e

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of e in English

English Online Dictionary. What means e‎? What does e mean?

Translingual

Etymology

Modification of capital letter E in uncial script, from Ancient Greek Ε (E, Epsilon).

Pronunciation

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

  • (Latin script):  Aa  Bb  Cc  Dd  Ee  Ff  Gg  Hh  Ii  Jj  Kk  Ll  Mm  Nn  Oo  Pp  Qq  Rr  Sſs  Tt  Uu  Vv  Ww  Xx  Yy  Zz
  • (Variations of letter E):  Éé  Èè  Êê  Ḙḙ  Ěě  Ĕĕ  Ẽẽ  Ḛḛ  Ẻẻ  Ėė  Ëë  Ēē  Ȩȩ  Ęę  ᶒ  Ɇɇ  Ȅȅ  Ếế  Ềề  Ễễ  Ểể  Ḝḝ  Ḗḗ  Ḕḕ  Ȇȇ  Ẹẹ  Ệệ  ⱸ  ᴇ  Ee  Ææ  Ǽǽ  Ǣǣ  &  Œœ  ᵫ
  • (select similar letters and symbols) ɘ ǝ Ə Ɛ Æ Œ
  • (other scripts) ε (e, epsilon) е (je)
  • See Appendix:Variations of "e"

Symbol

e

  1. (mathematics) The base of natural logarithms, also known as Euler’s number, a transcendental number with a value of approximately 2.718281828459…
  2. (sciences, computing) Symbol separating mantissa from the exponent in scientific notation.
    1.2566e-6 = 1.2566 × 10-6
  3. (IPA) close-mid front unrounded vowel
  4. (algebra, group theory) identity element
    ae = ea = a
  5. (physics) electron
  6. (physics) elementary charge

Usage notes

In the sense as a mathematical constant, the symbol is traditionally represented in an italic font.

Synonyms

  • (scientific notation): E
  • (electron): e⁻
  • (identity element): 1, (chiefly matrices) I

Gallery

See also

Other representations of E:


English

Etymology

From Middle English and Old English lower case letter e and split of æ, ea, eo, and œ, from five 7th century replacements of Anglo-Saxon Futhorcs by Latin letters:

  • Old English lower case letter e, from replacement by Latin letter e of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (e).
  • Old English lower case letter æ from replacement by Latin ligature æ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (æ).
  • Old English lower case digraph ea, from replacement by Latin digraph ea of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (ea).
  • Old English lower case digraph eo from replacement by Latin digraph eo of Anglo-Saxon Futhorc (ēo).
  • Old English lower case letter œ from replacement by Latin ligature œ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (œ).

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /iː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ɛ/, /iː/, /ɪ/, /ə/, /eɪ/
  • In addition to the phonemes noted above, "e" can also be silent, representing no sound itself but indicating which phoneme another letter in the word represents. See the article "Silent e" on Wikipedia.

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E, plural es or e's)

  1. The fifth letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Coordinate terms

  • (Latin script letters) letter; Aa, Bb, Cc, Dd, Ee, Ff, Gg, Hh, Ii, Jj, Kk, Ll, Mm, Nn, Oo, Pp, Qq, Rr, Ss, Tt, Uu, Vv, Ww, Xx, Yy, Zz

Number

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ordinal number fifth, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Noun

e (plural ees)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Coordinate terms

  • (Latin script letter names) letter; a, bee, cee, dee, e, ef, gee, aitch, i, jay, kay, el, em, en, o, pee, cue, ar, ess, tee, u, vee, double-u, ex, wye, zee/zed (Category: en:Latin letter names)

Translations


Afar

Letter

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.



Afrikaans

Noun

e (plural e's, diminutive e'tjie)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Ainu

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e̞/

Verb

e (Kana spelling )

  1. (transitive) to eat

Synonyms

  • ipe

See also

  • ku (to drink)

Albanian

Alternative forms

  • edhe, dhe (conjunction)

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

  • Conjunction e (and, also): according to Orel from Proto-Albanian *ō(d), from Proto-Indo-European *ēd ~ *ōd (ablative sg. stem of Proto-Indo-European *ē- ~ *ō-).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]

Conjunction

e

  1. and
  2. also

Related terms

  • edhe, dhe, ende, andej, anë, ani, tani

Pronoun

e m or f or n

  1. Third-person singular accusative-case pronominal clitic (him, her, it)
    E di. / S'e di.
    I know it. / I don't know it.
    E bleva.
    I bought it.

