sad

sad

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of sad in English

English Online Dictionary. What means sad‎? What does sad mean?

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English sad, from Old English sæd (sated, full), from Proto-Germanic *sadaz (sated, satisfied), from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sæd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder or more sad, superlative saddest or most sad)

  1. (heading) Emotionally negative.
    1. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
    2. Appearing sorrowful.
    3. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
      • 1911, G. K. Chesterton, The Ballad of the White Horse
        The Great Gaels of Ireland are the men that God made mad, / For all their wars are merry and all their songs are sad.
    4. Poor in quality, bad; shameful, deplorable; later, regrettable, poor.
      • 1819, Lord Byron, Don Juan, II.127:
        Heaven knows what cash he got, or blood he spilt, / A sad old fellow was he, if you please [].
    5. Of colours: dark, deep; later, sombre, dull.
      • 1646, Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, II.5:
        this is either used crude, and called Sulphur Vive, and is of a sadder colour; or after depuration, such as we have in magdeleons of rolls, of a lighter yellow.
      • 1679, Izaak Walton, The Life of Bishop Robert Sanderson
        sad-coloured clothes
      • 1707, John Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry
        Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of many colours, especially all sad colours.
  2. (obsolete) Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  3. (obsolete) Steadfast, valiant.
  4. (obsolete) Dignified, serious, grave.
    • rype and sad corrage
    • (Can we date this quote by John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      which treaty was wisely handled by sad and discrete counsel of both parties
  5. (obsolete) Naughty; troublesome; wicked.
    • 1860, Isaac Taylor, Ultimate Civilization
      Sad tipsy fellows, both of them.
  6. (slang) Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
  7. (dialect) Soggy (to refer to pastries).
  8. (obsolete) Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
    sad bread
    • his hand, more sad then lomp of lead,
    • 1707, John Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry
      Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad.
Synonyms
  • (feeling mentally uncomfortable): discomforted, distressed, uncomfortable, unhappy
  • (low in spirits): depressed, down in the dumps, glum, melancholy
  • (moving, full of feeling): poignant, touching
  • (causing sorrow): lamentable
  • (poor in quality): pitiful, sorry
  • See also Thesaurus:sad
  • See also Thesaurus:lamentable
Antonyms
  • happy
  • cheerful
  • gleeful, upbeat
  • decent
Derived terms
  • sadness
  • sadder
  • saddest
  • sadboi
  • sad sack
Related terms
  • sadden
Translations
Further reading
  • sad in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • sad in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.

Verb

sad (third-person singular simple present sads, present participle sadding, simple past and past participle sadded)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To make melancholy; to sadden or grieve (someone).
    • 16??, John Webster, Appius and Virginia
      My father's wondrous pensive, and withal / With a suppress'd rage left his house displeas'd, / And so in post is hurried to the camp: / It sads me much; to expel which melancholy, / I have sent for company.

Etymology 2

Noun

sad (plural sads)

  1. Alternative form of saad (Arabic letter)

Anagrams

  • ADS, ADs, ASD, AdS, Ads, DA's, DAS, DAs, DSA, SDA, ads, das

Cebuano

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: sad

Adverb

sad

  1. (focus) also; too
  2. (after a negative) either

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈsat]

Noun

sad m

  1. orchard

Declension

Derived terms

  • sadař m
  • sadový

Further reading

  • sad in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • sad in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Verb

sad

  1. past tense of sidde

Gothic

Romanization

sad

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰𐌳

Livonian

Alternative forms

  • (Courland) sa'd

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *sadek.

Noun

sad

  1. precipitation (hail, rain, snow)

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ (plant, garden). Cognate with Upper Sorbian sad, Polish sad (orchard), Czech sad (orchard), Russian сад (sad, orchard, garden), Old Church Slavonic садъ (sadŭ, plant, garden).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [sat]

Noun

sad m

  1. fruit (food)

Declension


Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂- (to satiate, satisfy).

Adjective

sad (comparative sadoro, superlative sadost)

  1. full, sated, satiated
  2. weary

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German sat

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sat/

Noun

sad m inan (diminutive sadek)

  1. orchard

Declension

Related terms

  • (noun) sadownik
  • (adjective) sadowy

Related terms

  • (verb) sadzić

Further reading

  • sad in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • sad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots

Etymology

From Old English sæd.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sɑd/

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder, superlative saddest)

  1. grave, serious
  2. strange, remarkable
  3. sad

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *sьda, *sьgoda.

Alternative forms

  • sȁda

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâd/

Adverb

sȁd (Cyrillic spelling са̏д)

  1. now
  2. currently
  3. presently

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *saditi (to plant). Compare Serbo-Croatian saditi and Russian сад (sad)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâːd/

Noun

sȃd m (Cyrillic spelling са̑д)

  1. plant nursery, plantation, orchard (specialized facility rather than a home garden)
  2. a seeding or sapling from a plant nursery
Declension

References

  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sadъ.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sad/, [sat]

Noun

sad m (genitive singular sadu, nominative plural sady, genitive plural sadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. garden, orchard, plantation

Declension

Derived terms

  • sadový
  • sadík

References

  • sad in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sáːt/

Noun

sȃd m inan

  1. fruit

Inflection

Further reading

  • sad”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Wakhi

Etymology

Compare Tajik сад (sad).

Numeral

sad

  1. hundred

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.