dare

dare

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of dare in English

English Online Dictionary. What means dare‎? What does dare mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɛə(ɹ)/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /dɛ(ə)ɹ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English durren, from Old English durran, from Proto-West Germanic *durʀan, from Proto-Germanic *durzaną (to dare), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰedʰórse (to dare), reduplicated stative of the root *dʰers- (to be bold, to dare), an *-s- extension of *dʰer- (to hold, support).

Verb

dare (third-person singular simple present dare or dares or (archaic) dast, present participle daring, simple past and past participle dared or (archaic) durst)

  1. (intransitive) To have enough courage (to do something).
    • 1832, Thomas Macaulay, Parliamentary Reform
      Why then did not the ministers use their new law? Because they durst not, because they could not.
  2. (transitive) To defy or challenge (someone to do something)
  3. (transitive) To have enough courage to meet or do something, go somewhere, etc.; to face up to
    Will you dare death to reach your goal?
    • 1886, Clarence King, article in The Century
      To wrest it from barbarism, to dare its solitudes.
  4. (transitive) To terrify; to daunt.
    • c.1609 , Beaumont and Fletcher, Francis Beaumont, John Fletcher (playwright), "The Maid's Tragedy", [Act IV, Scene I]:
      For I have done those follies, those mad mischiefs, Would dare a woman.
  5. (transitive) To catch (larks) by producing terror through the use of mirrors, scarlet cloth, a hawk, etc., so that they lie still till a net is thrown over them.
Usage notes
  • Dare is a semimodal verb. When used as an auxiliary, the speaker can choose whether to use do-support and the auxiliary "to" when forming negative and interrogative sentences. For example, "I don't dare (to) go", "I dare not go", "I didn't dare (to) go", and "I dared not go" are all correct. Similarly "Dare you go?", "Do you dare (to) go?", "Dared you go?", and "Did you dare (to) go?" are all correct. When not an auxiliary verb, it is different: "I dared him to do it." usually is not written as "I dared him do it.", and "Did you dare him to do it?" is almost never written as "Dared you him do it?"
  • In negative and interrogative sentences where "do" is not used, the third-person singular form of the verb is usually "dare" and not "dares": "Dare he go? He dare not go."
  • Colloquially, "dare not" can be contracted to "daren't". According to the Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, "daren’t" is used occasionally in ordinary past time contexts (Kim daren’t tell them so I had to do it myself).
  • Rare regional forms dassn't and dasn't also exists in the present tense and archaic forms dursn't and durstn't in the past tense.
  • The expression dare say, used almost exclusively in the first-person singular and in the present tense, means "think probable". It is also spelt daresay.
  • Historically, the simple past of dare was durst. In the 1830s, it was overtaken by dared, which has been markedly more common ever since.
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • Appendix:English modal verbs

Noun

dare (plural dares)

  1. A challenge to prove courage.
  2. The quality of daring; venturesomeness; boldness.
  3. Defiance; challenge.
  4. (games) In the game truth or dare, the choice to perform a dare set by the other players.
Derived terms
  • dairous
  • dareful
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English, from Old English darian.

Verb

dare (third-person singular simple present dares, present participle daring, simple past and past participle dared)

  1. (obsolete) To stare stupidly or vacantly; to gaze as though amazed or terrified. [16thc.]
  2. (obsolete) To lie or crouch down in fear. [16thc.]

Etymology 3

Noun

dare (plural dares)

  1. A small fish, the dace.

Anagrams

  • 'eard, Dear, Rade, Read, Reda, ared, dear, rade, read

Crimean Tatar

Noun

dare

  1. (music) tambourine

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈdarɛ]

Noun

dare

  1. vocative singular of dar

French

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /daʁ/

Interjection

dare

  1. quick

Related terms

  • dare-dare

Italian

Etymology

From Latin dare, present active infinitive of , from Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (give).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈda.re/
  • Rhymes: -are
  • Hyphenation: dà‧re

Verb

dàre (first-person singular present (with following syntactic gemination) or (with written accent, with following syntactic gemination) , first-person singular past historic dièdi or dètti, past participle dàto, first-person singular present subjunctive dìa, first-person singular imperfect subjunctive déssi, second-person singular imperative dai or da' or (with written accent, with following syntactic gemination) , auxiliary avere) (transitive)

  1. to give (to transfer the possession/holding of something to someone else)
  2. to yield, to bear, to produce, to return
  3. (ditransitive) to name, to call, to refer to [+ del (object)] [+ al (object)]

Usage notes

The imperative forms of the second-person singular are compounded with pronouns as follows:

  • da' + cidacci
  • da' + glidagli
  • da' + gli/le + ladagliela
  • da' + gli/le + ledagliele
  • da' + gli/le + lidaglieli
  • da' + gli/le + lodaglielo
  • da' + ledalle
  • da' + midammi

Conjugation

Derived terms

Noun

dare m (plural dari)

  1. debit

Anagrams

  • arde, rade, reda

Japanese

Romanization

dare

  1. Rōmaji transcription of だれ

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈda.re/, [ˈd̪ärɛ]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈda.re/, [ˈd̪äːrɛ]

Verb

dare

  1. present active infinitive of
  2. second-person singular present passive imperative of

Leonese

Etymology

From Latin dare, present active infinitive of , from Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (give).

Verb

dare

  1. to give

References

  • AEDLL

Norman

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

dare ? (plural dares)

  1. (continental Normandy, anatomy) belly, stomach

Synonyms

  • ventre (Jersey, Guernsey), vãtr (Sark)

Romanian

Etymology

da +‎ -re

Noun

dare f (plural dări)

  1. giving
  2. tax

Declension


Serbo-Croatian

Noun

dare (Cyrillic spelling даре)

  1. vocative singular of dar

Slovak

Noun

dare

  1. locative singular of dar

Venetian

Etymology

From Latin dare.

Verb

dare

  1. to give

References

  • [1]

Zazaki

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɑˈɾə/
  • Hyphenation: da‧re

Noun

dare f

  1. tree

Bookmark
share
WebDictionary.net is an Free English Dictionary containing information about the meaning, synonyms, antonyms, definitions, translations, etymology and more.

Related Words

-

Browse the English Dictionary

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

License

This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.