Preposition

e

  1. (of)
    Besa e shqiptarit nuk shitet pazarit.
    The honor of an Albanian can not be sold or bought in a bazaar.

Article

e

  1. adjectival article for:
    1. definite masculine singular adjectives in all accusative case
    2. indefinite feminine singular adjectives in the nominative case
    3. definite plural and feminine singular adjectives in the nominative and accusative cases

See also

Related terms

  • -a, -e, -i, -ia, -ja, -o, -u, -të
  • e, i, ,

References


Alemannic German

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ə/

Article

e f

  1. (indefinite) a/an

Declension

  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

Angolar

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun

e

  1. he

Aromanian

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and
  2. but
  3. or

Synonyms

  • (and): shi

Azerbaijani

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e lower case (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin script letters) hərf; Aa, Bb, Cc, Çç, Dd, Ee, Əə, Ff, Gg, Ğğ, Hh, Xx, Iı, İi, Jj, Kk, Qq, Ll, Mm, Nn, Oo, Öö, Pp, Rr, Ss, Şş, Tt, Uu, Üü, Vv, Yy, Zz

Basque

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Basque alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, (Ç ç), D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L, l, M m, N n, Ñ ñ, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, (Ü ü), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Noun

e (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See also

  • (Latin-script letter names) a, be, ze, de, e, efe, ge, hatxe, i, jota, ka, ele, eme, ene, eñe, o, pe, ku, erre, ese, te, u, uve, uve bikoitz, ixa, i greko, zeta

Breton

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun

e

  1. his

Etymology 2

From Proto-Brythonic *ɨn, from Proto-Celtic *eni.

Preposition

e

  1. in
Usage notes

It contracts with the articles, see el, en and er.


Catalan

Noun

e f (plural es)

  1. The Latin letter E (lowercase e).

Chinese

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

Prefix

e

  1. e- (electronic)

Corsican

Etymology

From the earlier le.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ/
  • Homophones: è,

Article

e f pl (masculine singular u, feminine singular a, masculine plural i)

  1. the (feminine plural)

Usage notes

  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

Pronoun

e f pl

  1. them (feminine direct object)

Usage notes

  • Before a vowel, e turns into l'.

See also

References

  • https://infcor.adecec.net/

Dalmatian

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -eː
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also

  • Previous letter: d
  • Next letter: f

Emilian

Etymology

From Latin et, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Esperanto

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /e/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin script letters) litero; Aa, Bb, Cc, Ĉĉ, Dd, Ee, Ff, Gg, Ĝĝ, Hh, Ĥĥ, Ii, Jj, Ĵĵ, Kk, Ll, Mm, Nn, Oo, Pp, Rr, Ss, Ŝŝ, Tt, Uu, Ŭŭ, Vv, Zz

Noun

e (accusative singular e-on, plural e-oj, accusative plural e-ojn)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

See also

  • (Latin script letter names) litero; a, bo, co, ĉo, do, e, fo, go, ĝo, ho, ĥo, i, jo, ĵo, ko, lo, mo, no, o, po, ro, so, ŝo, to, u, ŭo, vo, zo (Category: eo:Latin letter names)

Estonian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Estonian alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.

Conjunction

e

  1. Abbreviation of ehk; or, a.k.a.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) täht; A a, B b (C c), D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p (Q q), R r, S s, Š š, Z z, Ž ž, T t, U u, V v (W w), Õ õ, Ä ä, Ö ö, Ü ü (X x, Y y)

Fala

Conjunction

e

  1. Alternative form of i

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eː/
  • Rhymes: -eː

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) bókstavur; A a, Á á, B b, D d, Рð, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ó ó, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, Ú ú, V v, Y y, Ý ý, Æ æ, Ø ø

Finnish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeː/, [ˈe̞ː] (name of letter)

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called ee and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) kirjain; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s (Š š), T t, U u, V v (W w), X x, Y y, Z z (Ž ž), Å å, Ä ä, Ö ö

Noun

e

  1. (music) E (note)

Usage notes

Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.

