sad

sad

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of sad in English

English Online Dictionary. What means sad‎? What does sad mean?

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English sad, from Old English sæd (sated, full), from Proto-Germanic *sadaz (sated, satisfied), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sæd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder or more sad, superlative saddest or most sad)

  1. (heading) Emotionally negative.
    1. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
      • (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare
        First were we sad, fearing you would not come; / Now sadder, that you come so unprovided.
      • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
        The angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.
    2. Appearing sorrowful.
    3. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
      • (Can we date this quote?) G. K. Chesterton
        The Great Gaels of Ireland are the men that God made mad, / For all their wars are merry and all their songs are sad.
    4. Poor in quality, bad; shameful, deplorable; later, regrettable, poor.
      • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, II.127:
        Heaven knows what cash he got, or blood he spilt, / A sad old fellow was he, if you please [].
    5. Of colours: dark, deep; later, sombre, dull.
      • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, II.5:
        this is either used crude, and called Sulphur Vive, and is of a sadder colour; or after depuration, such as we have in magdeleons of rolls, of a lighter yellow.
      • (Can we date this quote?) Izaak Walton
        sad-coloured clothes
      • (Can we date this quote?) John Mortimer
        Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colours.
  2. (obsolete) Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  3. (obsolete) Steadfast, valiant.
    • , Book V:
      And thus they strekyn forth into the stremys, many sadde hunderthes.
  4. (obsolete) Dignified, serious, grave.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Francis Bacon
      ripe and sad courage
    • (Can we date this quote?) Lord Berners
      which treaty was wisely handled by sad and discrete counsel of both parties
  5. (obsolete) Naughty; troublesome; wicked.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Isaac Taylor
      Sad tipsy fellows, both of them.
  6. (slang) Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
  7. (dialectal) Soggy (to refer to pastries).
  8. (obsolete) Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
    sad bread
    • (Can we date this quote?) Edmund Spenser
      his hand, more sad than lump of lead
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Mortimer
      Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad.
Synonyms
  • (feeling mentally uncomfortable): discomforted, distressed, uncomfortable, unhappy
  • (low in spirits): depressed, down in the dumps, glum, melancholy
  • (moving, full of feeling): poignant, touching
  • (causing sorrow): lamentable
  • (poor in quality): pitiful, sorry
  • See also Thesaurus:sad
  • See also Thesaurus:lamentable
Antonyms
  • happy
  • cheerful
  • gleeful, upbeat
  • decent
Derived terms
  • sadness
  • sadder
  • saddest
Related terms
  • sadden
Translations
Further reading
  • sad in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • sad in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Etymology 2

Noun

sad (plural sads)

  1. Alternative form of saad

Anagrams

  • ADS, ADs, ASD, Ads, DA's, DAS, DAs, SDA, ads, das

Cebuano

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: sad

Adverb

sad

  1. (focus) also; too
  2. (after a negative) either

Czech

Etymology

See Russian сад (sad)

Noun

sad m

  1. orchard

Declension

Derived terms

  • sadař m
  • sadový

Further reading

  • sad in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sad in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Verb

sad

  1. past tense of sidde

Gothic

Romanization

sad

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌳

Livonian

Alternative forms

  • (Courland) sa'd

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *sadek.

Noun

sad

  1. precipitiation (hail, rain, snow)

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ (plant, garden). Cognate with Upper Sorbian sad, Polish sad (orchard), Czech sad (orchard), Russian сад (sad, orchard, garden), Old Church Slavonic садъ (sadŭ, plant, garden).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [sat]

Noun

sad m

  1. fruit (food)

Declension


Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Adjective

sad (comparative sadoro, superlative sadost)

  1. full, sated, satiated
  2. weary

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German sat

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sat/

Noun

sad m inan (diminutive sadek)

  1. orchard

Declension

Related terms

  • (noun) sadownik
  • (adjective) sadowy

Related terms

  • (verb) sadzić

Further reading

  • sad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots

Etymology

From Old English sæd.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑd/

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder, superlative saddest)

  1. grave, serious
  2. strange, remarkable
  3. sad

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *sьda, *sьgoda.

Alternative forms

  • sȁda

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâd/

Adverb

sȁd (Cyrillic spelling са̏д)

  1. now
  2. currently
  3. presently

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *saditi (to plant). Compare Serbo-Croatian saditi and Russian сад (sad)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâːd/

Noun

sȃd m (Cyrillic spelling са̑д)

  1. plantation nursery
  2. a young plant from a plantation nursery
Declension

References

  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sad/, IPA(key): [sat]

Noun

sad m (genitive singular sadu, nominative plural sady, genitive plural sadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. garden, orchard, plantation

Declension

Derived terms

  • sadový
  • sadík

References

  • sad in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsáːt/
  • Tonal orthography: sȃd

Noun

sád m inan (genitive sadú or sáda, nominative plural sadôvi or sádi)

  1. fruit

Declension


Wakhi

Etymology

Compare Tajik сад (sad).

Numeral

sad

  1. hundred

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.