jack

jack

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of jack in English

English Online Dictionary. What means jack‎? What does jack mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: jăk, IPA(key): /dʒæk/
  • Rhymes: -æk

Etymology 1

From Anglo-Norman jacke, Middle French jaque, jacque, from jacques (peasant), from the proper name Jacques. Compare jacquerie.

Noun

jack (plural jacks)

  1. A coarse mediaeval coat of defence, especially one made of leather. [from 14th c.]
    • 1591, John Harington, translating Ariosto's Orlando Furioso, x. 73 (quoted in e.g. 1822, Robert Nares, A Glossary, page 186):
      Their horsemen are with jacks for most part clad, / Their horses are both swift of course and strong, / They run on horseback with a slender gad, / And like a speare, but that it is more long.
    • 1766, Walter Harris, The history and antiquities of the city of Dublin
      threescore men in jacks or light coats of mail

Etymology 2

Transferative use of the personal name Jack.

Noun

jack (plural jacks)

  1. A man.
    1. (chiefly capitalized) A name applied to a hypothetical or typical man. [from 14th c.]
      • 1723, The New-England Courant, vol. 80:
        After Dinner they frisk away to some known Place of Rendezvous, where (at Night) every Jack has his Jill and every Jill has her Jack.
    2. (countable, now chiefly US) A man, a fellow; a typical man; men in general. [from 16th c.]
      • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, First Folio 1623:
        You have showed a tender fatherly regard / To wish me wed to one half-lunatic, / A madcap ruffian and a swearing Jack [] .
    3. (colloquial) A sailor. [from 17th c.]
    4. (slang) A policeman or detective; (Australia) a military policeman. [from 19th c.]
      • 1935, Bernard O'Donnell, The trials of Mr. Justice Avory (page 219)
        When Wardell arrived on the scene, they were surprised to find that he was unshaven, and did not look too happy. One of them remarked: "The 'Jacks' (detectives) are after you."
    5. (now rare) A manual laborer. [from 19th c.]
    6. (Canada, US, colloquial) A lumberjack. [from 20th c.]
  2. A device or utensil.
    1. A device for turning a spit; a smokejack or roasting jack. [from 14th c.]
      • 1751, Tobias Smollett, The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle, vol. II, ch. 76:
        Our hero, among his other remarks, had observed, that in this place there was no such utensil as a jack, and that all the spits were turned by dogs [] .
    2. Each of a series of blocks in a harpsichord or the earlier virginial, communicating the action of the key to the quill; sometime also, a hopper in a modern piano. [from 16th c.]
    3. (obsolete) A support for wood being sawn; a sawhorse or sawbuck. [16th–19th c.]
    4. A device used to hold a boot by the heel, to assist in removing the boot. [from 17th c.]
    5. A mechanical device used to raise and (temporarily) support a heavy object, now especially to lift one side of a motor vehicle when (e.g.) changing a tyre. [from 17th c.]
      She used a jack to lift her car and changed the tire.
    6. Any of various levers for raising or lowering the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles in a knitting machine or stocking frame. [from 18th c.]
    7. (mining, now rare) A wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting. [from 19th c.]
    8. (obsolete) A grating device used to separate and guide the threads in a warping machine; a heck box. [19th c.]
    9. (obsolete) A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves a carding machine, in the preparation of yarn. [19th–20th c.]
    10. (electronics) A switch for a jack plug, a jackknife switch; (more generally) a socket used to connect a device to a circuit, network etc. [from 19th c.]
      telephone jack
  3. A non-tool object or thing.
    1. (now historical, regional) A pitcher or other vessel for holding liquid, especially alcoholic drink; a black-jack. [from 16th c.]
      • 1693, John Dryden, Fifth Satire of Persius
        Dead wine, that stinks of the borrachio, sup From a foul jack
      • 1820-25, Charles Lamb, in The Essays of Elia (1830)
        He had his tea and hot rolls in a morning, while we were battening upon our quarter-of-a-penny loaf — our crug — moistened with attenuated small beer, in wooden piggings, smacking of the pitched leathern jack it was poured from.
    2. (card games) The lowest court card, ranking between the 10 and queen, with an image of a knave or pageboy on it; a knave. [from 17th c.]
    3. (bowls) A small, typically white, ball used as the target ball in bowls; a jack-ball. [from 17th c.]
    4. (nautical) A small ship's flag used as a signal or identifying device; a small flag flown at the bow of the vessel. [from 17th c.]
    5. (Britain, regional, now rare, historical) A measure of liquid corresponding to a quarter of a pint. [from 18th c.]
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Halliwell to this entry?)
    6. (obsolete, slang) A fake coin designed to look like a sovereign. [19th c.]
    7. (nautical, now rare, historical) A jack crosstree.. [from 19th c.]
    8. (games) A small, six-pointed playing piece used in the game of jacks. [from 19th c.]
    9. (US) A torch or other light used in hunting to attract or dazzle game at night. [from 19th c.]
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Charles Hallock to this entry?)
    10. (slang, chiefly US) Money. [from 19th c.]
      • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, page 133:
        First off Regan carried fifteen grand, packed it in his clothes all the time. Real money, they tell me. Not just a top card and a bunch of hay. That's a lot of jack [] .
    11. (colloquial, euphemistic) Nothing, jack shit. [from 20th c.]
    12. (cricket, slang) The eleventh batsman to come to the crease in an innings.
    13. (slang, Appalachians) A smooth often ovoid large gravel or small cobble in a natural water course.
  4. A plant or animal.
    1. A pike, especially when young. [from 16th c.]
    2. (chiefly US) A male ass, especially when kept for breeding. [from 17th c.]
    3. Any of the marine fish in the family Carangidae. [from 17th c.]
      Synonym: jack mackerel
    4. (US) A jackrabbit. [from 19th c.]
    5. A large California rockfish, the bocaccio, Sebastes paucispinis.
    6. Mangifera caesia, related to the mango tree.
Synonyms
  • (playing card): knave
  • (male ass): jackass
Antonyms
  • (female ended electrical connector): plug
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Verb