Declension


French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ə/, (also) /ø/, /œ/

Noun

e m (plural e)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.

Friulian

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Fula

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) karfeeje; ', A a, B b, Mb mb, Ɓ ɓ, C c, D d, Nd nd, Ɗ ɗ, E e, F f, G g, Ng ng, Ɠ ɠ, H h, I i, J j, Nj nj, K k, L l, M m, N n, Ŋ ŋ, Ñ ñ, Ɲ ɲ, O o, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, W w, Y y, Ƴ ƴ

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

e

  1. and
  2. with

Usage notes

  • Common to all varieties of Fula (Fulfulde / Pulaar / Pular).
  • In writing, some add an "h" before and even also after the "e": he,heh. Not sure these would count as variants.

Galician

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Gothic

Romanization

e

  1. Romanization of 𐌴

Guinea-Bissau Creole

Etymology

From Portuguese e. Cognate with Kabuverdianu e.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Hawaiian

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle

e

  1. used to mark the following verb as an infinitive; to
  2. used before a name, a noun or a phrase to address someone or something

Preposition

e

  1. by (indicating the agent of a verb in the passive voice)

Hungarian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Uralic *e-. Cognates include Finnish että and Estonian et.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛ]
  • Rhymes:

Determiner

e (demonstrative)

  1. (chiefly archaic, except before consonant-initial words, as a counterpart of ez) this
    Synonyms: eme, ezen (only determiners; both are archaic or formal)

Pronoun

e

  1. (archaic, except before most consonant-initial postpositions) this
    • 1836, Mihály Vörösmarty, Szózat[1] (Appeal)[2]
      A nagy világon e kivűl / Nincsen számodra hely;
      In the great world outside of here / There is no place for you
      (“E kívül” would be ezen kívül in present-day Hungarian, formed from ez.)
Usage notes

A rarer substitute of ez, but unlike ez, it does not take the case of the noun it is attached to, and no definite article is used:

Most consonant-initial postpositions can take e, e.g. e nélkül, e helyett, see Pronominal adverbs from postpositions, in the column “that one, this one”. On the other hand, vowel-initial postpositions take ez (e.g. ez alatt, ez iránt).

Interjection

e

  1. (folksy) look!, hey! (expressing surprise or wanting to get attention)

Etymology 2

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation
  • (letter or phoneme itself; identifier): IPA(key): [ˈɛː]
  • (musical note): IPA(key): [ˈeː] (in the names of minor scales; see also E)

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The ninth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.
Declension
Derived terms

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) betű; A a, Á á, B b, C c, Cs cs, D d, Dz dz, Dzs dzs, E e, É é, F f, G g, Gy gy, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, Ly ly, M m, N n, Ny ny, O o, Ó ó, Ö ö, Ő ő, P p, R r, S s, Sz sz, T t, Ty ty, U u, Ú ú, Ü ü, Ű ű, V v, Z z, Zs zs. Only in the extended alphabet: Q q W w X x Y y. Commonly used: ch. Also defined: à ë. In surnames (selection): ä aa cz ds eé eö ew oe oó th ts ÿ.
  • -e (suffix)

References


Iau

Noun

e

  1. water

Further reading

  • Bill Palmer, The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area (→ISBN, 2017), page 531, table 95, Comparative basic vocabulary in Lakes Plain Languages

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛː/

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The sixth letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) bókstafur; A a, Á á, B b, D d, Рð, E e, É é, F f, G g, H h, I i, Í í, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, Ó ó, P p, R r, S s, T t, U u, Ú ú, V v, X x, Y y, Ý ý, Þ þ, Æ æ, Ö ö

Ido

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) litero; A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Conjunction

e

  1. Apocopic form of ed

Related terms

  • a (to)
  • o (or)

Igbo

Letter

e (upper case E, lower case e)

  1. The fifth letter of the Igbo alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

  • a (retracted tongue position)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Pronoun

e

  1. (indefinite) somebody, one, they, people (an unspecified individual).

Notes

  • Often gets translated into English with the passive voice.

