English Online Dictionary. What means absent? What does absent mean?
From Middle English absent, from Middle French absent, from Old French ausent, and their source, Latin absens, present participle of absum (“to be away from”), from ab (“away”) + sum (“to be”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæb.sn̩t/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.sn̩t/, enPR: ăb'sənt
absent (comparative absenter, superlative absentest)
- (not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (not comparable) Not existing; lacking. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (sometimes comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
- absentia, in absentia
absent (plural absents)
- (obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the early 19th century.]
- In the absence of; without; except. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
From Middle English absenten, from Old French absenter, from Late Latin absentāre (“keep away, be away”).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /æbˈsɛnt/, enPR: ăbsĕnt'
- (US) IPA(key): /æbˈsɛnt/
absent (third-person singular simple present absents, present participle absenting, simple past and past participle absented)
- (reflexive) To keep (oneself) away.
- This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.
- (transitive, archaic) To keep (someone) away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- (intransitive, obsolete) Stay away; withdraw. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 18th century.]
- (transitive, rare) Leave. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
- Basnet, Batens, abnets, basnet, besant
Borrowed from Latin absēns, absēntem. Doublet of ausent.
- (Balearic) IPA(key): /əpˈsent/
- (Central) IPA(key): /əpˈsen/
- (Valencian) IPA(key): /apˈsent/
absent (masculine and feminine plural absents)
- Antonym: present
- “absent” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
Borrowed from Latin absēns, absēntem. Compare the popular form ausent.
- IPA(key): /ap.sɑ̃/
absent (feminine singular absente, masculine plural absents, feminine plural absentes)
absent m (plural absents)
- absentee; missing person
- “absent” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
absent (not comparable)
- absent, not present
From Old French ausent, relatinized on the model of its ancestor, Latin absēns (“absent, missing”), present active participle of absum, abesse (“be away, be absent”).
- (Jersey) absent
- absemment (“absently”)
From French absent, Latin absēns, absēntem.
- IPA(key): /abˈsent/, /apˈsent/
absent m or n (feminine singular absentă, masculine plural absenți, feminine and neuter plural absente)
- Antonym: prezent
- absent in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)