um

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of um in English

English Online Dictionary. What means um‎? What does um mean?

English

Etymology 1

Onomatopoeic.

Alternative forms

  • umm, hum

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ʌm (when stressed, or as a verb)

Used in rhotic dialects. Compare to British English erm.

Interjection

um

  1. Expression of hesitation, uncertainty or space filler in conversation. See uh.
    Um, I don’t know.
    Let’s see... um... how about this?
    • 2002, Newsweek (volume 140, page lxxx)
      It's a great test of the claims of open-source gurus, who say that a self-motivated community can outcode any team working for a single employer—like, um, Microsoft.
  2. (chiefly US) Dated spelling of mmm.
    • 1963, Kurt Vonnegut, Cat's Cradle, Dell Publishing Co., Inc., page 65:
      "About the same, wherever you go," he agreed.
      "Um," I said.

Verb

um (third-person singular simple present ums, present participle umming, simple past and past participle ummed)

  1. (intransitive) To make the um sound to express uncertainty or hesitancy.

Etymology 2

From Middle English um, from Old Norse um, umb (around, about), from Proto-Germanic *umbi (around), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂m̥bʰi (round about, around). Cognate with Old English ymbe (around), West Frisian om (around), Dutch om (around), German um (around). More at umbe.

Preposition

um

  1. Alternative form of umbe
Alternative forms
  • umb, umbe

Etymology 3

A Latin-script rendering of µm.

Pronunciation

  • Pronounced as micrometer.

Noun

um (plural um)

  1. Alternative spelling of µm

Etymology 4

Particle

um

  1. (representing broken English stereotypically or comically attributed to Native Americans; may be offensive) An undifferentiated determiner or article: a, the, some etc.; a miscellaneous linking word, or filler with nonspecific meaning.
    He um Growling Bear. He um heap big chief.

Anagrams

  • -mu-, MU, Mu, mu

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈum]
  • Rhymes: -um

Noun

um m

  1. skill, art

See also

  • schopnost
  • dovednost
  • umění

Further reading

  • um in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • um in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

East Makian

Noun

um

  1. house

References

  • C. L. Voorhoeve, The Makian Languages and Their Neighbours (1982)

Elfdalian

Etymology

From Old Norse um, from Proto-Germanic *umbi. Cognate with Swedish om.

Conjunction

um

  1. if

Preposition

um

  1. around
  2. about (a subject)

Faroese

Etymology

From Old Norse umb, from Proto-Germanic *umbi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂m̥bʰi (round about, around).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʊmː/

Preposition

um

  1. (with accusative) around
  2. (with accusative) about
  3. (with accusative) during
  4. (with accusative) through
  5. (with accusative) over

Conjunction

um

  1. whether, if

German

Alternative forms

  • umb, ümb, üm (all obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle High German umbe, ümbe, from Old High German umbi, from Proto-Germanic *umbi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂m̥bʰi (round about, around). Central German dialects show regular umlaut; the standard form is from Upper German, where umlaut of -u- was often blocked before labials. Cognate with Luxembourgish ëm, Dutch om, English umbe.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʊm/
  • Rhymes: -ʊm

Preposition

um (with accusative)

  1. about
  2. around
  3. at, by (when relating to time)
  4. by (percentage difference)

Derived terms

  • (um + das) ums

Conjunction

um (introduces a zu-clause)

  1. in order to, so as to

Adjective

um (not comparable)

  1. (predicative, not attributive) up, in the sense of finished
    Werden dich in kurzem binden/ Erdgeist, deine Zeit ist um (Friedrich von Hardenberg, Novalis)
    We will shortly bind you/ Erdgeist, your time is up

Adverb

um

  1. around, about
  2. turned over, changed, from one state to another

Icelandic

Alternative forms

  • umb

Etymology

From Old Norse um, from Proto-Germanic *umbi (around, about).

