atom

atom

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of atom in English

English Online Dictionary. What means atom‎? What does atom mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • atomus (obsolete)

Etymology

From Middle French athome, from Latin atomus (smallest particle), from Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos, indivisible), from ἀ- (a-, not) +‎ τέμνω (témnō, I cut).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈatəm/
  • (General American) enPR: ăt'əm, IPA(key): /ˈætəm/, [ˈæɾəm]
  • Homophone: Adam (in dialects with flapping)
  • Hyphenation: a‧tom

Noun

atom (plural atoms)

  1. (chemistry, physics) The smallest possible amount of matter which still retains its identity as a chemical element, now known to consist of a nucleus surrounded by electrons. [from 16th c.]
  2. (history of science) A hypothetical particle posited by Greek philosophers as an ultimate and indivisible component of matter. [from 15th c.]
  3. (now generally regarded figuratively) The smallest, indivisible constituent part or unit of something. [from 17th c.]
  4. (now historical) The smallest medieval unit of time, equal to fifteen ninety-fourths of a second. [from 10th c.]
  5. A mote of dust in a sunbeam. [from 16th c.]
  6. A very small amount; a whit. [from 17th c.]
  7. (computing, programming, Lisp) An individual number or symbol, as opposed to a list; a scalar value. [from 20th c.]
  8. (mathematics, algebra) A non-zero member of a Boolean algebra that is not a union of any other elements. Or, a non-zero member of a Boolean lattice which contains only the zero and itself. [from 20th c.]
    In a Venn diagram, an atom is depicted as an area circumscribed by lines but not cut by any line.
  9. (mathematics, set theory) An element of a set that is not itself a set; an urelement. [from 20th c.]

Synonyms

  • See also Thesaurus:atom
  • (small amount): see also Thesaurus:modicum.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • chemical element

Further reading

  • atom on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

Anagrams

  • Amto, Mato, Mota, atmo, moat, mota, toma

Czech

Noun

atom m

  1. (physics) atom

Related terms

  • atomový
  • atomický

Further reading

  • atom in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • atom in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /atoːm/, [aˈtˢoːˀm]

Noun

atom n (singular definite atomet, plural indefinite atomer)

  1. atom

Inflection


Hungarian

Etymology

From English atom, from Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos, indivisible), from ἀ- (a-, not) + τέμνω (témnō, I cut).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒtom]
  • Hyphenation: atom

Noun

atom (plural atomok)

  1. atom

Declension

Derived terms

(Compound words):

  • atombomba
  • atomerőmű
  • atomfegyver
  • atomfizika
  • atommag
  • atommodell
  • atomóra

References


Malay

Etymology

From English atom, from Old French atome, from Latin atomus, from Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /atom/
  • Rhymes: -atom, -tom, -om

Noun

atom (plural atom-atom, informal first-person possessive atomku, informal second-person possessive atommu, third-person possessive atomnya)

  1. (physics) atom (physics: smallest possible amount of matter retaining its chemical properties)

Norwegian Bokmål

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos)

Noun

atom n (definite singular atomet, indefinite plural atom or atomer, definite plural atoma or atomene)

  1. an atom

Derived terms

  • atommasse
  • atomvekt

Related terms

  • atom- (prefix)

References

  • “atom” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos)

Noun

atom n (definite singular atomet, indefinite plural atom, definite plural atoma)

  1. an atom

Derived terms

  • atommasse
  • atomvekt

Related terms

  • atom- (prefix)

References

  • “atom” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.tɔm/

Noun

atom m inan

  1. (physics) atom

Declension

Derived terms

  • atomowy

Further reading

  • atom in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /aˈtom/

Noun

atom m (plural atomi)

  1. atom
Declension

Further reading

  • atom in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἄτομος (átomos).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ǎtoːm/
  • Hyphenation: a‧tom

Noun

àtōm m (Cyrillic spelling а̀то̄м)

  1. atom

Declension

References

  • “atom” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish

Noun

atom c

  1. atom; the smallest particle to retain the properties of the element
  2. (historical) atom; the theoretically smallest possible particle

Declension

Related terms

  • atomär
  • atombomb
  • atomisk
  • atomkärna
  • atomkraft

See also

  • elektron
  • elementarpartikel
  • foton
  • neutron
  • positron

Turkish

Etymology

Borrowed from French atome.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɑˈtɔm]

Noun

atom (definite accusative atomu, plural atomlar)

  1. (physics) atom

Declension

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.