mad

mad

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of mad in English

English Online Dictionary. What means mad‎? What does mad mean?

English

Etymology

From Middle English mad, madde, madd, medd, from Old English ġemǣdd, ġemǣded (enraged), past participle of ġemǣdan, *mǣdan (to make insane or foolish), from Proto-Germanic *maidijaną (to change; damage; cripple; injure; make mad), from Proto-Germanic *maidaz ("weak; crippled"; compare Old English gemād (silly, mad), Old High German gimeit (foolish, crazy), Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌼𐌰𐌹𐌸𐍃 (gamaiþs, crippled)), from Proto-Indo-European *mey- ("to change"; compare Old Irish máel (bald, dull), Old Lithuanian ap-maitinti (to wound), Sanskrit मेथति (méthati, he hurts, comes to blows)).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈmæd/
  • (Southern England, Australia) IPA(key): /ˈmæːd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective

mad (comparative madder, superlative maddest)

  1. Insane; crazy, mentally deranged.
    • Shakespeare
      I have heard my grandsire say full oft, / Extremity of griefs would make men mad.
  2. (chiefly US; UK dated + regional) Angry, annoyed.
  3. Wildly confused or excited.
    to be mad with terror, lust, or hatred
    • Bible, Jer. 1. 88
      It is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols.
    • 1787: The Fair Syrian, R. Bage, p.314
      My brother, quiet as a cat, seems perfectly contented with the internal feelings of his felicity. The Marquis, mad as a kitten, is all in motion to express it, from tongue to heel.
  4. Extremely foolish or unwise; irrational; imprudent.
  5. (colloquial, usually with for or about) Extremely enthusiastic about; crazy about; infatuated with; overcome with desire for.
  6. (of animals) Abnormally ferocious or furious; or, rabid, affected with rabies.
  7. (slang, chiefly Northeastern US) Intensifier, signifies an abundance or high quality of a thing; very, much or many.
  8. (of a compass needle) Having impaired polarity.

Usage notes

Within Commonwealth countries other than Canada, mad typically implies the insane or crazy sense more so than the angry sense.

Within the United States and Canada, the word mad does generally imply anger rather than insanity, such usage is still considered informal. Furthermore, if one is described as having "gone mad" or "went mad", this will unquestionably be taken as denoting insanity, and not anger. Meanwhile, if one "is mad at" something or has "been mad about" something, it will be assumed that they are angered rather than insane. In addition, if the word is understood as being used literally, it will most likely be taken as meaning "insane". Also, in addition to the former, such derivatives as "madness", "madman", "madhouse" and "madly" purely denote insanity, irrespective of whether one is in the Commonwealth or in the United States.

Synonyms

  • (insane): See also Thesaurus:insane
  • (angry): See also Thesaurus:angry
  • (slang: Intensifier, much): wicked, mighty, kinda, helluv, hella.

Translations

Adverb

mad (not comparable)

  1. (slang, New England, New York and Britain, dialectal) Intensifier; to a large degree; extremely; exceedingly; very; unbelievably.
    He was driving mad slow.
    It's mad hot today.
    He seems mad keen on her.

Synonyms

  • (slang: Intensifier; very): hella; helluv; wicked

Verb

mad (third-person singular simple present mads, present participle madding, simple past and past participle madded)

  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To be or become mad. [14th-19th c.]
    • 1852, Washington Irving, Tales from the Alhambra:
      The imperial Elizabetta gazed with surprise at the youthful and unpretending appearance of the little being that had set the world madding.
  2. (now colloquial US) To madden, to anger, to frustrate. [from 15th c.]
    • c. 1595, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of King Richard the Second, Act V Scene 5:
      This musick mads me, let it sound no more.

Derived terms

Anagrams

  • ADM, AMD, Adm., DAM, DMA, MDA, adm., dam

Breton

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

Adjective

mad

  1. good

Noun

mad

  1. goodness

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse matr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mad/, [mað]
  • Rhymes: -ad

Noun

mad c (singular definite maden, not used in plural form)

  1. food.

Inflection

Derived terms

  • babymad

Noun

mad c (singular definite madden, plural indefinite madder)

  1. A slice of bread with something on top.

Usage notes

Very compound-prone; see for example ostemad or pølsemad.

Inflection


Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old English ġemǣdd, ġemǣded, the past participle of ġemǣdan.

Alternative forms

  • madd, medd

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mad/, /mɛd/

Adjective

mad (plural and weak singular madde, comparative madder, superlative maddyst)

  1. Mad, insane, deranged; not of sound mind.
  2. Emotionally overwhelmed; consumed by mood or feelings.
  3. Perplexed, bewildered; surprised emotionally.
  4. Irate, rageful; having much anger or fury.
  5. Idiotic or dumb; badly thought out or conceived
  6. (rare) Obstinate, incautious, overenthusiastic.
  7. (rare) Distraught, sad, unhappy.
  8. (rare) Scatterbrained or absent-minded.
Derived terms
  • amad
  • madden
  • madhede
  • madli
  • madnes
  • madschipe
Descendants
  • English: mad
  • Scots: mad
References
  • “mā̆d (adj.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2019-03-09.

Etymology 2

Derived from the adjective.

Verb

mad

  1. Alternative form of madden

Old Irish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /mað/

Verb

mad

  1. third-person singular present/past subjunctive of masu

Palauan

Etymology

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *mata, from Proto-Austronesian *maCa.

Noun

mad

  1. (anatomy) eye (organ), face, facial expression
  2. front; area, space or time in front of
  3. aperture, access, entrance

Inflection

Notes

References

  • mad in Palauan Language Online: Palauan-English Dictionary, at tekinged.com.
  • mad in Palauan-English Dictionary, at trussel2.com.
  • mad in Lewis S. Josephs; Edwin G. McManus; Masa-aki Emesiochel (1977) Palauan-English Dictionary, University Press of Hawaii, →ISBN, page 139.

Welsh

Etymology

From Proto-Brythonic *mad, from Proto-Celtic *matis.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /maːd/

Adjective

mad (feminine singular mad, plural mad)

  1. good
  2. lucky, fortunate
  3. suitable

Noun

mad m

  1. goodness

Mutation

Bookmark
share
WebDictionary.net is an Free English Dictionary containing information about the meaning, synonyms, antonyms, definitions, translations, etymology and more.

Browse the English Dictionary

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

License

This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.