ken

ken

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ken in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ken‎? What does ken mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Etymology 1

From Middle English kennen (to give birth, conceive, generate, beget; to develop (as a fetus), hatch out (of eggs); to sustain, nourish, nurture), from Old English cennan (to give birth, conceive, generate, beget), from Proto-Germanic *kanjaną.

Verb

ken (third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned)

  1. (obsolete) To give birth, conceive, beget, be born; to develop (as a fetus); to nourish, sustain (as life).
    • The Treatise on The Paster Noster (15th c.)
      To the soul this ghostly bread is the learning and the teaching and the understanding in the commandments of God, wherethrough the soul is kenned and lives.

Etymology 2

Northern and Scottish dialects from Middle English kennen, from Old English cennan (make known, declare, acknowledge) originally “to make known”, causative of cunnan (to become acquainted with, to know), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną, causative of *kunnaną (be able), from which comes the verb can. Cognate with West Frisian kenne (to know; recognise), Dutch kennen (to know), German kennen (to know, be acquainted with someone/something), Norwegian Bokmål kjenne, Norwegian Nynorsk kjenna Old Norse kenna (to know, perceive), Swedish känna (to know, feel).

The noun meaning “range of sight” is a nautical abbreviation of present participle kenning.

Noun

ken (uncountable)

  1. Knowledge, perception, or sight.
    • 1957, United States Congressional serial set - Issue 11976:
      These people, these 20 or 25, were in my ken. Senator Jenner. In his what? Mr. Greenglass. My ken, my line of vision, my knowledge.
    • 1977, Roulhac Toledano, ‎Sally Kittredge Evans, The Esplanade Ridge:
      On this occasion, I wrote to them: "Two more modest and deserving people than you are not in our ken; and it is but fitting that you receive this, preservation's most prestigious prize, for your selfless devotion to the cause through the years.
    • 1999, Catherine Z. Elgin, Considered Judgment:
      Since nothing in our ken differentiates knowledge from luck, something beyond our ken is introduced to do so. But the conviction that we know something is small comfort when coupled with the realization that we cannot tell what.
    • 2012, Keith McCarthy, Nor All Your Tears:
      I couldn't see the funny side myself, but Tristan could; after a while he could hardly control his merriment, in fact, so that he collapsed back on the bed, continuing to chortle, more of his rather unpleasant teeth making an unwelcome appearance in my ken.
  2. (nautical) Range of sight.
    • 1674, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book I, lines 59-60:
      At once as far as Angels kenn he views
      The dismal Situation waste and wilde ...
Usage notes

In common usage a fossil word, found only in the phrase beyond one’s ken.

Quotations
  • For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:ken.
Coordinate terms
  • (nautical range of sight): offing
Translations

Verb

ken (third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned or kent)

  1. (transitive, chiefly Scotland) To know, perceive or understand.
  2. (obsolete, chiefly Scotland) To discover by sight; to catch sight of; to descry.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      I proposed to the Mariners, that it would be of great benefit in Navigation to make use of [the telescope] upon the round-top of a ship, to discover and kenne Vessels afar off.
    • Addison
      We ken them from afar.
    • Shakespeare: Troilus and Cressida Act4 Sc5 line14
      'Tis he. I ken the manner of his gait.
Quotations
  • For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:ken.
Derived terms
Translations
References
  • The New Geordie Dictionary, Frank Graham, 1987, →ISBN
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4
  • A List of words and phrases in everyday use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole in the County of Durham, F.M.T.Palgrave, English Dialect Society vol.74, 1896, [1]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[2]
  • “ken” in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989, →ISBN.

Etymology 3

Perhaps from kennel.

Noun

ken (plural kens)

  1. (slang, Britain, obsolete) A house, especially a den of thieves.
Derived terms

Etymology 4

Noun

ken (plural kens)

  1. A Japanese unit of length equal to six shakus

Anagrams

  • nek

Afrikaans

Noun

ken (plural kenne)

  1. chin

Verb

ken (present ken, present participle kennende, past participle geken)

  1. To know (a person, a thing), be acquainted with

Breton

Adverb

ken

  1. exclamative adverb
  2. equality adverb
  3. negative adverb

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

  • khemmen, khèmman

Etymology

From Middle High German komen, from Old High German kweman, from Proto-Germanic *kwemaną. Cognate with German kommen, Dutch komen, English come, Icelandic koma, Gothic 𐌵𐌹𐌼𐌰𐌽 (qiman).

Verb

ken

  1. (Thirteen Communities) to come

References

  • “ken” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Dupaningan Agta

Noun

ken

  1. skirt

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɛn
  • IPA(key): /kɛn/

Verb

ken

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kennen
  2. imperative of kennen

Anagrams

  • nek, enk

Finnish

(index ke)

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ken, from Proto-Uralic *ke. Cognate with Hungarian ki and Ter Sami kie.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/, [ˈke̞n]
  • Hyphenation: ken
  • Rhymes: -en

Pronoun

ken

  1. (interrogative, dated) who; (when followed by a modifier in elative case, -sta/-stä) which one (of + a noun referring to people).
  2. (indefinite, dated) whoever.

Usage notes

  • Ken is old-fashioned in tone (or dialectal).

Inflection

  • See kuka.

Synonyms

  • (who): kuka
  • (whoever): kuka tahansa

Hungarian

Etymology

Of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɛn]

Verb

ken

  1. (transitive) to smear

Conjugation

Derived terms

  • kence
  • kenés
  • kenet
  • kenőcs

(With verbal prefixes):

References


Indonesian

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/
  • Hyphenation: kèn

Noun

ken

  1. honorific for male and female children.

Etymology 2

From Japanese (けん, ken, fist)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɛn/
  • Hyphenation: kèn

Noun

ken

  1. fist.

Further reading

  • “ken” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Ingrian

Pronoun

ken

  1. who

Japanese

Romanization

ken

  1. Rōmaji transcription of けん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ケン

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Portuguese quem.

Pronoun

ken

  1. who

Kurdish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɛn/

Noun

ken ?

  1. laugh
  2. smile

Ladino

Etymology

From Latin quĕm, accusative of qui.

Pronoun

ken (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling קיין‎)

  1. who, whom
  2. whoever, whomever

Mandarin

Romanization

ken

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kén.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kěn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kèn.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Papiamentu

Etymology

From Portuguese quem and Kabuverdianu ken.

Pronoun

ken

  1. who

Pennsylvania German

Alternative forms

  • kee

Etymology

Compare German kein, Dutch geen.

Determiner

ken

  1. no

Inflection


Scots

Etymology

From Old English cennan (make known, declare, acknowledge), originally "make to know", causative of cunnan (to become acquainted with, to know); from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną.

Noun

ken (uncountable)

  1. knowledge or perception

Verb

ken (third-person singular present kens, present participle kennin, past kent, past participle kent)

  1. (transitive) To know, perceive or understand.
    Do ye ken John Peel with his coat so gay? - 19th century Cumbrian ballad
    • Dae ye ken Ken kens Ken?
      Do you know Ken knows Ken?"

Southern Sierra Miwok

Noun

ken

  1. no

Tok Pisin

Etymology

English can

Verb

ken

  1. can

Veps

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *ken.

Pronoun

ken (genitive kenen, partitive keda)

  1. who (interrogative)

Inflection

Derived terms

  • ken-ni
  • ken-se
  • koje-ken
  • niken

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “кто”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [kɛn˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [kɛŋ˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [kɛŋ˧˧]

Adjective

ken

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {}.

Verb

ken

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {}.

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