ka

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of ka in English

English Online Dictionary. What means ka‎? What does ka mean?

Translingual

Symbol

ka

  1. kiloyear (also ky, kyr)
  2. thousands of years ago
  3. ISO 639-1 code for the Georgian language

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɑː/

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Egyptian kꜣ.

Noun

ka (plural kas)

  1. A spiritual part of the soul in Egyptian mythology, which survived after death.
    • 1983, Norman Mailer, Ancient Evenings:
      Then, I wondered how long I must wait before seeing my Double, but if I recalled, the Ka was not supposed to appear before the seventy days of embalming were done.
    • 1990, Camille Paglia, Sexual Personae:
      Hence Dorian's portrait is like the ka or double of the deceased in Egyptian tombs, heaped with toys and furniture.
    • 2011, Neil Gaiman, American Gods (Tenth Anniversary Edition), William Morrow 2013, p. 179:
      ‘You could bind the ka of a man to his body for five thousand years,’ said Jaquel.

Etymology 2

Origin uncertain.

Verb

ka

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To serve or help; used only in the phrase "Ka me, ka thee" or variants thereof.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, III.5:
      Now nature stood ever on this point, mee Ile thee, and ever ready to bee even alwaies on recompences and vicissitude of things, and to give as good as one brings.
    • 1821, Walter Scott, Kenilworth:
      Ka me, ka thee, is a proverb all over the world.

References

  • Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable

Anagrams

  • AK, Ak

Acehnese

Adverb

ka

  1. already

Afar

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkʌ/

Pronoun

  1. he, him

Usage notes

  • When followed by a word starting with a consonant, the form káa is used.

See also

References

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “ka”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN

Albanian

Alternative forms

  • nga (Tosk)
  • kah

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ka] (Gheg)

Etymology 1

From older kah, from *kah ~ ngah (compare Tosk Albanian nga), from Proto-Albanian *en kaxa, from Proto-Indo-European *en kʷod so (wherein, wherefrom), literally ‘in which this’. Cognate with Old Church Slavonic къ (, to).

Preposition

ka (+nominative)

  1. from, out, out of, to
  2. who, whom

Etymology 2

The plural form qe suggests an earlier *kʷē, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷōus (ox, cow) via a pre-Albanian language.

Pronunciation

  • singular: IPA(key): [kaː]
  • singular: IPA(key): [qɒ] (Gheg)
  • plural: IPA(key): [ceː]

Noun

ka m (indefinite plural qe, definite singular kau, definite plural qetë)

  1. ox
  2. steer

Declension

Hyponyms

  • kau i hullisë (stronger ox (of a team) that walks in the furrow)
  • ka i kularit (yoke ox)

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

ka

  1. third-person singular present indicative of kam

References


Amanab

Pronoun

ka

  1. I (first person singular nominative)

Ambonese Malay

Etymology

From Malay ke.

Preposition

ka

  1. to, towards

Bahnar

Etymology

From Proto-Bahnaric *kaː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kaʔ; cognate with Sedang , Vietnamese , Mon က (kaʔ).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kaː/

Noun

ka

  1. fish

Bambara

Particle

ka

  1. possessive marker

Particle

ka

  1. particle linking subject and predicative adjective

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ka/, [ka]

Noun

ka inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter K.

Declension

See also

  • (Latin-script letter names) a, be, ze, de, e, efe, ge, hatxe, i, jota, ka, ele, eme, ene, eñe, o, pe, ku, erre, ese, te, u, uve, uve bikoitz, ixa, i greko, zeta

Chuukese

Pronoun

ka

  1. you (singular)

Adjective

ka

  1. you are

Related terms



Cimbrian

Alternative forms

  • kan, kor


Preposition

ka

  1. in, at
  2. to, towards

References

  • “ka” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kaː/
  • Hyphenation: ka
  • Rhymes: -aː

Etymology 1

From kade.

Noun

ka f (plural kaden or kades or ka's, diminutive kaatje n)

  1. Alternative form of kade.

Etymology 2

Uncertain. Possibly from Catharina Mulder or "Kaat Mossel".

Noun

ka f (plural ka's, diminutive kaatje n)

  1. (derogatory) dominant woman
Synonyms
  • kenau

Etymology 3

Related to kauw.

Noun

ka f (plural ka's or kauwen, diminutive kaatje n or kauwtje n)

  1. Alternative form of kauw.

Etymology 4

Borrowed from Egyptian kꜣ.

Noun

ka c (plural ka's)

  1. ka (ancient Egyptian notion of the soul, shown as a bird)

Estonian

Etymology

Derived from kaasas.

Adverb

ka

  1. also, too
    Tema läks ka metsa.
    He also went to the forest.

