mad

mad

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of mad in English

English Online Dictionary. What means mad‎? What does mad mean?

English

Etymology

From Middle English mad, madde, madd, medd, from Old English ġemǣdd, ġemǣded (enraged), past participle of ġemǣdan, *mǣdan (to make insane or foolish), from Proto-Germanic *maidijaną (to change; damage; cripple; injure; make mad), from Proto-Germanic *maidaz ("weak; crippled"; compare Old English gemād (silly, mad), Old High German gimeit (foolish, crazy), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 (gamaiþs, crippled)), from Proto-Indo-European *mey- ("to change"; compare Old Irish máel (bald, dull), Old Lithuanian ap-maitinti (to wound), Sanskrit मेथति (méthati, he hurts, comes to blows)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmæd/
  • (Southern England, Australia) IPA(key): /ˈmæːd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective

mad (comparative madder, superlative maddest)

  1. Insane; crazy, mentally deranged.
  2. (chiefly US; informal in UK) Angry, annoyed.
  3. (Britain, informal) Bizarre; incredible.
    It's mad that I got that job back a day after being fired.
  4. Wildly confused or excited.
    to be mad with terror, lust, or hatred
    • It is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols.
    • 1787, R. Bage, The Fair Syrian, p.314
      My brother, quiet as a cat, seems perfectly contented with the internal feelings of his felicity. The Marquis, mad as a kitten, is all in motion to express it, from tongue to heel.
  5. Extremely foolish or unwise; irrational; imprudent.
  6. (colloquial, usually with for or about) Extremely enthusiastic about; crazy about; infatuated with; overcome with desire for.
  7. (of animals) Abnormally ferocious or furious; or, rabid, affected with rabies.
  8. (slang, chiefly Northeastern US) Intensifier, signifies an abundance or high quality of a thing; very, much or many.
  9. (of a compass needle) Having impaired polarity.

Usage notes

Within Commonwealth countries other than Canada, mad typically implies the insane or crazy sense more so than the angry sense.

In the United States and Canada, the word mad almost always refers to anger rather than insanity, but such usage is still considered informal by some speakers and incorrectly labeled as such even in North American English by most UK dictionaries. This is due to an old campaign (since 1781 by amateur language pundits) to discredit this equally old and respectable meaning of the word that was more effective in the UK than in North America, and despite use by Shakespeare, for example.

On the other hand, if one is described as "went mad" or having "gone mad" in North America, this denotes insanity, and not anger. Meanwhile, if one "is mad at" something or has "been mad about" something, it is understood that they are angered rather than insane. In addition, such derivatives as "madness", "madman", "madhouse" and "madly" always denote insanity, irrespective of whether one is in the Commonwealth or in North America.

Synonyms

  • (insane): See also Thesaurus:insane
  • (angry): See also Thesaurus:angry
  • (slang: Intensifier, much): wicked, mighty, kinda, helluv, hella.

Translations

Notes

Adverb

mad (not comparable)

  1. (slang, New England, New York and Britain, dialect) Intensifier; to a large degree; extremely; exceedingly; very; unbelievably.
    He was driving mad slow.
    It's mad hot today.
    He seems mad keen on her.

Synonyms

  • (slang: Intensifier; very): hella; helluv; wicked

Verb

mad (third-person singular simple present mads, present participle madding, simple past and past participle madded)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To be or become mad. [14th-19th c.]
    • 1852, Washington Irving, Tales from the Alhambra:
      The imperial Elizabetta gazed with surprise at the youthful and unpretending appearance of the little being that had set the world madding.
  2. (now colloquial US) To madden, to anger, to frustrate. [from 15th c.]
    • c. 1595, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of King Richard the Second, Act V Scene 5:
      This musick mads me, let it sound no more.

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • ADM, AMD, Adm., DAM, DMA, MDA, adm., dam

Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

Adjective

mad

  1. good

Noun

mad

  1. goodness

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse matr, from Proto-Germanic *matiz, cognate with Norwegian, Swedish mat (food), English meat, German Mett (from Low German).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mað/, [ˈmað]
  • Rhymes: -ad

Noun

mad c (singular definite maden, not used in plural form)

  1. food
Inflection
Derived terms
  • babymad

Noun 2

mad c (singular definite madden, plural indefinite madder)

  1. a slice of bread with something on top.
Usage notes

Very compound-prone; see for example ostemad or pølsemad.

Inflection
Derived terms

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /maːˀð/, [ˈmaˀð]

Verb

mad

  1. imperative of made

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English ġemǣdd, ġemǣded, the past participle of ġemǣdan.

Alternative forms

  • madd, medd

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mad/, /mɛd/

Adjective

mad (plural and weak singular madde, comparative madder, superlative maddyst)

  1. Mad, insane, deranged; not of sound mind.
  2. Emotionally overwhelmed; consumed by mood or feelings.
  3. Perplexed, bewildered; surprised emotionally.
  4. Irate, rageful; having much anger or fury.
  5. Idiotic or dumb; badly thought out or conceived
  6. (rare) Obstinate, incautious, overenthusiastic.
  7. (rare) Distraught, sad, unhappy.
  8. (rare) Scatterbrained or absent-minded.
Derived terms
  • amad
  • madden
  • madhede
  • madli
  • madnes
  • madschipe
Descendants
  • English: mad
  • Scots: mad
References
  • “mā̆d (adj.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2019-03-09.

Etymology 2

Derived from the adjective.

Verb

mad

  1. Alternative form of madden

Old Irish

Etymology

Univerbation of (if) +‎ ba/bid

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mað/

Verb

mad

  1. if it be; if it were (third-person singular present/past subjunctive)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 10d23
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 12c36

Palauan

Etymology 1

From Pre-Palauan *maða, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *mata, from Proto-Austronesian *maCa.

Noun

mad

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ), face, facial expression
  2. front; area, space or time in front of
  3. aperture, access, entrance

Inflection

Etymology 2

From Pre-Palauan *maðe, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *(m-)atay, from Proto-Austronesian *(m-)aCay.

Verb

mad

  1. to die

Notes

References

  • mad in Palauan Language Online: Palauan-English Dictionary, at tekinged.com.
  • mad in Palauan-English Dictionary, at trussel2.com.
  • mad in Lewis S. Josephs; Edwin G. McManus; Masa-aki Emesiochel (1977) Palauan-English Dictionary, University Press of Hawaii, →ISBN, page 139.

Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /maːd/

Adjective

mad (feminine singular mad, plural mad, equative mated, comparative matach, superlative mataf)

  1. good
  2. lucky, fortunate
  3. suitable

Noun

mad m (plural madioedd)

  1. goodness
  2. good person

Mutation

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.