Indo-Portuguese

Etymology

From Portuguese e (and).

Conjunction

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)

Interlingua

Alternative forms

  • (rare) et

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Istriot

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Caro, cun quil visito bianco e russo.
      Dear, with that little white and red face.

Italian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/
  • Rhymes: -e
  • Hyphenation: é

Etymology 1

From Latin ē (the name of the letter E).

Noun

e f (invariable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter E.; e

See also

  • (Latin-script letter names) lettera; a, bi, ci, di, e, effe, gi, acca, i, i lunga, kappa, elle, emme, enne, o, pi, cu, erre, esse, ti, u, vu, doppia vu, ics, ipsilon, zeta

Etymology 2

From Latin et.

Alternative forms

  • ed (prevocalic)

Conjunction

e

  1. and

References


Japanese

Romanization

e

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of
  3. Rōmaji transcription of
  4. Rōmaji transcription of

Kabuverdianu

Etymology

From Portuguese e.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Kosraean

Etymology

From Proto-Oceanic *api, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *hapuy, from Proto-Austronesian *Sapuy. Compare Malay api, Malagasy afo, Tsat pui³³, Palauan ngau, Chuukese ááf, Tongan afi, Samoan afi and Hawaiian ahi.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Noun

e

  1. fire

Latin

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Letter

e

  1. A letter of the Latin alphabet.

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /eː/, [eː]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /e/, [ɛ]

Noun

ē f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter E.
Coordinate terms
  • (Latin-script letter names) littera; ā, bē, cē, dē, ē, ef, gē, hā / *acca, ī, kā, el, em, en, ō, pē, kū, er, es, tē, ū, ix / īx / ex, ȳ / ī graeca / ȳpsīlon, zēta

References

  • e in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • e in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • e in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • e in Harry Thurston Peck, editor, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1898
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), part III: “Summary of the Ancient Evidence”, page 32: "Clearly there is no question or doubt about the names of the vowels A, E, I, O, U. They are simply long A, long E, etc. (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū). Nor is there any uncertainty with respect to the six mutes B, C, D, G, P, T. Their names are bē, cē, dē, gē, pē, tē (each with a long E). Or about H, K, and Q: they are hā, kā, kū—each, again, with a long vowel sound."

Etymology 3

Abbreviated from ex.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /e/, [ɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /e/, [ɛ]

Preposition

ē (short form of ex)

  1. out of, from
Derived terms
  • ē plūribus ūnum
Related terms
  • ē-
  • ex

Latvian

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]
  • IPA(key): [æ]

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Latvian alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

The letter E/e (like its long counterpart Ē/ē) represent two sounds, [ɛ] — šaurais e (narrow e) — and [æ] — platais e (broad e). In principle, [ɛ] is used when there is a palatal element (the vowels i, ī, e, ē, the diphthongs ie, ei, and the palatal consonants j, ķ, ģ, ļ, ņ, š, ž, č, , and, in the old spelling, ŗ) either in the same or in the following syllable; otherwise, [æ] is used. Unfortunately, some historical changes have obscured this pattern by removing some previously existing palatal elements; as a result of that, for a number of words the actual pronunciation of the letter e — [ɛ] or [æ] — must be memorized.

See also

  • (Latvian letters) latviešu burti; Aa, Āā, Bb, Cc, Čč, Dd, Ee, Ēē, Ff, Gg, Ģģ, Hh, Ii, Īī, Jj, Kk, Ķķ, Ll, Ļļ, Mm, Nn, Ņņ, Oo, Pp, Rr, Ss, Šš, Tt, Uu, Ūū, Vv, Zz, Žž

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛ]

Noun

e m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter E/e.

See also

  • (Latvian letter names) latviešu burtu vārdi; a, garais ā, bē, cē, čē, dē, e, garais ē, ef, gā, ģē, hā, i, garais ī, jē, kā, ķē, el, eļ, em, en, eņ, o, pē, er, es, eš, tē, u, garais ū, vē, zē, žē

Ligurian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Etymology 1

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti (beyond, over).

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Etymology 2

From Latin illae.

