underground

underground

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of underground in English

English Online Dictionary. What means underground‎? What does underground mean?

English

Etymology

From Middle English undergrounde (adverb), equivalent to under +‎ ground. Compare Dutch ondergrond, ondergronds, German Untergrund, Danish undergrunds.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌʌndəˈɡɹaʊnd/, (especially for the noun) /ˈʌndəɡɹaʊnd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˌʌndɚˈɡɹaʊnd/, (especially for the noun) /ˈʌndɚɡɹaʊnd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd
  • Hyphenation: un‧der‧ground

Adjective

underground (comparative more underground, superlative most underground)

  1. (not comparable) Below the ground; below the surface of the Earth.
    Synonyms: subterranean, hypogean
  2. (figuratively) Hidden, furtive, secretive.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:hidden, Thesaurus:covert
  3. (Of music, art &c.) Outside the mainstream, especially unofficial and hidden from the authorities.
    Synonyms: unconventional, alternative
    Antonym: mainstream

Translations

Adverb

underground (comparative more underground, superlative most underground)

  1. Below the ground.
    Synonym: below ground
  2. Secretly.
    Synonyms: clandestinely, in secret, on the quiet

Translations

Noun

underground (plural undergrounds)

  1. (geography) Regions beneath the surface of the earth, both natural (eg. caves) and man-made (eg. mines).
  2. (chiefly Britain) Synonym of subway: a railway that is under the ground.
  3. (with definite article) A movement or organisation of people who resist political convention.
    Synonym: resistance
  4. (with definite article) A movement or organisation of people who resist artistic convention.
    Synonyms: avant-garde, counterculture

Translations

Verb

underground (third-person singular simple present undergrounds, present participle undergrounding, simple past and past participle undergrounded)

  1. To route electricity distribution cables underground

Translations

See also

  • underground railway
  • go underground

Finnish

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English underground.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑnder.ɡrɑund/, [ˈɑnde̞rˌɡrɑund]

Noun

underground

  1. underground (culture)

Declension

Compounds

  • undergroundelokuva
  • undergroundkirjallisuus
  • undergroundkulttuuri
  • undergroundsarjakuva

French

Etymology

From English underground.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /œ̃.dɛʁ.ɡʁawnd/

Adjective

underground (invariable)

  1. underground (outside the mainstream)

Noun

underground m (uncountable)

  1. (singular only) the underground (people who resist artistic convention)

Further reading

  • “underground” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Etymology

From English underground.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /an.derˈɡrawnd/
  • Rhymes: -awnd

Noun

l'underground m (invariable)

  1. the underground (people who resist artistic convention)

References


Romanian

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English underground.

Adjective

underground m or f or n (indeclinable)

  1. underground

Declension


Spanish

Etymology

Unadapted borrowing from English underground.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /andeɾˈɡɾaund/, [ãn̪.d̪eɾˈɣ̞ɾãũn̪d̪]

Noun

underground m (plural undergrounds)

  1. underground (movement)

Usage notes

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.