un

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of un in English

English Online Dictionary. What means un‎? What does un mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • 'un

Etymology

Representing non-standard pronunciation of one.

Noun

un (plural uns)

  1. (dialectal) One.

Derived terms

  • thick-un

Anagrams

  • NU, Nu, nu

Aromanian

Etymology

From Latin ūnus. Compare Daco-Romanian un.

Article

un (feminine unã)

  1. (indefinite article) a, an

Related terms

  • unu

Asturian

Alternative forms

  • unu

Etymology

From Latin ūnus.

Numeral

un or unu m (feminine una)

  1. one

Azerbaijani

Noun

un (definite accusative unu, plural unlar)

  1. flour

Declension


Binandere

Noun

un

  1. water

Further reading

  • Jonathan Paul Wilson, Binandere nominal structures (1996)

Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *ʉn, from Proto-Celtic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Article

un

  1. a/an

See also

  • ur
  • ul

Catalan

Etymology

From Old Occitan un, from Latin ūnum (one), accusative form of ūnus (one), from Old Latin oinos, from Proto-Italic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈun/
  • Rhymes: -un

Article

un m (feminine una, masculine plural uns, feminine plural unes)

  1. an; the indefinite article
  2. (in the plural) some

Usage notes

  • Unlike English, Catalan uses the indefinite article with plural nouns as well as singular nouns.
  • Catalan cardinal numbers may be used as masculine or feminine adjectives, except un/una (1), dos/dues (2), cents/centes (100s) and its compounds. When used as nouns, Catalan cardinal numbers are treated as masculine singular nouns in most contexts, but in expressions involving time such as la una i trenta (1:30) or les dues (two o'clock), they are feminine because the feminine noun hora has been elided.

Numeral

un m (feminine una, noun form u)

  1. one

Pronoun

un m sg (feminine una)

  1. one; indefinite pronoun

Chamorro

Etymology

Adjective and article from Spanish un.

Adjective

un

  1. one

Article

un

  1. a, an

Pronoun

un

  1. you (used in transitive sentences)

Chuukese

Verb

un

  1. to drink

Cimbrian

Etymology

From Middle High German unde, from Old High German unti, from Proto-Germanic *andi. Cognate with German und, Dutch en, English and, Icelandic enn.

Conjunction

un

  1. (Luserna, Sette Comuni) and

References

  • “un” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo
  • “un” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dongxiang

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /uŋ/

Noun

un

  1. Alternative form of uwun (winter)

Drehu

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /un/

Noun

un

  1. snake

References

  • Greenhill, S.J., Blust. R, & Gray, R.D. (2008). The Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database: From Bioinformatics to Lexomics. Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 4:271-283.

Dutch Low Saxon

Conjunction

un

  1. and

Fala

Etymology

From Old Portuguese un, from Latin ūnus (one), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one; single).

Article

un m (plural un-os, feminine un-a, feminine plural un-as)

  1. a (masculine singular indefinite article)

Numeral

un

  1. one (numerical value equal to 1)

Related terms

  • primeiru

French

Etymology

From Old French un, from Latin ūnum, accusative singular of ūnus (one), from Old Latin oinos, from Proto-Italic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /œ̃/
  • (with merger of un with in) IPA(key): /ɛ̃/
  • Rhymes: -œ̃

Article

un m (feminine une, plural des, negative de)

  1. an, a

Numeral

un

  1. one

Noun

un m (plural un)

  1. one

Pronoun

un m

  1. one

Further reading

  • “un” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • nu

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin ūnus.

Article

un m (feminine une)

  1. a, an

Adjective

un

  1. one

Numeral

un (feminine une)

  1. one

Pronoun

un

  1. one

Related terms

  • unî

Galician

Etymology

From Old Portuguese un, ũu, from Latin ūnus.

Pronunciation

Article

un m sg (feminine unha, masculine plural uns, feminine plural unhas)

  1. (indefinite) a, one

Usage notes

The article un and its inflected forms unha,uns, and unhas all form contractions with the prepositions con (with), de (of, from), and en (in).

Derived terms

  • cun, cunha, cunhas, cuns
  • dun, dunha, dunhas, duns
  • nun, nunha, nunhas, nuns

Numeral

un m (feminine unha)

  1. one

Usage notes

The numeral un and its feminine form unha form contractions with the prepositions con (with), de (of, from), and en (in).

