetian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /val/
  • Hyphenation: vàl

Etymology

From Latin vallis, vallem.

Noun

val f (plural val)

  1. valley
Synonyms
  • vałe

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