Ewe

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑː/

Noun

ka (plural kawo)

  1. cord
  2. line
  3. rope
  4. string

Verb

ka

  1. to bite
  2. to break
  3. to chip
  4. to rummage

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑ/, [ˈkɑ]
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification: ka

Etymology 1

A dialectal or colloquial 2nd person imperative present of katsoa (to look).

Verb

ka

  1. (colloquial) look!
    Ka!

Synonyms

  • katso
  • kato (colloquial)

Etymology 2

Variant of kaa, both shortenings of kanssa.

Adverb

ka

  1. (rare, dialectal) also, too

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kɑ/
  • Rhymes:

Noun

ka m (plural kas)

  1. kay, The name of the Latin-script letter K.

Futuna-Aniwa

Verb

ka

  1. (Aniwa) to squeal

German

Phrase

ka

  1. (Internet slang) Alternative spelling of k. A.

Guinea-Bissau Creole

Etymology

From African origin. Cognate with Kabuverdianu ka.

Adverb

ka

  1. not

Haitian Creole

Etymology 1

From French cas (case).

Noun

ka

  1. case, instance

Etymology 2

Contraction of kapab, from French capable

Verb

ka

  1. (auxiliary) can, be able to

Hawaiian

Alternative forms

  • ke (before words that begin with 'k', 'a', 'e', or 'o')

Article

ka sg (plural )

  1. the

Ido

Etymology

See kad. Decision no. 16, Progreso II.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ka/

Particle

ka

  1. Apocopic form of kad (used before a consonant)

References

  • Progreso II (in Ido), 1909–1910, pages 15, 357, 579



Japanese

Romanization

ka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Javanese

Etymology

Clipping of ika

Determiner

ka

  1. (colloquial) yonder

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From African origin.

Adverb

ka

  1. not

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /kaː/, [käː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ka/, [kä]

Noun

 f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter K.

Coordinate terms

  • (Latin-script letter names) littera; ā, bē, cē, dē, ē, ef, gē, hā / *acca, ī, , el, em, en, ō, pē, kū, er, es, tē, ū, ix / īx / ex, ȳ / ī graeca / ȳpsīlon, zēta

References

  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32
    Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū — each, again, with a long vowel sound.

Latvian

Etymology

Originally an old neuter nominative singular form of kas (who, what) that acquired the function of a conjunction. Cognates include Old Prussian ka (who, what).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ka]

Conjunction

ka

  1. that; used to link a subordinate clause to the main clause, sometimes with a pronominal antecedent (tas, tāds, tik, tādēļ, tāpēc), with various different functions:
    (a) subject:
    (b) attributive complement, (secondary) predicate
    (c) direct object
    (d) adverbial complement (manner)
    (e) adverbial complement (cause)
    (often tāpēc ka, tādēļ ka, less frequently tamdēļ ka, tālab ka, “for the reason that”)
    (f) adverbial complement (consequence)
    (often “so that”)
    (g) adverbial complement (purpose)
    (h) adverbial complement (measure, proportion)
    (i) adverbial complement (condition)

Particle

ka

  1. used to add a nuance of probability or doubt to a, usually negative, utterance, to make it optative, expressive of a desire (cf. kaut); may...
  2. used to reinforce the intensity of an action or activity, usually with a repeated verb; ... and ...

References


Mandarin

Romanization

ka

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mapudungun

Adverb

ka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. too; also

Synonyms

  • kafey

Conjunction

ka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. and

Determiner

ka (Raguileo spelling)

  1. another; not the same

Maori

Particle

ka

  1. Marks an event as occurring at some time or as existing
  2. when; used before a verb to indicate the start of an action or state
  3. Marks a verb as being in future tense
  4. Used when counting numbers
  5. Used in commands with taua and tātou
  6. now (for the first time); when used after kātahi anō

References

  • "ka" - Maori Dictionary

Min Nan

Noun

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. family, household

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. turtle dove; Turtur orientalis

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. scissors

Verb

ka (POJ, traditional , simplified )

  1. to raise; to increase; to add; plus

Namuyi

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ka˧]

Noun

ka

  1. bed

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronoun

ka

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1959; superseded by hva

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronoun

ka

  1. (dialectal, non-standard since 1959) alternative form of kva (what)

Pali

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From the masculine and neuter respectively of Sanskrit (), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kás, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷós.

Pronoun

ka m

  1. (interrogative) who
  2. (interrogative) what
  3. (interrogative) which
Declension
Derived terms
  • (who (f))

Pronoun

ka n

  1. (interrogative) what
  2. (interrogative) which
Declension
Derived terms
  • kāpurisa

Etymology 2

Probably from the pronunciation of a syllable consisting only of the letter.

