native

native

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of native in English

English Online Dictionary. What means native‎? What does native mean?

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French natif, from Latin nativus, from natus (birth). Doublet of naive.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈneɪtɪv/
  • (US)
    • (General American, weak vowel merger) IPA(key): /ˈneɪtəv/
    • IPA(key): /ˈneɪtɪv/
  • Rhymes: -eɪtɪv
  • Hyphenation: na‧tive

Adjective

native (comparative more native, superlative most native)

  1. Belonging to one by birth.
    This is my native land.
    English is not my native language.
    I need a volunteer native New Yorker for my next joke…
  2. Characteristic of or relating to people inhabiting a region from prehistoric times.
    What are now called ‘Native Americans’ used to be called Indians.
    The native peoples of Australia are called aborigines.
  3. Alternative letter-case form of Native (of or relating to the native inhabitants of the Americas, or of Australia).
  4. Born or grown in the region in which it lives or is found; not foreign or imported.
    a native inhabitant
    native oysters or strawberries
    Many native artists studied abroad.
  5. (biology, of a species) Which occurs of its own accord in a given locality, to be contrasted with a species introduced by man.
    The naturalized Norway maple often outcompetes the native North American sugar maple.
  6. (computing, of software) Pertaining to the system or architecture in question.
    This is a native back-end to gather the latest news feeds.
    The native integer size is sixteen bits.
  7. (mineralogy) Occurring naturally in its pure or uncombined form; native aluminium, native salt.
  8. Arising by birth; having an origin; born.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Cudworth
      Anaximander's opinion is, that the gods are native, rising and vanishing again in long periods of times.
  9. Original; constituting the original substance of anything.
    native dust
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  10. Naturally related; cognate; connected (with).
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      The head is not more native to the heart, [] / Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father.

Synonyms

  • (belonging to one by birth): inborn, innate; See also Thesaurus:innate
  • (born or grown in the region in which it is found): aboriginal, autochthonous, indigenous; See also Thesaurus:native

Antonyms

  • (born or grown in the region in which it is found): foreign, fremd; See also Thesaurus:foreign

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

native (plural natives)

  1. A person who is native to a place; a person who was born in a place.
  2. (in particular) A person of aboriginal stock, as distinguished from a person who was or whose ancestors were foreigners or settlers/colonizers. Alternative letter-case form of Native (aboriginal inhabitant of the Americas or Australia).
    Some natives must have stolen our cattle.
  3. A native speaker.
  4. Ostrea edulis, a kind of oyster.

Usage notes

  • In North America, native/Native came into use as an umbrella term for the indigenous inhabitants of America as Indian began to fall out of formal usage (because it originated from Columbus's mistaken belief that he was in India and the people he encountered were Indians). Other designations include Native American, Native Canadian, and American Indian. In Canada, the terms include Inuit and Metis and the adjectives First Nation/First Nations.

Synonyms

  • homeling (uncommon, obsolete)

Derived terms

  • the natives are restless

Translations

See also

  • native cat
  • nativity
  • nativization

Further reading

  • "native" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 215.

French

Adjective

native

  1. feminine singular of natif

Anagrams

  • enviât, vanité, veinât, venait

Italian

Adjective

native

  1. Feminine plural of adjective nativo.

Noun

native f pl

  1. plural of nativa

Anagrams

  • aventi, avinte, evinta, venati

Latin

Adjective

nātīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of nātīvus

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [naˈti.ve]

Adjective

native

  1. feminine plural nominative of nativ
  2. feminine plural accusative of nativ
  3. neuter plural nominative of nativ
  4. neuter plural accusative of nativ

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.