Article

e f pl (singular a)

  1. the

Livonian

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/

Letter

e (upper case E)

  1. The eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) kēratēḑ; A a, Ā ā, Ä ä, Ǟ ǟ, B b, D d, Ḑ ḑ, E e, Ē ē, F f, G g, H h, I i, Ī ī, J j, K k, L l, Ļ ļ, M m, N n, Ņ ņ, O o, Ō ō, Ȯ ȯ, Ȱ ȱ, Õ õ, Ȭ ȭ, P p, R r, Ŗ ŗ, S s, Š š, T t, Ț ț, U u, Ū ū, V v, Z z, Ž ž

Lule Sami

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb

e

  1. third-person plural present of ij

Malay

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z

Maltese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛ/ (short phoneme)
  • IPA(key): /a/ (some speakers; when following in an unstressed final syllable)
  • IPA(key): /ɛː/ (long phoneme)
  • In inherited words, long e occurs only next to vowelised or h. In Romance words, it can be long on its own.

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) ittra; A a, B b, Ċ ċ, D d, E e, F f, Ġ ġ, G g, Għ għ, H h, Ħ ħ, I i, Ie ie, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Ż ż, Z z

Mandarin

Romanization

e (Zhuyin ˙ㄜ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of

e

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ē.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of é.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ě.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of è.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Mauritian Creole

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ø], [e]

Letter

e

  1. the fifth letter of the modern Latin alphabet

Etymology 2

From French et.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [e]

Alternative forms

  • ek

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Middle English

Etymology 1

Noun

e

  1. Alternative form of æ

Etymology 2

Pronoun

e

  1. Alternative form of I (I)

Etymology 3

Pronoun

e

  1. Alternative form of he (he)

Etymology 4

Pronoun

e

  1. Alternative form of he (they)

Middle Low German

Alternative forms

  • ee, eje, ewe

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *aiwaz, whence also Old Norse ei

Adverb

ê

  1. always

Descendants

  • German Low German: Ehe

Navajo

Letter

e

  1. The eighth letter of the Navajo alphabet:
    e = /ɛ˨/
    ę = /ɛ̃˨/
    é = /ɛ˥/
    ę́ = /ɛ̃˥/
    ee = /ɛː˨˨/
    ęę = /ɛ̃ː˨˨/
    ée = /ɛː˥˨/
    ę́ę = /ɛ̃ː˥˨/
    eé = /ɛː˨˥/
    ęę́ = /ɛ̃ː˨˥/
    éé = /ɛː˥˥/
    ę́ę́ = /ɛ̃ː˥˥/

Neapolitan

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Etymology 1

From Latin de

Alternative forms

'e

Preposition

e

  1. of (used to express ownership)

Etymology 2

From Latin et

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Norwegian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /eː/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Etymology

See Translingual section.

Letter

e

  1. The fifth letter of the Norwegian alphabet

Inflection

Usage notes

  • /ə/ only appears in unstressed syllables.

Norwegian Bokmål

Article

e

  1. (non-standard since 1938) Alternative form of ei

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eː/, /e/, /ɛ/, /ə/, /æ/

Etymology

From Old Norse er.

Verb

e

  1. (dialectal, colloquial) Apocopic form of er, present of vera

Nzadi

Particle

é

  1. Used to link a possessed noun to its possessor.

Usage notes

This particle accompanies several tonal changes, as well as a simplification or elision of the coda of the possessed noun in some cases. Many nouns can be linked directly in possessive constructions without using this particle, chiefly those that denotes humans or animals when used in the singular, although it is impossible to predict exactly which nouns will follow which pattern based on semantics, ancestral noun class, or morphology.

Further reading

  • Crane, Thera; Larry Hyman; Simon Nsielanga Tukumu, A grammar of Nzadi [B.865]: a Bantu language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2011, →ISBN

Occitan

Etymology 1

From Old Occitan e, from Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Etymology 2

Noun

e f (plural es)

  1. e (the letter e, E)

Old French

Conjunction

e

  1. Alternative form of et

Old Occitan

Etymology

From Latin et.