jack (third-person singular simple present jacks, present participle jacking, simple past and past participle jacked)

  1. (transitive) To raise using a jack.
    Synonym: jack up
  2. (transitive) To raise or increase.
  3. To produce by freeze distillation; to distil (an alcoholic beverage) by freezing it and removing the ice (which is water), leaving the alcohol (which remains liquid).
    • 1941, Esquire, volume 15, issues 1-3, page 176:
      Fruit of the orchard has been "jacked" these many generations, with Plymouth Rockers putting the hard cider barrel down into the ground to freeze, and []
    • 2010, Scott Mansfield, Strong Waters: A Simple Guide to Making Beer, Wine, Cider ... →ISBN
      The potency of a jacked beverage depends on the temperature applied to the original beverage; the colder the liquor, the more water can be frozen out [] . In New England, where this technique was historically used, people could get applejack to around 30 percent alcohol [] .
  4. (transitive, colloquial) To steal something, typically an automobile. Shortened form of carjacking.
  5. (intransitive) To dance by moving the torso forward and backward in a rippling motion.
  6. (colloquial, vulgar) To jack off, to masturbate.
    • 2017, Diamond Johnson, Finding My Way Back to Love 2, Sullivan Group Publishing (→ISBN):
      I don't even care about mine, I can get my shit off while jacking in the shower.
Derived terms
  • jack up (several meanings)
  • jack off
Translations

Adjective

jack (comparative more jack, superlative most jack)

  1. (Australia) Tired, disillusioned; fed up (with). [from 19th c.]
    • 2006, Alexis Wright, Carpentaria, Giramondo 2012, p. 78:
      In the end, black and white were both crawling on the ground in reconciliation. Both saying that they were plain jack of each other.

Etymology 3

From Portuguese jaca (jackfruit), from Malayalam ചക്ക (cakka).

Noun

jack (plural jacks)

  1. The edible fruit of the Asian tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus); also the tree itself. [from 16th c.]

Etymology 4

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Noun

jack (plural jacks)

  1. (slang, baseball) A home run.

Verb

jack (third-person singular simple present jacks, present participle jacking, simple past and past participle jacked)

  1. (transitive, slang, baseball) To hit (the ball) hard; especially, to hit (the ball) out of the field, producing a home run.
    • 1986, in Arete: The Journal of Sport Literature, Volume 4,[5] Sport Literature Association:
      An excellent piece of work, Wayne thought, so good in fact, he wasn’t surprised when Bailey walked to the plate and on the first pitch jacked the ball far into the parking lot outside the left-field fence for a tournament winning homerun.
    • 2004, Wayne Stewart, Hitting Secrets of the Pros: Big League Sluggers Reveal the Tricks of Their Trade, McGraw-Hill Professional, →ISBN, page 90:
      Therefore, even though Vizquel is certainly not a power hitter, at times he will try to jack the ball, perhaps pulling it with just enough oomph to carry down the line for a homer.
    • a. 2009, Jim McManus, quoted in T.J. Lewis, A View from the Mound: My Father’s Life in Baseball, Lulu.com (publisher, 2008), →ISBN, page 107:
      Maybe he hung a curve ball to somebody and they jacked it out of the park on him and he wasn’t upset about it.
Derived terms
Translations


References

  • jack at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • jack in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.



Dutch

Etymology

Borrowed from English jack.

Pronunciation

Noun

jack n (plural jacks, diminutive jackje n)

  1. jacket

Portuguese

Etymology

Borrowed from English jack.

Noun

jack m (plural jacks)

  1. jack (an electronic connector mounted on a surface)
  2. (Brazil, slang) A rapist (specifically a male one)

Romanian

Noun

jack n (plural jackuri)

  1. Alternative form of geac

Bookmark
share
WebDictionary.net is an Free English Dictionary containing information about the meaning, synonyms, antonyms, definitions, translations, etymology and more.

Browse the English Dictionary

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

License

This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.