keep

keep

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of keep in English

English Online Dictionary. What means keep‎? What does keep mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: kēp, IPA(key): /kiːp/
  • Rhymes: -iːp

Etymology

From Middle English kepen (to keep, guard, look after, watch), from Old English cēpan (to seize, hold, observe), from Proto-Germanic *kōpijaną (compare West Frisian kypje (to look)), variant of *kapjaną (compare Old English capian (to look), Dutch kapen (to seize, snatch), Danish kope (to gawk, stare)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵab-, *ǵāb- (to look after) (compare Lithuanian žẽbti (to eat reluctantly), Russian забо́та (zabóta, care, worry)).

Verb

keep (third-person singular simple present keeps, present participle keeping, simple past and past participle kept)

  1. To continue in (a course or mode of action); not to intermit or fall from; to uphold or maintain.
    • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Act V, Scene 1,[1]
      Both day and night did we keep company.
    • c. 1749, Tobias Smollett, The Regicide, Act V, Scene 5, in Plays and Poems Written by T. Smollett, M.D., London: T. Evans and R. Baldwin, 1777, p. 106,[2]
      Within the portal as I kept my watch,
  2. (heading, transitive) To hold the status of something.
    1. To maintain possession of.
    2. To maintain the condition of.
    3. (transitive) To record transactions, accounts, or events in.
    4. (transitive) To enter (accounts, records, etc.) in a book.
    5. (archaic) To remain in, to be confined to.
      • 1605, William Shakespeare, King Lear, III.ii,
        The wrathful skies / Gallow the very wanderers of the dark / And make them keep their caves.
    6. To restrain.
    7. (with from) To watch over, look after, guard, protect.
      • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.viii:
        cursse on thy cruell hond, / That twise hath sped; yet shall it not thee keepe / From the third brunt of this my fatall brond [].
    8. To supply with necessities and financially support a person.
    9. (of living things) To raise; to care for.
      • 1914, Robert Joos, Success with Hens, Forbes & company, p.217:
        Of course boys are boys and need watching, but there is little watching necessary when they keep chickens.
    10. To maintain (an establishment or institution); to conduct; to manage.
      • c. 1599, William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night, Act III, Scene 2,[3]
        like a pedant that keeps a school
      • 1630, John Hayward, The Life, and Raigne of King Edward the Sixt, London: John Partridge, p. 114,[4]
        They were honourably accompanied and with great estate brought to London, where euery of them kept house by himselfe.
      • At half-past nine on this Saturday evening, the parlour of the Salutation Inn, High Holborn, contained most of its customary visitors. [] In former days every tavern of repute kept such a room for its own select circle, a club, or society, of habitués, who met every evening, for a pipe and a cheerful glass.
    11. To have habitually in stock for sale.
  3. (heading, intransitive) To hold or be held in a state.
    1. (obsolete) To reside for a time; to lodge; to dwell.
      • c. 1593, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, Act V, Scene 2,[5]
        Knock at his study, where, they say, he keeps,
        To ruminate strange plots of dire revenge;
    2. To continue.
    3. To remain edible or otherwise usable.
      • 1707, John Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry
        If the malt be not thoroughly dried, the ale it makes will not keep.
    4. (copulative) To remain in a state.
  4. (obsolete) To wait for, keep watch for.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter x, in Le Morte Darthur, book VIII:
      And thenne whan the damoysel knewe certaynly that he was not syre launcelot / thenne she took her leue and departed from hym / And thenne syre Trystram rode pryuely vnto the posterne where kepte hym la beale Isoud / and there she made hym good chere and thanked god of his good spede
  5. (intransitive, cricket) To act as wicket-keeper.
  6. (intransitive, obsolete) To take care; to be solicitous; to watch.
    • c. 1530, William Tyndale, A Pathway into the holy Scripture in The Whole Workes of W. Tyndall, Iohn Frith, and Doct. Barnes, London: John Day, 1573, p. 384,[6]
      [] kepe that the lustes choke not the word of God that is sowen in vs,
  7. (intransitive, obsolete) To be in session; to take place.
  8. (transitive) To observe; to adhere to; to fulfill; not to swerve from or violate.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, 2 Timothy 4.7,[7]
      I have kept the faith:
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, London, Book 7, lines 1271-1272,[8]
      Be strong, live happie, and love, but first of all
      Him whom to love is to obey, and keep
      His great command;
  9. (transitive, dated) To confine oneself to; not to quit; to remain in.
  10. (transitive, dated, by extension) To visit (a place) often; to frequent.
    • c. 1608, John Fletcher, The Faithful Shepherdess, Act III, Scene 1,[9]
      [] ’tis hallowed ground;
      No Maid seeks here her strayed Cow, or Sheep,
      Fairies, and fawns, and satyrs do it keep:

Synonyms

  • (maintain possession of): retain
  • (maintain the condition of): preserve, protect
  • (to reside for a time): See also Thesaurus:sojourn

Derived terms

Pages starting with "keep".

Related terms

  • for keeps

Translations

Noun

keep (plural keeps)

  1. (obsolete) Care, notice
    • :
  2. (historical) The main tower of a castle or fortress, located within the castle walls.
    Synonym: donjon
  3. The food or money required to keep someone alive and healthy; one's support, maintenance.
  4. The act or office of keeping; custody; guard; care; heed; charge.
    • Spenser
  5. The state of being kept; hence, the resulting condition; case.
  6. (obsolete) That which is kept in charge; a charge.
    • Spenser
  7. (engineering) A cap for holding something, such as a journal box, in place.

Derived terms

  • earn one's keep

Translations

See also

  • donjon

Anagrams

  • Ekpe, PEEK, Peek, Peke, kepe, peek, peke

Estonian

Etymology

Noun

keep (genitive keebi, partitive keepi)

  1. cloak, capote, gaberdine

Declension

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Middle English

Noun

keep

  1. notice; note; observance
    take keep — “take note”
    • Chaucer, G.P. 503-4:
      And shame it is, if a preest take keep
      A shiten shepherde and a clene sheep

Yucatec Maya

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /keːp˩/

Noun

keep (plural keepoʼob)

  1. (anatomy) penis

Synonyms

  • toon

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.