Derived terms

  • cun, cunha
  • dun, dunha
  • nun, nunha

Garifuna

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ũ/

Postposition

un

  1. to

Inflection


German Low German

Alternative forms

  • on (in Low Prussian and some other dialects)

Etymology

Ultimately cognate to German und.

Conjunction

un

  1. and

Guinea-Bissau Creole

Etymology

From Portuguese um. Cognates with Kabuverdianu un.

Numeral

un

  1. one (1)

Article

un

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Hungarian

Etymology

Of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈun]

Verb

un

  1. (transitive) to be bored of, to be fed up with, to be tired of

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • unalom
  • unatkozik
  • unos-untalan
  • untat
  • untig

(With verbal prefixes):

  • beleun
  • elun
  • megun
  • ráun

References


Hunsrik

Alternative forms

  • unn

Etymology

From Middle High German unde, from Old High German unti, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /un/

Conjunction

un

  1. and

Further reading

  • Online Hunsrik Dictionary

Ido

Etymology

Borrowed from French unItalian unSpanish un.

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /un/

Numeral

un

  1. one

Derived terms


Interlingua

Article

un

  1. an, a

Numeral

un

  1. one

Interlingue

Article

un

  1. Indefinite article: a

Numeral

un

  1. one

Italian

Etymology

From uno, from Latin ūnus (one).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /un/

Article

un m (see uno)

  1. an, a

Noun

un m (see uno)

  1. one

Adjective

un m (see uno)

  1. one

Pronoun

un m (see uno)

  1. one

Anagrams

  • nu

Japanese

Romanization

un

  1. Rōmaji transcription of うん

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Portuguese um.

Numeral

un

  1. one (1)

Article

un

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Karakalpak

Noun

un

  1. flour

Ladin

Etymology

From Latin ūnus.

Adjective

un

  1. one

Noun

un m (uncountable)

  1. one

Latvian

Etymology

Borrowed from Middle Low German un (and). It replaced, in this sense, the particle ir (compare Lithuanian ir, which still has the sense of “and”). At first there were competing borrowings from other Germanic dialects (e.g. und, unde), and some forms were influenced by ir (resulting in ind, in), but from the 18th century on, the form un gradually became dominant.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ùn]

Conjunction

un

  1. additive conjunction used to link similar terms in a clause; and
  2. used to link clauses within a sentence; and
  3. used to link two independent clauses, indicating simultaneity, sequence, contrast, opposition, or comparison between them; and
  4. used to introduce an independent clause, linking it to the preceding context

References


Ligurian

Etymology

From Latin ūnus, from Old Latin oinos, from Proto-Italic *oinos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /yŋ/

Numeral

un m (feminine ùnn-a)

  1. one

Noun

un m (invariable)

  1. The number one.

Article

un m (feminine ùnn-a)

  1. a, an (male)

Usage notes

  • When followed by a word beginning with a vowel, the article undergoes apheresis, becoming 'n, and the place of articulation of the nasal changes from velar to dental:
    un + òmmo → 'n òmmo (“a man”) (pronounced [ˈnɔmmu], NOT [ˈŋɔmmu])
  • When followed by a word beginning with a consonant:
    • the article becomes in (pron. /iŋ/), if:
      • it is found in sentence-initial position, or after a punctuation mark
      • it is preceded by a word ending in /ŋ/
        in matìn in figeu o corîva – a boy was running one morning (pron. [iŋ maˈtiŋ iŋ fiˈd͡ʒø u kuˈriːva])
    • the article undergoes apheresis, becoming 'n, without the nasal changing place of articulation:
      ò visto 'n zìn – I saw a sea urchin (pron. [ɔ ˈvistu ŋ ˈziŋ])

Pronoun

un m (feminine ùnn-a)

  1. someone, a person

Livonian

Etymology

Ultimately from Middle Low German un, probably through Latvian un.

Interjection

un

  1. and

Louisiana Creole French

Numeral

un

  1. one

Luxembourgish

Alternative forms

  • u (used before consonants other than d, h, n, t, z)

Etymology

From Old High German ana. The form is phonetically regular through the developments -a--ue- in originally open syllables, and -ue--u- before nasals.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /un/

Preposition

un (+ dative or accusative)

  1. on; at; to
    D’Biller hänken un der Wand.
    The pictures hang on the wall.