Adverb

um

  1. used in set phrases

Derived terms

  • vera um og ó

Preposition

um

  1. (with accusative) about, concerning
  2. (with accusative) through, around, across
  3. (with accusative) throughout, over, around
  4. (with accusative) during, for, in, at
  5. (with accusative) approximately, about, around

Usage notes

  • Often used with phrases such as "brjóta heilann um".

Derived terms


Indo-Portuguese

Etymology

From Portuguese um (a), from Old Portuguese ũu, from Latin ūnus, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Article

um

  1. a (the indefinite article)
    • 1883, Hugo Schuchardt, Kreolische Studien, volume 3:
      Um homm tinh doiz filh:
      A man had two sons:

Irish

Alternative forms

  • im

Etymology

From Proto-Celtic *ambi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂m̥bʰi (round about, around).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʊmˠ/

Preposition

um (plus dative, triggers lenition, except of b, m, and p)

  1. about
  2. at

Inflection

Further reading

  • "um" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Khasi

Etymology

Probably cognate to U ʔóm.

Noun

um

  1. water

References

  • H. Roberts, A Grammar of the Khasi Language

Livonian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /um/

Verb

u'm

  1. 1st person singular present indicative form of vȱlda
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of vȱlda

Lote

Noun

um

  1. stone

References

  • Greg Pearson, René van den Berg, Lote Grammar Sketch (2008)

Luxembourgish

Contraction

um

  1. contraction of op + dem; on the, at the, to the
  2. contraction of un + dem

Norwegian Nynorsk

Preposition

um

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1938; superseded by om

Old Norse

Alternative forms

  • umb

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *umbi (around, about). Cognate with Old English ymbe, Old Frisian umbe, ombe, Old Saxon umbi, Old High German umbi.

Preposition

um

  1. (with accusative) about, concerning
  2. (with accusative) round, past, beyond
  3. (with accusative) over, across, along
  4. (with accusative) during, at a point in time
  5. (with accusative) because of, for

Descendants

References

  • um in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German um, Dutch om, Old English ymb.

Preposition

um

  1. around

Portuguese

Alternative forms

  • hum (obsolete)

Etymology

From Old Portuguese ũu (one; a), from Latin ūnus (one), from Old Latin oinos, from Proto-Italic *oinos, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈũ]
  • Hyphenation: um
  • Rhymes:

Numeral

um m (feminine uma)

  1. one

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:um.

Article

um (feminine uma, masculine plural uns, feminine plural umas)

  1. (indefinite) a, an
    1. (in the plural) some; a few (a small number of)
      Synonym: alguns
    2. (with uncountable nouns) a bit of
      Synonym: um pouco de
    3. (usually in the feminine, pronounced slowly, emphatically and with a high intonation) indicates that what follows is exceptional; quite a; quite the
      Synonym: aquele

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:um.

See also

Noun

um m (plural uns)

  1. The figure or digit "1": one.

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:um.

Pronoun

um

  1. a person; one; someone
  2. Element(s) of a previously mentioned class: one; some (in plural).

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:um.


Romansch

Etymology

From Latin homō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰmṓ (earthling)

Noun

um m (plural umens)

  1. man
  2. husband

Coordinate terms

  • dunna

Sawai

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /um/

Noun

um

  1. house

Further reading

  • Donald A. Burquest, Wyn D. Laidig, Phonological Studies in Four Languages of Maluku (1992)

Scots

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʌm/, /əm/

Pronoun

um

  1. (South Scots, personal) him

See also

  • hei

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *umъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ûːm/

Noun

ȗm m (Cyrillic spelling у̑м)

  1. mind
  2. intellect
  3. wit

Declension


Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *umъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈum/

Noun

um m (genitive singular umu, nominative plural umy, genitive plural umov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. mind
  2. intellect
  3. wit

Declension

Synonyms

  • rozum m
  • hlava f
  • zmysel m

Derived terms

  • umový
  • umček

References

  • um in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

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