ken

ken

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ken in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ken‎? What does ken mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Etymology 1

From Middle English kennen (to give birth, conceive, generate, beget; to develop (as a fetus), hatch out (of eggs); to sustain, nourish, nurture), from Old English cennan (to give birth, conceive, generate, beget), from Proto-Germanic *kanjaną.

Verb

ken (third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned)

  1. (obsolete) To give birth, conceive, beget, be born; to develop (as a fetus); to nourish, sustain (as life).
    • 1524, Margaret Roper (translator), A Devout Treatise upon the Paternoster, Desiderius Erasmus
      To the soul this ghostly bread is the learning and the teaching and the understanding in the commandments of God, wherethrough the soul is kenned and lives.

Etymology 2

Northern and Scottish dialects from Middle English kennen, from Old English cennan (make known, declare, acknowledge) originally “to make known”, causative of cunnan (to become acquainted with, to know), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną, causative of *kunnaną (be able), from which comes the verb can. Cognate with West Frisian kenne (to know; recognise), Dutch kennen (to know), German kennen (to know, be acquainted with someone/something), Norwegian Bokmål kjenne, Norwegian Nynorsk kjenna, Old Norse kenna (to know, perceive), Swedish känna (to know, feel). See also: can, con.

The noun meaning “range of sight” is a nautical abbreviation of present participle kenning.

Verb

ken (third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned or kent)

  1. (transitive, chiefly Scotland) To know, perceive or understand.
    • 1902, John Buchan, The Outgoing of the Tide
      It was noted by them that kenned best that her cantrips were at their worst when the tides in the Sker Bay ebbed between the hours of twelve and one.
  2. (obsolete, chiefly Scotland) To discover by sight; to catch sight of; to descry.
Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Noun

ken (uncountable)

  1. Knowledge, perception, or sight.
    • 1957, United States Congressional serial set - Issue 11976:
      These people, these 20 or 25, were in my ken. Senator Jenner. In his what? Mr. Greenglass. My ken, my line of vision, my knowledge.
    • 1977, Roulhac Toledano, Sally Kittredge Evans, The Esplanade Ridge:
      On this occasion, I wrote to them: "Two more modest and deserving people than you are not in our ken; and it is but fitting that you receive this, preservation's most prestigious prize, for your selfless devotion to the cause through the years.
    • 1999, Catherine Z. Elgin, Considered Judgment:
      Since nothing in our ken differentiates knowledge from luck, something beyond our ken is introduced to do so. But the conviction that we know something is small comfort when coupled with the realization that we cannot tell what.
    • 2012, Keith McCarthy, Nor All Your Tears:
      I couldn't see the funny side myself, but Tristan could; after a while he could hardly control his merriment, in fact, so that he collapsed back on the bed, continuing to chortle, more of his rather unpleasant teeth making an unwelcome appearance in my ken.
  2. (nautical) Range of sight.
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book I, lines 59-60:
      At once as far as Angels kenn he views
      The dismal Situation waste and wilde ...
Usage notes

In common usage a fossil word, found only in phrases such as beyond one’s ken and swim into one's ken.

Coordinate terms
  • (nautical range of sight): offing
Translations
References
  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, →ISBN
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [1]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[2]
  • John A. Simpson and Edward S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “ken”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.

Etymology 3

Perhaps from kennel.

Noun

ken (plural kens)

  1. (slang, Britain, obsolete, thieves' cant) A house, especially a den of thieves.
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Hebrew קֵן(nest)

Noun

ken (plural kenim)

  1. (Jewish) Youth or children's group.

Etymology 5

Japanese

Noun

ken (plural kens or ken)

  1. A Japanese unit of length equal to six shakus

Anagrams

  • nek

Afar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/
  • Hyphenation: ken

Pronoun

kén (predicative kéeni)

  1. they, them

See also

Determiner

kén

  1. their

See also

References

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “ken”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[7], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/

Etymology 1

From Dutch kin, from Middle Dutch kinne, from Old Dutch kinni, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénus.

Noun

ken (plural kenne)

  1. chin
Alternative forms
  • kin

Etymology 2

From Dutch kennen.

Verb

ken (present ken, present participle kennende, past participle geken)

  1. (transitive) To know (a person, a thing), be acquainted with
Derived terms
  • te kenne

Basque

Noun

ken

  1. genitive plural of ka

Breton

Adverb

ken

  1. exclamative adverb
  2. equality adverb
  3. negative adverb

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

  • khemmen, khèmman

Etymology

From Middle High German komen, from Old High German kweman, from Proto-Germanic *kwemaną. Cognate with German kommen, Dutch komen, English come, Icelandic koma, Gothic 𐌵𐌹𐌼𐌰𐌽 (qiman).

Verb

ken

  1. (Tredici Comuni) to come

References

  • Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Luserna / Lusérn: Le nostre parole / Ünsarne börtar / Unsere Wörter [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dupaningan Agta

Noun

ken

  1. skirt

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛn
  • IPA(key): /kɛn/

Verb

ken

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kennen
  2. imperative of kennen

Anagrams

  • nek, enk

Finnish

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ken, from Proto-Uralic *ke. Cognate with Hungarian ki and Ter Sami kie.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/, [ˈke̞n]
  • Rhymes: -en
  • Syllabification: ken

Pronoun

ken

  1. (interrogative, dated) who; (when followed by a modifier in elative case, -sta/-stä) which one (of + a noun referring to people).
  2. (indefinite, dated) whoever.