Manx

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Compare Breton unan, Cornish onan, Irish aon.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eːn/, /ɯːn/, /uːn/

Numeral

un

  1. one

Related terms

  • unnane

Middle French

Alternative forms

  • ung

Etymology

From Old French un, from Latin ūnus (one).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ỹ/

Article

un

  1. a, an

Numeral

un (invariable)

  1. one

Descendants

  • French: un

Middle Welsh

Alternative forms

  • vn

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *ʉn, from Proto-Celtic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʉn/

Numeral

un

  1. one

Mutation

Further reading

  • Simon Evans (1964) A Grammar of Middle Welsh, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, § 1

Mirandese

Article

un m (feminine ua)

  1. a, an

Norman

Alternative forms

  • iun (Guernsey)

Etymology

From Old French uns, from Latin ūnus (one).

Pronunciation

Article

un m

  1. a / an (masculine indefinite article)

Coordinate terms

  • (gender): eune
  • (definiteness):

Numeral

un m (feminine ieune)

  1. (Jersey) one

Novial

Numeral

un

  1. one



Occitan

Etymology

From Old Occitan un, from Latin ūnus (one).

Article

un m (feminine una)

  1. a, an (masculine singular indefinite article)

Numeral

un

  1. one

Further reading

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, →ISBN, page 1009.

Old French

Etymology

From Latin ūnum, accusative singular of ūnus (one).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ỹn/

Article

un

  1. a, an (masculine oblique singular indefinite article)
  2. a, an (masculine nominative plural indefinite article)

Declension

Numeral

un (nominative uns, feminine une)

  1. one

Old Portuguese

Article

un

  1. Alternative form of ũu

Palikur

Noun

un n

  1. water

References

  • Languages of the Amazon (2012, →ISBN

Papiamentu

Etymology

From Spanish uno and Portuguese um and Kabuverdianu un.

Numeral

un

  1. one (1)

Article

un

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Pennsylvania German

Alternative forms

  • un'

Etymology

Cognate to German und, English and.

Conjunction

un

  1. and

Romanian

Alternative forms

  • (Moldavian) ун (un)

Etymology

From Latin ūnus, from Old Latin oinos, from Proto-Italic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /un/

Article

un m or n (feminine singular o, plural niște)

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Usage notes

Un is also used as a cardinal number (see unu and una).

O is used for feminine nouns:

Declension

Related terms

  • unu (used as a numeral/cardinal number)
  • unul (used as an indefinite pronoun)

Saterland Frisian

Etymology

Compare German und

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /ʊn/

Conjunction

un

  1. and

Serbo-Croatian

Numeral

un (Cyrillic spelling ун)

  1. (Chakavian) one (1)

Synonyms

  • jedan
  • jen (regional)

Sicilian

Etymology

From unu, from Latin ūnus.

Article

un m sg

  1. (indefinite) a, an

Usage notes

Un is never used before words starting with the letter z or s and a consonant, like the Italian un

See also


Slovene

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation

Determiner

un

  1. (regional) that

Spanish

Etymology

From uno, from Latin ūnus (one), from Old Latin oinos, from Proto-Italic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /un/, [ũn]
  • Rhymes: -un

Adjective

un m (apocopate, standard form uno)

  1. (before the noun) Apocopic form of uno one

Usage notes

The form un is only used before and within the noun phrase of the masculine singular noun that it modifies. In other positions, uno is used instead.

Article

un m (indefinite, plural unos, feminine una, feminine plural unas)

  1. a

Tatar

Numeral

un (Cyrillic spelling ун)

  1. ten

Turkish

Etymology

From Old Turkic [script needed] (un), from Proto-Turkic *hūn.

Noun

un (definite accusative unu, plural unlar)

  1. flour

Declension


Turkmen

Noun

un (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. flour

Uzbek

Noun

un (plural unlar)

  1. flour

Venetian

Alternative forms

  • on (rural areas)

Etymology

From Latin ūnus.

Article

un m (feminine na)

  1. masculine singular indefinite article; a / an

See also


Welsh

Etymology

From Middle Welsh un, from Proto-Brythonic *ʉn, from Proto-Celtic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Pronunciation

  • (North Wales) IPA(key): /ɨːn/
  • (South Wales) IPA(key): /iːn/

Adjective

un

  1. only

Numeral

un

  1. one

Noun

un m (plural unau)

  1. one, individual

Related terms

  • dim un (none)
  • pob un (each)
  • -yn

Mutation

References

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “un”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

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