lake

lake

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of lake in English

English Online Dictionary. What means lake‎? What does lake mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: lāk, IPA(key): /leɪk/
  • Rhymes: -eɪk

Etymology 1

From Middle English lake (lake, watercourse, body of water), from Old English lacu (lake, pond, pool, stream, watercourse), from Proto-Germanic *lakō (stream, pool, water aggregation), from Proto-Indo-European *leg- (to leak, drain).

Despite their similarity in form and meaning, English lake is not related to lay ("lake", from Old English lagu (sea, water)), Latin lacus (hollow, lake, pond), Scottish Gaelic loch (lake), Ancient Greek λάκκος (lákkos, waterhole, tank, pond, pit), all from Proto-Indo-European *lókus (lake, pool).

Noun

lake (plural lakes)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) A small stream of running water; a channel for water; a drain.
  2. A large, landlocked stretch of water.
  3. A large amount of liquid; as, a wine lake.
    • 1991, Robert DeNiro (actor), Backdraft:
      So you punched out a window for ventilation. Was that before or after you noticed you were standing in a lake of gasoline?
  4. (obsolete) A pit, or ditch
Usage notes

As with the names of rivers, mounts and mountains, the names of lakes are typically formed by adding the word before or after the unique term: Lake Titicaca or Great Slave Lake. Generally speaking, names formed using adjectives or attributives see lake added to the end, as with Reindeer Lake; lake is usually added before proper names, as with Lake Michigan. This derives from the earlier but now uncommon form lake of ~: for instance, the 19th-century Lake of Annecy is now usually simply Lake Annecy. It frequently occurs, however, that foreign placenames are misunderstood as proper nouns, as with the Chinese Taihu (Great Lake) and Qinghai (Blue Sea) being frequently rendered as Lake Tai and Qinghai Lake.

Synonyms
  • See also Thesaurus:lake
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • billabong
  • lagoon
  • pond
  • talav
  • tarn
References
  • Astell, Ann W. (1999) Political Allegory in Late Medieval England, Cornell University Press, →ISBN, page 192.
  • Cameron, Kenneth (1961) English Place Names, B. T. Batsford Limited, →ISBN, page 164.
  • Ferguson, Robert (1858) English Surnames: And their Place in the Teutonic Family, G. Routledge & Co., page 368.
  • Maetzner, Eduard Adolf Ferdinand (2009) An English Grammar; Methodical, Analytical, and Historical, BiblioBazaar, LLC, →ISBN, page 200.
  • Rissanen, Matti (1992) History of Englishes: New Methods and Interpretations in Historical Linguistics, Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, pages 513–514.
  • Sisam, Kenneth (2009) Fourteenth Century Verse and Prose, BiblioBazaar, →ISBN.

Etymology 2

From Middle English lake, lak, lac (also loke, laik, layke), from Old English lāc (play, sport, strife, battle, sacrifice, offering, gift, present, booty, message), from Proto-Germanic *laiką (play, fight), *laikaz (game, dance, hymn, sport), from Proto-Indo-European *leyg-, *loig-, *leig- (to bounce, shake, tremble). Cognate with Old High German leih (song, melody, music). Verb form partly from Middle English laken, from Old English lacan, from Proto-Germanic *laikaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leyg-. More at lay, -lock.

Noun

lake (plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) An offering, sacrifice, gift.
  2. (dialectal) Play; sport; game; fun; glee.
Derived terms
  • bridelock
  • wedlock

Verb

lake (third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. (obsolete) To present an offering.
  2. (chiefly dialectal) To leap, jump, exert oneself, play.

Etymology 3

From Middle English lake, from Old English *lacen or Middle Dutch laken; both from Proto-Germanic *lakaną (linen; cloth; sheet). Cognate with Dutch lake (linen), Dutch laken (linen; bedsheet), German Laken, Danish lagan, Swedish lakan, Icelandic lak, lakan.

Noun

lake (plural lakes)

  1. (obsolete) A kind of fine, white linen.

Etymology 4

From French laque (lacquer), from Persian لاک(lāk), from Hindi लाख (lākh), from Sanskrit लक्ष (lakṣa, one hundred thousand), referring to the number of insects that gather on the trees and make the resin seep out. Doublet of lakh.

Noun

lake (plural lakes)

  1. In dyeing and painting, an often fugitive crimson or vermillion pigment derived from an organic colorant (cochineal or madder, for example) and an inorganic, generally metallic mordant.
Derived terms
  • lake-red
  • madder lake
Translations

Verb

lake (third-person singular simple present lakes, present participle laking, simple past and past participle laked)

  1. To make lake-red.

Anagrams

  • Alek, Kale, Leak, ka le, kale, leak

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

lake

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of laken

Anagrams

  • kale

Mauritian Creole

Etymology

From French queue

Noun

lake

  1. tail
  2. queue

References

  • Baker, Philip & Hookoomsing, Vinesh Y. 1987. Dictionnaire de créole mauricien. Morisyen – English – Français

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Low German lake

Noun

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine

Etymology 2

From Old Norse laki

Noun

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural laker, definite plural lakene)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (species Lota lota)

Etymology 3

As for Etymology 1.

Verb

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

References

  • “lake” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Low German lake

Noun

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (preservative) pickle, brine

Etymology 2

From Old Norse laki

Noun

lake m (definite singular laken, indefinite plural lakar, definite plural lakane)

  1. (fish) burbot, eelpout (species Lota lota)

Etymology 3

As for Etymology 1.

Verb

lake

  1. to pickle, put in brine

References

  • “lake” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Seychellois Creole

Etymology

From French queue

Noun

lake

  1. tail
  2. queue

References

  • Danielle D’Offay et Guy Lionnet, Diksyonner Kreol - Franse / Dictionnaire Créole Seychellois - Français

Swahili

Adjective

lake

  1. Ji class inflected form of -ake.

Swedish

Noun

lake c

  1. burbot (a freshwater fish: Lota lota)

Declension

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.