dare

dare

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of dare in English

English Online Dictionary. What means dare‎? What does dare mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɛə(ɹ)/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /dɛɚ/
  • Rhymes: -ɛə(ɹ)

Etymology 1

From Middle English durren, from Old English durran, from Proto-Germanic *durzaną (to dare), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰedʰórse (to dare), reduplicated stative of the root *dʰers- (to be bold, to dare), an *-s- extension of *dʰer- (to hold, support). Cognate with Low German dören, Dutch durven, Ancient Greek τεθαρσήκασι (tetharsḗkasi), Sanskrit दधर्ष (dadhárṣa), but also with Ancient Greek θρασύς (thrasús), Albanian nder, Lithuanian drįsti, Russian дерза́ть (derzátʹ).

Verb

dare (third-person singular simple present dare or dares, present participle daring, simple past dared or (archaic) durst, past participle dared)

  1. (intransitive) To have enough courage (to do something).
    • Shakespeare
      The fellow dares not deceive me.
    • Macaulay
      Why then did not the ministers use their new law? Because they durst not, because they could not.
  2. (transitive) To defy or challenge (someone to do something)
  3. (transitive) To have enough courage to meet or do something, go somewhere, etc.; to face up to
    Will you dare death to reach your goal?
    • The Century
      To wrest it from barbarism, to dare its solitudes.
  4. (transitive) To terrify; to daunt.
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      For I have done those follies, those mad mischiefs, / Would dare a woman.
  5. (transitive) To catch (larks) by producing terror through the use of mirrors, scarlet cloth, a hawk, etc., so that they lie still till a net is thrown over them.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Nares to this entry?)
Usage notes
  • Dare is a semimodal verb. The speaker can choose whether to use the auxiliary "to" when forming negative and interrogative sentences. For example, "I don't dare (to) go" and "I dare not go" are both correct. Similarly "Dare you go?" and "Do you dare (to) go?" are both correct.
  • In negative and interrogative sentences where "do" is not used, the third-person singular form of the verb is usually "dare" and not "dares": "Dare he go? He dare not go."
  • Colloquially, "dare not" can be contracted to "daren't". Rare regional forms dassn't and dasn't also exists in the present tense and archaic forms dursn't and durstn't in the past tense.
  • The expression dare say, used almost exclusively in the first-person singular and in the present tense, means "think probable". It is also spelt daresay.
  • Historically, the simple past of dare was durst. In the 1830s, it was overtaken by dared, which has been markedly more common ever since.
Derived terms
Translations
See also
  • Appendix:English modal verbs

Noun

dare (plural dares)

  1. A challenge to prove courage.
  2. The quality of daring; venturesomeness; boldness.
    • Shakespeare
      It lends a lustre [] / A large dare to our great enterprise.
  3. Defiance; challenge.
    • Chapman
      Childish, unworthy dares / Are not enought to part our powers.
    • Shakespeare
      Sextus Pompeius / Hath given the dare to Caesar.
Derived terms
  • dairous
Translations

Etymology 2

Old English darian.

Verb

dare (third-person singular simple present dares, present participle daring, simple past and past participle dared)

  1. (obsolete) To stare stupidly or vacantly; to gaze as though amazed or terrified. [13th-16thc.]
  2. (obsolete) To lie or crouch down in fear. [13th-16thc.]
    • , Bk.XX, ch.xix:
      ‘Sir, here bene knyghtes com of kyngis blod that woll nat longe droupe and dare within thys wallys.’

Etymology 3

Noun

dare (plural dares)

  1. A small fish, the dace.
    • 1766, Richard Brookes, The art of angling, rock and sea-fishing
      The Dare is not unlike a Chub, but proportionably less; his Body is more white and flatter, and his Tail more forked.

Anagrams

  • 'eard, Dear, Rade, Read, Reda, ared, dear, rade, read

Crimean Tatar

Noun

dare

  1. (music) tambourine

Italian

Etymology

From Latin dare, present active infinitive of , from Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (give).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈda.re/, [ˈd̪äːre]
  • Rhymes: -are

Verb

dare

  1. (transitive) To give, to transfer the possession/holding of something to someone else.
  2. (transitive) To yield, to bear, to give, to produce, to return.

Usage notes

The imperative forms of the second-person singular are compounded with pronouns as follows:

  • da' + cidacci
  • da' + glidagli
  • da' + gli/le + ladagliela
  • da' + gli/le + ledagliele
  • da' + gli/le + lidaglieli
  • da' + gli/le + lodaglielo
  • da' + ledalle
  • da' + midammi

Conjugation

Derived terms

Noun

dare m (plural dari)

  1. debit

Anagrams

  • arde
  • rade

Japanese

Romanization

dare

  1. Rōmaji transcription of だれ

Latin

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈda.re/, [ˈda.rɛ]

Verb

dare

  1. present active infinitive of
  2. second-person singular present passive imperative of

Leonese

Etymology

Verb

dare

  1. to give

References

  • AEDLL

Norman

Etymology

Noun

dare ? (plural dares)

  1. (continental Normandy, anatomy) belly, stomach

Synonyms

  • ventre (Jersey, Guernsey), vãtr (Sark)

Zazaki

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /dɑˈɾə/
  • Hyphenation: da‧re

Noun

dare f

  1. tree

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.