race

race

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of race in English

English Online Dictionary. What means race‎? What does race mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: rās, IPA(key): /ɹeɪs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪs

Etymology 1

From Middle English race, from Old Norse rás (a running, race), from Proto-Germanic *rēsō (a course), from Proto-Indo-European *reh₁s- (to flow, rush). Akin to Old English rǣs (a race, swift or violent running, rush, onset), Middle Low German râs (a strong current), Dutch ras (a strong whirling current). Compare Danish ræs, Norwegian and Swedish ras.

Noun

race (countable and uncountable, plural races)

  1. A contest between people, animals, vehicles, etc. where the goal is to be the first to reach some objective. Example: Several horses run in a horse race, and the first one to reach the finishing post wins
    The race around the park was won by Johnny, who ran faster than the others.
    We had a race to see who could finish the book the quickest.
    • 2012 November 2, Ken Belson, "[1]," New York Times (retrieved 2 November 2012):
      After days of intensifying pressure from runners, politicians and the general public to call off the New York City Marathon in the wake of Hurricane Sandy, city officials and the event’s organizers decided Friday afternoon to cancel the race.
  2. Swift progress; rapid motion; an instance of moving or driving at high speed.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Francis Bacon
      The flight of many birds is swifter than the race of any beasts.
  3. (computing) A race condition.
  4. A progressive movement toward a goal.
    the race to cure cancer
  5. A fast-moving current of water, such as that which powers a mill wheel.
  6. A water channel, esp. one built to lead water to or from a point where it is utilised.
  7. Competitive action of any kind, especially when prolonged; hence, career; course of life.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      My race of glory run, and race of shame.
  8. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Travels, runs, or journeys.
  9. The bushings of a rolling element bearing which contacts the rolling elements.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

race (third-person singular simple present races, present participle racing, simple past and past participle raced)

  1. (intransitive) To take part in a race (in the sense of a contest).
  2. (transitive) To compete against in such a race.
  3. (intransitive) To move or drive at high speed.
  4. (intransitive) Of a motor, to run rapidly when not engaged to a transmission.
    • 1891 (December) Arthur Conan Doyle, The Man with the Twisted Lip:
      "My mind is like a racing engine, tearing itself to pieces because it is not connected up with the work for which it was built."
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle French race, from Italian razza, of uncertain origin.

Noun

race (countable and uncountable, plural races)

  1. A group of sentient beings, particularly people, distinguished by common ancestry, heritage or characteristics:
    1. A large group of people distinguished from others on the basis of a common heritage (compare ethnic group). See Wikipedia's article on historical definitions of race.
      • 1895 November 11, Chamberlain, Joseph, Speech given to the Imperial Institute:
        I believe that the British race is the greatest of the governing races that the world has ever seen.
      • 1913, Martin Van Buren Knox, The religious life of the Anglo-Saxon race
    2. A large group of people distinguished from others on the basis of common physical characteristics, such as skin color or hair type.
      Race was a significant issue during apartheid in South Africa.
      The Native Americans colonized the New World in several waves from Asia, and thus they are considered part of the same Mongoloid race.
    3. A large group of sentient beings distinguished from others on the basis of a common heritage (compare species, subspecies).
      A treaty was concluded between the race of elves and the race of men.
      • 1898, Herman Isidore Stern, The gods of our fathers: a study of Saxon mythology, page 15)
        There are two distinct races of gods known to Norse mythology[.]
    4. A group of people distinguished from others on the basis of shared social characteristics.
  2. (taxonomy) A population geographically separated from others of its species that develops significantly different characteristics; an informal term for a subspecies.
  3. A breed or strain of domesticated animal.
  4. (figuratively) A category or species of something that has emerged or evolved from an older one (with an implied parallel to animal breeding or evolutionary science).
    The advent of the Internet has brought about a new race of entrepreneur.
    Recent developments in artificial intelligence has brought about a new race of robots that can perform household chores without supervision.
  5. (obsolete) Peculiar flavour, taste, or strength, as of wine; that quality, or assemblage of qualities, which indicates origin or kind, as in wine; hence, characteristic flavour.
  6. (obsolete) Characteristic quality or disposition.
Synonyms
  • subspecies
  • breed
  • variety
Derived terms
Related terms
  • racism
  • racial
  • racy
Translations

Etymology 3

From Middle French [Term?], from Latin radix.

Noun

race (plural races)

  1. A rhizome or root, especially of ginger.
    • 1610, William Shakespeare, The Winter's Tale, Act IV, Scene III, line 45.
      I must have saffron to color the warden pies; mace; dates, none -- that's out of my note; nutmegs, seven; a race or two of ginger, but that I may beg; four pounds of prunes, and as many of raisins o' th' sun.
    • 1842, Gibbons Merle, The Domestic Dictionary and Housekeeper's Manual, page 433:
      On the third day after this second boiling, pour all the syrup into a pan, put the races of ginger with it, and boil it up until the syrup adheres to the spoon.
Translations

Etymology 4

Verb

race (third-person singular simple present races, present participle racing, simple past and past participle raced)

  1. Obsolete form of raze.

References

  • Diez, Etymologisches Wörterbuch der romanischen Sprachen, "Razza."

Anagrams

  • -care, Acre, CERA, Care, Cera, Crea, acer, acre, care, e-car

Danish

Etymology 1

Borrowed from French race, from Italian razza.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /raːsə/, [ˈʁɑːsə]

Noun

race c (singular definite racen, plural indefinite racer)

  1. race (racial category)
  2. breed
Inflection

Etymology 2

Borrowed from English race.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɛjs/, [ˈɹɛjs]

Noun

race n (singular definite racet, plural indefinite race)

  1. a race (a contest where the goal is to be the first to reach some objective)
  2. a rush
Inflection
Synonyms
  • ræs

Etymology 3

Borrowed from English race.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /rɛːsə/, [ˈʁɛːsə]

Verb

race (imperative race, infinitive at race, present tense racer, past tense racede, perfect tense er/har racet)

  1. to race (to compete in a race, a contest where the goal is to be the first to reach some objective)
  2. to rush
Synonyms
  • ræse

Further reading

  • race on the Danish Wikipedia.Wikipedia da

Dutch

Etymology

From English race.

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eːs
  • IPA(key): /reːs/

Noun

race m (plural races, diminutive racejes n)

  1. Speed contest, race

Derived terms

  • raceauto
  • racebaan
  • racefiets
  • racen

Verb

race

  1. first-person singular present indicative of racen
  2. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of racen
  3. imperative of racen

French

Etymology

From Italian razza, from Old High German reiza (line), or possibly from Arabic رَأْس(raʾs, head). Alternatively, razza may have been borrowed from Old French haraz (culture of horses) as well. Another theory is that the Italian word came from Latin ratiō (the nominative, as opposed to ragione from the accusative ratiōnem, which nonetheless was attested with a similar sense to razza in the late Middle Ages; ratio also came to mean "idea" or "conception of something" in Ecclesiastical Latin), and underwent a change of gender later from an original form *razzo, or else derived ultimately from generātiō through apheresis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʁas/
  • Rhymes: -as

Noun

race f (plural races)

  1. race (classification)
  2. kind
  3. (zoology) breed

Synonyms

  • (kind, type): espèce

Related terms

References

  • “race” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Further reading

  • “race” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • acre, âcre, care, créa

Middle French

Noun

race f (plural races)

  1. race; breed

Descendants

  • French: race
  • English: race

Polish

Noun

race f

  1. nominative plural of raca
  2. accusative plural of raca
  3. vocative plural of raca

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.