quantum

quantum

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of quantum in English

English Online Dictionary. What means quantum‎? What does quantum mean?

English

Etymology

From Late Latin quantum, noun use of neuter form of Latin quantus (how much).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkwɒntəm/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkwɑntəm/

Noun

quantum (plural quanta)

  1. (now chiefly South Asia) The total amount of something; quantity. [from 17th c.]
    • Burke
      without authenticating [] the quantum of the charges
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 416:
      The reader will perhaps be curious to know the quantum of this present, but we cannot satisfy his curiosity.
    • 1997, Kiran Nagarkar, Cuckold, HarperCollins 2013, p. 375:
      Otherwise I will have given the lie to my maxim that whether you work eight or twenty hours, the quantum of work that gets done on a normal day is the same.
    • 2008, The Times of India, 21 May 2008, [1]:
      The Congress's core ministerial panel on Friday gave its green signal to raising motor fuel prices but the quantum of increase emerged as a hitch.
  2. The amount or quantity observably present, or available. [from 18th c.]
    • 1979, John Le Carré, Smiley's People, Folio Society 2010, p. 96:
      Each man has only a quantum of compassion, he argued, and mine is used up for the day.
    • 1999, Joyce Crick, translating Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams, Oxford 2008, p. 34:
      The dream of flying, according to Strümpell, is the appropriate image used by the psyche to interpret the quantum of stimulus [transl. Reizquantum] proceeding from the rise and fall of the lungs when the cutaneous sensation of the thorax has simultaneously sunk into unconsciousness.
  3. (physics) The smallest possible, and therefore indivisible, unit of a given quantity or quantifiable phenomenon. [from 20th c.]
    • 2002, David C Cassidy et al., Understanding Physics, Birkhauser 2002, p. 602:
      The quantum of light energy was later called a photon.
  4. (mathematics) A definite portion of a manifoldness, limited by a mark or by a boundary.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of William Kingdon Clifford to this entry?)
  5. (law) A brief document provided by the judge, elaborating on a sentencing decision.
  6. (computing) The amount of time allocated for a thread to perform its work in a multithreaded environment.

Related terms

  • quantize

Translations

Adjective

quantum (not comparable)

  1. Of a change, sudden or discrete, without intermediate stages.
  2. (informal) Of a change, significant.
  3. (physics) Involving quanta.
  4. (computing theory) Relating to a quantum computer.

Derived terms

Translations


French

Etymology

From English quantum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɑ̃.tɔm/, /kwɑ̃.tɔm/

Noun

quantum m (plural quanta)

  1. (physics) quantum

Further reading

  • “quantum” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Italian

Noun

quantum m (plural quanta)

  1. quantum

Synonyms

  • quanto

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈkʷan.tum/, [ˈkʷan.tũ]

Adjective

quantum

  1. nominative neuter singular of quantus
  2. accusative masculine singular of quantus
  3. accusative neuter singular of quantus
  4. vocative neuter singular of quantus

Determiner

quantum (with genitive)

  1. as much of [] as
  2. how high, how dear, as dear as

Descendants

  • French: quant
  • Italian: quanto

References

  • quantum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • quantum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • quantum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • quantum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.

Novial

Adverb

quantum

  1. (interrogative) how much
    Quantum lu kosta?
    How much does it cost?

Portuguese

Alternative forms

  • quântum (rare)

Noun

quantum m (plural quanta or quantuns (uncommon))

  1. (physics) quantum (indivisible unit of a given quantity)

Related terms

  • quanto

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.