Usage notes

  • Ken is old-fashioned or poetic in tone (or dialectal), yet its inflected forms are common and standard. See the usage notes under kuka.

Inflection

  • See kuka.

Synonyms

  • (who): kuka
  • (whoever): kuka tahansa

French

Etymology

Clipping of kéni, the verlan form of niquer.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/

Verb

ken

  1. (vulgar, slang) Synonym of niquer

Usage notes

Only used as infinitive or past participle.


Hungarian

Etymology

Of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɛn]
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Verb

ken

  1. (transitive) to smear

Conjugation

Derived terms

(With verbal prefixes):

References

Further reading

  • ken in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/
  • Hyphenation: kèn

Noun

ken

  1. honorific for male and female children.

Etymology 2

From Japanese (けん, ken, fist)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/
  • Hyphenation: kèn

Noun

ken

  1. fist.

Further reading

  • “ken” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Ingrian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ken, from Proto-Uralic *ke. Cognates include Finnish ken and Estonian kes.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/
  • Hyphenation: ken

Pronoun

ken

  1. (interrogative) who?
  2. (indefinite) whoever
  3. (relative) who, that

Declension

References

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[8], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 100
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 152

Japanese

Romanization

ken

  1. Rōmaji transcription of けん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ケン

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Portuguese quem.

Pronoun

ken

  1. who

Karelian

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ken, from Proto-Uralic *ke. Cognates include Finnish ken and Ingrian ken.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/

Pronoun

ken

  1. who?

Declension

References

  • P. M. Zaykov (1999) Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], →ISBN, page 60

Ladino

Etymology

From Latin quĕm, accusative of qui.

Pronoun

ken (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling קיין‎)

  1. who, whom
  2. whoever, whomever

Livvi

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ken, from Proto-Uralic *ke. Cognates include Karelian ken and Ingrian ken.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/
  • Hyphenation: ken

Pronoun

ken

  1. who?

References

  • N. Gilojeva; S. Rudakova (2009) Karjalan kielen Livvin murdehen algukursu [Beginners' course of Karelian language's Livvi dialect] (in Livvi), Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 10
  • Tatjana Boiko (2019) Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 100

Maguindanao

Etymology

From kan, compare Maranao kan.

Noun

ken

  1. food

Mandarin

Romanization

ken

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kén.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kěn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kèn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Maranao

Etymology

From kan, compare Maranao kan.

Noun

ken

  1. food

Middle English

Etymology

From kennen.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/

Noun

ken (uncountable)

  1. (Late Middle English, hapax) recognition

Descendants

  • English: ken
  • Yola: ken, kin

References

  • “ken, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Northern Kurdish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Noun

ken ?

  1. laugh
  2. smile

Old Frisian

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *kuni, from Proto-Germanic *kunją, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to give birth). Cognates include Old English cynn, Old Saxon kunni and Old Dutch cunni.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/

Noun

ken n

  1. kindred, kin

Descendants

  • North Frisian: kinne, kenne

References

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Papiamentu

Alternative forms

  • kende (synonym)

Etymology

From Portuguese quem and Spanish quien and Kabuverdianu ken.

Pronoun

ken

  1. who

Pennsylvania German

Alternative forms

  • kee

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/

Etymology

Compare German kein, Dutch geen.

Article

ken

  1. no

Declension


Scots

Etymology

From Old English cennan (make known, declare, acknowledge), originally "make to know", causative of cunnan (to become acquainted with, to know); from Proto-West Germanic *kannijan, from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną.

Noun

ken (uncountable)

  1. knowledge or perception

Verb

ken (third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kennin, simple past kent, past participle kent)

  1. (transitive) To know, perceive or understand.
    Do ye ken John Peel with his coat so gay? - 19th century Cumbrian ballad
    • Dae ye ken Ken kens Ken?
      Do you know Ken knows Ken?"

Southern Sierra Miwok

Noun

ken

  1. no

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English can, from Middle English can, from Old English cann, from Proto-West Germanic *kann.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/

Verb

ken

  1. (auxiliary) to be able to
  2. (auxiliary) to may, to be allowed
  3. (auxiliary) Expresses a wish.; may...

Further reading

  • John W. M. Verhaar (1995), chapter 10, in Toward a reference grammar of Tok Pisin: An experiment in corpus linguistics, Honolulu: University of Hawai'i press, →ISBN, page 144

Veps

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ken.

Pronoun

ken (genitive kenen, partitive keda)

  1. who (interrogative)

Inflection

Derived terms

  • ken-ni
  • ken-se
  • koje-ken
  • niken

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “кто”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [kɛn˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [kɛŋ˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [kɛŋ˧˧]

Adjective

ken

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {}.

Verb

ken

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {}.

Yola

Alternative forms

  • kin

Etymology

From Middle English ken.

Noun

ken

  1. regard, liking

References

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith

Zou

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ken˧/

Noun

ken

  1. wheel

References

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41

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