gage

gage

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of gage in English

English Online Dictionary. What means gage‎? What does gage mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡeɪd͡ʒ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪdʒ
  • Homophone: gauge

Etymology 1

From Middle English gage, from later Old French or early Middle French gager (verb), (also guagier in Old French) gage (noun), ultimately from Frankish *waddi, from Germanic (whence English wed). Doublet of wage, from the same origin through the Old Northern French variant wage. See also mortgage.

Verb

gage (third-person singular simple present gages, present participle gaging, simple past and past participle gaged)

  1. (obsolete) To give or deposit as a pledge or security; to pawn.
    • Shakespeare
      A moiety competent / Was gaged by our king.
  2. (archaic) To wager, to bet.
    • Ford
      This feast, I'll gage my life, / Is but a plot to train you to your ruin.
  3. To bind by pledge, or security; to engage.
    • Shakespeare
      Great debts / Wherein my time, sometimes too prodigal, / Hath left me gaged.

Noun

gage (plural gages)

  1. Something, such as a glove or other pledge, thrown down as a challenge to combat (now usually figurative).
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe:
      “But it is enough that I challenge the trial by combat — there lies my gage.” She took her embroidered glove from her hand, and flung it down before the Grand Master with an air of mingled simplicity and dignity…
    • 1988, James McPherson, Battle Cry for Freedom, Oxford 2003, page 166:
      The gage was down for a duel that would split the Democratic party and ensure the election of a Republican president in 1860.
  2. (obsolete) Something valuable deposited as a guarantee or pledge; security, ransom.
    • 1886, Henry James, The Princess Casamassima.
      [I]t seemed to create a sort of material link between the Princess and himself, and at the end of three months it almost appeared to him, not that the exquisite book was an intended present from his own hand, but that it had been placed in that hand by the most remarkable woman in Europe.... [T]he superior piece of work he had done after seeing her last, in the immediate heat of his emotion, turned into a kind of proof and gage, as if a ghost, in vanishing from sight, had left a palpable relic.
Translations

Etymology 2

See gauge.

Noun

gage (plural gages)

  1. US alternative spelling of gauge (a measure, instrument for measuring, etc.)

Verb

gage (third-person singular simple present gages, present participle gaging, simple past and past participle gaged)

  1. (US) Alternative spelling of gauge (to measure)
Usage notes

The spelling gage is encountered primarily in American English, but even there it is less common than the spelling gauge.

Translations

Etymology 3

Named after the Gage family of England, who imported the greengage from France.

Noun

gage (plural gages)

  1. A subspecies of plum, Prunus domestica subsp. italica.
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 4

Noun

gage

  1. (obsolete, Britain, thieves' cant) A quart pot. [15th–19th c.]
  2. (archaic, Britain, slang) A pint pot. [18th–19th c.c.]
  3. (archaic, Britain, slang, metonymically) A drink. [from 19th c.]
  4. (archaic, Britain, slang) A tobacco pipe. [mid 17th–early 19th c.]
  5. (archaic, Britain, slang) A chamberpot. [19th c.]
  6. (archaic, Britain, slang) A small quantity of anything. [19th c.]
  7. (slang, dated) Marijuana

French

Etymology

From Middle French gage, from Old French gage, guage, from Frankish *waddī.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɡaʒ/
  • Rhymes: -aʒ
  • Homophones: gagent, gages

Noun

gage m (plural gages)

  1. pledge, guarantee
  2. (law, finance) deposit, security, guaranty (guarantee that debt will be paid; property relinquished to ensure this)
  3. forfeit (something deposited as part of a game)
  4. proof, evidence, assurance
  5. (plural) wages, salary

Derived terms

  • tueur à gages

Related terms

  • gager

Verb

gage

  1. first-person singular present indicative of gager
  2. third-person singular present indicative of gager
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of gager
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of gager
  5. second-person singular present imperative of gager

Further reading

  • “gage” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle English

Etymology 1

From Old French cage.

Noun

gage (plural gages)

  1. Alternative form of cage

Etymology 2

From Old Northern French gauge.

Noun

gage

  1. Alternative form of gauge

Etymology 3

From Old French gage, from Medieval Latin wadium, from Frankish *waddī. Doublet of wage and wed.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡaːdʒ(ə)/

Noun

gage

  1. A security, surety, or bond.
  2. A formal declaration of combat.
  3. (rare) Money for the release of a hostage .
Descendants
  • English: gage
References
  • “gāǧe (n.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-04-22.

Old French

Alternative forms

  • guage, gaige, wage

Etymology

From Medieval Latin wadium (pledge, legal contract, wage), from Frankish *waddī.

Noun

gage m (oblique plural gages, nominative singular gages, nominative plural gage)

  1. wage (regular remuneration)
  2. (figuratively) payment

Descendants

  • Middle French: gage
    • French: gage
  • Middle English: gage
    • English: gage

Bookmark
share
WebDictionary.net is an Free English Dictionary containing information about the meaning, synonyms, antonyms, definitions, translations, etymology and more.

Browse the English Dictionary

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

License

This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.