English Online Dictionary. What means earth? What does earth mean?
From Middle English erthe, from Old English eorþe (“earth, ground, soil, dry land”), from Proto-Germanic *erþō (“earth, ground, soil”) (compare West Frisian ierde, Low German Eerd, Dutch aarde, Dutch Low Saxon eerde, German Erde, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian jord), related to *erwô (“earth”) (compare Old High German ero, perhaps Old Norse jǫrfi), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁er- (compare Ancient Greek *ἔρα (*éra) in ἔραζε (éraze, “on the ground”), perhaps Tocharian B yare (“gravel”).
Probably unrelated, and of unknown etymology, is Old Armenian երկիր (erkir, “earth”). Likewise, the phonologically similar Proto-Semitic *ʾarṣ́- – whence Arabic أَرْض (ʾarḍ), Hebrew אֶרֶץ (ʾereṣ) – is probably not related.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɜːθ/
- (US) IPA(key): /ɝθ/
- Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)θ
- Our planet, third out from the Sun; see main entry Earth.
- The astronauts saw the earth from the porthole.
- The word earth is capitalized to Earth when used in context with other celestial bodies.
earth (countable and uncountable, plural earths)
- (uncountable) Soil.
- (uncountable) Any general rock-based material.
- The ground, land (as opposed to the sky or sea).
- (Britain) A connection electrically to the earth ((US) ground); on equipment: a terminal connected in that manner.
- The lair (as a hole on the ground) of an animal such as fox.
- A region of the planet; a land or country.
- Worldly things, as against spiritual ones.
- The world of our current life (as opposed to heaven or an afterlife).
- The people on the globe.
- (archaic) The human body.
- (alchemy, philosophy and Taoism) The aforementioned soil- or rock-based material, considered one of the four or five classical elements.
- (chemistry, obsolete) Any of certain substances now known to be oxides of metal, which were distinguished by being infusible, and by insolubility in water.
earth (third-person singular simple present earths, present participle earthing, simple past and past participle earthed)
- (Britain, transitive) To connect electrically to the earth.
- Synonym: ground
- That noise is because the amplifier is not properly earthed.
- (transitive) To bury.
- The miser earths his treasure, and the thief, / Watching the mole, half beggars him ere noon.
- (transitive) To hide, or cause to hide, in the earth; to chase into a burrow or den.
- The fox is earthed.
- (intransitive) To burrow.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Tickell to this entry?)
- Erath, Harte, Heart, Herat, Taher, Terah, Thera, hater, heart, rathe, rehat, th'are, thare