bad

bad

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of bad in English

English Online Dictionary. What means bad‎? What does bad mean?

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bæd/
  • (General Australian) IPA(key): /bæːd/
  • (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /bɛd/
  • (Singapore) IPA(key): /bɛʔ/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Etymology 1

From Middle English bad, badde (wicked, evil, depraved), of uncertain origin. Perhaps a shortening of Old English bæddel (hermaphrodite) (for loss of -el compare Middle English muche from Old English myċel, and Middle English wenche from Old English wenċel), from bædan (to defile), from Proto-Germanic *bad- (compare Old High German pad (hermaphrodite)). Alternatively, a loan from Old Norse into Middle English, compare Norwegian bad (effort, trouble, fear, neuter noun), East Danish bad (damage, destruction, fight, neuter noun), from the Proto-Germanic noun *bada- (Kroonen, Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, s.v. *badōjan-).

Adjective

bad (comparative worse, superlative worst)

  1. Unfavorable; negative; not good.
  2. Not suitable or fitting.
  3. Not appropriate, of manners etc.
  4. Unhealthy; liable to cause health problems.
    Lard is bad for you. Smoking is bad for you, too. Grapes are bad for dogs but not for humans.
  5. Sickly, unhealthy, unwell.
  6. Tricky; stressful; unpleasant.
  7. Evil; wicked.
  8. Faulty; not functional.
  9. (of food) Spoiled, rotten, overripe.
  10. (of breath) Malodorous; foul.
  11. False; counterfeit; illegitimate.
  12. Unskilled; of limited ability; not good.
  13. Of poor physical appearance.
  14. (informal) Bold and daring.
  15. (hip-hop slang) Good; superlative.
    • 1986, Run-D.M.C., "Peter Piper" (written by Darryl McDaniels and Joseph Simmons)
      "He's the big bad wolf in your neighborhood / not bad meaning bad, but bad meaning good"
  16. (of a need or want) Severe, urgent.
  17. (US, slang) Overly promiscuous, licentious.
Usage notes

The comparative badder and superlative baddest are nonstandard.

Synonyms
  • (not good): unfavorable, negative; see also Thesaurus:bad
  • (not suitable or fitting): inappropriate, unfit; see also Thesaurus:unsuitable
  • (not appropriate, of manners etc.):
  • (liable to cause health problems): unhealthful, unwholesome; see also Thesaurus:harmful
  • (unhealthy; unwell): ill, poorly, sickly; see also Thesaurus:ill
  • (tricky; stressful; unpleasant): foul, loathsome; see also Thesaurus:unpleasant
  • (evil; wicked): wicked, evil, vile, vicious; see also Thesaurus:evil
  • (not functional): faulty, inoperative; see also Thesaurus:out of order
  • (of food): rotten; see also Thesaurus:rotten
  • (of breath): malodorous, foul; see also Thesaurus:malodorous
  • (false; counterfeit): false, spurious; see also Thesaurus:fake
  • (of limited ability): bungling, inept; see also Thesaurus:unskilled
  • (of poor physical appearance): repulsive, unsightly; see also Thesaurus:ugly
  • (bold, daring): badass; see also Thesaurus:brave
  • (good): see also Thesaurus:good
  • (of a need or want): dire, severe, urgent; see also Thesaurus:urgent
  • (overly promiscuous): see also Thesaurus:promiscuous
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Adverb

bad (comparative worse, superlative worst)

  1. (now colloquial) Badly.
    I didn't do too bad in the last exam.
Translations

Noun

bad (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Error, mistake.
    Sorry, my bad!
  1. (countable, uncountable, economics) An item (or kind of item) of merchandise with negative value; an unwanted good.
Translations

Etymology 2

Probably identical to bad, etymology 1, above, especially in the sense "bold, daring".

Adjective

bad (comparative badder, superlative baddest)

  1. (Should we move(+) this sense?) (slang) Fantastic.
    You is [sic] bad, man!

Etymology 3

From Middle English bad, from Old English bæd, first and third-person singular indicative past tense of biddan (to ask).

Verb

bad

  1. (archaic) alternative past of bid. See bade.

