atom

atom

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of atom in English

English Online Dictionary. What means atom‎? What does atom mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • atomus (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle English attome, from Middle French athome, from Latin atomus (smallest particle), from Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos, indivisible), from ἀ- (a-, not) +‎ τέμνω (témnō, I cut).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈætəm/
  • Homophone: Adam (in dialects with flapping)
  • Hyphenation: at‧om

Noun

atom (plural atoms)

  1. (chemistry, physics) The smallest possible amount of matter which still retains its identity as a chemical element, now known to consist of a nucleus surrounded by electrons. [from 16th c.]
  2. (history of science) A hypothetical particle posited by Greek philosophers as an ultimate and indivisible component of matter. [from 15th c.]
  3. (now generally regarded figuratively) The smallest, indivisible constituent part or unit of something. [from 17th c.]
  4. (philosophy) In logical atomism, a fundamental fact that cannot be further broken down.
  5. (historical) The smallest medieval unit of time, equal to fifteen ninety-fourths of a second. [from 10th c.]
  6. A mote of dust in a sunbeam. [from 16th c.]
  7. A very small amount; a whit. [from 17th c.]
  8. (computing, programming, Lisp) An individual number or symbol, as opposed to a list; a scalar value. [from 20th c.]
  9. (mathematics) A non-zero member of a partially ordered set that has only zero below it (assuming that the poset has a least element, its "zero"). [from 20th c.]
    Antonym: coatom
    In a Venn diagram, an atom is depicted as an area circumscribed by lines but not cut by any line.
  10. (mathematics, set theory) An element of a set that is not itself a set; an urelement. [from 20th c.]
  11. (usually capitalised as "Atom") A member of an age group division in hockey for ten- to 11-year-olds.

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:atom
  • (small amount): see also Thesaurus:modicum.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • chemical element

Further reading

  • atom on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Amto, Mato, Mota, TMAO, atmo, moat, mota, toma

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈatom]

Noun

atom m

  1. (physics) atom

Related terms

  • atomový
  • atomický

Further reading

  • atom in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • atom in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology

Via German Atom n and Latin atomus f from Ancient Greek ἄτομοι (φύσεις) f (átomoi (phúseis)), ἄτομα (σώματα) n (átoma (sṓmata), indivisible particles of matter).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [aˈtˢoˀm]

Noun

atom n (singular definite atomet, plural indefinite atomer)

  1. atom

Inflection


Hungarian

Etymology

From English atom, from Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos, indivisible), from ἀ- (a-, not) + τέμνω (témnō, I cut).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒtom]
  • Hyphenation: atom
  • Rhymes: -om

Noun

atom (plural atomok)

  1. atom

Declension

Derived terms

References

Further reading

  • atom in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • atom in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

Indonesian

Etymology

From Dutch atoom (atom), from French atome, from Latin atomus, from Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈatom]
  • Hyphenation: a‧tom

Noun

atom (first-person possessive atomku, second-person possessive atommu, third-person possessive atomnya)

  1. (chemistry, physics) atom, the smallest possible amount of matter which still retains its identity as a chemical element, now known to consist of a nucleus surrounded by electrons.
  2. (figuratively) modern
    Synonyms: modern, mutakhir
  3. (figuratively) plastic, a synthetic, solid, hydrocarbon-based polymer, whether thermoplastic or thermosetting.
    Synonym: plastik

Derived terms

Further reading

  • “atom” in Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) Daring, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia, 2016.

Malay

Etymology

From English atom, from Old French atome, from Latin atomus, from Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /atom/
  • Rhymes: -atom, -tom, -om

Noun

atom (plural atom-atom, informal 1st possessive atomku, impolite 2nd possessive atommu, 3rd possessive atomnya)

  1. (physics) atom (physics: smallest possible amount of matter retaining its chemical properties)

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos, indivisible, uncut, undivided), both from ἀ- (a-, not, without), from Proto-Hellenic *ə- (un-, not; without, lacking), from Proto-Indo-European *n̥- (not, un-) + and from τέμνω (témnō, I cut, hew, wound, butcher), from Proto-Indo-European *tm̥-n-h₁-, from *temh₁- (to cut).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /aˈtuːm/
  • Rhymes: -uːm
  • Hyphenation: at‧om
  • Homophone: atom-

Noun

atom n (definite singular atomet, indefinite plural atom or atomer, definite plural atoma or atomene)

  1. (chemistry, physics) an atom (the smallest possible amount of matter which still retains its identity as a chemical element, now known to consist of a nucleus surrounded by electrons)
  2. (figuratively) an atom (the smallest, indivisible constituent part or unit of something)
    Synonyms: grann, partikkel, smule

Derived terms

Related terms

  • atom- (prefix)

References

  • “atom” in The Bokmål Dictionary.
  • “atom” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • “atom” in Store norske leksikon
  • “atom (historikk)” in Store norske leksikon
  • “atom (atomteori)” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams

  • atom-, mota

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos)

Noun

atom n (definite singular atomet, indefinite plural atom, definite plural atoma)

  1. an atom

Derived terms

  • atommasse
  • atomvekt

Related terms

  • atom- (prefix)

References

  • “atom” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Irish

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin atomus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈadoṽ/

Noun

atom m

  1. atom, mote

Inflection

Descendants

  • Middle Irish: atam
    • Irish: adamh

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.tɔm/

Noun

atom m inan

  1. (physics) atom

Declension

Derived terms

  • atomowy

Further reading

  • atom in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

Etymology

From French atome, from Latin atomus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /aˈtom/

Noun

atom m (plural atomi)

  1. atom

Declension

Further reading

  • atom in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ǎtoːm/
  • Hyphenation: a‧tom

Noun

àtōm m (Cyrillic spelling а̀то̄м)

  1. atom

Declension

References

  • “atom” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish

Noun

atom c

  1. atom; the smallest particle to retain the properties of the element
  2. (historical) atom; the theoretically smallest possible particle

Declension

Related terms

See also


Turkish

Etymology

Borrowed from French atome.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɑˈtɔm]

Noun

atom (definite accusative atomu, plural atomlar)

  1. (physics) atom
  2. a kind of sugary drink common in and around Mersin province

Declension

Related terms

  • atomik

Derived terms

  • atom bombası

References

  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “atom”, in Nişanyan Sözlük

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.