gang

gang

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of gang in English

English Online Dictionary. What means gang‎? What does gang mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: găng, IPA(key): /ɡæŋ/
  • Rhymes: -æŋ

Etymology 1

From Middle English gangen, from Old English gangan (to go, walk, turn out), from Proto-Germanic *ganganą (to go, walk), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰengʰ- (to step, walk). Cognate with Scots gang (to go on foot, walk), Swedish gånga (to walk, go), Faroese ganga (to walk), Icelandic ganga (to walk, go), Vedic Sanskrit जंहस् (jáṃhas). Ultimately: related to etym. 2, see below.

Verb

gang (third-person singular simple present gangs, present participle ganging, simple past and past participle ganged)

  1. (intransitive, chiefly Britain dialectal, Northern England, Scotland) To go; walk; proceed.
    • 1772, Richard Cumberland, The Fashionable Lover. A Comedy. Act III
      (Colin alone) Ah, Colin, thou’rt a prodigal; a thriftless loon thou’st been, that cou’d na’ keep a little pelf to thysall when thou had’st got it; now thou may’st gang in this poor geer to thy live's end, and worse too for aught I can tell; ’faith, mon, ’twas a smeart little bysack of money thou hadst scrap’d together, an the best part of it had na’ being last amongst thy kinsfolk, in the Isles of Skey and Mull; muckle gude may it do the weams of them that ha’ it! There was Jamie MacGregor and Sawney MacNab, and the twa braw lads of Kinruddin, with old Charley MacDougall, my mother's first husband's second cousin: by my sol I cou’d na’ see such near relations, and gentlemen of sich auncient families gang upon bare feet, while I rode a horseback: I had been na’ true Scot, an I cou’d na’ ge’en a countryman a gude last upon occasion (as he is going out, Miss Aubrey enters.)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Middle English gang, from Old English gang (a journey; way; passage), from Proto-Germanic *gangaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰongʰ-o-s, from *ǵʰengʰ- (to step; stride). Cognate with Dutch gang, German Gang, Icelandic gangur, Norwegian gang (hallway), Old Norse gangr (passage, hallway), Swedish gång, Vedic Sanskrit जंहस् (jáṃhas).

Noun

gang (plural gangs)

  1. (now chiefly dialectal) A going, journey; a course, path, track.
    • 1840, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Woodnotes I.3:
      In unploughed Maine he sought the lumberers’ gang / Where from a hundred lakes young rivers sprang
    • 1869, Papa André, Once a Week, page 418/1:
      That week was also called the Gang Week, from the Saxon ganger, to go; and the Rogation days were termed the Gang Days.
    • 1895, Frederick Tupper Jr., Anglo-Saxon Dæg-Mæl, Modern Language Association of America, page 229:
      Neither Marshall nor Bouterwek makes clear the connection existing between the Gang-days and the Major and Minor Litanies.
  2. (obsolete) An outhouse: an outbuilding used as a lavatory.
    • c. 1000, Aelfric, Homilies, Vol. I, page 290:
      Þaða he to gange com.
  3. A number going in company; a number of friends or persons associated for a particular purpose.
    the Gashouse Gang
    The gang from our office is going out for drinks Friday night.
  4. A group of laborers under one foreman; a squad.
    a gang of sailors; a railroad gang.
  5. A criminal group with a common cultural background and identifying features, often associated with a particular section of a city.
    a youth gang; a neighborhood gang; motorcycle gang.
  6. A group of criminals or alleged criminals who band together for mutual protection and profit.
    The Winter Hill Gang was quite proficient at murdering rival mobsters in order to take over their rackets.
  7. A group of politicians united in furtherance of a political goal.
    The Gang of Four was led by Jiang Qing, the fourth wife of Mao Zedong.
    Not all members of the Gang of Six are consistent in their opposition to filibuster.
  8. (US) A chain gang.
  9. A combination of similar tools or implements arranged so as, by acting together, to save time or labor; a set.
    a gang of saws; a gang of plows.
  10. A set; all required for an outfit.
    a new gang of stays.
  11. (electrics) A number of switches or other electrical devices wired into one unit and covered by one faceplate.
    an outlet gang box; a double gang switch.
  12. (electrics) A group of wires attached as a bundle.
    a gang of wires
    Do a drop for the telephone gang, then another drop for the Internet gang, both through the ceiling of the wiring closet.
Synonyms
  • (outhouse): See Thesaurus:bathroom
Derived terms
Translations
Descendants
  • Thai: แก๊ง (gɛ́ɛng)