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Descendants

  • Catalan: i
  • Occitan: e

Old Portuguese

Etymology 1

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /e/

Conjunction

e

  1. and (expresses two elements to be taken together or in addition to each other)
Descendants
  • Fala: i
  • Galician: e
  • Portuguese: e
    • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
    • Indo-Portuguese: e
    • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
    • Papiamentu: i, y

Etymology 2

Alternative form of é

Verb

e

  1. Alternative form of é
    • Eſta e como ſanta Maria liurou a Abadeſſa prenne q̇ adormecera anto ſeu Altar chorando.
      This one is about how Holy Mary acquitted the pregnant abbess who had fallen asleep crying in front of her altar.

Old Spanish

Alternative forms

  • é (alternative spelling)
  • ed, et (alternative forms)

Etymology

From Latin et, from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [e]

Conjunction

e

  1. and
    • c. 1200: Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 64v.
      e el reẏ con ſana q́ auie mando que mataſen todos los ſabios de babilonna e demandaron a danel e aſos conpaneros por matar
      And the king, full of anger, ordered all the wise men of Babylon be put to death, and they sought Daniel and his companions to put them to death.

Descendants

  • Spanish: y, e

Papiamentu

Etymology 1

From Portuguese ele and Spanish él and Kabuverdianu el.

Pronoun

e

  1. he, she, third person singular.

Etymology 2

From Portuguese este and Spanish este and Kabuverdianu es.

Article

e

  1. the (definite article)

Pohnpeian

Etymology 1

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronoun

e

  1. he, she, it, third person pronoun

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms

  • ah
  • eh

Determiner

e

  1. his, her, hers, its, third person possessive pronoun

Etymology 3

Of Onomatopoeic origin.

Interjection

e

  1. what, in response to being called

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛ/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ɛ/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The seventh letter of the Polish alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin-script letters) A a, Ą ą, B b, C c, Ć ć, D d, E e, Ę ę, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, Ł ł, M m, N n, Ń ń, O o, Ó ó, P p, R r, S s, Ś ś, T t, U u, W w, Y y, Z z, Ź ź, Ż ż

Interjection

e

  1. (colloquial) hey! (used to call someone's attention)

Further reading

  • e in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • e in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: e

Letter:

  • (Portugal, Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈɛ/, /ˈe/
  • Homophone: é

Conjunction:

  • (Portugal, Brazil) IPA(key): /i/
  • Homophone: i

Noun:

  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈe/

Etymology 1

From Old Portuguese e (and), from Latin et (and), from Proto-Indo-European *éti.

Conjunction

e

  1. and (connects two clauses indicating that the events occurred together, one after the other or without any special implication)
    Synonym: &
  2. and (connects the last and penultimate elements in a list)
  3. (emphatic) and (connects every element of a list)
  4. (logic) and (indicates a conjunction operation)
  5. (in the format “X e X”) and (indicates a great number of something)
Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

Descendants
  • Guinea-Bissau Creole: i, e
  • Indo-Portuguese: e
  • Kabuverdianu: y, i, e
  • Papiamentu: i, y

Noun

e m (uncountable)

  1. (logic) and, conjunction

Quotations

For quotations using this term, see Citations:e.

Etymology 2

See Translingual section.

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also
  • (Latin-script letters) letra; A a (Á á, À à, Â â, Ã ã), B b, C c (Ç ç), D d, E e (É é, Ê ê), F f, G g, H h, I i (Í í), J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o (Ó ó, Ô ô, Õ õ), P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u (Ú ú), V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z
  • The fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, called ê or é and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 3

Abbreviation of este

Noun

e m (uncountable)

  1. Abbreviation of este (east)

Etymology 4

Verb

e

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Alternative form of é (is)

Rapa Nui

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Particle

e

  1. agentive particle that marks the subject when a sensing verb is used

Usage notes

Only used with sensing verbs; otherwise use i.


Romagnol

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Conjunction

e

  1. and

Romanian

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /e/
  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /e/, /je/

Letter

e (lower case, upper case E)

  1. The letter of the alphabet, called [[e#|e]] and written in the Latin script.
Usage notes

See for pronunciation notes.

See also

Noun

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter [[E#|E]].
Declension

Etymology 2

Interjection

Etymology 3

Pronunciation

Verb

Etymology 4

See .

Conjunction


Samoan

Etymology

Preposition

  1. by (a person or animate object)

Sardinian

Etymology

From , ultimately from .

