raise

raise

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of raise in English

English Online Dictionary. What means raise‎? What does raise mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rāz, IPA(key): /ɹeɪz/
  • Homophones: rase, rays, raze
  • Rhymes: -eɪz

Etymology 1

From Middle English reysen, raisen, reisen, from Old Norse reisa (to raise), from Proto-Germanic *raisijaną, *raizijaną (to raise), causative form of Proto-Germanic *rīsaną (to rise), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rey- (to rise, arise). Cognate with Old English rāsian (to explore, examine, research), Old English rīsan (to seize, carry off), Old English rǣran (to cause to rise, raise, rear, build, create). Doublet of rear.

Verb

raise (third-person singular simple present raises, present participle raising, simple past and past participle raised)

  1. (physical) To cause to rise; to lift or elevate.
    1. To form by the accumulation of materials or constituent parts; to build up; to erect.
      • Bible, Isaiah xxxix. 3
        I will raise forts against thee.
    2. To cause something to come to the surface of the sea.
    3. (nautical) To cause (the land or any other object) to seem higher by drawing nearer to it.
    4. (figuratively) To cause (a dead person) to live again, to cause to be undead.
    5. (military) To remove or break up (a blockade), either by withdrawing the ships or forces employed in enforcing it, or by driving them away or dispersing them.
  2. (transitive) To create, increase or develop.
    1. To collect.
    2. To bring up; to grow; to promote.
    3. To mention (a question, issue) for discussion.
    4. (law) To create; to constitute (a use, or a beneficial interest in property).
    5. To bring into being; to produce; to cause to arise, come forth, or appear.
      • Bible, Deuteronomy xviii. 18.
        I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee.
      • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
        God vouchsafes to raise another world From him [Noah], and all his anger to forget.
  3. To establish contact with (e.g., by telephone or radio).
  4. (poker, intransitive) To respond to a bet by increasing the amount required to continue in the hand.
  5. (arithmetic) To exponentiate, to involute.
  6. (linguistics, transitive, of a verb) To extract (a subject or other verb argument) out of an inner clause.
    • Raising (linguistics) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  7. (linguistics, transitive, of a vowel) To produce a vowel with the tongue positioned closer to the roof of the mouth.
    • Raising (phonology) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  8. To increase the nominal value of (a cheque, money order, etc.) by fraudulently changing the writing or printing in which the sum payable is specified.
  9. (computing) To throw (an exception).
Usage notes
  • It is standard US English to raise children, and this usage has become common in all kinds of English since the 1700s. Until fairly recently, however, US teachers taught the traditional rule that one should raise crops and animals, but rear children, despite the fact that this contradicted general usage. It is therefore not surprising that some people still prefer to rear children and that this is considered correct but formal in US English. It is widespread in UK English and not considered formal.
  • It is generally considered incorrect to rear crops or (adult) animals in US English, but this expression is common in UK English.
Synonyms
  • (to cause to rise): lift
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

raise (plural raises)

  1. (US) An increase in wages or salary; a rise (UK).
    The boss gave me a raise.
  2. (weightlifting) A shoulder exercise in which the arms are elevated against resistance.
  3. (curling) A shot in which the delivered stone bumps another stone forward.
  4. (poker) A bet which increased the previous bet.
Derived terms
  • lateral raise
  • leg raise
Translations

Etymology 2

From Old Norse hreysi; the spelling came about under the influence of the folk etymology that derived it from the verb.

Noun

raise (plural raises)

  1. A cairn or pile of stones.
Translations

Further reading

  • raise on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Aesir, Aries, ERISA, Resia, aesir, aires, arise, reais, serai

Middle English

Noun

raise

  1. Alternative form of reys

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.