lance

lance

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of lance in English

English Online Dictionary. What means lance‎? What does lance mean?

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Old French lance, from Latin lancea.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) enPR: läns, IPA(key): /lɑːns/
  • (US) enPR: lăns, IPA(key): /læns/
  • Rhymes: -ɑːns
  • Rhymes: -æns

Noun

lance (plural lances)

  1. A weapon of war, consisting of a long shaft or handle and a steel blade or head; a spear carried by horsemen.
    • 1590, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part III, Act II, Scene III, line 15.
      Thy brother’s blood the thirsty earth hath drunk, Broach’d with the steely point of Clifford’s lance...
    • 1909, Charles Henry Ashdown, European Arms & Armor, page 65.
      The head of the lance was commonly of the leaf form, and sometimes approached that of the lozenge; it was very seldom barbed, although this variety, together with the others, appears upon the Bayeux Tapestry.
  2. A wooden spear, sometimes hollow, used in jousting or tilting, designed to shatter on impact with the opposing knight’s armour.
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part I, Act III, Scene II, line 49.
      What will you do, good greybeard? Break a lance, And run a-tilt at Death within a chair?
  3. (fishing) A spear or harpoon used by whalers and fishermen.
  4. (military) A soldier armed with a lance; a lancer.
  5. (military) An instrument which conveys the charge of a piece of ordnance and forces it home.
  6. (founding) A small iron rod which suspends the core of the mold in casting a shell.
  7. (pyrotechnics) One of the small paper cases filled with combustible composition, which mark the outlines of a figure.
  8. (medicine) A lancet.

Derived terms

Related terms

  • lancet

Translations

Verb

lance (third-person singular simple present lances, present participle lancing, simple past and past participle lanced)

  1. To pierce with a lance, or with any similar weapon.
    Seized the due victim, and with fury lanced Her back. Dryden.
  2. To open with a lancet; to pierce
    to lance a vein or an abscess
  3. To throw in the manner of a lance; to lanch.

Quotations

  • For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:lance.

Translations

See also

  • javelin
  • pike
  • spear

Anagrams

  • Calne, ancle, clane, clean

French

Etymology

From Old French lance, from Latin lancea.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /lɑ̃s/

Noun

lance f (plural lances)

  1. a spear, lance
  2. (military) a soldier armed with a lance; a lancer
  3. a hose

Derived terms

  • lancette
  • lancier

Verb

lance

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lancer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of lancer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of lancer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of lancer
  5. second-person singular imperative of lancer

Derived terms

  • lance-roquette
  • relance (form of verb relancer)

Related terms

  • lancer
  • lancement
  • lanceur, lanceuse

Further reading

  • “lance” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin lancea.

Noun

lance f (plural lancis)

  1. lance, spear

Related terms

  • slançâ

Italian

Noun

lance f pl

  1. plural of lancia

Latin

Noun

lance

  1. ablative singular of lanx

Middle French

Etymology

From Old French lance.

Noun

lance f (plural lances)

  1. lance (weapon)
  2. lancer; lance

Descendants

  • French: lance

Old French

Etymology

From Latin lancea.

Noun

lance f (oblique plural lances, nominative singular lance, nominative plural lances)

  1. lance (weapon)

Descendants

  • English: lance
  • Middle French: lance
    • French: lance
  • Middle High German: lanze
    • German: Lanze

Portuguese

Etymology

From the verb lançar.

Noun

lance m (plural lances)

  1. throw (act of throwing something)
  2. bid (offer at an auction)
  3. (sports) a series of actions carried out during a game
  4. (informal) thing (only used for non-physical things)
  5. flight (series of stairs between landings)

Synonyms

  • (throw): arremesso, jogada, lançamento
  • (bid): lanço
  • (series of actions during a game): jogada

Verb

lance

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of lançar
    É importante que eu lance isso.
    It’s important that I throw this.
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of lançar
    É importante que ele lance isso.
    It’s important that he throws this.
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of lançar
    Você aí, lance isso sozinho.
    You there, throw this by yourself.
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of lançar
    Você aí, não lance isso sozinho.
    You there, don’t throw this by yourself.

Romanian

Etymology

Borrowed from Italian lancia (18th century).

Noun

lance f (plural lănci)

  1. spear, lance

Synonyms

  • suliță

Spanish

Etymology

From the verb lanzar.

Noun

lance m (plural lances)

  1. launch (act of launching)
  2. throw
  3. cast (fishing)

Synonyms

  • lanzamiento

Verb

lance

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of lanzar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of lanzar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of lanzar.

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.