ob

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ob in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ob‎? What does ob mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɒb/

Etymology 1

From Latin ob, abbreviation of obolus.

Noun

ob (plural obs)

  1. (historical) a halfpenny

Etymology 2

Abbreviations.

Noun

ob (plural obs)

  1. (archaic) an objection
  2. (genetics) the obese gene
Coordinate terms
  • (objection): sol

Anagrams

  • BO, Bo, bo

German

Etymology 1

From Middle High German obe, ob, from Proto-Germanic *jabai (when, if). Compare English if.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔp/

Conjunction

ob

  1. (subordinating) if, whether

Etymology 2

From Middle High German obe, from Old High German oba. Related with über, oben. A chiefly southern word, pronounced with a short vowel in Alemannic areas and with a long vowel in Austro-Bavarian areas. In the north, the short vowel is from etymology 1, perhaps also reinforced by association with regional forms of auf (Central Franconian op, Low German up, op). The long vowel is standard in Obacht, beobachten.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɔp/ (German standard; Switzerland)
  • IPA(key): /oːp/ (Austria; Bavaria)

Preposition

ob

  1. (formal, literary, + dative or genitive) on account of
  2. (archaic or dialectal, + dative) over, above, on
Synonyms
  • (on account of): angesichts
  • (over, above): über
Antonyms
  • (over, above): unter; (obsolete) nied, nid
Derived terms
  • ob-
  • obderennsisch
  • Rothenburg ob der Tauber

Further reading

  • ob in Duden online
  • ob in Duden online
  • “ob” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • “ob” in canoo.net

Latin

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí), Sanskrit अपि (ápi), Avestan 𐬀𐬌𐬞𐬌(aipi), Old Persian [script needed] (apiy), and Old Armenian եւ (ew). Also related to English by.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ob/, [ɔb]

Preposition

ob (+ accusative)

  1. in the direction of, to, towards
  2. on account of, according to, because of, due to, for (the purpose of)
  3. against; facing

Usage notes

  • The preposition ob is used as a combining prefix with many other words, particularly verbs. In compounds, the b is often assimilated into the next consonant, as in oppose.

Derived terms

Descendants

  • English: ob-

References

  • ob in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ob in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ob in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.

Luxembourgish

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *jabai (when, if), from Proto-Indo-European *e-, *ē- (then, at that time). Cognate with English if, West Frisian oft (whether), Dutch of (or, whether, but), Middle Low German ef (if, whether), German ob (if, whether), Icelandic ef, if (if).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /op/

Adverb

ob

  1. if, whether

Novial

Particle

ob

  1. initial interrogative particle

Conjunction

ob

  1. (subordinating) whether or not, if

Old Irish

Noun

ob f

  1. Alternative form of aub

Volapük

Etymology

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ob/

Pronoun

ob

  1. I (first-person singular, nominative)

Declension


White Hmong

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ʔɔ˥/

Numeral

ob

  1. two

References

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.