Verb

gang (third-person singular simple present gangs, present participle ganging, simple past and past participle ganged)

  1. (intransitive) To band together as a group or gang.
    “Let's gang up on them.”
  2. (transitive) to attach similar items together to form a larger unit.

See also

  • Appendix:English collective nouns

Etymology 3

See gan.

Verb

gang (second-person singular simple present gangst)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of gan.

Etymology 4

Shortening of gangbang.

Verb

gang (third-person singular simple present gangs, present participle ganging, simple past and past participle ganged)

  1. Synonym of gangbang: to have sex with a single partner as a gang.
    • 2015, Richard Allen, Skinhead, page 80:
      [] there's a thin line to tread to avoid fights or getting “ganged” when rejecting the sexual overtures of incarcerated women.

References

  • The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English.

Etymology 5

Noun

gang (countable and uncountable, plural gangs)

  1. (mining) Alternative form of gangue

Anagrams

  • gnag

Afrikaans

Etymology

From Dutch gang.

Noun

gang (plural gange)

  1. a passageway, alley

Alemannic German

Verb

gang

  1. second-person imperative singular of gaa

Balinese

Etymology

From Dutch gang (passageway, alley).

Noun

gang

  1. alleyway, alley, narrow street. A narrow pathway bound by walls on both sides

Cebuano

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: gang

Etymology 1

From English gang.

Noun

gang

  1. a gang; a criminal group with a common cultural background and identifying features, often associated with a particular section of a city

Etymology 2

From langga, pangga. Compare lang.

Noun

gang

  1. a term of address for a beloved person; dear; sweetie

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:gang.


Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡ̊anɡ̊/, [ɡ̊ɑŋˀ]

Etymology 1

From Old Danish gang, from Old Norse gangr, from Proto-Germanic *gangaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰengʰ- (stride, step).

Noun

gang c (singular definite gangen, plural indefinite gange)

  1. The act of walking, a walk.
  2. An intended amount of something, especially time.
  3. A way or path to walk on.
  4. A person's business or activity.
  5. One of the few cases where something takes place, a rare event.
  6. A line or closed space that can be bypassed, usually by foot.
  7. A room giving access to another room.
  8. A narrow road built for pedestrians, usually in a public park or facility.
Inflection

Etymology 2

See gange.

Verb

gang

  1. imperative of gange

References

  • “gang” in Den Danske Ordbog
  • “gang” in Ordbog over det danske Sprog

Dutch

Etymology

From Middle Dutch ganc, from Old Dutch gank, gang, from Proto-Germanic *gangaz.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɣɑŋ/
  • Rhymes: -ɑŋ

Noun

gang m (plural gangen, diminutive gangetje n)

  1. passageway, alley
  2. gait, walk (person's manner of walking or stepping)
  3. journey
  4. hallway, corridor
  5. course

Derived terms


French

Etymology

Borrowed from English gang.

Pronunciation

  • (Canadian French) IPA(key): /ɡaŋ/
  • (France) IPA(key): /ɡɑ̃ɡ/

Noun

gang m (plural gangs)

  1. gang, group of ill-doers

Further reading

  • “gang” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

German

Verb

gang

  1. obsolete form of geh, second-person imperative singular of gehen

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch gang (passageway, alley).

