pack

pack

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of pack in English

English Online Dictionary. What means pack‎? What does pack mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pæk/, [pʰæk]
  • Rhymes: -æk

Etymology 1

From Middle English pak, pakke, from Old English *pæcca and/or Middle Dutch pak, packe; both ultimately from Proto-Germanic *pakkô (bundle, pack). Cognate with Dutch pak (pack), Low German Pack (pack), German Pack (pack), Swedish packe (pack), Icelandic pakka, pakki (package).

Noun

pack (plural packs)

  1. A bundle made up and prepared to be carried; especially, a bundle to be carried on the back, but also a load for an animal, a bale.
  2. A number or quantity equal to the contents of a pack
  3. A multitude.
  4. A number or quantity of connected or similar things; a collective.
  5. A full set of playing cards
  6. The assortment of playing cards used in a particular game.
  7. A group of hounds or dogs, hunting or kept together.
    • 2005, John D. Skinner and Christian T. Chimimba, The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion‎
      African wild dogs hunt by sight, although stragglers use their noses to follow the pack.
  8. A wolfpack: a number of wolves, hunting together.
  9. A group of people associated or leagued in a bad design or practice; a gang.
  10. A group of Cub Scouts.
  11. A shook of cask staves.
  12. A bundle of sheet iron plates for rolling simultaneously.
  13. A large area of floating pieces of ice driven together more or less closely.
  14. (medicine) An envelope, or wrapping, of sheets used in hydropathic practice, called dry pack, wet pack, cold pack, etc., according to the method of treatment.
  15. (slang): A loose, lewd, or worthless person.
  16. (snooker, pool) A tight group of object balls in cue sports. Usually the reds in snooker.
  17. (rugby) The forwards in a rugby team (eight in Rugby Union, six in Rugby League) who with the opposing pack constitute the scrum.
Synonyms

(full set of cards): deck

Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English pakken, from the noun (see above). Compare Middle Dutch packen (to pack), Middle Low German packen (to pack).

Verb

pack (third-person singular simple present packs, present participle packing, simple past and past participle packed)

  1. (physical) To put or bring things together in a limited or confined space, especially for storage or transport.
    1. (transitive) To make a pack of; to arrange closely and securely in a pack; hence, to place and arrange compactly as in a pack
      • 1712, Joseph Addison, The Spectator Number 275
        strange materials wound up in that shape and texture, and packed together with wonderful art in the several cavities of the skull
    2. (transitive) To fill in the manner of a pack, that is, compactly and securely, as for transportation; hence, to fill closely or to repletion; to stow away within; to cause to be full; to crowd into.
    3. (transitive) To wrap in a wet or dry sheet, within numerous coverings.
    4. (transitive) To make impervious, such as by filling or surrounding with suitable material, or to fit or adjust so as to move without allowing air, water, or steam inside.
    5. (intransitive) To make up packs, bales, or bundles; to stow articles securely for transportation.
    6. (intransitive) To form a compact mass, especially in order for transportation.
    7. (intransitive, of animals) To gather together in flocks, herds, schools or similar groups of animals.
    8. (transitive, historical) To combine (telegraph messages) in order to send them more cheaply as a single transmission.
  2. (social) To cheat.
    1. (transitive, card games) To sort and arrange (the cards) in the pack to give oneself an unfair advantage
      • 1733 Alexander Pope, An Essay on Man
        Mighty dukes pack cards for half a crown.
    2. (transitive) To bring together or make up unfairly, in order to secure a certain result.
      • 1687, Francis Atterbury, An answer to some considerations on the spirit of Martin Luther and the original of the Reformation
        The expected council was dwindling into [] a packed assembly of Italian bishops.
    3. (transitive) To contrive unfairly or fraudulently; to plot.
      • 1655, Thomas Fuller, The church-history of Britain
        He lost life [] upon a nice point subtilely devised and packed by his enemies.
    4. (intransitive) To ut together for morally wrong purposes; to join in cahoots.
      • 1599, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act 5 Scene 1
        This naughty man / Shall face to face be brought to Margaret, / Who, I believe, was pack'd in all this wrong, / Hired to it by your brother.
  3. (transitive) To load with a pack
  4. (transitive, figuratively) to load; to encumber.
  5. To move, send or carry.
    1. (transitive) To cause to go; to send away with baggage or belongings; especially, to send away peremptorily or suddenly; – sometimes with off. See pack off.
    2. (transitive, US, Western US) To transport in a pack, or in the manner of a pack (i. e., on the backs of men or animals).
    3. (intransitive) To depart in haste; – generally with off or away.
      • 1723, Jonathan Swift, Stella at Wood-Park
        Poor Stella must pack off to town.
      • 1842, Alfred Tennyson, Dora
        You shall pack, / And never more darken my doors again.
    4. (transitive, slang) To carry weapons, especially firearms, on one's person.
  6. (transitive, sports, slang) To block a shot, especially in basketball.
  7. (intransitive, rugby, of the forwards in a rugby team) To play together cohesively, specially with reference to their technique in the scrum.
  8. (intransitive, LGBT slang, of a drag king, transman, etc.) To wear a prosthetic penis inside one’s trousers for better verisimilitude.
Synonyms
  • (To sort and arrange (the cards) in a pack so as to secure the game unfairly): stack
Antonyms
  • (make into a pack): unpack
Derived terms
Translations

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /pak/

Noun

pack m (plural packs)

  1. pack (item of packaging)
  2. pack ice
  3. (sports) A rugby team

Middle English

Noun

pack

  1. Alternative form of pak

Scots

Adjective

pack

  1. intimate; confidential

Spanish

Etymology

From English pack.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈpak/

Noun

pack m (plural packs)

  1. pack, package
  2. kit, set, bundle

Swedish

Noun

pack n

  1. a group of unwanted people, lower class people, trash
  2. stuff, things, luggage; only in the expression pick och pack

Declension

See also

  • packa
  • paket

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.