damage

damage

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of damage in English

English Online Dictionary. What means damage‎? What does damage mean?

English

Etymology

From Middle English damage, from Old French damage (Modern French dommage), from Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdæmɪdʒ/
  • Rhymes: -æmɪdʒ
  • Hyphenation: dam‧age

Noun

damage (countable and uncountable, plural damages)

  1. Injury or harm; the condition or measure of something not being intact.
    The storm did a lot of damage to the area.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, Of Friendship
      Great errors and absurdities many {{..}}commit for want of a friend to tell them of them, to the great damage both of their fame and fortune.
  2. (slang) Cost or expense.
    "What's the damage?" he asked the waiter.

Usage notes

Currently it is only used as an uncountable noun, except in the plural. There are few examples of countable (singular) use.

Related terms

  • damn
  • indemnity

Translations

Verb

damage (third-person singular simple present damages, present participle damaging, simple past and past participle damaged)

  1. (transitive) To impair the soundness, goodness, or value of; to harm or cause destruction.
    Be careful not to damage any of the fragile items while unpacking them.
    Cold temperatures, heavy rain, falling rocks, strong winds and glacier movement can damage the equipment.
    • 1774, Edward Long, The History of Jamaica. Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island, volume 2, book 2, chapter 7, 5:
      The building was erected in two years, at the parochial expence, on the foundation of the former one, which was irreparably damaged by the hurricane of Auguſt, 1712.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To undergo damage.

Derived terms

  • undamaged

Translations

References


Middle English

Alternative forms

  • dampnage, dammage, domage, damege

Etymology

From Old French damage, from Vulgar Latin *damnaticum.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /damˈaːdʒ(ə)/, /dɔmˈaːdʒ(ə)/, /ˈdamadʒ(ə)/

Noun

damage (plural damages)

  1. damage, harm, injury
  2. loss (of reputation, etc.)
  3. (rare) disability, weakness
  4. (law, often in the plural) damages (compensation for loss)

Related terms

  • damagen

Descendants

  • English: damage
  • Scots: dammish

References

  • “damāǧe, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Old French

Etymology

From Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum. Cognate with Old Occitan damnatge.

Noun

damage m (oblique plural damages, nominative singular damages, nominative plural damage)

  1. damage
  2. injury, hurt, insult

Related terms

  • damagier

Descendants

  • French: dommage
  • Norman: dommage
  • Middle English: damage, dampnage, dammage, domage, damege
    • English: damage
    • Scots: dammish
  • Irish: damáiste
  • Sicilian: damaggiu

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.