Noun

gang (plural gang-gang, first-person possessive gangku, second-person possessive gangmu, third-person possessive gangnya)

  1. alleyway, alley, narrow street. A narrow pathway bound by walls on both sides
    gang buntu — dead-end alley
  2. an organized crime group
  3. a group of people with distinct identity, such as high school mates. See also geng

Verb

gang

  1. to form a gang group

Italian

Etymology

Borrowed from English gang.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɛnɡ/, [ɡɛŋɡ]

Noun

gang f (invariable, dated plural gangs)

  1. gang, specifically:
    1. (dated) A group of people.
    2. (dated) A group of laborers under one foreman.
    3. A criminal group.

Related terms

  • ganga, ghenga (dated)

Mandarin

Pronunciation

Romanization

gang

  1. Nonstandard spelling of gāng.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of gǎng.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of gàng.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Old Norse gangr, also related to .

Noun

gang m (definite singular gangen, indefinite plural ganger, definite plural gangene)

  1. hall, hallway
    Sett fra deg skoene i gangen.
    Leave your shoes in the hallway.
  2. passage, corridor
    I enden av den lange gangen er klasserommet.
    The classroom is at the end of the long corridor.
  3. aisle
  4. walk, path
  5. walk, walking, going
  6. walk, gait
    Gangen hans er litt merkelig.
    His gait is a bit weird
  7. working, running, action, movement, motion, operation
  8. course; passage
  9. course; march
  10. time
    Vi vant fem ganger på rad!
    We won five times in a row!
  11. plot, action
    Historiens gang var litt komplisert.
    The plot of the story was somewhat complicated.
  12. (mining) dike, lode
  13. vein
  14. (anatomy) duct

Derived terms

References

  • “gang” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Old Norse gangr, also related to .

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑŋː/

Noun

gang m (definite singular gangen, indefinite plural gangar, definite plural gangane)

  1. hall, hallway
    Sett frå deg skorne i gangen.
    Leave your shoes in the hallway.
  2. passage, corridor
  3. aisle
  4. walk, path
  5. walk, walking, going
  6. walk, gait
    Gangen hans er litt merkeleg.
    His gait is a bit weird
  7. working, running, action, movement, motion, operation
  8. course; passage
  9. course; march
  10. plot, action
    Gangen i soga var litt komplisert.
    The plot of the story was somewhat complicated.
  11. (mining) dike, lode
  12. vein
  13. (anatomy) duct

Derived terms

See also

  • gong

References

  • “gang” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Alternative forms

  • geng, gong, gung

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *gangaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰengʰ- (to step; stride). Related to Old English gangan (to go, walk, turn out).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑŋɡ/

Noun

gang m (nominative plural gangas)

  1. going, journey, progress, track, footprint, flow, stream, way, passage, course, path
  2. a company of people
  3. drain, privy
  4. platform, stage, steps
  5. occurrence; passage or lapse of time
    Geára gangum. — In the course of years.

Descendants

  • Middle English: gang, gong
    • Scots: gang
    • English: gang, gong, goung
      • Dutch: gang
      • Portuguese: gangue
      • Norman: dgaîngue

Derived terms


Old High German

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *gangaz.

Noun

gang m (plural ganga)

  1. A path, course, way, journey; a going

Declension

Derived terms

  • ubargang
  • Wolfgang

Descendants

  • Middle High German: ganc
    • German: Gang

Portuguese

Pronunciation

Noun

gang m (Portugal) or f (Brazil) (plural gangs)

  1. Dated spelling of gangue.

Scots

Alternative forms

  • gae
  • gan

Etymology

From Old English gangan, Old Norse ganga, with inflected forms from Old English gān (like English go).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑŋ/

Verb

gang (third-person singular present gangs, present participle gaun, past gaed, past participle gaen)

  1. To go.
    • Robert Burns, "A Red, Red, Rose":
    And I will love thee still, my dear
    Till a’ the seas gang dry.

Spanish

Noun

gang m (plural gangs)

  1. gang

Vietnamese

Pronunciation

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ɣaːŋ˧˧]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ɣaːŋ˧˧]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ɣaːŋ˧˧]

Etymology 1

From Proto-Vietic *c-kaːŋ (handspan).

Noun

gang

  1. a handspan

Etymology 2

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (SV: cương).

Noun

gang

  1. cast iron

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