Pronunciation

Conjunction

  1. and

Scottish Gaelic

Etymology

From . Cognates include and .

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. he, him, it

See also

References

  • “e” in Edward Dwelly, , 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • ”, in Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors, , 2019

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Alternative forms

  • (uppercase):

Pronunciation

Letter

  1. The 9th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by and followed by .
Usage notes

Its name is е and it has the sound of e in net.

Etymology 2

Variant of or

Interjection

  1. well, now
  2. hey

Sicilian

Etymology

From , ultimately from .

Pronunciation

Conjunction

  1. and

Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, written in the Latin script.



Spanish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun

  1. Name of the letter E

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

Conjunction

  1. and
Usage notes

Used instead of when the following word starts with the vowel sound .

See also


Sranan Tongo

Etymology

Particle


Swedish

Etymology 1

See Translingual section.

Pronunciation

  • letter name:
  • phoneme:

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, called [[e#|e]] and written in the Latin script.

See also

Etymology 2

Verb

  1. .

Etymology 3

From , , , from , .

Adverb

(not comparable)

  1. forever, ever
Related terms

Tahitian

Etymology

Particle

  1. indicates that an action is unfinished when inserted before the verb

Teop

Etymology

Pronoun

  1. him, her, it (third-person pronoun, objective case, singular)

Further reading

  • https://corpus1.mpi.nl/media-archive/dobes_data/Teop/Info/Teop_Sketch_Grammar_May07.pdf
  • http://www.ioling.org/booklets/iol-2012-indiv-sol.en.pdf

Tokelauan

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From . Cognates include and .

Preposition

  1. ; by

Etymology 2

From . Cognates include and

Particle

References

  • R. Simona, editor, [3], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, 1986, page 24

Tongan

Etymology

Pronunciation

Preposition

  1. by

Turkish

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, called [[e#|e]] and written in the Latin script.

See also

  • (Latin script letters) harf; Aa, Bb, Cc, Çç, Dd, Ee, Ff, Gg, Ğğ, Hh, Iı, İi, Jj, Kk, Ll, Mm, Nn, Oo, Öö, Pp, Rr, Ss, Şş, Tt, Uu, Üü, Vv, Yy, Zz

Noun

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter [[E#|E]].

See also

  • (Latin script letter names) harf; a, be, ce, çe, de, e, fe, ge, yumuşak ge, he, ı, i, je, ke, le, me, ne, o, ö, pe, re, se, şe, te, u, ü, ve, ye, ze (Category: tr:Latin letter names)

Turkmen

Pronunciation

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, called [[e#|e]] and written in the Latin script.

See also


Tuvaluan

Etymology

Particle


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Borrowed from .

Noun

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter [[E#|E]].

Etymology 2

Compare .

Verb

  1. to fear; to be apprehensive, to be afraid
  2. to be slightly ashamed
See also

Etymology 3

Pronoun

References

  • "e" in Hồ Ngọc Đức, Free Vietnamese Dictionary Project (details)
  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)


Vilamovian

Etymology

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. egg

Volapük

Alternative forms

Etymology

Conjunction

  1. and

Related terms

  • ,

Welsh

Etymology 1

Alternative forms

  • :
  • :
  • :
  • :

Pronunciation

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, called [[e#|e]] and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by and followed by .
  2. The name of the Latin-script letter [[E#|E]].

Derived terms

  • Digraph sequences: , , ,

Mutation


Etymology 2

Reduction of literary

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. he, him

Usage notes

E is used predominantly in the south of Wales, while is used in the north, with and as variants of and respectively. In formal Welsh, the equivalent pronoun is .


Westrobothnian

Etymology 1

From , from .

Adverb

  1. ay
    e värr å e värr
    ever worse and worse

Etymology 2

Article

Etymology 3

Preposition


Yoruba

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, called [[é#|é]] and written in the Latin script.

Noun

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter [[E#|E]].

See also

  • As used in Benin:

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

Pronoun

  1. him, her, it

Pronoun

  1. him, her, it

Zazaki

Etymology

Pronunciation

Interjection

  1. yes

Particle

  1. yes

Antonyms


Zulu

Letter

  1. The letter of the alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

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