Etymology 4

Unknown

Verb

bad (third-person singular simple present bads, present participle badding, simple past and past participle badded)

  1. (Britain, dialectal, transitive) To shell (a walnut).
    • 1876, The Gloucester Journal, Oct. 7, 1876, reported in William John Thomas, Doran (John), Henry Frederick Turle, Joseph Knight, Vernon Horace Rendall, Florence Hayllar, Notes and Queries, page 346
      A curious specimen of Gloucestershire dialect c»me out in an assault case heard by the Gloucester court magistrates on Saturday. One of the witnesses, speaking of what a girl was doing at the time the assault took place, said she was ' badding ' walnuts in a pigstye. The word is peculiarly provincial : to ' bad ' walnuts is to strip away the husk. The walnut, too, is often called » 'bannut,' and hence the old Gloucestershire phrase, ' Come an' bad the bannuts.'

Anagrams

  • ABD, ADB, Abd., BDA, D.B.A., DAB, DBA, abd., d/b/a, dab, dba

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [bɑt]

Noun

bad (plural [please provide])

  1. bath

References

  • 2007. The UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Department of Linguistics.

Danish

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bað.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bad/, [bað]
  • Rhymes: -ad

Noun

bad n (singular definite badet, plural indefinite bade)

  1. bath, shower, swim
  2. bathroom
Inflection

Etymology 2

See bede (to pray, request).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /baːd/, [bæːˀð]

Verb

bad

  1. past tense of bede

Etymology 3

See bade (to bathe, bath).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /baːd/, [bæðˀ]

Verb

bad

  1. imperative of bade

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑt/
  • Hyphenation: bad
  • Rhymes: -ɑt

Etymology 1

From Middle Dutch bat, from Old Dutch *bath, from Proto-Germanic *baþą.

Noun

bad n (plural baden, diminutive badje n)

  1. bath
Derived terms
Related terms
  • baden
Descendants
  • Afrikaans: bad

Etymology 2

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb

bad

  1. singular past indicative of bidden

Gothic

Romanization

bad

  1. Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐌳

Indonesian

Etymology

From Persian باد(bâd, wind).

Noun

bad (plural bad-bad, first-person possessive badku, second-person possessive badmu, third-person possessive badnya)

  1. (archaic) wind
    Synonym: angin

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bað, from Proto-Germanic *baþą (bath).

Noun

bad n (definite singular badet, indefinite plural bad, definite plural bada or badene)

  1. a bath
    et varmt bad - a hot bath
  2. a bathroom (see also baderom)
Derived terms
  • blodbad
  • boblebad
Related terms
  • bade

Etymology 2

Alternative forms

  • (of be) ba

Verb

bad

  1. imperative of bade
  2. simple past of be
  3. simple past of bede

References

  • “bad” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology 1

From Old Norse bað.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑːd/

Noun

bad n (definite singular badet, indefinite plural bad, definite plural bada)

  1. a bath
    eit varmt bad - a hot bath
  2. a bathroom

Synonyms

  • (bathroom): baderom

Derived terms

  • blodbad
  • boblebad

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑː/

Verb

bad

  1. past of be

References

  • “bad” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɑːd/

Verb

bād

  1. first- and third-person singular preterite of bīdan

Old Irish

Alternative forms

  • bed

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bað/

Verb

bad

  1. inflection of is:
    1. third-person singular past subjunctive
    2. third-person singular and second-person plural imperative

Mutation


Polish

Etymology

From German Bad.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bat/

Noun

bad m inan

  1. (obsolete) health resort, bath

Declension

Synonyms

  • kurort

Further reading

  • bad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish Gaelic

Noun

bad m (genitive singular baid, plural badan)

  1. place, spot
  2. tuft, bunch
  3. flock, group
  4. thicket, clump (of trees)

Synonyms

  • (place): spot

Derived terms

  • anns a' bhad
  • reul-bhad

Swedish

Etymology

From Old Swedish badh, from Old Norse bað, from Proto-Germanic *baþą, from the zero-grade of Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₁-.

Pronunciation

Noun

bad n

  1. a bath, the act of bathing
  2. a bath, a place for bathing (badplats, badhus)

Declension

Related terms

  • bada
  • havsbad
  • kallbad
  • karbad
  • varmbad
  • vinterbad
  • ångbad

Verb

bad

  1. past tense of be.
  2. past tense of bedja.

References

  • bad in Svenska Akademiens ordlista över svenska språket (13th ed., online)

Volapük

Noun

bad (plural bads)

  1. evil, badness

Declension

See also

  • badik
  • badiko

Welsh

Etymology 1

From Old English bāt.

Noun

bad m (plural badau)

  1. boat
    Synonyms: cwch, llong
Derived terms
  • bad achub (lifeboat)

Etymology 2

Noun

bad f (uncountable)

  1. plague, pestilence
    Synonyms: pla, haint
Derived terms
  • y fad fawr (the Great Plague)

Mutation

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