faith

faith

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of faith in English

English Online Dictionary. What means faith‎? What does faith mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • feith, feithe, fayth, faythe, faithe (all obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English faith, fayth, feith, feyth (also fay, fey, fei ("faith"); > English fay (faith)), borrowed from Old French fay, fey, fei, feit, feid (faith), from Latin fidēs (faith, belief, trust; whence also English fidelity), from fīdō (trust, confide in), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰidʰ-, zero-grade of *bʰeydʰ- ("to command, persuade, trust"; whence also English bide).

Old French had [θ] as a final devoiced allophone of /ð/ from lenited Latin /d/; this eventually fell silent in the 12th century. The -th of the Middle English forms is most straightforwardly accounted for as a direct borrowing of a French [θ]. However, it has also been seen as arising from alteration of a French form with -d under influence of English abstract nouns in the suffix -th (e.g. truth, ruth, health, etc.), or as a recharacterisation of a French form like fay, fey, fei with the same suffix, thus making the word equivalent to fay +‎ -th.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /feɪθ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪθ

Noun

faith (countable and uncountable, plural faiths)

  1. The process of forming or understanding abstractions, ideas, or beliefs, without empirical evidence, experience or observation.
  2. A religious belief system.
  3. An obligation of loyalty or fidelity and the observance of such an obligation.
  4. A trust or confidence in the intentions or abilities of a person, object, or ideal.
  5. (obsolete) Credibility or truth.
    • Mitford
      the faith of the foregoing narrative

Quotations

For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:faith.

Synonyms

  • (knowing, without direct observation, based on indirect evidence and experience, that something is true, real, or will happen): belief, confidence, trust, conviction
  • (system of religious belief): religion

Hyponyms

  • (religious belief system): Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Bahá'í Faith, Wicca, Eckankar, Raëlism, Zoroastrianism, New Age, Unitarian Universalism, Jainism, Shinto, LaVeyan Satanism, Scientology, Taoism, Yoruba, Druidry, paganism, Juche, Cao Dai, Confucianism, Spiritism, humanism, Rastafarianism, Tenrikyo

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Further reading

  • faith in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • faith in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Anagrams

  • hatif

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.