under

under

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of under in English

English Online Dictionary. What means under‎? What does under mean?

English

Etymology

From Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰér (under) and *n̥tér (inside). Akin to Old High German untar (under), Latin infrā (below, beneath) and inter (between, among).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈʌndə(ɹ)/, [ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈʌndɚ/, [ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ], [ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]
  • (Northern England) IPA(key): /ˈʊndə/
  • Rhymes: -ʌndə(ɹ)
  • Hyphenation: un‧der

Preposition

under

  1. In or at a lower level than.
    • 1922, Virginia Woolf, Jacob's Room Chapter 1
      The little boys in the front bedroom had thrown off their blankets and lay under the sheets.
  2. As a subject of; subordinate to.
  3. Less than.
  4. Below the surface of.
  5. (figuratively) In the face of; in response to (some attacking force).
    • 2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France [4]
      England's World Cup dreams fell apart under a French onslaught on a night when their shortcomings were brutally exposed at the quarter-final stage.
  6. As, in the character of.
    • 2013, The Huffington Post, JK Rowling Pseudonym: Robert Galbraith's 'The Cuckoo's Calling' Is Actually By Harry Potter Author [5]
      J.K. Rowling has written a crime novel called 'The Cuckoo's Calling' under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith.

Synonyms

  • below
  • beneath
  • underneath

Antonyms

  • above
  • over

Translations

Adverb

under (not comparable)

  1. In a way lower or less than.
    • (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. In a way inferior to.
    • (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. (informal) In an unconscious state.
    It took the hypnotist several minutes to make his subject go under.

Synonyms

  • below
  • beneath

Antonyms

  • above
  • over

Translations

Adjective

under (comparative more under, superlative most under)

  1. Being lower; being beneath something.
    • Bible, 1 Corinthians ix. 27
      I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection.
    • Moore
      The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain / Could not bring his proud soul under.
  2. (medicine, colloquial) Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated.
    Ensure the patient is sufficiently under.

Derived terms

References

  • Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

Anagrams

  • Duren, nuder, ruden, runed, unred, urned

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /onər/, [ɔnˀɐ]

Adverb

under

  1. under

Preposition

under

  1. under
  2. underneath
  3. below
  4. during

Etymology 2

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /onər/, [ɔnˀɐ]

Noun

under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere)

  1. wonder
  2. marvel
  3. miracle
Inflection

Etymology 3

Short form of any compound with the preposition under.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /onər/, [ɔnɐ]

Noun

under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere)

  1. bottom (part)
Inflection

Latin

Verb

under

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of undō

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.

Preposition

under

  1. below; beneath
  2. during
  3. under
Derived terms
  • oppunder
  • under-
  • underveis

Etymology 2

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love).

Noun

under n (definite singular underet or undret, indefinite plural under or undere or undre, definite plural undera or underne or undra or undrene)

  1. wonder, marvel, miracle
Derived terms
  • underfull
  • underverk
  • vidunder

References

  • “under” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈʉndər/ (example of pronunciation)

Etymology 1

From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under. Akin to English under.

Preposition

under

  1. below, beneath, under
  2. during
Derived terms
  • oppunder
  • under-

Etymology 2

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love). Akin to English wonder.

Noun

under n (definite singular underet, indefinite plural under, definite plural undera)

  1. wonder, marvel, miracle
Derived terms
  • underverk

References

  • “under” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *under. Compare Old Saxon undar, Old High German untar.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈunder/

Preposition

under

  1. under

Descendants

  • English: under

Old Swedish

Etymology

From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą.

Noun

under n

  1. wonder, miracle
  2. wonderment, awe, marvel

Declension

Descendants

  • Swedish: under

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish undir, from Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.

Preposition

under

  1. under; below; beneath
  2. during, at the same time as
    Under lektionen pratade de hela tiden
    During the lesson, they talked all the time

Etymology 2

From Old Swedish under, from Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love).

Noun

under n

  1. wonder, miracle
    Undrens tid är inte förbi.
    The age of miracles isn't over.
Declension
Related terms
  • underskatta
  • undertag

See also

  • på under
  • under tiden

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