hammer

hammer

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of hammer in English

English Online Dictionary. What means hammer‎? What does hammer mean?

English

Etymology

From Middle English hamer, from Old English hamor, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz (compare West Frisian hammer, Low German Hamer, Dutch hamer, German Hammer, Danish hammer, Swedish hammare). The Germanic *hamaraz "tool with a stone head" derives from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros (compare Sanskrit अश्मर (aśmará, stony)), itself a derivation from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

For *h₂éḱmō (stone), compare Lithuanian akmuõ, Russian камень (kamenʹ), Serbo-Croatian kamēn, Albanian kmesë (sickle), Ancient Greek ἄκμων (ákmōn, meteor rock, anvil), Avestan 𐬥𐬀𐬨𐬯𐬀(asman), Sanskrit अश्मन् (áśman)) (root *h₂eḱ- (sharp)).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhæm.ə(ɹ)/
  • Rhymes: -æmə(r)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhæmɚ/

Noun

hammer (plural hammers)

  1. A tool with a heavy head and a handle used for pounding.
  2. A moving part of a firearm that strikes the firing pin to discharge a gun.
  3. (anatomy) The malleus, a small bone of the middle ear.
  4. (music) In a piano or dulcimer, a piece of wood covered in felt that strikes the string.
  5. (sports) A device made of a heavy steel ball attached to a length of wire, and used for throwing.
  6. (curling) The last stone in an end.
  7. (Ultimate Frisbee) A frisbee throwing style in which the disc is held upside-down with a forehand grip and thrown above the head.
  8. Part of a clock that strikes upon a bell to indicate the hour.
  9. One who, or that which, smites or shatters.
    St. Augustine was the hammer of heresies.
    • J. H. Newman
      He met the stern legionaries [of Rome] who had been the massive iron hammers of the whole earth.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • mallet

Verb

hammer (third-person singular simple present hammers, present participle hammering, simple past and past participle hammered)

  1. To strike repeatedly with a hammer, some other implement, the fist, etc.
  2. To form or forge with a hammer; to shape by beating.
    • Dryden
      hammered money
  3. (figuratively) To emphasize a point repeatedly.
  4. (sports) To hit particularly hard.
  5. (cycling, intransitive, slang) To ride very fast.
    • 2011, Tim Moore, French Revolutions: Cycling the Tour de France (page 58)
      Fifteen minutes later, leaving a vapour trail of kitchen smells, I hammered into Obterre.
  6. (intransitive) To strike internally, as if hit by a hammer.
    I could hear the engine’s valves hammering once the timing rod was thrown.
  7. (transitive, slang, figuratively, sports) To defeat (a person, a team) resoundingly
    We hammered them 5-0!
  8. (transitive, slang, computing) To make high demands on (a system or service).
    • 1995, Optimizing Windows NT (volume 4, page 226)
      So we'll be hammering the server in an unrealistic manner, but we'll see how the additional clients affect overall performance. We'll add two, three, four, and then five clients, []

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • hammer out

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse hamarr, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros, from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hamər/, [ˈhɑmɐ]

Noun

hammer c (singular definite hammeren, plural indefinite hammere or hamre)

  1. hammer

Inflection


German

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈhamɐ/
  • Homophone: Hammer

Verb

hammer

  1. (colloquial, regional) Contraction of haben wir.
    Da hammer jetz' keine Zeit für.
    We don't have time for that now.

Usage notes

This contraction is common throughout central Germany, southern Germany, and Austria. It is only occasionally heard in northern Germany.

See also

  • simmer

Middle English

Noun

hammer

  1. Alternative form of hamer

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse hamarr, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros, from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

Alternative forms

  • hammar

Noun

hammer m (definite singular hammeren, indefinite plural hammere or hamrer, definite plural hammerne or hamrene)

  1. a hammer (tool)
Related terms
  • hamre (verb)

Etymology 2

Noun

hammer m

  1. indefinite plural of ham

References

  • “hammer” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

West Frisian

Etymology

From Old Frisian hamar, from Proto-Germanic *hamaraz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱmoros, from *h₂éḱmō (stone).

Noun

hammer c (plural hammers, diminutive hammerke)

  1. hammer

Further reading

  • “hammer”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.