Noun

ka m

  1. the Pali letter 'k'
Declension
Synonyms
  • kakāra

References

  • Pali Text Society (1921-1925), “ka˚”, in Pali-English Dictionary‎, London: Chipstead

Picuris

Verb

ka

  1. to wash

Further reading

  • Dominic Yu, Comparative Phonology of Picurís and Taos (2008)

Pitjantjatjara

Conjunction

ka

  1. and (switching)

Usage notes

  • Ka is a switching conjunction. When it links two clauses or sentences, it conveys that the second clause has a different subject from the first. In cases where the subject remains the same, the conjunction munu is used. In the example above, the subject of the second clause need not be "the kangaroo", although that seems the most likely possibility from context. The ku simply tells us that someone or something other than wati (the subject of the first clause) ran away.
  • Although ka is spelt with a short a, the vowel is actually long (kaa). The misleading spelling exists for historical reasons.

Portuguese

Alternative forms

  • kaka, kakaka, kakakaka...

Interjection

ka

  1. ha (representation of laughter)

Rapa Nui

Etymology

From Proto-Polynesian *ka-, *ka. Cognates include Hawaiian ʻa- and Maori ka.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈka/
  • Hyphenation: ka

Particle

ka

  1. Used to indicate the future tense.
  2. Used to indicate the imperative mood.
  3. Used to indicate the jussive mood.
  4. Used to indicate the temporal contiguity of an action.
  5. Used to indicate the conditional mood of a relative clause.
  6. Used to form a counting form from of the following numeral.

Interjection

¡ka!

  1. Intensifies the following verb; how! what a!

Usage notes

  • Ka is often used to convey an objective intensification, while ko is used when one has a strong emotion towards the subject.

References

  • Paulus Kieviet (2017) A grammar of Rapa Nui[6], Berlin: Language Science Press, →ISBN, pages 153, 330, 477, 491

Rawang

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /kʰɑ˧/

Etymology 1

Compare Burmese ကြက် (krak).

Noun

ka

  1. chicken.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *b-ka-(n/m/ŋ) (bitter). Cognate with Burmese ခါး (hka:), Old Chinese (OC *kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs).

Adjective

ka

  1. bitter.

Scots

Alternative forms

  • kae

Etymology

Of imitative origin, similar to Old High German (crow, jackdaw), Middle Low German (crow, jackdaw), English caw.

Noun

ka (plural kas)

  1. jackdaw

Serbo-Croatian

Preposition

ka (Cyrillic spelling ка)

  1. Alternative form of k

Synonyms

  • k

Adverb

ka (Cyrillic spelling ка)

  1. (Chakavian, Montenegro) as, like

Synonyms

  • kao

Conjunction

ka

  1. (Chakavian, Montenegro) as, like

Synonyms

  • kao

Pronoun

ka (Cyrillic spelling ка)

  1. (Chakavian, Kajkavian, interrogative) which (feminine)
  2. (Chakavian, Kajkavian, relative) which, that, who (feminine)
  3. (Chakavian, Kajkavian, indefinite) some (feminine)

Synonyms

  • koja

Somali

Etymology 1

Preposition

ka

  1. from
  2. away from
  3. out of
  4. about, concerning
Usage notes
  • In Somali, prepositions fall before the verb and not before the noun they modify:

Etymology 2

Article

ka

  1. Alternative spelling of -ka

References

  • Puglielli, Annarita; Mansuur, Cabdalla Cumar (2012), “ka”, in Qaamuuska Af-Soomaliga, Rome: RomaTrE-Press, →ISBN

Spanish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈka/, [ˈka]
  • Homophone: ca

Noun

ka f (plural kas)

  1. Name of the letter k

Further reading

  • “ka” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.

Sumerian

Romanization

ka

  1. Romanization of 𒅗 (ka)

Swahili

Etymology

From the -ka- consecutive tense marker.

Pronunciation

Adverb

ka

  1. and then (used between a series of actions that happened soon closely together)

Tagalog

Pronoun

ka

  1. you (second person singular)

See also



Thai

Romanization

ka

  1. Romanization of ค่ะ

Tok Pisin

Etymology

From English car.

Noun

ka

  1. car

Tuvaluan

Particle

ka

  1. future tense marker, inserted immediately before the relevant verb

Ujir

Numeral

ka

  1. four

References

  • Antoinette Schapper, Marian Klamer, Numeral systems in the Alor-Pantar languages

Veps

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adverb

ka

  1. yes
  2. certainly, absolutely
  3. naturally, of course
  4. let's [+first-person plural imperative]

Conjunction

ka

  1. but
  2. then (in "if...then" constructions)

References

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “безусловно, да, давать, естественно, конечно, но”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika

Volapük

Conjunction

ka

  1. than (used for comparisons)

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