absent

absent

synonyms, antonyms, definitions, examples & translations of absent in English

English Online Dictionary. What means absent‎? What does absent mean?

English

Alternative forms

  • abs.

Etymology 1

From Middle English absent, from Middle French absent, from Old French ausent, and their source, Latin absens, present participle of abesse (to be away from), from ab (away) + esse (to be).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæb.sn̩t/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.sn̩t/, enPR: ăb'sənt

Adjective

absent (comparative absenter, superlative absentest)

  1. (not comparable) Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present; missing. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  2. (not comparable) Not existing; lacking. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  3. (sometimes comparable) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied. [First attested in the early 18th century.]
Antonyms
  • present
Related terms
  • absence
  • absentee
  • absenteeism
Translations

Noun

absent (plural absents)

  1. (obsolete) Absentee; a person who is away on occasion. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the early 19th century.]

Preposition

absent

  1. In the absence of; without. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English absenten, from Old French absenter, from Late Latin absentāre (keep away, be away).

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /æbˈsɛnt/, enPR: ăbsĕnt'
  • (US) IPA(key): /æbˈsɛnt/

Verb

absent (third-person singular simple present absents, present participle absenting, simple past and past participle absented)

  1. (reflexive) To keep (oneself) away.
    • This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half.
  2. (transitive, archaic) To keep (someone) away. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
    • Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more;
  3. (intransitive, obsolete) Stay away; withdraw. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 18th century.]
  4. (transitive, rare) Leave. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
Translations

References

Anagrams

  • Basnet, Batens, abnets, basnet, besant

Catalan

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin absēns, absēntem. Doublet of ausent.

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): /əpˈsent/
  • (Central) IPA(key): /əpˈsen/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /apˈsent/

Adjective

absent (masculine and feminine plural absents)

  1. absent
    Antonym: present

Related terms

  • absència

Further reading

  • “absent” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.

French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin absēns, absēntem. Compare the popular form ausent.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ap.sɑ̃/

Adjective

absent (feminine singular absente, masculine plural absents, feminine plural absentes)

  1. absent
  2. absent-minded

Related terms

  • absence

Noun

absent m (plural absents)

  1. absentee; missing person

Further reading

  • “absent” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Anagrams

  • basent

German

Pronunciation

Adjective

absent (not comparable)

  1. absent, not present
  2. absent-minded

Declension


Norman

Etymology

From Old French ausent, relatinized on the model of its ancestor, Latin absēns (absent, missing), present active participle of absum, abesse (be away, be absent).

Adjective

absent m

  1. (Jersey) absent

Derived terms

  • absemment (absently)

Romanian

Etymology

From French absent, Latin absēns, absēntem.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /abˈsent/, /apˈsent/

Adjective

absent m or n (feminine singular absentă, masculine plural absenți, feminine and neuter plural absente)

  1. absent
    Antonym: prezent

Related terms

Further reading

  • absent in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

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This article based on an article on Wiktionary. The list of authors can be seen in the page history there. The original work has been modified. This article is distributed under the terms of this license.