national

national

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of national in English

English Online Dictionary. What means national‎? What does national mean?

English

Etymology

From Middle French national, corresponding to nation +‎ -al.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈnaʃn̩(ə)l/, /ˈnaʃn(ə)l/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈnæʃən(ə)l/, /ˈnæʃn(ə)l/
  • Rhymes: -æʃənəl

Adjective

national (comparative more national, superlative most national)

  1. Pertaining to a nation or country, especially as a whole; affecting, shared by, or existing throughout all of a nation. [from 16th c.]
  2. Belonging to or characteristic of a specific nation or country, as opposed to others. [from 17th c.]
  3. (now rare) Nationalistic; patriotic. [from 17th c.]
    • 1791, James Boswell, Life of Johnson, Oxford 2008, p. 599:
      ‘Come, come, don't deny it: they are really national. Why, now, the Adams are as liberal-minded men as any in the world: but, I don't know how it is, all their workmen are Scotch.’

Usage notes

See nation for notes regarding the usage of national to refer to the UK and its member states.

Derived terms

Translations

Noun

national (plural nationals)

  1. A subject of a nation.
    The diplomats were advised not to interact with any foreign nationals except on official duty.
  2. (usually in the plural) A tournament in which participants from all over the nation compete.
    After winning the regional tournament, the team advanced to the nationals.

Translations

Further reading

  • national in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • national in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • nataloin, notalian

Danish

Etymology

From New Latin nationalis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [naɕoˈnæˀl], occasionally (to stress the opposition to international) IPA(key): [ˈnaɕoˌnæˀl]

Adjective

national

  1. national, having to do with a particular country in opposition to other nations
    Antonym: international
  2. national, having to do with the whole and not only single parts of it
    Antonym: regional
  3. patriotic, having positive feelings for one's own nation

Inflection

Derived terms

  • international

References

  • “national” in Den Danske Ordbog

French

Etymology

nation +‎ -al; cf. New Latin nationalis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /na.sjɔ.nal/

Adjective

national (feminine singular nationale, masculine plural nationaux, feminine plural nationales)

  1. national

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “national” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Etymology

Derived from Nation (nation) under the influence of French national.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌnatsi̯oˈnaːl/, [ˌna.tsjoˈnaːl], /ˈnatsi̯oˌnaːl/, [ˈna.tsjoˌnaːl]
  • Rhymes: -aːl

Adjective

national (comparative nationaler, superlative am nationalsten)

  1. national (being part of a nation's identity or character)
  2. national (of importance for the nation as a whole)
  3. nationwide, national (covering a country, as opposed to regional and international levels; see usage note below)
  4. (moderately) nationalist

Usage notes

  • The comparative forms are infrequent.
  • German national in the sense of “nationwide” occurs chiefly in a political context, as shown in the examples above. Its use in other contexts is often modeled on English usage: ein nationaler Gesangswettbewerb (a national singing competition). The more idiomatic German word is landesweit or, in the cases of Germany and Austria specifically, bundesweit: ein landesweiter/bundesweiter Gesangswettbewerb.

Declension

Derived terms

  • Nationalismus
  • Nationalität
  • Nationalfeiertag
  • Nationalmannschaft
  • Nationalmeisterschaft
  • Nationalsozialismus
  • Nationalspieler

Further reading

  • “national” in Duden online

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.